kindle drm removal 2020

Download Kindle DRM Removal 3.18.506.383 free. A tool that lets you remove the Kindle DRM protection from your eBooks. Kindle AZW DRM Removal, free and safe download. Kindle AZW DRM Removal latest version: A Tool to Read DRM-Protected Kindle Books on Other E-Readers. K. The DeDRM plugin can remove DRM from Kindle eBooks (but not rented Kindle ebooks, books downloaded to a Kindle Fire, Kindle for iOS or the.

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How to convert Kindle Books to PDF - All books including DRM protected - no calibre - Free Software

Kindle drm removal 2020 -

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Laptops in this kiosk can be checked out by customers with a LA County Library card in good standing.  The laptop is due back in the kiosk before the library closes on the same day it is checked out.

If you do not return the laptop to the kiosk on the same day you check it out, your library account will be charged the full replacement cost of the laptop.

When you check out a laptop from this kiosk, you agree to use it within the library only.  If you remove the laptop from the library, you may held criminally responsible for theft of the laptop and/or be charged the full replacement cost of the laptop.

You are responsible for the laptop and you agree that you will reimburse the LA County Library for any damages if the laptop is damaged, lost or stolen while checked out to you.

If you check out a laptop and it is damaged, you will give it to library staff immediately.

You must save to a removable storage device (such as a USB drive) since your work will not be saved to the laptop beyond your current checkout.

LA County Library will not be held responsible for any damage or loss of data or media due to any cause while you are using a laptop from this kiosk.

By using this laptop, you must adhere to the Library’s Acceptable Use Policy. Laptops are available at the following libraries:


Kindle DRM Removal quickly and easily remove Kindle ebook DRM protection with 1-click. it produce a new AZW file that user can convert to EPUB/PDF/TXT/RTF format ebook using Calibre,  read them on iPad, NOOK, Sony Reader or other device without limitation, user also can print converted Kindle ebook. It is very easy to use, just 1-click to decrypt Kindle ebook.

v1.20.702 released!

If you want to read Kindle ebook in Sony e-reader that bought from, you will feel pain that Kindle ebook has DRM protection prevent you to do that, then you have probably discovered how annoyingly restrictive DRM technology is. You can try our software that removes Kindle DRM easily, convert it to other format that you can enjoy on practically any capable e-reader device.

Key Features

  • One-click converter.
  • No quality lose, the same quality as source ebook.
  • Create a .azw ebook without DRM, no need to backup the source files.
  • Decrypted .azw file supported by Calibre.

.KFX-zip file

.kfx-zip is new KFX kindle book, you can rename to .zip and unzip to a folder, share that folder as kindle book. if you want .mobi file, should downgrade kindle for pc to old version v1.26, look at Downgrade Kindle for PC to v1.26.

DrmException: Invalid file format – Kindle drm removal
Kindle Converter FAQ

Download Kindle for PC 1.26Download Kindle for Mac from amazon

Download kindle ebook in Kindle for Pc

1). User should download and install amazon free app Kindle for pc or Kindle for Mac, latest version is NOT support, download kindle for pc old version v1.26,

Video – Download ebook in Kindle for Pc

Video tutorial to download Kindle ebook into Mac Windows

Tutorial and FAQ


Kindle for PC

Amazon released a Kindle for PC app, available as a free 5.17MB download for Windows 7, Vista, and XP. Much like the Kindle for iPhone app, Kindle for PC syncs your Amazon e-book downloads and shows them on your computer for convenient reading either when you’re away from your svelte e-book reader or if you chose not to buy it in the first place.

Though not necessarily revolutionary, the Kindle for PC app does the job. Among other benefits, it syncs your last read page with Whispersync, syncs Kindle notes, and promises to utilize Windows 7’s touch technology, allowing readers to pinch-zoom, and, in future releases, turn pages with finger swipes. Amazon is reportedly working on the ability to create notes and highlights on your PC and a search function. What you can’t do is view blogs, newspapers or magazines — not a big whoop given you’ll be at your computer, but still…

Kindle Paperwhite

The Paperwhite seemed ideal for me for a number of reasons. It offers far fewer distractions than a tablet, it’s backed by Amazon’s massive ecosystem, and most importantly, it packs the company’s latest E Ink innovation: a glowing, front-lit display. it’s one of the best E Ink displays on the market, and might possibly be the best thanks to that new lighting. The higher resolution of the display is also a noticeable improvement. Text and line art look extremely crisp on the screen, and even detailed images like panels in a comic book popped.


How to Remove the DRM on Any Ebook You Own

Digital Rights Management, or DRM, is specifically designed to control the use, modification, and distribution of any copyrighted material, and is now a common feature of everything from ebooks to music files.

Although it's easy to understand why the rights holders are keen to protect their work, as a consumer DRM is an extremely frustrating aspect of modern life.

In this article, we explain why removing DRM restrictions is important and show you how you can eliminate them on your own ebooks.

Why Remove DRM?

Underpinning the DRM problem is the issue of media ownership. Music, movies, and books that you buy from companies like Amazon are not technically yours—you have merely been granted a license to use the content.

Put yourself in the shoes of one Amazon user, who in 2012 had her entire Kindle library (and Amazon account) permanently deleted for a supposed breach of terms. We don't know whether she did anything wrong, but we do know she was several hundred dollars out of pocket. All her beloved books were irrevocably gone, with no way to retrieve them.

Here's what Amazon said in an email to her at the time:

Per our Conditions of Use which state in part: and its affiliates reserve the right to refuse service, terminate accounts, remove or edit content, or cancel orders at their sole discretion.While we are unable to provide detailed information on how we link related accounts, please know that we have reviewed your account on the basis of the information provided and regret to inform you that it will not be reopened.

The problem could have been entirely avoided if she had removed the DRM restrictions.

Why? Because she could have backed up her files on her local machine. Amazon might still have deleted her account, but the content that she spent so much money on would still be in her possession.

Different Types of Ebook DRM

Generally, ebooks use four different DRM schemes. They are:

  1. Adobe's ADEPT DRM: It can be applied to EPUBs and PDFs, most third-party ebook readers will be able to read it. Books purchased from Barnes and Noble use this format.
  2. Amazon DRM: Amazon's format is applied to AZW8, KF8, and Mobipocket files. Again, most mainstream readers can understand it.
  3. Apple FairPlay DRM: Apple's approach can only be applied to EPUB files and can only be read by Apple's iBooks app.
  4. Marlin DRM: An open industry group that includes Panasonic, Philips, Samsung, and Sony developed the Marlin system.

How to Remove DRM From Most Ebooks

Given the diversity of ebook publishers and ebook file formats, it's not surprising that there isn't a one-size-fits-all solution. There are many ways to remove ebooks' DRM.

If you buy your books through Amazon, Barnes and Noble, or the other typical well-known ebook stores, the best solution is Calibre.

Calibre is a free and open-source ebook library management application that's packed full of useful features. For this process, you'll need Calibre and apprenticealf's DRM removal plugins.

Install the Software

Install the software and fire up the app for the first time. When prompted, select which folders contain your existing ebook purchases. If you don't have one yet, create it.

Next, you'll be asked to select your ereader device. The list includes all the major manufacturers. Don't worry if you have more than one device, you can change this setting to alternate between them later.

If you want to be able to send ebooks from Calibre straight to your device, fill in your associated emails on the next screen. For the purposes of the DRM removal process, you can skip this step.

Finally, click Finish and the app will boot.

Install the Plugins

Calibre supports a variety of plugins that perform different functions. To remove the DRM, you need apprenticealf's DRM Removal Tool for Ebooks. The latest version is available for download from GitHub.

Download the file and unzip its contents. Now head back to Calibre and click the Preferences icon on the top menu.

Click Plugins on the bottom row of the pop-up screen, then select Load Plugin from File in the bottom right-hand corner.

Find your unzipped file and navigate to DeDRM_calibre_plugin > DeDRM_calibre_plugin. Click Yes on the virus warning that pops up, and you'll be shown a message that confirms the successful installation.

Per the on-screen message, restart the Calibre app.

If you own a Kindle, there is one final step. In Calibre, go to Preferences > Plugins and expand the menu underneath File Type Plugins.

Double-click on the DeDRM listing, choose eInk Kindle ebooks, and add your device's serial number. On most Kindles, you can find your serial number within the device's settings menu.

Remove the DRM

The tool will only work when you import books into Calibre for the first time. It will not work if you're converting books between formats. Therefore, if you have already imported DRM books you'll need to remove them from the app and re-import them.

The DRM removal is the simplest part of the whole process. Just drag-and-drop your ebooks from your e-reader (or local drive) into Calibre's main window; the software will automatically delete the DRM. If you're pulling them from a Kindle, drag all the files associated with each book and click None when warned about duplicates.

How to Remove DRM From Apple Books

Unfortunately, Apple users keen to remove the DRM from their ebooks face a much more limited choice of tools.

The only reliable method is to use the TunesKit iBook DRM removal tool. This will set you back $30, but if you've got thousands of ebooks, it's a price worth paying.

After you've downloaded and installed the app, you'll need to download all your iBooks to your local machine.

Once you've got them saved, just drag-and-drop them into the DRM removal software and click Convert. Simple, effective, but unfortunately not free.

How to Remove DRM From OverDrive Ebooks

Many public libraries in the United States use the OverDrive system to let you rent digital copies of books. Books that you borrow on OverDrive use Adobe's DRM tool—but don't worry, it is still possible to remove the DRM from library books.

Firstly, you need to download a copy of Adobe Digital Editions and open the ebook you want to edit within the app.

Next, download a copy of the ebook DRM Removal tool. Open the app, select the EPUB file you want to work with from the Digital Editions folder, and hit the Remove button. Give the process a few seconds to complete and you will have removed the OverDrive DRM. You should be able to send the ebook to your Kindle and read it without issues.

Remember, even though it's not illegal, removing the DRM on library books is certainly morally questionable. Think about your actions before you begin.

5 Sites With Lots of Completely Free Ebooks That Don't Suck

If you know where to look, you can snag free ebooks to read online, download to your computer, or transfer to your Kindle.

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About The Author
Dan Price (1613 Articles Published)

Dan joined MakeUseOf in 2014 and has been Partnerships Director since July 2020. Reach out to him for inquires about sponsored content, affiliate agreements, promotions, and any other forms of partnership. You can also find him roaming the show floor at CES in Las Vegas every year, say hi if you're going. Prior to his writing career, he was a Financial Consultant.

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Amazon Kindle

E-book reading device

This article is about Amazon's E Ink e-readers. For the LCDFire line of tablets that formerly had "Kindle" as a prefix in their names, see Amazon Fire tablet.

Amazon Kindle logo.svg
Product familyKindle
Release dateNovember 19, 2007; 13 years ago (2007-11-19)
Introductory priceUS$399; equivalent to $498 in 2020 (Kindle 1)
Operating systemKindle firmware that uses Linux kernels 2.6.10 to 3.0[1]

Latest versions (List)

  • Kindle 1: 1.2.1
  • Kindle 2, DX: 2.5.8
  • Kindle Keyboard: 3.4.3
  • Kindle 4, 5: 4.1.4
  • Kindle Touch:
  • Kindle Paperwhite 1:
  • Kindle Paperwhite 2, Kindle 7:
  • Kindle Voyage: 5.13.6
  • Kindle Paperwhite 3, 4; Kindle 8, 10; Oasis 1, 2, 3: 5.14.1
  • Kindle Paperwhite 5:[2]


  • Kindle 1:
    MarvellXscale PXA255 400 MHz, ARM9
  • Kindle 2, DX:
    Freescalei.MX31 532 MHz, ARM11
  • Kindle Keyboard:
    Freescale i.MX35 532 MHz, ARM11
  • Kindle 4, 5, Touch, Paperwhite (1st gen):
    Freescale i.MX508 800 MHz
  • Kindle 7, Paperwhite (2nd, 3rd, & 4th gen), Voyage, Oasis, 8, 10:
    Freescale/NXP i.MX6 SoloLite 1 GHz
  • Oasis 2, 3, Paperwhite 5:
    NXPi.MX7D 1 GHz


  • Kindle 1: 64 MB
  • Kindle 2: 32 MB
  • Kindle DX: 128 MB
  • Kindle Keyboard, 4, 5, 6, 7, Touch, Paperwhite (1st & 2nd gen): 256 MB
  • Voyage, Paperwhite (3rd & 4th gen), Oasis 1, 2, 3, Kindle 8, 10: 512 MB
  • Paperwhite (5th gen): 1 GB

Flash memory

  • (available total/user)
  • Kindle 1: 256/180 MB
  • Kindle 2: 2/1.4 GB
  • Kindle DX, Keyboard, Touch: 4/3 GB
  • Kindle 4, 5, Paperwhite (1st & 2nd gen): 2/1.25 GB
  • Kindle 7, Voyage, Paperwhite (3rd gen), Oasis, 8, 10: 4/3 GB
  • Oasis 2 & 3, Paperwhite (4th gen): 8/6 GB or 32/30 GB
  • Paperwhite (5th gen): 8 GB or 32 GB

E Ink

  • Kindle 1:
    6-inch (150 mm), 600 × 800 pixels, 167 PPI density, 4-level grayscale[3]
  • Kindle 2, 3, 4, 5, Touch, 7, 8:
    as Kindle 1 but 16-level grayscale
  • Kindle 10:
    as Kindle 2, 3, 4, 5, Touch, 7, 8 but with LED frontlit
  • Kindle DX:
    9.7-inch (250 mm), 824 × 1200 pixels, 150 PPI density, 16-level grayscale
  • Kindle Paperwhite (1st & 2nd gen):
    6-inch, 768 × 1024 pixels, 212 PPI density, 16-level grayscale, LED frontlit
  • Kindle Voyage, Paperwhite (3rd & 4th gen), Oasis:
    6-inch, 1072 × 1448 pixels, 300 PPI density, 16-level grayscale, LED frontlit
  • Kindle Oasis 2, 3:
    7-inch, 1680 × 1264 pixels, 300 PPI density, 16-level grayscale, LED frontlit
  • Kindle Paperwhite (5th gen):
    6.8-inch, 1072 × 1448 pixels, 300 PPI density, 16-level grayscale, LED frontlit
SoundSpeakers (Kindle 1, 2, DX, Keyboard, Touch)
Bluetooth (Kindle 8, 9, Oasis 1, 2, 3, Paperwhite 4)
InputUSB 2.0Micro-B port (2007–2020)
USB-C port (Paperwhite 5)
SD card (Kindle 1 only)
3.5 mm headphone jack (Kindle 1, 2, DX, Keyboard, Touch)
Controller inputKeyboard, scrollwheel, D-pad (select models, 2007–2012)
Touchscreen (select models, 2011–present)


  • Amazon Whispernet using wireless modem (3G models)
  • 802.11bg Wi-Fi (Kindle Keyboard)
  • 802.11bgn Wi-Fi (Kindle 4, 5, Touch, 7, Paperwhite, Voyage, Oasis 1, 2, 3, Kindle 8, 10)


  • Kindle 1, 2, DX: 1,530 mAh
  • Kindle Keyboard: 1,750 mAh
  • Kindle 4, 5, 7: 890 mAh
  • Kindle Touch: 1,420 mAh
  • Kindle Paperwhite (1st & 2nd gen): 1,470 mAh
  • Kindle Voyage, Paperwhite (3rd gen): 1,320 mAh
  • Kindle Oasis: 245 mAh (no cover), 1,535 mAh (with cover)
  • Kindle Oasis 2: 1,000 mAh
  • Kindle Paperwhite (4th gen), 10: 1,500 mAh
  • Kindle Oasis 3: 1,130 mAh
Online servicesKindle Store


  • Kindle 1:
    8.0 in (203 mm) H
    5.3 in (135 mm) W
    0.8 in (20 mm) D
  • Kindle 2:
    8.0 in (203 mm) H
    5.3 in (135 mm) W
    0.36 in (9 mm) D
  • Kindle Keyboard:
    7.5 in (191 mm) H
    4.8 in (122 mm) W
    0.34 in (9 mm) D
  • Kindle DX:
    10.4 in (264 mm) H
    7.2 in (183 mm) W
    0.38 in (10 mm) D
  • Kindle Touch:
    6.8 in (173 mm) H
    4.7 in (119 mm) W
    0.40 in (10 mm) D
  • Kindle 4, 5:
    6.5 in (165 mm) H
    4.5 in (114 mm) W
    0.34 in (9 mm) D
  • Kindle Paperwhite (1st, 2nd & 3rd gen):
    6.7 in (170 mm) H
    4.6 in (117 mm) W
    0.36 in (9 mm) D
  • Kindle 7:
    6.7 in (170 mm) H
    4.7 in (119 mm) W
    0.40 in (10 mm) D
  • Kindle Voyage:
    6.4 in (163 mm) H
    4.5 in (114 mm) W
    0.30 in (8 mm) D
  • Kindle Oasis (no cover):
    5.6 in (142 mm) H
    4.8 in (122 mm) W
    0.13 in (3 mm) D
  • Kindle Oasis (with cover):
    5.6 in (142 mm) H
    4.8 in (122 mm) W
    0.33 in (8 mm) D
  • Kindle 8:
    6.3 in (160 mm) H
    4.5 in (114 mm) W
    0.36 in (9 mm) D
  • Kindle Oasis 2, 3:
    6.3 in (160 mm) H
    5.6 in (142 mm) W
    0.33 in (8 mm) D
  • Kindle Paperwhite (4th gen):
    6.6 in (168 mm) H
    4.6 in (117 mm) W
    0.32 in (8 mm) D
  • Kindle 10:
    6.3 in (160 mm) H
    4.5 in (114 mm) W
    0.34 in (9 mm) D
  • Kindle Paperwhite (5th gen):
    6.9 in (175 mm) H
    4.9 in (124 mm) W
    0.32 in (8 mm) D


  • Kindle 1, 2:
    10.2 oz (290 g)
  • Kindle Keyboard 3G:
    8.7 oz (247 g)
  • Kindle Keyboard:
    8.5 oz (241 g)
  • Kindle Touch 3G:
    7.8 oz (220 g)
  • Kindle Touch:
    7.5 oz (213 g)
  • Kindle DX:
    18.9 oz (540 g)
  • Kindle 4, 5:
    5.98 oz (170 g)
  • Kindle Paperwhite 3G (1st gen):
    7.8 oz (222 g)
  • Kindle Paperwhite (1st gen):
    7.5 oz (213 g)
  • Kindle Paperwhite 3G (2nd gen):
    7.6 oz (215 g)
  • Kindle Paperwhite (2nd gen):
    7.3 oz (206 g)
  • Kindle 7:
    6.7 oz (191 g)
  • Kindle Voyage 3G:
    6.6 oz (188 g)
  • Kindle Voyage:
    6.3 oz (180 g)
  • Kindle Paperwhite 3G (3rd gen):
    7.7 oz (217 g)
  • Kindle Paperwhite (3rd gen):
    7.2 oz (205 g)
  • Kindle Oasis 3G (no cover):
    4.7 oz (133 g)
  • Kindle Oasis (no cover):
    4.6 oz (131 g)
  • Kindle Oasis's cover:
    3.8 oz (107 g)
  • Kindle 8:
    5.7 oz (161 g)
  • Kindle Oasis 2:
    6.8 oz (194 g)
  • Kindle Paperwhite 3G (4th gen):
    6.7 oz (191 g)
  • Kindle Paperwhite (4th gen):
    6.4 oz (182 g)
  • Kindle 10:
    6.1 oz (174 g)
  • Kindle Oasis 3:
    6.6 oz (188 g)
  • Kindle Paperwhite (5th gen):
    7.2 oz (205 g)

Amazon Kindle is a series of e-readers designed and marketed by Amazon. Amazon Kindle devices enable users to browse, buy, download, and read e-books, newspapers, magazines and other digital media via wireless networking to the Kindle Store.[5] The hardware platform, which Amazon subsidiary Lab126 developed, began as a single device in 2007. Currently, it comprises a range of devices, including e-readers with E Inkelectronic paper displays and Kindle applications on all major computing platforms. All Kindle devices integrate with Kindle Store content and, as of March 2018, the store had over six million e-books available in the United States.[6]

Naming and evolution[edit]

In 2004, Amazon founder and CEO Jeff Bezos instructed the company's employees to build the world's best e-reader before Amazon's competitors could. Amazon originally used the codename Fiona for the device.[7]

Branding consultants Michael Cronan and Karin Hibma devised the Kindle name. Lab126 asked them to name the product, and they suggested "kindle", meaning to light a fire.[8] They felt this was an apt metaphor for reading and intellectual excitement.[9]

Kindle hardware has evolved from the original Kindle introduced in 2007 and the Kindle DX (with its larger screen) introduced in 2009. The range includes devices with a keyboard (Kindle Keyboard), devices with touch-sensitive, lighted high-resolution screens (Kindle Paperwhite), a tablet computer with the Kindle app (Kindle Fire), and low-priced devices with a touch-sensitive screen (Kindle 7). However, the Kindle e-reader has always been a single-purpose device for reading rather than being multipurpose hardware that might create distractions while reading.

Amazon has also introduced Kindle apps for use on various devices and platforms, including Windows, macOS, Android, iOS, BlackBerry 10 and Windows Phone.[10] Amazon also has a cloud reader to allow users to read e-books using modern web browsers.[11]


First generation[edit]


  • Amazon Kindle - Wikipedia.jpg

Amazon released the Kindle, its first e-reader on November 19, 2007, for $399.[12] It sold out in 5.5 hours.[13] The device remained out of stock for five months until late April 2008.[14]

The device featured a six-inch (diagonal) four-level grayscale E Ink display, with 250 MB of internal storage, which can hold approximately 200 non-illustrated titles.[15] It also has a speaker and a headphone jack for listening to audio files.[12] It has expandable storage via an SD card slot. Content was available from Amazon via the Sprint Corporation US-wide EVDO3G data network, via a dedicated connection protocol which Amazon called Whispernet.[15] Amazon did not sell the first-generation Kindle outside of the US.[15]

Second generation[edit]

Kindle 2[edit]

  • Amazon-kindle-gen2.jpg

On February 10, 2009, Amazon announced the Kindle 2, the second-generation Kindle.[16] It became available for purchase on February 23, 2009. The Kindle 2 features a text-to-speech option to read the text aloud. It also has 2 GB of internal memory, of which 1.4 GB is user-accessible. By Amazon's estimates, the Kindle 2 can hold about 1,500 non-illustrated books. Unlike the first-generation Kindle, Kindle 2 does not have a slot for SD memory cards.[17] It is slimmer than the original Kindle.[18][19][20] The Kindle 2 features a Freescale 532 MHz, ARM-11 90 nmprocessor, 32 MB main memory, 2 GB flash memory and a 3.7 V 1,530 mAhlithium polymer battery.[21]

To promote the Kindle 2, in February 2009 author Stephen King released Ur, his then-new novella, made available exclusively through the Kindle Store.[22]

Kindle 2 international[edit]

On October 7, 2009, Amazon announced an international version of the Kindle 2 with the ability to download e-books wirelessly. This version released in over 100 countries. It became available on October 19, 2009. The international Kindle 2 is physically the same as the U.S.-only Kindle 2, although it uses a different mobile network standard.

The original Kindle 2 used CDMA2000 for use on the Sprint network. The international version used standard GSM and 3G GSM, enabling it to be used on AT&T's U.S. mobile network and internationally in 100 other countries.[23]

Kindle DX[edit]

  • A Kindle DX underneath a Kindle 2

Amazon launched the Kindle DX on May 6, 2009. This device has the largest Kindle screen at 9.7 inches and supports displaying PDF files. It was marketed as more suitable for displaying newspaper and textbook content,[24] includes built-in speakers, and has an accelerometer that enables users to rotate pages between landscape and portrait orientations when the Kindle DX is turned on its side.[25] The device can only connect to Whispernet while in the U.S.[26]

Kindle DX international[edit]

On January 19, 2010, the Kindle DX international version was released in over 100 countries.[27] The Kindle DX international version is the same as the Kindle DX, except for having support for international 3G data.

Kindle DX Graphite[edit]

On July 1, 2010, Amazon released the Kindle DX Graphite (DXG) globally. The DXG has an E Ink display with 50% better contrast ratio due to using E Ink Pearl technology and comes only in a graphite case color. It is speculated the case color change is to improve contrast ratio perception further, as some users found the prior white casing highlighted that the E Ink background is light gray and not white. Like the Kindle DX, it does not have a Wi-Fi connection.[28] The DXG is a mix of third-generation hardware and second-generation software. The CPU has the same speed as Kindle Keyboard's CPU, but the DXG has only half the system memory, 128MB. Due to these differences, the DXG runs the same firmware as Kindle 2. Therefore, DXG cannot display international fonts, like Cyrillic, Chinese, or any other non-Latin font, and PDF support and the web browser are limited to matching the Kindle 2's features.

Amazon withdrew the Kindle DX from sale in October 2012, but in September 2013 made it available again for a few months. Using 3G data is free when accessing the Kindle Store and Wikipedia. Downloading personal documents via 3G data costs about $1 per megabyte. Its battery life is about one week with 3G on and two weeks with 3G off. Text-to-Speech and MP3 playback are supported.

Third generation[edit]

Kindle Keyboard[edit]

Amazon announced the third-generation Kindle, later renamed "Kindle Keyboard", on July 28, 2010.[29] Amazon began accepting pre-orders for the Kindle Keyboard as soon as it was announced and began shipping the devices on August 27, 2010. On August 25, Amazon announced that the Kindle Keyboard was the fastest-selling Kindle ever.[30] While Amazon does not officially add numbers to the end of each Kindle denoting its generation, reviewers, customers and press companies often referred to this Kindle as the "K3" or the "Kindle 3".[31][32][33] The Kindle Keyboard has a 6-inch screen with a resolution of 600x800 (167 PPI).[34]

The Kindle Keyboard was available in two versions. One of these, the Kindle Wi-Fi, was initially priced at $139 and connects to the Internet via Wi-Fi networks.[29] The other version, called the Kindle 3G, was priced at $189 and includes both 3G and Wi-Fi connectivity.[29] The built-in free 3G connectivity uses the same wireless signals that cell phones use, allowing it to download and purchase content from any location with cell service.[29] The Kindle Keyboard is available in two colors: classic white and graphite. Both versions use an E Ink "Pearl" display, which has a higher contrast than prior displays and a faster refresh rate than prior e-ink displays. However, it remains significantly slower than traditional LCDs.[35] An ad-supported version, the "Kindle with Special Offers", was introduced on May 3, 2011, with a price $25 lower than the no-ad version, for $114. On July 13, 2011, Amazon announced that due to a sponsorship with AT&T, the price of the Kindle 3G with ads would be $139, $50 less than the Kindle 3G without ads.[36]

The Kindle Keyboard is 0.5 inches shorter and 0.5 inches narrower than the Kindle 2. It supports additional fonts and international Unicode characters and has a Voice Guide feature with spoken menu navigation from the built-in speakers or audio jack. Internal memory is expanded to 4 GB, with approximately 3 GB available for user content. Battery life is advertised at up to two months of reading half an hour a day with the wireless turned off, which amounts to roughly 30 hours.[29]

The Kindle Keyboard generally received good reviews after launch. Review Horizon describes the device as offering "the best reading experience in its class"[37] while Engadget[38] states, "In the standalone category, the Kindle is probably the one to beat".

Fourth generation[edit]

The fourth-generation Kindle and the Kindle Touch were announced on September 28, 2011. They retain the 6-inch, 167-PPI e-ink display of the 2010 Kindle model, with the addition of an infrared touch-screen control on the Touch. They also include Amazon's experimental web-browsing capability with Wi-Fi.[39] On the same date, Amazon announced the Kindle Fire, a tablet computer including a Kindle app; in September 2014, Kindle was dropped from the Amazon Fire's name.

Kindle 4[edit]

The fourth-generation Kindle was significantly less expensive (initially $79 ad supported, $109 no ads) and features a slight reduction in weight and size, with a reduced battery life and storage capacity, compared to the Kindle 3.[39] It has a silver-grey bezel, 6-inch display, nine hard keys, a cursor pad, an on-screen rather than physical keyboard, a flash storage capacity of 2 GB, and an estimated one month battery life under ideal reading conditions.[40][41]

Kindle Touch[edit]

Amazon introduced two versions of touchscreen Kindles: the Kindle Touch, available with Wi-Fi (initially $99 ad-supported, $139 no ads), and the Kindle Touch 3G, with Wi-Fi/3G connectivity (initially $149 ad-supported, $189 no ads).[39] The latter version is capable of connect via 3G to the Kindle Store, download books and periodicals, and access Wikipedia. Experimental web browsing (outside Wikipedia) on Kindle Touch 3G is only available over a Wi-Fi connection.[42] (Kindle Keyboard does not have this restriction). The usage of the 3G data is limited to 50MB per month.[43] Like the Kindle 3, the Kindle Touch has a capacity of 4 GB and battery life of two months under ideal reading conditions, and is larger than the Kindle 4.[44] The Kindle Touch was released on November 15, 2011.[45] Amazon announced in March 2012 that the device would be available in the UK, Germany, France, Spain and Italy on April 27, 2012.[46] The Touch was the first Kindle to support X-Ray, which lists the commonly used character names, locations, themes, or ideas in a book.[47] In January 2013, Amazon released the 5.2.0 firmware that updated the operating system to match the Paperwhite's interface with the Touch's MP3/audiobook capabilities remaining.

Fifth generation[edit]

Kindle 5[edit]

Amazon released the Kindle 5 on September 6, 2012 ($70 ad-supported, $90 no ads).[48] The Kindle has a black bezel, differing from the Kindle 4 which was available in silver-grey, and has better display contrast. Amazon also claims that it has 15% faster page loads. It has a 167 PPI display and was the lightest Kindle, at 5.98 ounce, until 2016's Kindle Oasis.

Kindle Paperwhite (first iteration)[edit]

The first-iteration Kindle Paperwhite was announced on September 6, 2012, and released on October 1. It has a 6 in, 212 PPI E Ink Pearl display (758×1024 resolution) with four built-in LEDs to illuminate the screen. It was available in Wi-Fi ($120 ad-supported, $140 no ads) and Wi-Fi + 3G ($180 ad-supported, $200 no ads) models,[48] with the ad-supported options only intended to be available in the United States.[49] The light is one of the main features of the Paperwhite and it has a manually adjusted light level. The 3G access restrictions are the same as the Kindle Touch, and usage of the 3G data is limited to 50 MB per month and only on Amazon and Wikipedia's websites; additional data may be bought.[43] Battery life is advertised as up to eight weeks of reading with half an hour per day with wireless off and constant light use; this usage equals 28 hours.[50] The official leather cover for the Paperwhite uses a hall effect sensor to detect when the cover is closed or opened and turn the screen off or on respectively. This was the first Kindle model to track reading speed to estimate when the reader will finish a chapter or book; this feature was later included with updates to the other models of Kindle and Kindle Fire. The Kindle Paperwhite lacks physical buttons for page turning and does not perform auto-hyphenation. Except for the lock screen/power button at its bottom, it relies solely on the touchscreen interface.[51]

In November 2012, Amazon released the 5.3.0 update that allowed users to turn off recommended content on the home screen in Grid View (allowing two rows of user content) and included general bug fixes. In March 2014, the Paperwhite 5.4.4 update was released that added Goodreads integration, Kindle FreeTime to restrict usage for children, Cloud Collections for organization and Page Flip for scanning content without losing your place, which closely matched the Paperwhite 2's software features.[52]

The Kindle Paperwhite was released in most major international markets in early 2013, with Japan's version including 4 GB of storage, and in China on June 7, 2013; all non-Japan versions have 2 GB of storage (1.25 GB usable).[53]

Engadget praised the Paperwhite, giving it 92 of 100. The reviewer liked the front-lit display, high contrast, and useful software features, but did not like that it was less comfortable to hold than the Nook, the starting price includes ads, and it had no expandable storage.[54]

Shortly after release, some users complained about the lighting implementation on the Kindle Paperwhite.[55] While not widespread, some users found the lighting inconsistent, causing the bottom edge to cast irregular shadows. Also, some users complained that the light cannot be turned off completely.[56]

Sixth generation[edit]

Kindle Paperwhite (second iteration)[edit]

Amazon announced the second-iteration Kindle Paperwhite, marketed as the "All-New Kindle Paperwhite" and colloquially referred to as the Paperwhite 2, on September 3, 2013; the Wi-Fi version was released in on September 30 ($120 ad-supported, $140 no ads), and the 3G/Wi-Fi version was released in the US on November 5, 2013 ($190 ad-supported, $210 no ads). The Paperwhite 2 features a higher contrast E Ink Carta display technology,[57] improved LED illumination, 25% faster processor (1 GHz) that allows for faster page turns, and better response to touch input compared to the original Paperwhite. It has the same 6" screen with 212 PPI, bezel and estimated 28-hour battery life as the original Paperwhite. The software features dictionary/Wikipedia/X-Ray look-up, Page Flip that allows the user to skip ahead or back in the text in a pop-up window and go back to the previous page, and Goodreads social integration.[58]

The Paperwhite 2 uses a similar experimental web browser with the same 3G data use restrictions as previous Kindles; there are no use restrictions when using Wi-Fi. The official Amazon leather cover for the Paperwhite 2 is the same item as was used for the original Paperwhite. The cover's magnets turn the screen on and off when it is opened and closed.

Although released in 2013 with 2GB of storage, all versions of the Paperwhite 2 were sold with 4GB of storage by September 2014.

Engadget rated the Paperwhite 2 as 93 of 100, saying while it offers few new features, "an improved frontlight and some software tweaks have made an already great reading experience even better."[59]

Seventh generation[edit]

Kindle 7[edit]

Amazon announced an upgraded basic Kindle and the Kindle Voyage on September 18, 2014.[60] The Kindle 7 was released on October 2, 2014 ($80 ad-supported, $100 no ads). It is the first basic Kindle to use a touchscreen for navigating within books and to have a 1 GHz CPU.[61] It is also the first basic Kindle available in international markets such as India, Japan and China. Amazon claims that a single charge lasts up to 30 days if used for 30 minutes a day without using Wi-Fi.

Kindle Voyage[edit]

Kindle Voyage with origami cover.

The Kindle Voyage was released on November 4, 2014, in the US It has a 6-inch, 300 ppi E Ink Carta HD display, which was the highest resolution and contrast available in e-readers, as of 2014,[62] with six LEDs with an adaptive light sensor that can automatically illuminate the screen depending on the environment. It is available in Wi-Fi ($200 ad-supported, $220 no ads) and Wi-Fi + 3G ($270 ad-supported, $290 no ads) models.[63] It has 4GB of storage.[64] Its design features a flush glass screen on the front and the rear has angular, raised plastic edges that house the power button, similar to the Fire HDX. At 0.3 inches, it is the thinnest Kindle to date. The Voyage uses "PagePress", a navigation system that has sensors on either side of the screen that turns the page when pressed.[65] PagePress may be disabled, but the touchscreen is always active.

The Verge rated the Voyage as 9.1 of 10, stating that "this is the best E Ink e-reader I've used, and it's unquestionably the best that Amazon has ever made. The thing is, it's only marginally better than the fantastic Paperwhite in several ways, and significantly better in none" and with those differences in mind, disliked how it costs $80 more than the Paperwhite.[66]Engadget rated the Voyage as 94 of 100, stating that while it was "easily the best e-reader that Amazon has ever crafted," it was also the priciest at $199.[67]

Kindle Paperwhite (third iteration)[edit]

The third-iteration Kindle Paperwhite, marketed as the "All-New Kindle Paperwhite" and colloquially referred to as the Paperwhite 3 and Paperwhite 2015, was released on June 30, 2015, in the US. It is available in Wi-Fi ($120 ad-supported, $140 no ads) and Wi-Fi + 3G ($190 ad-supported, $210 no ads) models. It has a 6-inch, 1448×1072, 300 ppi E Ink Carta HD display, which is twice the pixels of the original Paperwhite and has the same touchscreen, four LEDs and size as the previous Paperwhite.[68][69] It has over 3 GB of user accessible storage. This device improved on the display of PDF files, with the possibility to select text and use some functionalities, such as translation on a PDF's text. Amazon claims it has 6 weeks of battery life if used for 30 minutes per day with wireless off and brightness set to 10, which is about 21 hours.

The Paperwhite 3 is the first e-reader to include the Bookerly font, a new font designed by Amazon, and includes updated formatting functions such as hyphenation and improved spacing.[70] The Bookerly font was added to most older models via a firmware update.[71] The official Amazon leather cover for the Paperwhite 3 is the same item as was used with the previous two Paperwhite devices.

In February 2016, the Paperwhite 2, Paperwhite 3, Kindle 7, and Voyage received the 5.7.2 update that included a new home screen layout, an OpenDyslexic font choice, improved book recommendations and a new quick actions menu.[72]

On June 30, 2016, Amazon released a white version of the Paperwhite 3 worldwide; the only thing different about this version is the color of the shell.[73]

In October 2016, Amazon released the Paperwhite 3 "Manga Model" in Japan that has a 33% increase in page-turning speed and includes 32GB of storage, which is space for up to 700 manga books.[74] The Manga model launched at 16,280 yen (~$156) for the ad-supported Wi-Fi version or 12,280 yen (~$118) for Prime members.[75]

The Verge rated the Paperwhite 3 as 9.0 of 10, saying that "The Kindle Paperwhite is the best e-reader for most people by a wide margin" and liked the high-resolution screen but disliked that there was no adaptive backlight; this is featured on the Kindle Voyage.[76]Popzara called the 2015 Paperwhite "the best dedicated E Ink e-reader for the money."[77]

Eighth generation[edit]

Kindle Oasis (first iteration)[edit]

Kindle Oasis being used with one hand

Amazon announced the first-iteration Kindle Oasis on April 13, 2016, and it was released on April 27 worldwide.[78] The Kindle Oasis is available in Wi-Fi and Wi-Fi + 3G models.[79] The Oasis has a 6-inch, 300 ppi E Ink Carta HD display with ten LEDs.[80] Its asymmetrical design features physical page turn buttons on one side and it has an accelerometer so the display can be rotated for one-hand operation with either hand. It has one thicker side that tapers to an edge that is 20% thinner than the Paperwhite. It includes a removable leather battery cover for device protection and increased battery life that is available in either black, walnut (brown) or merlot (red); the cover fits in the tapered edge. The Oasis has 28 hours of battery life if used with the battery cover with Wi-Fi off. However, without the cover, the Oasis battery lasts about seven hours. It has nearly 3 GB of user storage. The Oasis includes the Bookerly (serif) font and it is the first Kindle to include the Amazon Ember (sans-serif) font.[81]

The Guardian's reviewer praised the Oasis's ease for holding, its lightweight design, long battery life, excellent display, even front lighting, usable page-turn buttons, and the luxurious cover. However, the reviewer believed the product was overpriced, noted that the battery cover only partially protects the back, and that the reader is not waterproof. The reviewer concluded, "…the Paperwhite will likely be all the e-reader most will need, but Oasis is the one you'll want. The Oasis is the Bentley to the Paperwhite's Golf – both will get the job done, just one is a cut above the other."[82]The Verge rated the Oasis as 9 of 10, praising its thinness, its weight without the cover and the ability to read with one hand, but did not like that is so expensive, has no adaptive backlight like the Voyage and it is not waterproof.[83]

Kindle 8[edit]

Amazon's upgrade of the standard Kindle was released on June 22, 2016, in both black and white colors ($80 ad-supported, $100 no ads). The Kindle 8 features a new rounded design that is 0.35 inches (9 mm) shorter, 0.16 inches (4 mm) narrower, 0.043 inches (1.1 mm) thinner, and 1.1 ounces (30 g) lighter than the previous Kindle 7, and features double the RAM (512MB) of its predecessor. The Kindle 8 is the first Kindle to use Bluetooth that can support VoiceView screen reader software for the visually impaired. It has the same screen display as its predecessor, a 167 ppi E Ink Pearl touch-screen display, and Amazon claims it has a four-week battery life and can be fully charged within four hours.[84][85]

Ninth generation[edit]

Kindle Oasis (second iteration)[edit]

Amazon released the second-iteration Kindle Oasis, marketed as the "All-New Kindle Oasis" and colloquially referred to as the Oasis 2, on October 31, 2017. It is available in 8 GB Wi-Fi, 32 GB Wi-FI and 32 GB Wi-Fi + 3G ($350 no ads) models with a 7-inch E Ink display with 300 ppi.[86] It has an asymmetric design like the first-iteration Oasis, so it works for one-handed use, and the device finish is made from aluminum. The device has a black front, with either a silver or gold colored back.[87] The Oasis 2 is the first Kindle to be IPX8 rated so it is water-resistant up to two meters for up to 60 minutes, and first to be able to change the background black and the text to white. It is front-lit with 12 LEDs, and has ambient light sensors to adjust the screen brightness automatically. It supports playback of Audible audiobooks by pairing with A2DP supported external Bluetooth 4.2 speakers or headphones; the device can store up to 35 audiobooks with 8 GB or 160 audiobooks with the 32 GB model.[88] The Oasis 2's internal battery lasts about six weeks of reading at 30 minutes a day.

The Verge gave the Oasis 2 a score of 8 of 10, praising its design, display, and water resistance, but criticizing its high cost and inability to read an e-book while its related audiobook is playing.[89]Techradar rated it as 4.5 of 5, saying the Oasis 2 is expensive but it praises as the best e-reader at the time with its lovely metal design, waterproofing and great reading experience.[90]

Tenth generation[edit]

Kindle Paperwhite (fourth iteration)[edit]

Amazon announced the fourth-iteration Kindle Paperwhite on October 16, 2018, and released it on November 7, 2018; it is colloquially referred to as the Paperwhite 4 and Paperwhite 2018.[91] It is available in 8 GB Wi-Fi, 32 GB Wi-Fi and 32 GB Wi-Fi + 4G LTE models. It features a 6-inch plastic-backed display of Amazon's own design with 300 ppi and a flush screen featuring five LED lights.[92] It is waterproof with an IPX8 rating, allowing submersion in 2 meters of fresh water for up to one hour. It supports playback of Audible audio books only by pairing with external Bluetooth speakers or headphones.

The Verge rated the Paperwhite 4 as 8.5 of 10, praising its great display, water-resistance and battery life but criticizing its lack of physical buttons and no USB-C support.[93]

Kindle (10th generation)[edit]

Kindle 10

Amazon announced the Kindle (10th generation) on March 20, 2019, which features the first front light available on a basic Kindle. The front light uses 4 LEDs compared to the Paperwhite with 5 LEDs. Kindle 10 uses a 6-inch display with higher contrast than previous basic Kindles and has the same 167 ppi resolution.[94] It has black and white colors.

Kindle Oasis (third iteration)[edit]

Amazon released the third-iteration Kindle Oasis, colloquially referred to as the Oasis 3, on July 24, 2019. Externally it is nearly identical in appearance to the second-iteration Oasis, with a similar 7-inch, 300ppi E Ink display, adjustable warm light, one-handed design, waterproofing, aluminum exterior, Bluetooth support and Micro USB for charging. It adds a 25 LED front light that can adjust color temperature to warmer tones, the first Kindle to be able to do so.[95] This device is available in two different colors; Graphite or Champagne Gold.

The Verge gave the Oasis 3 an 8 of 10 rating, praising its design, display, and warmer E Ink display, but criticizing its high cost, no USB-C support and the lackluster update over the 2017 model.[96]

Eleventh generation[edit]

Kindle Paperwhite (fifth iteration)[edit]

Amazon announced the Kindle Paperwhite (fifth iteration) on September 21, 2021, and it was released on October 27, 2021. It features similar dimensions to its predecessor but has a larger 6.8-inch display set in thinner bezels, 17 LEDs in the front light that can adjust color temperature to warmer tones (first featured on the Kindle Oasis 3), an updated processor, and longer battery life that Amazon claims lasts up to ten weeks on a single charge.[97] It is the first Kindle with a USB-C port. The Paperwhite 5 is also available in a higher-cost Signature Edition that additionally supports Qi wireless charging, has 32 GB of storage, and includes a sensor that automatically adjusts the color of the front light.[98] Amazon has stated that some Qi chargers are incompatible and recommends using an Amazon charging dock.[99] The Verge gave the Kindle Paperwhite (fifth iteration) 8.5 out of 10.[100]


Model GenLaunch Price Display CPUMemoryStorageSound Input Controller Input Connectivity Battery Dimensions Weight IP
Kindle 1 November 19, 2007 $399 6-inch (150 mm), 600 × 800 pixels, 167 PPI density, 4-level grayscale Marvell Xscale PXA255 400 MHz, ARM9 64 MB 256/180 MB Speakers USB 2.0 Micro-B port, SD card, 3.5 mm headphone jack Keyboard, Scrollwheel Amazon Whispernet 1,530 mAh8.0 inches (200 mm) H
5.3 inches (130 mm) W
0.8 inches (20 mm) D
10.2 oz (290 g) No
Kindle 2 2 February 23, 2009 $299 6-inch (150 mm), 600 × 800 pixels, 167 PPI density, 16-level grayscale Freescale i.MX31 532 MHz, ARM11 32 MB 2/1.4 GB USB 2.0 Micro-B port, 3.5 mm headphone jack Keyboard, D-pad 8.0 inches (200 mm) H
5.3 inches (130 mm) W
0.36 inches (9.1 mm) D
Kindle 2 International October 19, 2009 $279
Kindle DX June 10, 2009 $489 128 MB 4/3 GB 10.4 inches (260 mm) H
7.2 inches (180 mm) W
0.38 inches (9.7 mm) D
18.9 oz (540 g)
Kindle DX International January 6, 2010 ?
Kindle DX Graphite July 1, 2010 $379
Kindle Keyboard 3 August 27, 2010 Wi-Fi: $139
3G: $189
Freescale i.MX35 532 MHz, ARM11 256 MB Amazon Whispernet (3G model only), 802.11bg Wi-Fi 1,750 mAh 7.5 inches (190 mm) H
4.8 inches (120 mm) W
0.34 inches (8.6 mm) D
Wi-Fi: 8.5 oz (240 g)3G: 8.7 oz (250 g)
Kindle 4 4 September 28, 2011 No ads: $109
Ads: $79
Freescale i.MX508 800 MHz 2/1.25 GB None USB 2.0 Micro-B port D-pad Amazon Whispernet (3G model only), 802.11bgn Wi-Fi 890 mAh 6.5 inches (170 mm) H
4.5 inches (110 mm) W
0.34 inches (8.6 mm) D
5.98 oz (170 g)
Kindle Touch November 15, 2011 No ads:
Wi-Fi: $149
3G: $189Ads:
Wi-Fi: $99
3G: $139
4/3 GB Speakers USB 2.0 Micro-B port, 3.5 mm headphone jack Touchscreen 1,420 mAh 6.8 inches (170 mm) H
4.7 inches (120 mm) W
0.40 inches (10 mm) D
Wi-Fi: 7.5 oz (210 g)3G: 7.8 oz (220 g)
Kindle 5 5 September 6, 2012 No ads: $90
Ads: $70
2/1.25 GB None USB 2.0 Micro-B port D-pad 890 mAh 6.5 inches (170 mm) H
4.5 inches (110 mm) W
0.34 inches (8.6 mm) D
5.98 oz (170 g)
Kindle Paperwhite October 1, 2012 No ads:
Wi-Fi: $140
3G: $200Ads:
Wi-Fi: $120
3G: $180
6-inch, 768 × 1024 pixels, 212 PPI density, 16-level grayscale, LED frontlit Touchscreen 1,470 mAh 6.7 inches (170 mm) H
4.6 inches (120 mm) W
0.36 inches (9.1 mm) D
Wi-Fi: 7.5 oz (210 g)3G: 7.8 oz (220 g)
Kindle Paperwhite 2 6 Wi-Fi: September 30, 2013

3G: November 5, 2013

No ads:
Wi-Fi: $140
3G: $210Ads:
Wi-Fi: $190
3G: $139
Freescale/NXP i.MX6 SoloLite 1 GHz Wi-Fi: 7.3 oz (210 g)3G: 7.6 oz (220 g)
Kindle 7 7 October 2, 2014 No ads: $100
Ads: $80
6-inch (150 mm), 600 × 800 pixels, 167 PPI density, 16-level grayscale 4/3 GB 890 mAh[101]6.7 inches (170 mm) H
4.7 inches (120 mm) W
0.40 inches (10 mm) D
6.7 oz (190 g)
Kindle Voyage November 4, 2014 No ads:
Wi-Fi: $220
3G: $290Ads:
Wi-Fi: $200
3G: $270
6-inch, 1072 × 1448 pixels, 300 PPI density, 16-level grayscale, LED frontlit 512 MB 1,320mAh 6.4 inches (160 mm) H
4.5 inches (110 mm) W
0.30 inches (7.6 mm) D
Wi-Fi: 6.3 oz (180 g)3G: 6.6 oz (190 g)
Kindle Paperwhite 3 June 30, 2015 No ads:
Wi-Fi: $140
3G: $210Ads:
Wi-Fi: $120
3G: $190
6.7 inches (170 mm) H
4.6 inches (120 mm) W
0.36 inches (9.1 mm) D
Wi-Fi: 7.2 oz (200 g)3G: 7.7 oz (220 g)
Kindle Oasis 8 April 27, 2016 $289.99 – $379.99 Amazon Whispernet (3G model only), 802.11bgn Wi-Fi, Bluetooth 245 mAh (no cover)
1,535 mAh (with cover)
5.6 inches (140 mm) H
4.8 inches (120 mm) W
0.13 inches (3.3 mm) D (without cover)
0.33 inches (8.4 mm) D (with cover)
Wi-Fi: 4.6 oz (130 g)3G: 4.7 oz (130 g)Cover only: 3.8 oz (110 g)
Kindle 8 June 22, 2016 No ads: $100
Ads: $80
6-inch (150 mm), 600 × 800 pixels, 167 PPI density, 16-level grayscale 890 mAh 6.3 inches (160 mm) H
4.5 inches (110 mm) W
0.36 inches (9.1 mm) D
5.7 oz (160 g)
Kindle Oasis 2 9 October 31, 2017 $249.99 – $349.99 7-inch, 1680 × 1264 pixels, 300 PPI density, 16-level grayscale, LED frontlit NXP i.MX7D 1 GHz 8/6 GB or 32/30 GB 1,000 mAh 6.3 inches (160 mm) H
5.6 inches (140 mm) W
0.33 inches (8.4 mm) D
6.8 oz (190 g) IPX8
Kindle Paperwhite 4 10 November 7, 2018 $129.99+ 6-inch, 1072 × 1448 pixels, 300 PPI density, 16-level grayscale, LED frontlit Freescale/NXP i.MX6 SoloLite 1 GHz 1500 mAh 6.6 inches (170 mm) H
4.6 inches (120 mm) W
0.32 inches (8.1 mm) D
Wi-Fi: 6.4 oz (180 g)3G: 6.7 oz (190 g)
Kindle 10 April 10, 2019 No ads: $109.99
Ads: $89.99
6-inch (150 mm), 600 × 800 pixels, 167 PPI density, 16-level grayscale, LED frontlit 8/6 GB 890 mAh 6.3 inches (160 mm) H
4.5 inches (110 mm) W
0.34 inches (8.6 mm) D
6.1 oz (170 g) No
Kindle Oasis 3 July 24, 2019 $249.99 – $349.99 7-inch, 1680 × 1264 pixels, 300 PPI density, 16-level grayscale, LED frontlit NXP i.MX7D 1 GHz 8/6 GB or 32/30 GB 1,130 mAh 6.3 inches (160 mm) H
5.6 inches (140 mm) W
0.33 inches (8.4 mm) D
6.6 oz (190 g) IPX8
Kindle Paperwhite 5 11 October 27, 2021 $139.99 – $159.99 6.8-inch, 1236 x 1648 pixels, 300 PPI density, 16-level grayscale, LED front-lit 1 GB 8 GB USB-C port 1,700 mAh
[citation needed]
6.9 inches (180 mm) H
4.9 inches (120 mm) W
0.32 inches (8.1 mm) D
7.23 oz (205 g)
Kindle Paperwhite 5 Signature Edition $189.99 32 GB USB-C port
Qi charging
1,700 mAh
[citation needed]
7.3 oz (210 g)

Official accessories[edit]


With the release of the Kindle Paperwhite in 2012, Amazon released a natural leather cover and a plastic back that is form-fitted for the device that weighs 5.6 ounces.[102] The cover closes book-like from the left edge. The cover has magnets that activate the sleep/wake function in the Kindle when the cover is either closed or opened. The subsequent Amazon covers include this function.

With the release of the Voyage in 2014, Amazon released two covers with either a polyurethane or a leather cover. The Voyage attaches to the rear of the Protective Cover magnetically and the case's cover folds over the top, and the case weighs 4.6 ounces. The case can fold into a stand, propping the Kindle up for hands-free reading.[103] With the release of the Paperwhite (4th gen) in 2018, Amazon released three versions of its cover: a water-safe fabric cover that can withstand brief exposure to water, a standard leather cover and a premium leather cover; these covers all weigh 4 ounces.[104]

Audio adapter[edit]

In May 2016, Amazon released the official Kindle Audio Adapter for reading e-books aloud via a text-to-speech (TTS) system for the blind and visually impaired.[105] This accessibility accessory, initially supported only for the Paperwhite 3 and Oasis, plugs in the USB port and connects to headphones or speakers. Once connected, the reader uses the Voiceview for Kindle feature to navigate the interface and listen to e-books via TTS. This feature only supports e-books, not audiobooks or music.

Using the accessory reduces the Paperwhite 3's battery life to six hours. As an alternative to the official adapter, a generic USB to audio converter will also work with Voiceview.[106]

Wireless charger[edit]

With the release of the 2021 Paperwhite Signature Edition, Amazon announced the Wireless Charging Dock which supports Qi charging up to 7.5 W.[99]


Kindle devices support dictionary and Wikipedia look-up functions when highlighting a word in an e-book. The font type, size and margins can be customized. Kindles are charged by connecting to a computer's USB port or to an AC adapter. Users needing accessibility due to impaired vision can use an audio adapter to listen to any e-book read aloud on supported Kindles, or those with difficulty in reading text may use the Amazon Ember Bold font for darker text and other fonts may too have bold font versions.

The Kindle also contains experimental features such a web browser that uses NetFront based on WebKit.[107] The browser can freely access the Kindle Store and Wikipedia on 3G models while the browser may be limited to 50MB of data per month to websites other than Amazon and Wikipedia, Other possible experimental features, depending on the model are a Text-to-Speech engine that can read the text from ebooks and an MP3 player that can be used to play music while reading.

The Kindle's operating system updates are designed to be received wirelessly and installed automatically during a period in sleep mode in which Wi-Fi is turned on.[109] A user may install firmware updates manually by downloading the firmware for their device and copying the file to the device's root directory.[110] The Kindle operating system uses the Linux kernel with a Java app for reading e-books.[111]

Send-to-Kindle service[edit]

Amazon offers an email-based service called "Send-to-Kindle" that allows the user to send HTML pages, Microsoft Word documents, GIF, PNG, and BMP graphics directly to the user's Kindle library at Amazon. Sending the file is free if downloaded using Wi-Fi or $0.15 per MB when using a Kindle's 3G service.[112] When Amazon receives the file, it converts the file to Kindle format and stores it in the user's online library (called "Your Content" by Amazon). In addition to the document types mentioned above, this service can be used to send unprotected MOBI files to a user's Kindle library. The Send-to-Kindle service's personal documents can be accessed by all Kindle hardware devices as well as iOS and Android devices using the Kindle app.[113]

Format support by device[edit]

Main article: Kindle File Format

The first Kindle could read unprotected Mobipocket files (MOBI, PRC), plain text files (TXT), Topaz format books (TPZ) and Amazon's AZW format.

The Kindle 2 added native PDF capability with the version 2.3 firmware upgrade.[114] The Kindle 1 could not read PDF files, but Amazon provides experimental conversion to the native AZW format,[115] with the caveat that not all PDFs may format correctly.[116] The Kindle 2 added the ability to play the Audible Enhanced (AAX) format. The Kindle 2 can also display HTML files.

The fourth and later generation Kindles, Touch, Paperwhite (all generations), Voyage and Oasis (all generations) can display AZW, AZW3, TXT, PDF, unprotected MOBI, and PRC files natively. HTML, DOC, DOCX, JPEG, GIF, PNG, and BMP are usable through Amazon's conversion service. The Keyboard, Touch, Oasis 2 & 3, Kindle 8 & 9, and Paperwhite 4 can also play Audible Enhanced (AA, AAX). The Kindle (7, 8 & 9), Kindle Paperwhite (2, 3 & 4), Voyage and Oasis (1, 2 & 3) can display KFX files natively. KFX is Amazon's successor to the AZW3 format.

Kindles cannot natively display EPUB files. However, at least two methods allow viewing the content of EPUB formatted content on Kindles:

  1. Specialized software like Calibre allows EPUB or some other unsupported files to be converted to one of the supported file formats.[117]
  2. Kindles can be jailbroken to allow third-party software, such as KOReader which does support EPUB, to be installed.[118]

Multiple devices and organization[edit]

An e-book may be downloaded from Amazon to several devices at the same time, as long as the devices are registered to the same Amazon account. A sharing limit typically ranges from one to six devices, depending on an undisclosed number of licenses set by the publisher. When a limit is reached, the user must remove the e-book from some device[119] or unregister a device containing the e-book[120] in order to add the e-book to another device.

The original Kindle and Kindle 2 did not allow the user to organize books into folders. The user could only select what type of content to display on the home screen and whether to organize by author, title, or download date. Kindle software version 2.5 allowed for the organization of books into "Collections" which behave like non-structured tags/labels: a collection can not include other collections, and one book may be added to multiple collections. These collections are normally set and organized on the Kindle itself, one book at a time. The set of all collections of a first Kindle device can be imported to a second Kindle device that is connected to the cloud and is registered to the same user; as the result of this operation, the documents that are on the second device now become organized according to the first device's collections. There is no option to organize by series or series order, as the AZW format does not possess the necessary metadata fields.


Main article: X-Ray (Amazon Kindle)

X-Ray is a reference tool that is incorporated in Kindle Touch and later devices, the Fire tablets, the Kindle app for mobile platforms and Fire TV. X-Ray lets users explore in more depth the contents of a book, by accessing pre-loaded files with relevant information, such as the most common characters, locations, themes, or ideas.[121]


Users can bookmark, highlight, and search through content. Pages can be bookmarked for reference, and notes can be added to relevant content. While a book is open on the display, menu options allow users to search for synonyms and definitions from the built-in dictionary. The device also remembers the last page read for each book. Pages can be saved as a "clipping", or a text file containing the text of the currently displayed page. All clippings are appended to a single file, which can be downloaded over a USB cable.[122] Due to the TXT format of the clippings file, all formatting (such as bold, italics, bigger fonts for headlines, etc.) is stripped off the original text.

Textbook rentals[edit]

On July 18, 2011, Amazon began a program that allows college students to rent Kindle textbooks from three different publishers for a fixed period of time.[123]

Collection of user reading data[edit]

Kindle devices may report information about their users' reading data that includes the last page read, how long each e-book was opened, annotations, bookmarks, notes, highlights, or similar markings to Amazon.[124] The Kindle stores this information on all Amazon e-books but it is unclear if this data is stored for non-Amazon e-books.[125] There is a lack of e-reader data privacy — Amazon knows the user's identity, what the user is reading, whether the user has finished the book, what page the user is on, how long the user has spent on each page, and which passages the user may have highlighted.[126]

Kindle ecosystem[edit]

Kindle Store[edit]

Main article: Kindle Store

Content from Amazon's Kindle Store is encoded in Amazon's proprietary Kindle formats (.azw, .kf8 and .kfx). In addition to published content, Kindle users can also access the Internet using the experimental web browser, which uses NetFront.[127][128] Users can use the Kindle Store to access reading material using the Kindle itself or through a web browser to access content.[6] The store features Kindle Unlimited for unlimited access to over one million e-books for a monthly fee.[129]

Content for the Kindle can be purchased online and downloaded wirelessly in some countries, using either standard Wi-Fi or Amazon's 3G "Whispernet" network.[130] Whispernet is accessible without any monthly fees or a subscription,[131] although fees can be incurred for the delivery of periodicals and other content when roaming internationally beyond the customer's home country. Through a service called "Whispersync," customers can synchronize reading progress, bookmarks, and other information across Kindle hardware and other mobile devices.[132][133] The Kindles that only can access Whispernet via the 3G network will have that network turned off in December 2021 due to the carriers retiring 3G.[134]

For U.S. customers traveling abroad, Amazon originally charged a $1.99 fee to download e-books over 3G while overseas, but later removed the fee. Fees remain for wireless 3G delivery of periodical subscriptions and personal documents, while Wi-Fi delivery has no extra charge.[135]

In addition to the Kindle Store, content for the Kindle can be purchased from various independent sources such as Fictionwise and Baen Ebooks. Public domain titles are also obtainable for the Kindle via content providers such as Project Gutenberg, The Internet Archive and the World Public Library. In 2011, the Kindle Store had more than twice as much paid content as its nearest competitor, Barnes & Noble.[136]

Public libraries that offer books via OverDrive, Inc. also lend titles for the Kindle and Kindle reading apps in the US. Books are checked out from the library's own site, which forwards to Amazon for the completion of the checkout process. Amazon then delivers the title to the Kindle for the duration of the loan, though some titles may require transfer via a USB connection to a computer. If the book is later checked out again or purchased, annotations and bookmarks are preserved.[137]

Kindle applications for reading on other devices[edit]

Amazon released the Kindle for PCapplication in late 2009, available for Microsoft Windowssystems.[138] This application allows ebooks from Amazon's store or personal ebooks to be read on a personal computer, with no Kindle device required.[139] Amazon released a Kindle for Mac app for AppleMacintosh & OS X systems in early 2010.[140] In June 2010, Amazon released the Amazon Kindle for Android. Soon after the Android release, versions for the Apple iOS (iPhone and iPad) and BlackBerry OS phones were available.[141] In January 2011, Amazon released Kindle for Windows Phone.[142] In July 2011, Kindle for HP TouchPad (running webOS) was released in the U.S. as a beta version.[143] In August 2011, Amazon released an HTML5-based webapp for supported web browsers called Kindle Cloud Reader.[144] In 2013, Amazon has expressed no interest in releasing a separate Kindle application for Linux systems; the Cloud Reader can be used on supported browsers in Linux.[145]

On April 17, 2014, Samsung announced it would discontinue its own e-book store effective July 1, 2014 and it partnered with Amazon to create the Kindle for Samsung app optimized for display on Samsung Galaxy devices. The app uses Amazon's e-book store and it includes a monthly limited selection of free e-books.[146]

In June 2016, Amazon released the Page Flip feature to its Kindle applications that debuted on its e-readers a few years previously.[147] This feature allows the user to flip through nine thumbnails of page images at a time.

Kindle Direct Publishing[edit]

Main article: Kindle Direct Publishing

Concurrently with the release of the first Kindle device, Amazon launched Kindle Direct Publishing, used by authors and publishers to independently publish their books directly to Kindle and Kindle Apps worldwide.[148] Authors can upload documents in several formats for delivery via Whispernet and charge between $0.99 and $200.00 per download.[148]

In a December 5, 2009 interview with The New York Times, Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos revealed that Amazon keeps 65% of the revenue from all e-book sales for the Kindle;[149] the remaining 35% is split between the book author and publisher. After numerous commentators observed that Apple's popular App Store offers 70% of royalties to the publisher, Amazon began a program that offers 70% royalties to Kindle publishers who agree to certain conditions.[150] Some of these conditions, such as the inability to opt out of the lendability feature, have caused some controversy.[151]

Kindle Development Kit[edit]

On January 21, 2010, Amazon announced the release of its Kindle Development Kit (KDK).[152] KDK aims to allow developers to build "active content" for the Kindle, and a beta version was announced with a February 2010 release date. A number of companies have already experimented with delivering active content through the Kindle's bundled browser, and the KDK gives sample code, documentation and a Kindle Simulator together with a new revenue sharing model for developers.[153] The KDK is based on the Java programming language's Personal Basis Profile packaged Java APIs.

As of May 2014[update] Kindle store offered over 400 items labeled as active content.[154] These items include simple applications and games, including a free set provided by Amazon Digital Services.[155] As of 2014, active content is only available to users with a U.S. billing address.

In October 2014, Amazon announced that the Voyage and future e-readers would not support active content because most users prefer to use apps on their smartphones and tablets, but the Paperwhite first-iteration and earlier Kindles would continue to support active content.[156]



Specific Kindle device sales numbers are not released by Amazon; however, according to anonymous inside sources, over three million Kindles had been sold as of December 2009,[157] while external estimates, as of Q4-2009, place the number at about 1.5 million.[158] According to James McQuivey of Forrester Research, estimates are ranging around four million, as of mid-2010.[159]

In 2010, Amazon remained the undisputed leader in the e-reader category, accounting for 59% of e-readers shipped, and it gained 14 percentage points in share.[160] According to an International Data Corporation (IDC) study from March 2011, sales for all e-book readers worldwide reached 12.8 million in 2010; 48% of them were Kindles.[161] In the last three months of 2010, Amazon announced that in the United States its e-book sales had surpassed sales of paperback books for the first time.[162]

In January 2011, Amazon announced that digital books were outselling their traditional print counterparts for the first time ever on its site, with an average of 115 Kindle editions being sold for every 100 paperback editions.[163] In December 2011, Amazon announced that customers had purchased "well over" one million Kindles per week since the end of November 2011; this includes all available Kindle models and also the Kindle Fire tablet.[164] IDC estimated that the Kindle Fire sold about 4.7 million units during the fourth quarter of 2011.[165] Pacific Crest estimated that the Kindle Fire models sold six million units during Q4 2012.[166]

Morgan Stanley estimates that Amazon sold $3.57 billion worth of Kindle e-readers and tablets in 2012, $4.5 billion in Kindle device sales in 2013 and $5 billion in Kindle device sales in 2014.[167]


Working Kindles in good condition can be sold, traded, donated or recycled in the aftermarket. Due to some Kindle devices being limited to use as reading device and the hassle of reselling Kindles, some people choose to donate their Kindle to schools, developing countries, literacy organizations, or charities.[168] "The Kindle Classroom Project" promotes reading by distributing donated Kindles to schools in need.[169]Worldreader and ‘’Develop Africa’’ ships donated e-readers to schools in developing countries in Africa for educational use.[170][171] "Project Hart" may take donations of e-readers that could be given to people in need.[172]

Whether in good condition or not, Kindles should not be disposed of in normal waste due to the device's electronic ink components and batteries. Instead, Kindles at the end of their useful life should be recycled. In the United States, Amazon runs their own program, 'Take Back', which allows owners to print out a prepaid shipping label, which can be used to return the device for disposal.[173]


On July 17, 2009, Amazon withdrew from sale two e-books by George Orwell, Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four, refunding the purchase price to those who had bought them, and remotely deleted these titles from purchasers' devices without warning using a backdoor after discovering that the publisher lacked rights to publish these books. The two books were protected by copyright in the United States, but they were in the public domain in Canada, Australia and other countries.[174] Notes and annotations for the books made by users on their devices were left in a separate file but "rendered useless" without the content to which they were directly linked.[174][175] The move prompted outcry and comparisons to Nineteen Eighty-Four itself: in the novel, books, magazines, and newspapers in public archives that contradict the ruling party are either edited long after being published or destroyed outright; the removed materials go "down the memory hole", the nickname for an incinerator chute used in 1984.[176] Customers and commentators noted the resemblance to the censorship in the novel, and described Amazon's action in Orwellian terms. Ars Technica argued that the deletion violated the Kindle's terms of service, which stated in part:[177]

Upon your payment of the applicable fees set by Amazon, Amazon grants you the non-exclusive right to keep a permanent copy of the applicable Digital Content and to view, use and display such Digital Content an unlimited number of times, solely on the Device or as authorized by Amazon as part of the Service and solely for your personal, non-commercial use.

Amazon spokesman Drew Herdener said that the company is "changing our systems so that in the future we will not remove books from customers' devices in these circumstances."[178] On July 23, 2009, Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos posted on Amazon's official Kindle forum an apology about the company's handling of the matter. Bezos said the action was "stupid", and that the executives at Amazon "deserve the criticism received".[179]

On July 30, 2009, Justin Gawronski, a Michigan high school senior, and Antoine Bruguier, a California engineer, filed suit against Amazon in the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington. Bruguier argued that Amazon had violated its terms of service by remotely deleting the copy of Nineteen Eighty-Four he purchased, in the process preventing him from accessing annotations he had written. Gawronski's copy of the e-book was also deleted without his consent, and found Amazon used deceit in an email exchange. The complaint, which sought class-action status, asked for both monetary and injunctive relief.[175][180] The case was settled on September 25, 2009, with Amazon agreeing to pay $150,000 divided between the two plaintiffs, on the understanding that the law firm representing them, Kamber Edelson, "will donate its portion of that fee to a charitable organization".[181] In the settlement, Amazon also provided wider rights to Kindle owners over its e-books:

For copies of Works purchased pursuant to TOS granting "the non-exclusive right to keep a permanent copy" of each purchased Work and to "view, use and display [such Works] an unlimited number of times, solely on the [Devices]... and solely for [the purchasers'] personal, non-commercial use", Amazon will not remotely delete or modify such Works from Devices purchased and being used in the U.S. unless (a) the user consents to such deletion or modification; (b) the user requests a refund for the work or otherwise fails to pay for the work (e.g., if a credit card issuer declines payment); (c) a judicial or regulatory order requires such deletion or modification; or (d) deletion or modification is reasonably necessary to protect the consumer, the operation of a device or network used for communication (e.g., to remove harmful code embedded within an e-book on a device).[182]

On September 4, 2009, Amazon offered all affected users a choice of restoring of the deleted e-books or receiving an Amazon gift certificate or check for $US30.[183]

In December 2010, Amazon removed three e-books written by Selena Kitt, along with works by several other self-published erotic fiction authors, for "offensive" content regarding consensual incest that violated Amazon's publishing guidelines. Kitt stated her opinion this Amazon policy was selectively applied to some books but not others that feature similar themes. For what Amazon describes as "a brief period of time", the books were unavailable for redownload by users who had already purchased them. This ability was restored after it was brought to Amazon's attention; however, no remote deletion took place.[184]

In October 2012, Amazon suspended the account of a Norwegian woman who purchased her Kindle in the United Kingdom, and the company deleted every e-book on her Kindle. Amazon claimed that she had violated their terms of service but did not specify what she had done wrong.[185] After the woman contacted the media, Amazon restored her account and her purchased e-books.[186][187][188]

Computer programmer Richard Stallman criticized the Kindle,[189][190] citing Kindle terms of service which can censor users, which require the user's identification, and that can have a negative effect on independent book distributors; he also cited reported restrictions on Kindle users, as well the ability for Amazon to delete e-books and update software without the users' permission.[191][192]

See also[edit]


  1. ^Source Code Notice, Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  2. ^" Help Kindle E-Reader Software Updates". Amazon. Retrieved November 8, 2021.
  3. ^"Amazon Kindle 1st-gen specs". gdgt. Archived from the original on July 4, 2009. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
  4. ^Which Kindle E-reader do I have? Amazon. Retrieved January 7, 2018
  5. ^Dudley, Brier (November 19, 2007). "Kindle hacking, iPod parallels and a chat with the Kindle director". Seattle Times. Archived from the original on December 21, 2010. Retrieved December 28, 2010.
  6. ^ abKindle Store: Kindle eBooks. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
  7. ^Inside the secret lab where Amazon is designing the future of reading The Verge, 2014
  8. ^"Online Etymology Dictionary: kindle". Retrieved May 1, 2012.
  9. ^Friedman, Nancy (December 9, 2008). "How the Kindle got its name". Retrieved April 5, 2012.
  10. ^Perez, Sarah (May 18, 2010). "Kindle for Android Is Coming". The New York Times.
  11. ^Kindle Cloud Reader
  12. ^ ab"Amazon Kindle 1st generation". Amazon.
  13. ^Patel, Nilay (November 21, 2007). "Kindle Sells Out in 5.5 Hours". Archived from the original on November 23, 2007. Retrieved November 21, 2007.
  14. ^Sorrel, Charlie (April 21, 2008). "Amazon's Kindle Back in Stock". pp. "Gadget Lab" blog. Archived from the original on April 22, 2008. Retrieved April 21, 2008.
  15. ^ abc"Amazon Kindle FAQ". Amazon. Archived from the original on November 22, 2007. Retrieved June 10, 2009.
  16. ^" Kindle 2nd generation Free 3G". Amazon.
  17. ^"Kindle Wireless Reading Device (6" Display, U.S. Wireless): Kindle Store". Amazon. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
  18. ^"Kindle 2: Amazon's 6" Wireless Reading Device (Latest Generation)". Retrieved June 10, 2009.
  19. ^"Amazon Press Event: Kindle 2 announced". Retrieved February 9, 2009.
  20. ^"Kindle 2 Frequently Asked Questions". Archived from the original on February 11, 2009. Retrieved February 11, 2009.
  21. ^"Kindle 2 First Look". Archived from the original on February 25, 2009. Retrieved February 25, 2009.
  22. ^"UR, Exclusively on Amazon's Kindle". Stephen King. Archived from the original on February 12, 2009. Retrieved February 10, 2009.
  23. ^Levy, Steven (October 6, 2009). "Kindle Goes International – With a Little Help From AT&T". Wired. Archived from the original on December 24, 2010. Retrieved December 2, 2010.
  24. ^Stone, Brad (May 3, 2009). "Looking to Big-Screen e-Readers to Help Save the Daily Press". The New York Times.
  25. ^"Kindle DX – Released 2009 – Fact Sheet". Amazon.
  26. ^"Help: Kindle (2nd Generation) and Kindle DX Software Updates". Amazon. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  27. ^Kehe, Marjorie (January 6, 2010). "Kindle DX: Amazon takes on the world". The Christian Science Monitor. Archived from the original on January 10, 2010. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
  28. ^Amazon. "Kindle DX Wireless Reading Device, Free 3G, 3G Works Globally, Graphite, 9.7" Display with New E Ink Pearl Technology: Kindle Store". Amazon. Archived from the original on May 1, 2011. Retrieved March 19, 2011.
  29. ^ abcde"Kindle 3G Wireless Reading Device, Free 3G + Wi-Fi, 6" Display, 3G Works Globally – Latest Generation". Amazon. Retrieved August 18, 2011.
  30. ^"New Generation Kindles Are the Fastest-Selling Kindles Ever and Already the Best-Selling Products on Amazon". August 25, 2010.
  31. ^Loeffler, Shawn (August 6, 2010). "Amazon Kindle 3". CraveOnline. Archived from the original on December 31, 2010. Retrieved December 28, 2010.
  32. ^Palmer, Jay (August 14, 2010). "Amazon's Kindle 3". Retrieved March 19, 2011.
  33. ^Pepitone, Julianne (July 29, 2010). "Is Kindle 3 a game-ender for e-reader wars?". CNN.
  34. ^"Kindle Keyboard 3G". Amazon. Retrieved November 27, 2013.
  35. ^Pogue, David (August 25, 2010). "New Kindle Leaves Rivals Farther Back". The New York Times. Retrieved December 28, 2010.
  36. ^"AT&T to Sponsor Kindle 3G". 2011.
  37. ^"Kindle 3 Review". Review Horizon. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
  38. ^Kindle (2010) (August 27, 2010). "Amazon Kindle review (2010)". Engadget. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
  39. ^ abcDavid Katzmaier; David Carnoy (September 28, 2011), "Amazon Kindle Touch 3G vs. Kindle Touch vs. Kindle (2011)",, CNET
  40. ^Sources:
  41. ^"Kindle e-Reader with Wi-Fi, 6" Display",, retrieved September 28, 2011
  42. ^"Kindle Touch 3G – no more web browsing via 3G?". Amazon. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
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Dec 28, 2016 · Step 1 Install Calibre and Kindle for PC. Aug 30, 2021 · Kindle DRM Removal Mac is tool to remove Kindle ebook DRM protection for Macosx, it support ebook download in Kindle for Mac. For other ebooks, you will need to enter some extra information. During the process of conversion, it will keep the best conversion quality without losing any displaying elements and details. Within minutes it can convert the audio from M4A to different formats such as MOV, AVI, NCH PhotoPad Image Editor Professional 7.64 with Crack, MPEG etc. Step 2: After loading songs into the program, just select songs. 181 can be found and viewed here. Version is 0. 95 Only$19. 4 version of Kindle DRM Removal for Mac is available as a free download on our software library. Step 4, download and install the most powerful DRM Removal-- Epubor Ultimate. File Size: 103 MB Kindle DRM Removal quickly and easily remove Kindle ebook DRM protection with 1-click. 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Launch Epubor Ultimate, click the Kindle tab in Mar 11, 2019 kindle drm removal 2020 Kindle DRM Removal helps you quickly and easily remove DRM protection from Kindle4PC & Mobipocket Reader, then you can convert kindle books to any file format or transfer Kindle ebook to iPad, iPhone, iTouch, Sony, Android, Nook, Kobo etc. Pdf Epub Drm Removal Serial Mac the help of ePubee DRM Removal. It retains the 100% lossless video quality and runs at 30X speed. " to convert kindle books to pdf/epub/azw3. supports Windows and Mac OS. and even though I have a v10 Kindle, I’m not finding any way to import to Caliber, or remove DRM, that is current and working. This license type may impose certain restrictions on functionality or only provide an evaluation period. Mac OS X 10. 9 teen and what ad version. Then you will find Kindle AZW DRM Removal. Nov 26, 2020 · Step 3, re-download Kindle books using the latest Kindle for Mac. Jul 07, 2012 · All plugins (including the K4MobiDeDRM plugin when used on books from Kindle for PC under wine) should also work on Linux. Kindle Drm Removal free download - Kindle to ePub, WM Capture, TuneClone Audio Converter, and many more programs PDF/ePUB to Kindle Tool. The version of the Mac application you are about to download is 4. Input the KSN then upload Kindle eBook files, then you can unlock your Kindle books easily and quickly! Jun 06, 2019 · load your kindle books to calibre and calibre will start removing the DRM. Sep 30, 2021 · Description: Kindle DRM Removal is a useful application designed to disable the DRM protection Kindle files. Shut down Calibre, kindle drm removal 2020 then fire it up once more. Just remove the AZW/Mobi/PRC files drm header, Process Lasso Crack+ Keygen Code 2021 - Activators Patch change on the files. May 08, 2021 · Remove DRM from Adobe, Kindle, Kindle drm removal 2020 eReader, Kobo, etc, read your ebooks anywhere. 2. gz) Jun 06, 2019 · load your kindle books to calibre and calibre will start removing the DRM. Support Kindle books in these formats: AZW, AZW3, PRC, Mobi, AZW4, TPZ, Topaz. Run the DeDRM application by double-clicking it to access the configuration dialogs. user can view non-drm ebook on iPad, NOOK, Sony Reader or other device without limitation, convert ebook to epub/pdf/doc format in Calibre to print and share ebook with friends. We also will need to install these plugins. Support Windows 7/8/10 and Mac X 10 or later; Drag & Drop to Remove eBook DRM Jan 30, 2015 · Remove DRM from Amazon Kindle ebook rental with Apprentice Alf's tools (modded) [Windows Mac Linux] - posted in Chit Chat: Hey everybody ! Here is how to crack Amazon Kindle ebook rentals with a modded version of apprentice alfs deDRM tools. Download books in the Kindle app. Then you will find Jun 09, 2011 · Kindle Drm Removal is a powerfull software to remove drm protections from Kindle for PC/Mac with no quality lossing. Part 2. Remove NOD32 AntiVirus Keygen - Crack Key For U DRM. Kindle drm removal 2020 Kindle for PC/Mac, and then log in with your Amazon account. Step 7: Check the Converted file Kindle DRM Removal upgrades regularly to keep up with the latest Kindle DRM scheme, every user is guaranteed to remove Kindle DRM successfully as long as the books meet the only requirement: This book can be read via Kindle for PC/Mac by user. 8. Now that all of Apr 16, 2018 · This problem only intensified last year when Kindle for PC gained support KFX and made it harder to download a Kindle ebook that could be deDRMed, but now we have a solution. 385" Nov 01, 2012 · Disclaimer: Removing the DRM from Kindle ebooks, changing their format, and reading them on anything other than a Kindle device or official Kindle app is strictly against Amazon’s terms and conditions. Then you will find Jun 29, 2019 · Method 1. Add DeDRM plugin to Calibre. After deleting DRM from these books, you will be able to read them at any time anywhere. It produces a new AZW file that the user can convert to EPUB/PDF/TXT/RTF format ebook using Calibre, read them on iPad, NOOK, Sony Reader or other device without limitation, user also can print converted Kindle ebook. 33. After kindle drm removal 2020 open the program, just select the. Now you can easily remove Kindle DRM and convert the books’ format. It is very easy to use. Kindle DRM Removal Mac v. Available on: Windows, Mac, Linux Calibre, this expert open-source and cross-platform ebook drm removal and converter, takes a top place on the best free Kindle free Kindle DRM removal chart through years of development. zip file, and hit the Open button. The most popular versions among the program Perfectly remove DRM from Kindle books which are synced via Kindle for PC/Mac, or copied from E-Ink Kindle devices. Free Kindle DRM Removal 2021 (Calibre DeDRM Plugin for Mac)Step1. Jul 12, 2017 · Do so by navigating back to Preferences -> Advanced -> Plugins -> File type plugins and double clicking on the entry for DeDRM. KindleDRMRemoval. Version: 4. We have the largest serial numbers data base. 9026. Then you will find ViWizard iBook Copy for Mac is a smart iBook DRM removal genius which can bypass Fairplay DRM protection from ePub eBooks purchased from iBook store. it is easy to use and drag drop to work. ePub DRM Removal quickly and easily remove ebook ADEPT DRM protection for epub files with 1-click. 26. #2. Then you will find Feb 10, 2021 · What is ePub DRM Removal for Mac. Kindle DRM Removal Mac - Download Kindle DRM Removal Mac can help you easily remove kindle DRM from kindle books. Kindle AZW DRM Removal is a free kindle DRM elimination apple application ( less polished). Launch the software. 12. I've checked and double checked that Kindle for Mac has remained at version 1. It is the most efficient DRM removal tool in the market. In the Kindle library, right-click the book cover and then choose “Download”. Since ebooks with Adobe Adept DRM are stored as a. Version: 2. AZW produces a new file that the user can convert EPUB eBook / PDF / TXT / RTF using Calibre, read iPad, NOOK, Sony Reader or any other device without limitation and the user can also print the converted e-book Kindle. 8) version of Kindle for PC and Kindle for Mac. All you need is a free download of the Azwsoft desdrusted font bundle. Click on the first entry “eInk Kindle ebooks” and, in the resulting dialog box, click the + sign and enter the serial number off the back of your Kindle. DRM von Kindle-Büchern entfernen. 385" Jun 06, 2019 · load your kindle books to calibre and calibre will start removing the DRM. The actual developer of this software for Mac is eBook Converter. DRM Removal on Mac Hey there! I am using Calibre to pass ebooks down to my kindle but up until now I haven't been able to find a way to remove DRM out of some of them. user can view non-drm ebook on iPad, NOOK, Sony Reader. The books that you have downloaded will be there. Step 1. ePUB DRM Removal, free and safe. Then you will find Kindle digital removal features very easytoconfigure, which means even a novice mac user can handle it with relative ease. Just remove the AZW/PRC DRM header, no change on the files. Then choose any format you like, click on “Convert to. It has a simple interface and can remove DRM with X10 fast speed as well as lossless quality. Download Kindle Drm Removal Mac: Epubsoft Kindle DRM Removal (Removes DRM restrictions from eBooks on Kindle) and many other apps. Run Epubor Ultimate to remove Kindle DRM. Launch Epubor Ultimate for Mac, go to the “Kindle” column. 1. Then you will find Jul 20, 2011 · Kindle Drm Removal is a powerfull software to remove drm protections from Kindle for PC/Mac with no quality lossing. 2. Also, diverse formats of eBooks are available to convert, and the fastest speed is also committed. Thank you for downloading Kindle DRM Removal for Mac from our software portal. After you see the drive icon on the desk of your Mac, it means that your device has been connected. Click the “Preference” at the top menu bar. Downloaded Kindle books will show in the left corner and just drag them to the right side to remove drm. Available on: Windows, Mac. Show full description Features Vote on or suggest new features Dec 28, 2016 · Step 1 Install Calibre and Kindle for PC. Apr 13, 2012 · The handy Kindle DRM Removal application will allow you to quickly and easily remove Kindle eBook DRM protection. In this review, let’s focus on 5 pieces of DRM removal software. Leawo Prof. Free Download ePubor Win. Download Calibre and the DeDRM plugin and KFX Input Plugin to your computer. Jun 04, 2013 · In most cases, you will not even need to configure anything, once you install and run the DeDRM Plugin it will use current information on your PC to find location of your DRM Encryption Keys and Installation Folders for: Amazon Kindle For PC OR Adobe Digital Editions (on Windows and Mac OS). DRM eBook Converter can help you conduct a DRM removal from your desired files. Where are my Kindle books on my Mac? A: Sure, you can choose where to store your downloaded kindle books on Mac. All Kindle DRM Removal Jul 25, 2020 · Calibre – Totally Free Kindle DRM Removal. Download links below have many handy plugins for DRM Removal kindle drm removal 2020 also remove DRM of several eBook formats but your only going to install the Plugin " K4MobiDeDRM_vXx_plugin. Date Added: April 13th, 2012. All Kindle DRM Removal Jun 06, 2019 · load your kindle books to calibre and calibre will start removing the DRM. Besides Kindle, in Addition, It operates with Adobe DRM, Nook DRM. Case 2. Well designed with easy-to-use interface and batch conversion supported This powerful iBooks DRM removal tool comes with intuitive interface that anyone can control. Jul 27, 2021 · Free Kindle DRM Removal 2021 (Calibre DeDRM Plugin for Mac)Step1. Epubsoft Kindle DRM Removal helps you quickly and easily remove azw drm protection from kindle ebook (azw,prc,mobi). DRM is so powerful that you can use it to remove DRM from iTunes movies, Apple music, audiobook, Amazon kindle, Adobe ebook, Kobo, and Spotify music. Source code (zip) Source code (tar. Add kfx-input plugin to Calibre. Then you will find Step 6: Remove DRM from Kindle eBook. Step 4. It is very easy to user, just 1-click to decrypt epub ebook. All Jun 29, 2019 · Method 1. Then you will find Apr 25, 2019 · For Amazon Kindle (epub), Kobo, Adobe, etc DRM removal on Mac/PC, the sector of Prof. 0. The Bottom Line. click convert books and choose a target output format. The license type of the downloaded software for Mac OS X is shareware. eBook DRM Removal. Then register Kindle for PC under your account, and download all of the books you wish to remove the DRM from. 1. Jul 31, 2014 · Then highlight the DeDRM_plugin. Next you need to dll files client crack download - Free Activators the DRM Removal Tools package from over on Apprentice Alf’s Blog. My Mac version is 10. zip " for Calibre ( Kindle Fire Books) DRM Removal. It’s easy and effective to remove DRM protection from Kindle books using Epubor Ultimate. After downloading Kindle DRM Removal, install and launch it on your Mac or PC. OS Support: Windows Xp / Vista / 7. You’ll see a box like so: Advertisement. user can view ePub ebook on iPad, NOOK, Sony Reader or other device without limitation, user also can print Digital Edition ebook. By default, the DRM-ed eBooks are going to be saved in your computer Documents folder, under My Kindle Content. 29 and DeDRM version 7. 26 rows Sidify Apple Music Converter lets you remove DRM from Apple Music and convert Apple. 0 $39. Price: Free. Download and install ImElfin Kindle Converter. Windows 10/8/7/Vista/XP. Jun 29, 2019 · Method 1. 95! Nov 18, 2010 · To remove DRM from a Kindle for Mac or an Adobe Digital Edition ebook, just drag & drop the ebook file onto the application when it is not running. Enter the one and only… Calibre. S Downloaded Kindle books will show in the left corner and just drag them kindle drm removal 2020 the right side to remove drm. With this free trial Kindle drm removal tool, you can read the decrypted Save software; Download Jun 06, 2019 · load your kindle books to calibre and calibre will start removing the DRM. Sep 02, 2021 · Tutorial: Remove DRM from Apple Music Files on Mac: Step 1: Launch Apple Music Converter on Mac. Kindle DRM Removal upgrades regularly to keep up with the latest Kindle DRM scheme, every user is guaranteed to remove Kindle DRM successfully as long as the books meet the only requirement: This book can be read via Kindle for PC/Mac by user. And then convert to DRM-free format including epub, mobi, azw3, txt. May 15, 2019 · If you care about your time very much, you can go ahead to use the DRmare M4V Converter for Mac / Windows to Remove DRM from iTunes movies. Remove Kindle DRM from Kindle for PC/Mac. 4. Download and install the software on your Mac or PC. Assets. Is to go to the default. Restart Calibre. Download imIelfin Kindle Converter for Mac. The ONLY free and online Kindle DRM Removal. Step 1: Connect Kindle to your computer. Then you will find PDF DRM Removal for Mac follows the same process; the difference being the device (Mac) you are using. This program's bundle is identified as org. Sep 22, 2018 · This software is also available for both Mac and Windows. At present, most E-readers doesn't support Kindle Books well. It azw4, mobi, prc, etc. Read the books on iPad,iPhone,iTouch,Sony,Android, Nook etc Oct 17, 2021 · While converting ebooks, Kindle DRM Removal Mac also provides following functions: Best Quality: It is the best tool to convert Kindle books on Mac. Kindle for PC/Mac desktop (older version v1 Perfectly remove DRM from Kindle books which are synced via Kindle for PC/Mac, or copied from E-Ink Kindle devices. The link is halfway down the page.


see all products from this developerProduct HomepageKindle DRM RemovalLicenseFree to try (Shareware)Last Week Downloads4All Time Downloads3,038Filenamekindledrmsetup.exeFilesize62.6MBMD5 ChecksumDB7BACF6ACCB5AB639C7F6C8509EC14COS Kindle drm removal 2020 AllCategoryBusiness

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BadgeKindle DRM Removal has been tested by team against viruses, spyware, adware, trojan, backdoors and was found to be 100% clean. Our editors will recheck this software periodically to assure that it remains clean.


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