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Vungle privacy

Last Updated: December 17, 2019

Vungle, Inc. and its group companies (“Vungle“, “we” or “us“) respect your privacy. This privacy notice (“Notice”) explains who we are, how we collect, use and share personal information about you, and how you can exercise your privacy rights.
This Notice covers personal information we collect:

  1. when providing the Vungle Ad Services (see Section 2); and
  2. when you visit one of our Websites, and in the usual course of our business, such as in connection with our events, sales and marketing activities (see Section 3).

QUICK LINKS

We recommend that you read this Notice in full to ensure you are fully informed. However, to make it easier for you to review those parts of this Notice which apply to you, we have divided up the document into the following sections:

We participate in and comply with the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Framework to cover data we process from the European Union (“EU”). For further information, please review our EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Notice

1. WHO WE ARE

Vungle is an ad network providing a technology platform (“Platform”) for Clients that want to advertise and/or monetize their applications, games, and other products. Our “Clients” include “Advertisers” that wish to distribute ad content through the Vungle Platform, and “Publishers” of applications that want to display relevant ads to end users (“End Users“) of third party applications (“apps“) that use our SDKs, APIs, hosted video advertising platform and/or any of our related advertising tools (collectively, the “Vungle Ad Services“).

Advertising revenue helps keep many games and apps free, and Vungle works hard to ensure that our ads are interesting, relevant, and safe for End Users.

2. VUNGLE AD SERVICES

This Section describes how Vungle collects and uses information we receive from End Users (“you“) of apps that use the Vungle Ad Services.

2.1 What information do we collect?

When you use an app supported by Vungle technology (see Section 2.3, below, our services can collect certain information about your mobile device. Some of this information (including for example, your IP address and certain unique identifiers), may identify a particular computer or device and may be “personal information” or “personal data” as defined under law in some jurisdictions (including in California and the EU, respectively) (hereinafter, collectively referred to as “personal information”). We collect this information the first time Vungle’s SDK is initialized on a Publisher Client’s app. Note, however, that Vungle’s Ad Services do not collect any information that that enables us to identify End Users personally (such as your name, address, or email address).

LEARN MORE

The information we collect includes:

  • Information about your device, such as the type and model, manufacturer, operating system (e.g. iOS, Android, etc.), carrier name, time zone, network connection type (e.g., Wi-Fi, cellular), IP address, Vungle SDK version, information about the Publisher Client’s app currently active on your device (but not any other apps), and identifiers assigned to your device, such as its iOS Identifier for Advertising (IDFA), Android Advertising ID (AAID or GAID), or other unique device identifier (a number uniquely allocated to your device by your device manufacturer or Publisher Client’s app).
  • Information about your behavior on our Publisher Client’s app, such as information about the activities or actions on those apps, and session start/stop time. Historic versions of Vungle technology may also collect geolocation information (e.g., latitude and longitude co-ordinates), but only (i) if the Publisher Client’s app has enabled location services on your device and (ii) you have granted the Publisher permission to collect this information). However, versions that are current as of the date of this Notice no longer collect geolocation information.
  • Information about ads served, viewed, or clicked on, such as the type of ad, where the ad was served, whether you clicked on it, the number of times you have seen the ad, the number of Vungle ads viewed per session, and whether you visited the Advertiser’s website or relevant app store and/or purchased or installed the product or service advertised.

 

We may also combine and/or enhance the information we collect about your device, including the personal information, with information we may collect about your interactions with other ads served through Vungle’s Platform that you may view on other Publisher Client’s Apps, or with information collected from our Clients and third parties (such as data providers). This may include, for example, mobile device IDs, demographic or interest data, and content viewed or actions taken on an app to help make the ads served to you more relevant while limiting your exposure to less relevant ads. We (or our third party partners) may also use this additional information to undertake “user matching,” which means that in addition to the ID an End User has been assigned in our system, we may also receive a list of unique IDs our external partners or Clients have assigned to an End User.

2.2 How do we use your information?

We use the information, including the personal information, we collect (sometimes in combination with information provided and sourced by independent validation partners) for a variety of business purposes, including the following:

  • Serving Ads: To allow Publishers to offer advertising inventory in their apps, and Advertisers to bid on and display ads in that inventory.
  • Ad Reporting and Conversions: : To allow Vungle to confirm with Advertisers information about when and how End Users have been exposed to their ads, clicked on their ads, or visited their website and to ensure accurate billing for advertising services rendered.
  • Frequency Capping: Preventing End Users from seeing the same ad too many times.
  • Customizing Ads: To customize and more effectively tailor the ads we display to you and to optimize the display of ads (including limiting your exposure to less relevant ads).
  • Performance Analytics and Optimization: To analyze and optimize ad performance, such as tracking views of ads, implementing end user “whitelists” or “blacklists” (to ensure, in some cases, that certain ads are being viewed by appropriate audiences), as well as click-through rates to websites or app stores and/or installs of apps that have been advertised.
  • Fraud Detection and Prevention: Identifying invalid clicks, installs, or ad queries, and protecting us and our Clients from fraudulent behavior.
  • Providing and Improving the Vungle Ad Services: Auditing, researching, and analyzing data in order to provide, protect, and improve the Vungle Ad Services and to ensure that our technologies function properly.

2.3 How does Vungle use its technology to collect information?

We use our technology (in some jurisdictions, such as the EU, these may be referred to as “tracking technologies”) to collect information automatically from your device to perform many of the functions described in “How do we use your information?” above. To opt out of our use of such technologies, please follow the instructions for opting out in the apps, as described in “Opt-Out Choices” below.

LEARN MORE

The standard tracking technologies we use include:

  1. Mobile “SDKs” or “Software Development Kits” (including our own SDKs): These are blocks of code that are embedded into an app allowing Vungle to collect certain information (as described in “ 2.1 What information do we collect?” above relating to your use of apps using our technology. The embedded code from Vungle’s SDK allows the app to “speak” with Vungle’s Platform for purposes of delivering ads.
  2. Mobile device identifiers: We also use standard device identifiers, for example the IDFA advertising identifier used on Apple’s iOS devices and the GAID advertising identifier used on Android devices, to monitor and improve the performance of the ads we show you.
  3. Third-Party Ad Measurement URLs/Links: Additionally, in providing the Vungle Ad Services to our Advertiser Clients, the Vungle ads may include URLs or links from the Advertiser Client’s chosen third-party measurement partner to collect information about your interaction with those ads. The information collected is used for ad delivery, reporting, and billing purposes and may also be used for performance optimization.
  4. “Tags and Pixels”: These are blocks of code that we and our Clients may use to monitor your interaction with apps using our technology. We may use these to synchronize information that we have collected with information independently collected by our Clients and other third party advertising platforms and advertisers that are interested in providing you with ads.

2.4 Your Opt-Out Choices.

You can opt out of having your information being used by Vungle for performance-based advertising by accessing your mobile device settings and following the most recent published instructions. If you limit ad tracking, you will still see advertisements (even ones sourced from Vungle’s network), but Vungle will no longer be able to use the personal information described above in Section 2.1 to serve you with more relevant ads. In addition, the advertising identifier (along with any information collected about that identifier) that was previously assigned to you will also be disassociated. This means that if at a later stage, you decide to opt back in, we will not be able to use any of your past information for advertising purposes, and you will (for all practical purposes) be a new user to our system. For apps using older versions of the Vungle SDK, you may also stop the collection of location information by particular apps that may allow collection of location of this information by changing the preferences on your mobile device.

2.5 How Do We Share Information?

Please see Section 4.1, below for information concerning how Vungle shares the information collected.

2.6 Privacy Practices of Vungle Clients.

Vungle is not responsible for the information practices of our Clients or their agents. We require our Clients to comply with all applicable laws and regulations and to provide End Users with notice of the collection of data for advertising purposes as outlined in this Notice. We encourage you to review the privacy policies of apps you visit for information about those apps’ data collection and use practices.

2.7 Minors and Children.

Our Clients are responsible for ensuring that their mobile apps comply with data privacy protection legislation applicable to minors and children, such as the United States’ Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (“COPPA“), including where relevant by obtaining parental consent prior to the collection of personal information. With respect to COPPA specifically, we rely upon our Publisher Clients to confirm whether or not their app is subject to COPPA. As required by COPPA, Vungle will enable a flag in our system when a Client indicates their app is subject to COPPA such that the End User’s device history is disassociated, and the only End User personal information used by the Vungle Ad Services would be persistent identifiers (e.g., IP address and device identifiers) to provide “support for internal operations” of the Vungle Ad Services (as permitted by COPPA).

3. VUNGLE WEBSITES

This Section describes how we collect and use Information in the usual course of business, including through our websites (such as “http://vungle.com” or any other website on which this Notice is posted) and other corporate services, web portals, and dashboards we make available to our Clients and End Users (collectively “Websites“), as well as in connection with our events, sales and marketing activities. This section does not apply to information collection through apps that use the Vungle Ad Services.

3.1 What information do we collect?

  • Information that you provide voluntarily: Certain parts of our Websites may ask you to provide personal information voluntarily. For example, when Clients are registering for a Vungle account, expressing an interest in obtaining additional information about Vungle or our products and services, subscribing to marketing or otherwise contacting us, Vungle collects required personal information from you. The personal information that you are asked to provide (and the reasons why you are asked to provide it) will be made clear to you at the point we ask you to provide your personal information. We will also let you know prior to collection whether the provision of personal information we are collecting is compulsory or may be provided on a voluntary basis, and the consequences (if any) of not providing the information. We also collect personal information you otherwise submit to us, such as when you send Vungle an email. LEARN MORE
  • The personal information we collect may include contact information (such as your name, address, telephone number or email address) and contact preferences. It may also include professional information, such as your job title, department or job role, as well as the nature of your request or communication. We also collect information you choose to provide to us when completing any ‘free text’ boxes in our forms (for example, for event sign-up, product feedback or survey requests).
  • Information we collect automatically: When using our Websites, we may automatically collect certain information from your device or computer. In some countries, including countries in the EU, this information may be considered personal information under data protection laws.Specifically, the information we collect automatically may include your IP address, your operating system, your browser ID, your browsing activity, and other information about your system and connection, and how you interact with our Websites and other websites. We may collect this information as a part of log files as well as through the use of cookies or other tracking technologies, as explained further under the heading “Cookies and similar tracking technology.”
  • Information we collect from third party sources: We may obtain information about you from other sources, such as public databases, joint marketing partners, data providers, and social media platforms. Examples of the information we could receive from other sources include account information, page-views, and browsing information.

3.2 How do we use your information?

We use the information we collect or receive to:

  • Send you marketing and promotional communications. For example, we and/or our third party marketing partners may use the personal information you send to us for our marketing purposes, if this is in accordance with your marketing preferences. However, you will always be able to opt-out of our marketing at any time (see the “Your Choices” section above).
  • Send administrative information to you. For example, to send you product, service, and new feature information and/or information about changes to our terms, conditions, and policies.
  • Engage in and process transactions. For example, we may use your personal information along with financial, credit card, and/or payment information that you provide to us to process your transactions and for billing purposes. Note that Vungle uses third-party vendors to collect and/or process any financial or payment information, and does not itself collect, receive, or process financial or payment information on its own.
  • Respond to your requests. For example, we may use your personal information to fulfill your request for a quote or customer support, or to provide you with information you have requested about the Websites or Vungle Ad Services.
  • Post testimonials. We post testimonials on the Websites that may contain personal information. Prior to posting a testimonial, we will obtain our consent to use your name and testimonial. If you wish to update, or delete your testimonial, please contact us at [email protected] and be sure to include your name, testimonial location, and contact information.
  • Manage your account and provide support or other services. For example, for the creation or administration of your Vungle account, to communicate with you, and to provide you with customer support or other services you have ordered, such as product updates, product patches and fixes and other similar operational communications.
  • Select content and improve quality. We may use your information to help improve the Website, Vungle Ad Services, and to ensure that content on the Websites is presented in the most effective manner for your device (for example, by presenting products and offers tailored to you).
  • Protect the Vungle Websites. We may use your information as part of our efforts to keep the Websites safe and secure (for example, for fraud monitoring and prevention).
  • For our business purposes. We may use your information for our business purposes, such as data analysis, audits, identifying usage trends, determining the effectiveness of our promotional campaigns, and to evaluate and improve our products, services, marketing, and client relationships.

3.3 Cookies and Similar Technologies.

We may use cookies and similar technology (collectively “cookies”) on our Websites to collect and process personal information about you. At any time, you may use your browser settings to change your cookie preferences or control use of cookies.  By continuing to browse, you agree to our use of cookies.  We also use Google Analytics to learn more about usage of our Websites. You can learn more about Google Analytics, including how to opt-out, by visiting here.

3.4 How Do We Share Information?

Please see Section 4.1, below for information concerning how Vungle shares the information collected.

4. GENERAL INFORMATION

4.1 How do we share your information?

We may disclose your personal information to the following categories of recipients:

  • Advertiser Clients.If you are an End User, we may exchange information with our Advertiser Clients in connection with the Vungle Ad Services for purposes relevant to our business relationships with them, such as for billing purposes, dispute resolution, or fraud prevention, and to help them identify and/or buy our Publisher Client’s advertising inventory. Our Advertiser Clients are obligated to use the information they receive in compliance with applicable laws and regulations.
  • Attribution Partners and Mobile Measurement Partners. Acting on behalf of and as third-party agents for our Advertiser Clients, if you are an End User, we may exchange information (such as your mobile device ID) with our Advertiser Clients’ attribution and mobile measurement partners to validate and measure the success of ads delivered via the Platform for billing purposes.
  • Vendors, consultants and other service providers. We may share your information with third party vendors, service providers, contractors or agents who perform functions required for the operation of our business. Examples include to provide data storage and processing services, fraud prevention, technical support for our Platform, analyzing data and performing analysis related to the Website, Platform and related services, and delivering content.
  • Compliance with laws. We may disclose information where we are legally required to do so in order to comply with applicable law, governmental requests, a judicial proceeding, court order, or other legal process, such as in response to a court order or a subpoena (including in response to public authorities to meet national security or law enforcement requirements).
  • Disclosures for national security or law enforcement. Under certain circumstances, we may be required to disclose your personal information in response to lawful requests by public authorities, including to meet national security or law enforcement requirements.
  • Vital interests and legal rights. We may disclose information where we believe it is necessary to investigate, prevent, or take action regarding illegal activities, suspected fraud, situations involving potential threats to the safety of any person, violations of our Terms of Use or this Notice, or as evidence in litigation in which Vungle may be involved.
  • Vungle affiliates. Vungle is headquartered in San Francisco, CA, but we have subsidiary and affiliate offices in London, UK; Berlin, Germany; Tokyo, Japan; Seoul, Korea; Beijing, China; and Singapore, Singapore. A list of our group companies is available here https://vungle.com/contact-us. We may share information with our parent companies, subsidiaries and/or affiliates for use and processing purposes described in this Notice.
  • Business transfers. We may share or transfer information in connection with, or during negotiations of, any merger, sale of company assets, financing, or acquisition of all or a portion of our business to another company, provided that we inform the buyer it must use your personal information only for the purposes disclosed in this Notice.
  • Consent. We may share your information with any other person with your consent to the disclosure.

4.2 Your data protection rights.

  • Promotional Emails: You can opt out of receiving promotional emails from us by clicking the “unsubscribe” link in the email, by emailing [email protected] If you choose to no longer receive marketing information, we may still communicate with you regarding such things as your security updates, product functionality, responses to service requests, or other transactional, non-marketing/administrative related purposes.
  • Other Rights (applicable to California and EEA residents only): If you are a resident of California or the European Economic Area (“EEA”), legislation in your jurisdiction – such as the California Consumer Protection Act (“CCPA”) and the General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”), respectively – affords you certain specific data protection rights, as noted below. If you make a request, to protect your privacy and security, we will take steps to verify your identity and requests before granting the rights set forth in this Notice.

 

CCPA rights (California residents)

  • You can request access to or ask that we delete your personal information at any time. Please note that, under certain circumstances, we have the right to impose a small fee for access and disclosure of your personal information where permitted under applicable law, which will be communicated to you. Certain information may be exempt from such requests under California law.  For example, we may retain certain information for legal compliance and to secure our Services.
  • Vungle does not “sell” personal information within the meaning of the CCPA. Nevertheless, Vungle will honor any “opt-out of sale” requests we may receive from our Clients, and accordingly take reasonable measures to prevent any further downstream sales. Vungle does share personal information as described in this Notice.
  • If you are a California resident seeking to exercise your CCPA rights, please (i) email us at [email protected], or (ii) visit our website and complete the webform to exercise your rights under the CCPA.

 

GDPR rights (EEA residents)

  • You can request access to or that we change, update or delete your personal information at any time by contacting us at [email protected] Please note that we may impose a small fee for access and disclosure of your personal information where permitted under applicable law, which will be communicated to you. Certain information may be exempt from such requests under applicable law. For example, we may retain certain information for legal compliance and to secure our Services.
  • You can object to processing of your personal information, ask us to restrict processing of your personal information or request portability of your personal information. To exercise these rights email [email protected]
  • If we have collected and processed your personal information with your consent, then you can withdraw your consent at any time. Withdrawing your consent will not affect the lawfulness of any processing we conducted prior to your withdrawal, nor will it affect processing of your personal information conducted in reliance on lawful processing grounds other than consent.
  • You have the right to complain to a data protection authority about our collection and use of your personal information. For more information, please contact your local data protection authority. Contact details for data protection authorities in the European Economic Area (“EEA“) are available here.
  • Please note that because most of the information we store can only identify a particular browser or device, and cannot identify you individually, you will need to provide us with some additional information to enable us to identify the personal information we hold about you and ensure that we accurately fulfil your request.

4.3 Additional information for California Residents.

California law requires us to provide California residents with some additional information regarding how we collect, use, and share your “personal information” (as defined in the CCPA). Throughout this Notice, we discuss in detail the specific pieces of information we collect from you or your device and discuss how we use and share such information.

As described in detail in Section 2.1 above, we may collect the following categories of information about you through the Vungle Ad Services: device identifiers (such as IP address); internet or other network or device activity (such as browsing history or app usage); geolocation information; and other information that identifies or can be reasonably associated with your device.

As described in detail in Section 3.1 above, we may collect the following categories of information about you through your use of the Websites: identifiers (such as name and contact information); commercial information (such as transaction data); financial data (such as credit card information through our payment processors); device identifiers (such as IP address); internet or other network or device activity (such as browsing history or app usage); geolocation information; and other information that identifies or can be reasonably associated with you.

We disclose the following categories of personal information for business purposes: identifiers; commercial information; financial data (via our payment processors); device identifiers; internet or other network or device activity; geolocation information; and other information that identifies or can be reasonably associated with you.

As described in detail in Section 2.2 and Section 3.3 above, we use and disclose the information we collect for the business purposes described in this Notice, including: to provide and improve the Vungle Ad Services and the Websites, for our operational purposes, for the operational purposes of our service providers, for audit purposes, to detect security incidents and prevent fraud, for debugging and repairing errors, to communicate with you, to provide customer service, to market Vungle services, and for other uses that we notify you about.

We may disclose your personal information to the categories of recipients described in detail in Section 4.1, above.

4.4 Legal basis for processing personal information (EEA residents only).

If you are an individual from the EEA, our legal basis for collecting and using personal information described above will depend on the personal information concerned and the specific context in which we collect it. However, we normally rely on our legitimate interest to collect personal information from you, except where such interests are overridden by your data protection interests or fundamental rights and freedoms. Where we rely on our legitimate interests to process your personal information, they include the interests described in the sections headed “How do we use your information?” above (Section 2.2 and Section 3.2.

In some cases, we may rely on our consent or have a legal obligation to collect personal information from you, or may otherwise need the personal information to protect your vital interests or those of another person. If we rely on consent to collect and/or process your personal information, we will obtain such consent in compliance with applicable laws.

If you have questions about or need further information concerning the legal basis on which we collect and use your personal information, please contact us using the details provided under the heading “Contact Us” below.

4.5 Third-Party Websites and Apps.

This Notice only applies to the Vungle Websites and Vungle Ad Services. We are not responsible for the privacy practices or disclosures of websites, developers, or apps that use or access the Vungle Services or Vungle Ad Services. In addition, ads within the Vungle Platform may contain links to third-party websites and apps. Any access to and use of such linked websites or apps is not governed by this Notice, but instead is governed by the privacy policies of those third parties. We are not responsible for the information practices of such third parties.

4.6 How do we keep your personal information secure?

We use appropriate administrative, organizational, technical, and physical safeguards to protect the personal information we collect and process about you. The measures we use are designed to provide a level of security appropriate to the risk of processing your personal information and to help ensure that your data is safe, secure, and only available to you and to those you provided authorized access. Specific measures we will use include hashing and pseudonymization of data prior to storage. However, no electronic transmission over the Internet or information storage technology can be guaranteed to be 100% secure, so you should take care in deciding what information you send us in this way.

4.7 Data Retention.

We retain personal information we collect from you where we have an ongoing legitimate business need to do so (for example, to comply with applicable legal, tax or accounting requirements, to enforce our agreements or comply with our legal obligations). When we have no ongoing legitimate business need to process your personal information, we will either delete or anonymize such data or, if this is not possible (for example, because your personal information has been stored in backup archives), then we will securely store your personal information and isolate it from any further processing until deletion is possible.

If you are an End User, we typically store the personal information we collect about you, such as your IP address and other information described above, for 13 months from the date of last collection before we delete, overwrite, or anonymize that data, unless we are required to keep it to comply with a legal or audit obligation.

Please contact us at [email protected] if you have any questions about the information we collect and/or how we use the information we collect.

4.8 International Data Transfers.

The Vungle Ad Services and Vungle Websites are provided, supported, and hosted in the United States. If you are using the Vungle Ad Services and Vungle Websites from outside the United States, be aware that your information may be transferred to, stored, and processed by Vungle in our facilities and by those third parties with whom we may share your personal information, in the United States and other locations including London, Berlin, Tokyo, Seoul, Beijing and Singapore, where we have offices. These countries may have data protection laws that are different to the laws of your country.

However, we have taken appropriate safeguards to require that your personal information will remain protected in accordance with this Notice. These include implementing the European Commission’s Standard Contractual Clauses for transfers of personal information between our group companies, which require all group companies to protect personal information they process from the EEA in accordance with European Union data protection law. Our Standard Contractual Clauses can be provided upon request. We have implemented similar appropriate safeguards with our third party service providers and partners and further details can be provided upon request. .

4.9 EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Notice.

Vungle, Inc. is located in the United States and participates in and complies with the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Framework as set forth by the US Department of Commerce regarding the collection, use, and retention of personal information from EU member countries in the United States.

Vungle adheres to and will abide by the Privacy Shield Principles of Notice, Choice, Accountability for Onward Transfer, Security, Data Integrity and Purpose Limitation, Access, and Recourse, Enforcement, and Liability when processing such personal information.

Vungle is responsible for the processing of personal information it receives under each Privacy Shield Framework and subsequently transfers to a third party acting as an agent on its behalf. We comply with the Privacy Shield Principles for all onward transfers of personal information from the EU, including the onward transfer liability provisions.

With respect to personal information received or transferred pursuant to the Privacy Shield Frameworks, we are subject to the regulatory enforcement powers of the U.S. Federal Trade Commission. In certain situations, we may be required to disclose personal information in response to lawful requests by public authorities, including to meet national security or law enforcement requirements.

For more information about the Privacy Shield, see the US Department of Commerce’s Privacy Shield website located at: https://www.privacyshield.gov. To review our certification on the Privacy Shield list, see the US Department of Commerce’s Privacy Shield self-certification list located at: https://www.privacyshield.gov/list.

4.10 Questions or complaints.

You can direct any questions or complaints about the use or disclosure of your personal information to us at [email protected] We will investigate and attempt to resolve any complaints or disputes regarding the use or disclosure of personal information within 45 days of receiving your complaint.

JAMS (EEA residents only)

If you are an EEA resident and you have an unresolved privacy or data use concern that we have not addressed satisfactorily, please contact our U.S.-based third party dispute resolution provider, JAMS, free of charge at  https://www.jamsadr.com/eu-us-privacy-shield.

Binding arbitration (EEA residents only)

You may have the option to select binding arbitration for the resolution of your complaint under certain circumstances, provided you have taken the following steps: (1) raised your complaint directly with us and provided us the opportunity to resolve the issue; (2) made use of the independent dispute resolution mechanism identified above; and (3) raised the issue through the relevant data protection authority and allowed the US Department of Commerce an opportunity to resolve the complaint at no cost to you. To find out more about the Privacy Shield’s binding arbitration scheme please see https://www.privacyshield.gov/article?id=My-Rights-under-Privacy-Shield.

4.11 Changes to this Notice.

Vungle will review and update this Notice periodically and will note the date of its most recent revision above. If we make material changes to this Notice, we will notify you either by prominently posting a notice of such changes prior to implementing the changes or by directly sending you a notification. We encourage you to review this Notice frequently to be informed of how Vungle is protecting your information.

4.12 Contact Us.

If you have questions about our privacy practices, or would like to make a complaint, please contact Vungle’s Data Protection Officer by email at [email protected] or by post using the details provided below:

Residents outside of the European Economic Area (EEA)

Vungle, Inc.

Attn: Legal

1255 Battery Street, Suite 500, San Francisco, CA, 94111, United States

European Economic Area (EEA) residents

Vungle Limited

Attn: Data Protection Officer

4th Floor, Farringdon Point, 33 Farringdon Road, London, England, EC1M 3JF

Important note: If you are resident in the EEA, the “data controller” of your personal information is Vungle, Inc.

Источник: https://vungle.com/privacy/

YouTube

Online video platform owned by Google

Not to be confused with YouTube (channel).

The YouTube logo is made of a red round-rectangular box with a white "play" button inside and the word "YouTube" written in black.

Logo since 2017

Screenshot

YouTube homepage.png

YouTube's front page on November 14, 2021

Type of businessSubsidiary

Type of site

Online video platform
FoundedFebruary 14, 2005; 16 years ago (2005-02-14)
Headquarters901 Cherry Avenue
San Bruno, California,

United States

Area servedWorldwide (excluding blocked countries)
Founder(s)
Key peopleSusan Wojcicki (CEO)
Chad Hurley (advisor)
Industry
ProductsYouTube Premium
YouTube Music
YouTube TV
YouTube Kids
RevenueIncreaseUS$19.8 billion (2020)[1]
ParentGoogle LLC (2006–present)
URLYouTube.com
(see list of localized domain names)
AdvertisingGoogle AdSense
Registration

Optional

  • Not required to watch most videos; required for certain tasks such as uploading videos, viewing flagged (18+) videos, creating playlists, liking or disliking videos, and posting comments
UsersIncrease 2 billion (October 2020)[2]
LaunchedFebruary 14, 2005; 16 years ago (2005-02-14)
Current statusActive

Content license

Uploader holds copyright (standard license); Creative Commons can be selected.
Written inPython (core/API),[3]C (through CPython), C++, Java (through Guice platform),[4][5]Go,[6]JavaScript (UI)

YouTube is an American online video sharing and social media platform owned by Google. It was launched on February 14, 2005 by Steve Chen, Chad Hurley, and Jawed Karim. It is the second most visited website, with more than one billion monthly users[7] who collectively watch more than one billion hours of videos each day.[8] As of May 2019[update], videos were being uploaded at a rate of more than 500 hours of content per minute.[9]

In October 2006, YouTube was bought by Google for $1.65 billion.[10] Google's ownership of YouTube has also changed its business model; it no longer generates revenue from advertisements alone. YouTube now offers paid content such as movies and exclusive content. YouTube and approved creators participate in Google's AdSense program, which generates more revenue for both parties. It has since evolved from a small video streaming platform to a large service with reported revenues of $19.8 billion in 2020.[1]

Since its purchase by Google, YouTube has expanded beyond the website into mobile apps, network television, and the ability to link with other services. Video categories on YouTube include music videos, video clips, news, short films, feature films, documentaries, audio recordings, movie trailers, teasers, live streams, vlogs, and more. Most content is generated by individuals. This includes collaborations between YouTubers and company sponsors. Since around 2015, established media corporations such as Disney, ViacomCBS, and WarnerMedia have created and expanded their corporate YouTube channels to advertise to a larger audience.

YouTube has had a substantial social impact, influencing popular culture, internet trends, and creating multimillionaire celebrities. It has been criticized for facilitating the spread of misinformation, copyright issues, violating its users' privacy, enabling censorship, and endangering child safety and wellbeing.

History

Main article: History of YouTube

Founding and initial growth (2005–2006)

YouTube was founded by Steve Chen, Chad Hurley, and Jawed Karim. The trio were all early employees of PayPal, which left them enriched after the company was bought by eBay.[11] Hurley had studied design at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, and Chen and Karim studied computer science together at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.[12]

According to a story that has often been repeated in the media, Hurley and Chen developed the idea for YouTube during the early months of 2005, after they had experienced difficulty sharing videos that had been shot at a dinner party at Chen's apartment in San Francisco. Karim did not attend the party and denied that it had occurred, but Chen remarked that the idea that YouTube was founded after a dinner party "was probably very strengthened by marketing ideas around creating a story that was very digestible".[13]

Karim said the inspiration for YouTube first came from the Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime show controversy, when Janet Jackson's breast was briefly exposed by Justin Timberlake during the halftime show. Karim could not easily find video clips of the incident and 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami online, which led to the idea of a video sharing site.[14] Hurley and Chen said that the original idea for YouTube was a video version of an online dating service, and had been influenced by the website Hot or Not.[13][15] They created posts on Craigslist asking attractive women to upload videos of themselves to YouTube in exchange for a $100 reward.[16] Difficulty in finding enough dating videos led to a change of plans, with the site's founders deciding to accept uploads of any type of video.[17]

The YouTube logo was used from its launch until 2011. Another version of this logo without their "Broadcast Yourself"slogan was used until 2015.

YouTube began as a venture capital–funded technology startup. Between November 2005 and April 2006, the company raised money from a variety of investors with Sequoia Capital, $11.5 million, and Artis Capital Management, $8 million, being the largest two.[11][18] YouTube's early headquarters were situated above a pizzeria and Japanese restaurant in San Mateo, California.[19] In February 2005, the company activated .[20] The first video was uploaded April 23, 2005. Titled Me at the zoo, it shows co-founder Jawed Karim at the San Diego Zoo and can still be viewed on the site.[21][22] In May, the company launched a public beta and by November, a Nike ad featuring Ronaldinho became the first video to reach one million total views.[23][24] The site launched officially on December 15, 2005, by which time the site was receiving 8 million views a day.[25][26] Clips at the time were limited to 100 megabytes, as little as 30 seconds of footage.[27]

Contrary to popular belief, YouTube was not the first video-sharing site on the Internet; Vimeo was launched in November 2004, though that site remained a side project of its developers from CollegeHumor at the time and did not grow much, either.[28] The week of YouTube's launch, NBC-Universal's Saturday Night Live ran a skit "Lazy Sunday" by The Lonely Island. Besides helping to bolster ratings and long-term viewership for Saturday Night Live, "Lazy Sunday"'s status as an early viral video helped establish YouTube as an important website.[29] Unofficial uploads of the skit to YouTube drew in more than five million collective views by February 2006 before they were removed when NBCUniversal requested it two months later based on copyright concerns.[30] Despite eventually being taken down, these duplicate uploads of the skit helped popularize YouTube's reach and led to the upload of more third-party content.[31][32] The site grew rapidly and, in July 2006, the company announced that more than 65,000 new videos were being uploaded every day, and that the site was receiving 100 million video views per day.[33]

The choice of the name led to problems for a similarly named website, . That site's owner, Universal Tube & Rollform Equipment, filed a lawsuit against YouTube in November 2006 after being regularly overloaded by people looking for YouTube. Universal Tube subsequently changed its website to.[34][35]

Broadcast Yourself era (2006–2013)

YouTube's headquarters in San Bruno, California

On October 9, 2006, Google announced that it had acquired YouTube for $1.65 billion in Google stock.[36][37] The deal was finalized on November 13, 2006.[38][39] Google's acquisition launched new newfound interest in video-sharing sites; IAC, which now owned Vimeo, focused on supporting the content creators to distinguish itself from YouTube.[28]

YouTube logo from 2015 until 2017

The company experienced rapid growth. The Daily Telegraph wrote that in 2007, YouTube consumed as much bandwidth as the entire Internet in 2000.[40] By 2010, the company had reached a market share of around 43% and more than 14 billion views of videos, according to comScore.[41] That year, the company simplified its interface in order to increase the time users would spend on the site.[42] In 2011, more than three billion videos were being watched each day with 48 hours of new videos uploaded every minute.[43][44][45] However, most of these views came from a relatively small number of videos; according to a software engineer at that time, 30% of videos accounted for 99% of views on the site.[46] That year, the company again changed its interface and at the same time, introduced a new logo with a darker shade of red.[47][48] A subsequent interface change, designed to unify the experience across desktop, TV, and mobile, was rolled out in 2013.[49] By that point, more than 100 hours were being uploaded every minute, a number that would increase to 300 hours by November 2014.[50][51]

During this time, the company also went through some organizational changes. In October 2006, YouTube moved to a new office in San Bruno, California.[52] Hurley announced that he would be stepping down as a chief executive officer of YouTube to take an advisory role and that Salar Kamangar would take over as head of the company in October 2010.[53]

YouTube's new CEO (2014–2018)

Susan Wojcicki was appointed CEO of YouTube in February 2014.[54] In January 2016, YouTube expanded its headquarters in San Bruno by purchasing an office park for $215 million. The complex has 51,468 square metres (554,000 square feet) of space and can house up to 2,800 employees.[55] YouTube officially launched the "polymer" redesign of its user interfaces based on Material Design language as its default, as well a redesigned logo that is built around the service's play button emblem in August 2017.[56]

Through this period, YouTube tried several new ways to generate revenue beyond advertisements. In 2013, YouTube launched a pilot program for content providers to offer premium, subscription-based channels within the platform.[57][58] This effort was discontinued in January 2018 and relaunched in June, with US$4.99 channel subscriptions.[59][60] These channel subscriptions complemented the existing Super Chat ability, launched in 2017, which allows viewers to donate between $1 and $500 to have their comment highlighted.[61] In 2014, YouTube announced a subscription service known as "Music Key," which bundled ad-free streaming of music content on YouTube with the existing Google Play Music service.[62] The service continued to evolve in 2015, when YouTube announced YouTube Red, a new premium service that would offer ad-free access to all content on the platform (succeeding the Music Key service released the previous year), premium original series, and films produced by YouTube personalities, as well as background playback of content on mobile devices. YouTube also released YouTube Music, a third app oriented towards streaming and discovering the music content hosted on the YouTube platform.[63][64][65]

The company also attempted to create products to appeal to specific kinds of viewers. YouTube released a mobile app known as YouTube Kids in 2015, designed to provide an experience optimized for children. It features a simplified user interface, curated selections of channels featuring age-appropriate content, and parental control features.[66] Also in 2015, YouTube launched YouTube Gaming—a video gaming-oriented vertical and app for videos and live streaming, intended to compete with the Amazon.com-owned Twitch.[67]

Consolidation and controversy (2018–present)

The company was attacked on April 3, 2018, when a shooting occurred at YouTube's headquarters in San Bruno, California, which wounded four and resulted in one death (the shooter).[68] By February 2017, one billion hours of YouTube were watched every day, and 400 hours of video were uploaded every minute.[8][69] Two years later, the uploads had risen to more than 500 hours per minute.[9] During the COVID-19 pandemic, when most of the world was under stay-at-home orders, usage of services such as YouTube greatly increased. One data firm estimated that YouTube was accounting for 15% of all internet traffic, twice its pre-pandemic level.[70] In response to EU officials requesting that such services reduce bandwidth as to make sure medical entities had sufficient bandwidth to share information, YouTube along with Netflix stated they would reduce streaming quality for at least thirty days as to cut bandwidth use of their services by 25% to comply with the EU's request.[71] YouTube later announced that they would continue with this move worldwide: "We continue to work closely with governments and network operators around the globe to do our part to minimize stress on the system during this unprecedented situation."[72]

Following a 2018 complaint alleging violations of the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA),[73] the company was fined $170 million by the FTC for collecting personal information from minors under the age of 13.[74] YouTube was also ordered to create systems to increase children's privacy.[75][76] Following criticisms of its implementation of those systems, YouTube started treating all videos designated as "made for kids" as liable under COPPA on January 6, 2020.[77][78] Joining the YouTube Kids app, the company created a supervised mode, designed more for tweens, in 2021.[79]

During this period, YouTube entered disputes with other tech companies. For over a year, in 2018 and 2019, there was no YouTube app available for Amazon Fire products. In 2020, Roku was forced to remove the YouTube TV app from its streaming store after the two companies were unable to reach an agreement.[80][81]

Features

Video technology

YouTube primarily uses the VP9 and H.264/MPEG-4 AVC video codecs, and the Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP protocol.[82]MPEG-4 Part 2 streams contained within 3GP containers are also provided for low bandwidth connections.[83] By January 2019, YouTube had begun rolling out videos in AV1 format.[84] In 2021 it was reported that the company was considering requiring AV1 in streaming hardware in order to decrease bandwidth and increase quality.[85] Video is usually streamed alongside the Opus and AAC audio codecs.[83]

At launch in 2005, viewing YouTube videos on a personal computer required the Adobe Flash Player plug-in to be installed in the browser.[86] In January 2010, YouTube launched an experimental version of the site that used the built-in multimedia capabilities of web browsers supporting the HTML5 standard.[87] This allowed videos to be viewed without requiring Adobe Flash Player or any other plug-in to be installed.[88] On January 27, 2015, YouTube announced that HTML5 would be the default playback method on supported browsers.[87] With the switch to HTML5 video streams using Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP (MPEG-DASH), an adaptive bit-rate HTTP-based streaming solution optimizing the bitrate and quality for the available network.[89]

The platform can serve videos at optionally lower resolution levels starting at 144p for smoothening playback in areas and countries with limited Internet speeds, improving compatibility, as well as for the preservation of limited cellular data plans. The resolution setting can be adjusted automatically based on detected connection speed, as well as be set manually.[90][91]

From 2008 to 2017, users could add "annotations" to their videos—such as pop-up text messages and hyperlinks and which allowed for interactive videos. By 2019 all annotations had been removed from videos, breaking some videos which depended on the feature. YouTube introduced standardized widgets intended to replace annotations in a cross-platform manner, including "end screens" (a customizable array of thumbnails for specified videos displayed near the end of the video).[92][93][94]

In 2018, YouTube became an ISNI registry, and announced its intention to begin creating ISNI identifiers to uniquely identify the musicians whose videos it features.[95]

Uploading

All YouTube users can upload videos up to 15 minutes each in duration. Users can verify their account, normally through a mobile phone, to gain the ability to upload videos up to 12 hours in length, as well as produce live streams.[96][97] When YouTube was launched in 2005, it was possible to upload longer videos, but a ten-minute limit was introduced in March 2006 after YouTube found that the majority of videos exceeding this length were unauthorized uploads of television shows and films.[98] The 10-minute limit was increased to 15 minutes in July 2010.[99] Videos can be at most 256 GB in size or 12 hours, whichever is less.[96]As of 2021[update], automatic closed captions using speech recognition technology when a video is uploaded is available in 13 languages. YouTube also offers manual closed captioning as part of its creator studio.[100] YouTube formerly offered a 'Community Captions' feature, where viewers could write and submit captions for public display upon approval by the video uploader, but this was deprecated in September 2020.

YouTube accepts the most common container formats, including MP4, Matroska, FLV, AVI, WebM, 3GP, MPEG-PS, and the QuickTime File Format. Some intermediate video formats (i.e., primarily used for professional video editing, not for final delivery or storage) are also accepted, such as ProRes.[102] YouTube provides recommended encoding settings.[103]

In 2018, YouTube added a feature called Premiere which displays a notification to the user mentioning when the video will be available for the first time, like for a live stream but with a prerecorded video.[104]

Quality and formats

YouTube originally offered videos at only one quality level, displayed at a resolution of 320×240 pixels using the Sorenson Spark codec (a variant of H.263),[105][106] with mono MP3 audio.[107] In June 2007, YouTube added an option to watch videos in 3GP format on mobile phones.[108] In March 2008, a high-quality mode was added, which increased the resolution to 480×360 pixels.[109] In December 2008, 720pHD support was added. At the time of the 720p launch, the YouTube player was changed from a 4:3aspect ratio to a widescreen16:9.[110] With this new feature, YouTube began a switchover to H.264/MPEG-4 AVC as its default video compression format. In November 2009, 1080p HD support was added. In July 2010, YouTube announced that it had launched a range of videos in 4K format, which allows a resolution of up to 4096×3072 pixels.[111][112] In March 2015, support for 4K resolution was added, with the videos playing at 3840 × 2160 pixels. In June 2015, support for 8K resolution was added, with the videos playing at 7680×4320 pixels.[113] In November 2016, support for HDR video was added which can be encoded with hybrid log–gamma (HLG) or perceptual quantizer (PQ).[114] HDR video can be encoded with the Rec. 2020 color space.[115]

In June 2014, YouTube began to deploy support for high-frame-rate videos up to 60 frames per second (as opposed to 30 before), becoming available for user uploads in October. YouTube stated that this would enhance "motion-intensive" videos, such as video game footage.[116][117][118][119]

YouTube videos are available in a range of quality levels. Viewers only indirectly influence the video quality. Users choose between "Auto", which adjusts resolution based on the internet connection, "High Picture Quality" which will prioritize playing high-quality video, "Data saver" which will sacrifice video quality in favor of low data usage, and "Advanced" which lets the user choose a stream resolution.[120] It is not possible for the viewer to directly choose a higher bitrate (quality) for any selected resolution.

Since 2009, viewers have had the ability watch 3D videos.[121] In 2015, the company began natively supporting 360-degree video and it has since allowed for live streaming of 360° video at up to 4K resolution.[122][123] Citing the limited number of users who watched more than 90-degrees, the company began supporting an alternative stereoscopic video format known as VR180 which it said was easier to produce.[124] The company now allows users to watch any video using virtual reality headsets.[125]

In response to increased viewership during the COVID-19 pandemic, the company temporarily downgraded the quality of its videos.[126][127] The company developed its own chip, called Argos, to help with encoding higher resolution videos in 2021.[128]

Live streaming

YouTube carried out early experiments with live streaming, including a concert by U2 in 2009, and a question-and-answer session with US President Barack Obama in February 2010.[129] These tests had relied on technology from 3rd-party partners, but in September 2010, YouTube began testing its own live streaming infrastructure.[130] In April 2011, YouTube announced the rollout of YouTube Live. The creation of live streams was initially limited to select partners.[131] It was used for real-time broadcasting of events such as the 2012 Olympics in London.[132] In October 2012, more than 8 million people watched Felix Baumgartner's jump from the edge of space as a live stream on YouTube.[133]

In May 2013, creation of live streams was opened to verified users with at least 1,000 subscribers; in August of that year the number was reduced to 100 subscribers,[134] and in December the limit was removed.[135] In February 2017, live streaming was introduced to the official YouTube mobile app. Live streaming via mobile was initially restricted to users with at least 10,000 subscribers,[136] but as of mid-2017 it has been reduced to 100 subscribers.[137] Live streams support HDR, can be up to 4K resolution at 60 fps, and also support 360° video.[123][138]

User features

On September 13, 2016, YouTube launched a public beta of Community, a social media-based feature that allows users to post text, images (including GIFs), live videos and others in a separate "Community" tab on their channel.[139] Prior to the release, several creators had been consulted to suggest tools Community could incorporate that they would find useful; these YouTubers included Vlogbrothers, AsapScience, Lilly Singh, The Game Theorists, Karmin, The Key of Awesome, The Kloons, Peter Hollens, Rosianna Halse Rojas, Sam Tsui, Threadbanger and Vsauce3.[140][non-primary source needed]

After the feature has been officially released, the community post feature gets activated automatically for every channel that passes a specific threshold of subscriber counts or already has more subscribers. This threshold was lowered over time[when?], from 10,000 subscribers to 1500 subscribers, to 1000 subscribers,[non-primary source needed] to 500 subscribers.[142]

Channels that the community tab becomes enabled for, get their channel discussions (the name before March 2013 "One channel layout" redesign finalization: "channel comments") permanently erased, instead of co-existing or migrating.[non-primary source needed]

See also: Criticism of Google § YouTube user comments

Most videos enable users to leave comments, and these have attracted attention for the negative aspects of both their form and content. In 2006, Time praised Web 2.0 for enabling "community and collaboration on a scale never seen before", and added that YouTube "harnesses the stupidity of crowds as well as its wisdom. Some of the comments on YouTube make you weep for the future of humanity just for the spelling alone, never mind the obscenity and the naked hatred".[144]The Guardian in 2009 described users' comments on YouTube as:[145]

Juvenile, aggressive, misspelt, sexist, homophobic, swinging from raging at the contents of a video to providing a pointlessly detailed description followed by a LOL, YouTube comments are a hotbed of infantile debate and unashamed ignorance—with the occasional burst of wit shining through.

The Daily Telegraph commented in September 2008, that YouTube was "notorious" for "some of the most confrontational and ill-formed comment exchanges on the internet", and reported on YouTube Comment Snob, "a new piece of software that blocks rude and illiterate posts".[146]The Huffington Post noted in April 2012 that finding comments on YouTube that appear "offensive, stupid and crass" to the "vast majority" of the people is hardly difficult.[147]

Google subsequently implemented a comment system oriented on Google+ on November 6, 2013, that required all YouTube users to use a Google+ account to comment on videos. The stated motivation for the change was giving creators more power to moderate and block comments, thereby addressing frequent criticisms of their quality and tone.[148] The new system restored the ability to include URLs in comments, which had previously been removed due to problems with abuse.[149][150] In response, YouTube co-founder Jawed Karim posted the question "why the fuck do I need a google+ account to comment on a video?" on his YouTube channel to express his negative opinion of the change.[151] The official YouTube announcement[152] received 20,097 "thumbs down" votes and generated more than 32,000 comments in two days.[153] Writing in the Newsday blog Silicon Island, Chase Melvin noted that "Google+ is nowhere near as popular a social media network like Facebook, but it's essentially being forced upon millions of YouTube users who don't want to lose their ability to comment on videos" and added that "Discussion forums across the Internet are already bursting with the outcry against the new comment system". In the same article Melvin goes on to say:[154]

Perhaps user complaints are justified, but the idea of revamping the old system isn't so bad. Think of the crude, misogynistic and racially-charged mudslinging that has transpired over the last eight years on YouTube without any discernible moderation. Isn't any attempt to curb unidentified libelers worth a shot? The system is far from perfect, but Google should be lauded for trying to alleviate some of the damage caused by irate YouTubers hiding behind animosity and anonymity.

Later, on July 27, 2015, Google announced in a blog post that it would be removing the requirement to sign up to a Google+ account to post comments to YouTube.[155] Then on November 3, 2016, YouTube announced a trial scheme which allows the creators of videos to decide whether to approve, hide or report the comments posted on videos based on an algorithm that detects potentially offensive comments.[156] Creators may also choose to keep or delete comments with links or hashtags in order to combat spam. They can also allow other users to moderate their comments.[157]

In December 2020, it was reported that YouTube would launch a new feature that will warn users who post a comment that "may be offensive to others."[158][159]

Content accessibility

YouTube offers users the ability to view its videos on web pages outside their website. Each YouTube video is accompanied by a piece of HTML that can be used to embed it on any page on the Web.[160] This functionality is often used to embed YouTube videos in social networking pages and blogs. Users wishing to post a video discussing, inspired by, or related to another user's video can make a "video response". The eleven character Youtube video identifier (64 possible characters used in each position), allows for a theoretical maximum of 6411 or around 73.8 quintillion (73.8 billion billion) unique ids.

YouTube announced that it would remove video responses for being an underused feature on August 27, 2013.[161] Embedding, rating, commenting and response posting can be disabled by the video owner.[162] YouTube does not usually offer a download link for its videos, and intends for them to be viewed through its website interface.[163] A small number of videos can be downloaded as MP4 files.[164] Numerous third-party web sites, applications and browser plug-ins allow users to download YouTube videos.[165]

In February 2009, YouTube announced a test service, allowing some partners to offer video downloads for free or for a fee paid through Google Checkout.[166] In June 2012, Google sent cease and desist letters threatening legal action against several websites offering online download and conversion of YouTube videos.[167] In response, Zamzar removed the ability to download YouTube videos from its site.[168] Users retain copyright of their own work under the default Standard YouTube License,[169] but have the option to grant certain usage rights under any public copyright license they choose.

Since July 2012, it has been possible to select a Creative Commons attribution license as the default, allowing other users to reuse and remix the material.[170]

Platforms

Most modern smartphones are capable of accessing YouTube videos, either within an application or through an optimized website. YouTube Mobile was launched in June 2007, using RTSP streaming for the video.[171] Not all of YouTube's videos are available on the mobile version of the site.[172]

Since June 2007, YouTube's videos have been available for viewing on a range of Apple products. This required YouTube's content to be transcoded into Apple's preferred video standard, H.264, a process that took several months. YouTube videos can be viewed on devices including Apple TV, iPod Touch and the iPhone.[173]

The mobile version of the site was relaunched based on HTML5 in July 2010, avoiding the need to use Adobe Flash Player and optimized for use with touch screen controls.[174] The mobile version is also available as an app for the Android platform.[175][176]

In September 2012, YouTube launched its first app for the iPhone, following the decision to drop YouTube as one of the preloaded apps in the iPhone 5 and iOS 6 operating system.[177] According to GlobalWebIndex, YouTube was used by 35% of smartphone users between April and June 2013, making it the third-most used app.[178]

A TiVo service update in July 2008 allowed the system to search and play YouTube videos.[179]

In January 2009, YouTube launched "YouTube for TV", a version of the website tailored for set-top boxes and other TV-based media devices with web browsers, initially allowing its videos to be viewed on the PlayStation 3 and Wiivideo game consoles.[180][181]

During the month of June that same year, YouTube XL was introduced, which has a simplified interface designed for viewing on a standard television screen.[182] YouTube is also available as an app on Xbox Live.[183]

On November 15, 2012, Google launched an official app for the Wii, allowing users to watch YouTube videos from the Wii channel.[184] An app was available for Wii U and Nintendo 3DS, but was discontinued in August 2019.[185] Videos can also be viewed on the Wii U Internet Browser using HTML5.[186] Google made YouTube available on the Roku player on December 17, 2013,[187] and, in October 2014, the Sony PlayStation 4.[188]

YouTube launched as a downloadable app for the Nintendo Switch in November 2018.[189]

International and Localization

On June 19, 2007, Google CEO Eric Schmidt appeared in Paris to launch the new localization system.[190] The interface of the website is available with localized versions in 104 countries, one territory (Hong Kong) and a worldwide version.[191]

YouTube Localisation.svg
Country Language(s) Launch date
 United States (and worldwide launch) English, SpanishFebruary 14, 2005[190]
 BrazilPortugueseJune 19, 2007[190]
 FranceFrench, Catalan, BasqueJune 19, 2007[190]
 IrelandEnglish, IrishJune 19, 2007[190]
 ItalyItalian, German, CatalanJune 19, 2007[190]
 JapanJapaneseJune 19, 2007[190]
 NetherlandsDutchJune 19, 2007[190]
 PolandPolishJune 19, 2007[190]
 SpainSpanish, Galician, Catalan, BasqueJune 19, 2007[190]
 United KingdomEnglishJune 19, 2007[190]
 MexicoSpanishOctober 11, 2007[192]
 Hong KongChinese, EnglishOctober 17, 2007[193]
 TaiwanChineseOctober 18, 2007
 AustraliaEnglishOctober 22, 2007[194]
 New ZealandEnglishOctober 22, 2007[194]
 CanadaEnglish, FrenchNovember 6, 2007[195]
 GermanyGermanNovember 8, 2007[196]
 RussiaRussianNovember 13, 2007[197]
 South KoreaKoreanJanuary 23, 2008[198]
 IndiaHindi, Bengali, Punjabi, English, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, UrduMay 7, 2008[199]
 IsraelHebrew, ArabicSeptember 16, 2008
 Czech RepublicCzechOctober 9, 2008[200]
 SwedenSwedishOctober 22, 2008[201]
 South AfricaEnglish, Afrikaans, ZuluMay 17, 2010[190]
 ArgentinaSpanishSeptember 8, 2010[202]
 AlgeriaArabic, FrenchMarch 9, 2011[203]
 EgyptArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 JordanArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 MoroccoFrench, ArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 Saudi ArabiaArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 TunisiaArabic, FrenchMarch 9, 2011[203]
 YemenArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 KenyaEnglish, SwahiliSeptember 1, 2011[204]
 PhilippinesFilipino, EnglishOctober 13, 2011[205]
 SingaporeEnglish, Malay, Chinese, TamilOctober 20, 2011[206]
 BelgiumFrench, Dutch, GermanNovember 16, 2011[190]
 ColombiaSpanishNovember 30, 2011[207]
 UgandaEnglish, SwahiliDecember 2, 2011[208]
 NigeriaEnglishDecember 7, 2011[209]
 ChileSpanishJanuary 20, 2012[210]
 HungaryHungarianFebruary 29, 2012[211]
 MalaysiaMalay, EnglishMarch 22, 2012[212]
 PeruSpanishMarch 25, 2012[213]
 United Arab EmiratesArabic, EnglishApril 1, 2012[214]
 GreeceGreekMay 1, 2012
 IndonesiaIndonesian, EnglishMay 17, 2012[215]
 GhanaEnglishJune 5, 2012[216]
 SenegalFrench, EnglishJuly 4, 2012[217]
 TurkeyTurkishOctober 1, 2012[218]
 UkraineUkrainianDecember 13, 2012[219]
 DenmarkDanishFebruary 1, 2013[220]
 FinlandFinnish, SwedishFebruary 1, 2013[221]
 NorwayNorwegianFebruary 1, 2013[222]
  SwitzerlandGerman, French, ItalianMarch 29, 2013[223]
 AustriaGermanMarch 29, 2013[224]
 RomaniaRomanianApril 18, 2013[225]
 PortugalPortugueseApril 25, 2013[226]
 SlovakiaSlovakApril 25, 2013[227]
 BahrainArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 KuwaitArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 OmanArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 QatarArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnian, Croatian, SerbianMarch 17, 2014
 BulgariaBulgarianMarch 17, 2014[229]
 CroatiaCroatianMarch 17, 2014[230]
 EstoniaEstonianMarch 17, 2014[231]
 LatviaLatvianMarch 17, 2014[232]
 LithuaniaLithuanianMarch 17, 2014
 North MacedoniaMacedonian, Serbian, TurkishMarch 17, 2014
 MontenegroSerbian, CroatianMarch 17, 2014
 SerbiaSerbianMarch 17, 2014
 SloveniaSlovenianMarch 17, 2014[233]
 ThailandThaiApril 1, 2014[234]
 LebanonArabicMay 1, 2014[228]
 Puerto RicoSpanish, EnglishAugust 23, 2014
 IcelandIcelandic2014
 LuxembourgFrench, German2014
 VietnamVietnameseOctober 1, 2014
 LibyaArabicFebruary 1, 2015
 TanzaniaEnglish, SwahiliJune 2, 2015
 ZimbabweEnglishJune 2, 2015
 AzerbaijanAzerbaijaniOctober 12, 2015[235]
 BelarusBelarusian, RussianOctober 12, 2015[235]
 GeorgiaGeorgianOctober 12, 2015[235]
 KazakhstanKazakh, RussianOctober 12, 2015[235]
 IraqArabicNovember 9, 2015[citation needed]
   NepalNepaliJanuary 12, 2016[236]
 PakistanUrdu, EnglishJanuary 12, 2016[237]
 Sri LankaSinhala, Tamil, EnglishJanuary 12, 2016[236]
 JamaicaEnglishAugust 4, 2016[citation needed]
 MaltaEnglishJune 24, 2018
 BoliviaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 Costa RicaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 EcuadorSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 El SalvadorSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 GuatemalaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 HondurasSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 NicaraguaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 PanamaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 UruguaySpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 ParaguaySpanish, GuaraniFebruary 21, 2019
 Dominican RepublicSpanishFebruary 21, 2019
 CyprusGreek, TurkishMarch 13, 2019
 LiechtensteinGermanMarch 13, 2019
 VenezuelaSpanishMarch 10, 2020
 Papua New GuineaEnglish2020
 BangladeshBengali, EnglishSeptember 2, 2020

The YouTube interface suggests which local version should be chosen based on the IP address of the user. In some cases, the message "This video is not available in your country" may appear because of copyright restrictions or inappropriate content.[238] The interface of the YouTube website is available in 76 language versions, including Amharic, Albanian, Armenian, Burmese, Khmer, Kyrgyz, Laotian, Mongolian, Persian and Uzbek, which do not have local channel versions. Access to YouTube was blocked in Turkey between 2008 and 2010, following controversy over the posting of videos deemed insulting to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and some material offensive to Muslims.[239][240] In October 2012, a local version of YouTube was launched in Turkey, with the domain . The local version is subject to the content regulations found in Turkish law.[241] In March 2009, a dispute between YouTube and the British royalty collection agency PRS for Music led to premium music videos being blocked for YouTube users in the United Kingdom. The removal of videos posted by the major record companies occurred after failure to reach an agreement on a licensing deal. The dispute was resolved in September 2009.[242] In April 2009, a similar dispute led to the removal of premium music videos for users in Germany.[243]

Videos

In January 2012, it was estimated that visitors to YouTube spent an average of 15 minutes a day on the site, in contrast to the four or five hours a day spent by a typical US citizen watching television.[244] In 2017, viewers on average watched YouTube on mobile devices for more than an hour every day.[245]

In December 2012, two billion views were removed from the view counts of Universal and Sony music videos on YouTube, prompting a claim by The Daily Dot that the views had been deleted due to a violation of the site's terms of service, which ban the use of automated processes to inflate view counts. This was disputed by Billboard, which said that the two billion views had been moved to Vevo, since the videos were no longer active on YouTube.[246][247] On August 5, 2015, YouTube patched the formerly notorious behaviour which caused a video's view count to freeze at "301" (later "301+") until the actual count was verified to prevent view count fraud.[248] YouTube view counts once again updated in real time.[249]

Since September 2019, subscriber counts are abbreviated. Only three leading digits of channels' subscriber counts are indicated publicly, compromising the function of third-party real-time indicators such as that of Social Blade. Exact counts remain available to channel operators inside YouTube Studio.[250] On November 11, 2021, after testing out this change on March 2021, YouTube announced it would start hiding dislike counts on videos, making them invisible to viewers. YouTube creators will still be able to see the number of likes and dislikes in the YouTube Studio dashboard tool, according to YouTube.[251][252][253]The announcement was panned by the YouTube community and prompted a negative response from YouTube co-founder Jawed Karim, who referred to the update as "a stupid idea".[254][255]

Copyright issues

Main article: YouTube copyright issues

Further information: § Revenue to copyright holders

YouTube has faced numerous challenges and criticisms in its attempts to deal with copyright, including the site's first viral video, Lazy Sunday, which had to be taken down, due to copyright concerns.[29] At the time of uploading a video, YouTube users are shown a message asking them not to violate copyright laws.[256] Despite this advice, many unauthorized clips of copyrighted material remain on YouTube. YouTube does not view videos before they are posted online, and it is left to copyright holders to issue a DMCAtakedown notice pursuant to the terms of the Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act. Any successful complaint about copyright infringement results in a YouTube copyright strike. Three successful complaints for copyright infringement against a user account will result in the account and all of its uploaded videos being deleted.[257][258] From 2007 to 2009 organizations including Viacom, Mediaset, and the English Premier League have filed lawsuits against YouTube, claiming that it has done too little to prevent the uploading of copyrighted material.[259][260][261]

In August 2008, a US court ruled in Lenz v. Universal Music Corp. that copyright holders cannot order the removal of an online file without first determining whether the posting reflected fair use of the material.[262] YouTube's owner Google announced in November 2015 that they would help cover the legal cost in select cases where they believe fair use defenses apply.[263]

In the 2011 case of Smith v. Summit Entertainment LLC, professional singer Matt Smith sued Summit Entertainment for the wrongful use of copyright takedown notices on YouTube.[264] He asserted seven causes of action, and four were ruled in Smith's favor.[265] In April 2012, a court in Hamburg ruled that YouTube could be held responsible for copyrighted material posted by its users.[266] On November 1, 2016, the dispute with GEMA was resolved, with Google content ID being used to allow advertisements to be added to videos with content protected by GEMA.[267]

In April 2013, it was reported that Universal Music Group and YouTube have a contractual agreement that prevents content blocked on YouTube by a request from UMG from being restored, even if the uploader of the video files a DMCA counter-notice.[268][269] As part of YouTube Music, Universal and YouTube signed an agreement in 2017, which was followed by separate agreements other major labels, which gave the company the right to advertising revenue when its music was played on YouTube.[270] By 2019, creators were having videos taken down or demonetized when Content ID identified even short segments of copyrighted music within a much longer video, with different levels of enforcement depending on the record label.[271] Experts noted that some of these clips said qualified for fair use.[271]

Content ID

Main article: Content ID (system)

In June 2007, YouTube began trials of a system for automatic detection of uploaded videos that infringe copyright. Google CEO Eric Schmidt regarded this system as necessary for resolving lawsuits such as the one from Viacom, which alleged that YouTube profited from content that it did not have the right to distribute.[272] The system, which was initially called "Video Identification"[273][274] and later became known as Content ID,[275] creates an ID File for copyrighted audio and video material, and stores it in a database. When a video is uploaded, it is checked against the database, and flags the video as a copyright violation if a match is found.[276] When this occurs, the content owner has the choice of blocking the video to make it unviewable, tracking the viewing statistics of the video, or adding advertisements to the video.

By 2010, YouTube had "already invested tens of millions of dollars in this technology".[274]

In 2011, YouTube described Content ID as "very accurate in finding uploads that look similar to reference files that are of sufficient length and quality to generate an effective ID File".[276]

By 2012, Content ID accounted for over a third of the monetized views on YouTube.[277]

An independent test in 2009 uploaded multiple versions of the same song to YouTube and concluded that while the system was "surprisingly resilient" in finding copyright violations in the audio tracks of videos, it was not infallible.[278] The use of Content ID to remove material automatically has led to controversy in some cases, as the videos have not been checked by a human for fair use.[279] If a YouTube user disagrees with a decision by Content ID, it is possible to fill in a form disputing the decision.[280]

Before 2016, videos were not monetized until the dispute was resolved. Since April 2016, videos continue to be monetized while the dispute is in progress, and the money goes to whoever won the dispute.[281] Should the uploader want to monetize the video again, they may remove the disputed audio in the "Video Manager".[282] YouTube has cited the effectiveness of Content ID as one of the reasons why the site's rules were modified in December 2010 to allow some users to upload videos of unlimited length.[283]

Moderation and offensive content

See also: Criticism of Google § YouTube, and Censorship by Google § YouTube

YouTube has a set of community guidelines aimed to reduce abuse of the site's features. The uploading of videos containing defamation, pornography, and material encouraging criminal conduct is forbidden by YouTube's "Community Guidelines".[284] Generally prohibited material includes sexually explicit content, videos of animal abuse, shock videos, content uploaded without the copyright holder's consent, hate speech, spam, and predatory behavior.[284] YouTube relies on its users to flag the content of videos as inappropriate, and a YouTube employee will view a flagged video to determine whether it violates the site's guidelines.[284] Despite the guidelines, YouTube has faced criticism over aspects of its operations,[285] its recommendation algorithms perpetuating videos that promote conspiracy theories and falsehoods,[286] hosting videos ostensibly targeting children but containing violent or sexually suggestive content involving popular characters,[287] videos of minors attracting pedophilic activities in their comment sections,[288] and fluctuating policies on the types of content that is eligible to be monetized with advertising.[285]

YouTube contracts companies to hire content moderators, who view content flagged as potentially violating YouTube's content policies and determines if they should be removed. In September 2020, a class-action suit was filed by a former content moderator who reported developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after an 18-month period on the job. The former content moderator said that she was regularly made to exceed YouTube's stated limited of four hours per day of viewing graphic content. The lawsuit alleges that YouTube's contractors gave little to no training or support for its moderator's mental health, made prospective employees sign NDAs before showing them any examples of content they would see while reviewing, and censored all mention of trauma from its internal forums. It also purports that requests for extremely graphic content to be blurred, reduced in size or made monochrome, per recommendations from the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, were rejected by YouTube as not a high priority for the company.[289][290][291]

To limit the spread of misinformation and fake news via YouTube, it has rolled out a comprehensive policy regarding how to planned to deal with technically manipulated videos.[292]

Controversial content has included material relating to Holocaust denial and the Hillsborough disaster, in which 96 football fans from Liverpool were crushed to death in 1989.[293][294] In July 2008, the Culture and Media Committee of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom stated that it was "unimpressed" with YouTube's system for policing its videos, and argued that "proactive review of content should be standard practice for sites hosting user-generated content". YouTube responded by stating:

We have strict rules on what's allowed, and a system that enables anyone who sees inappropriate content to report it to our 24/7 review team and have it dealt with promptly. We educate our community on the rules and include a direct link from every YouTube page to make this process as easy as possible for our users. Given the volume of content uploaded on our site, we think this is by far the most effective way to make sure that the tiny minority of videos that break the rules come down quickly.[295] (July 2008)

In October 2010, U.S. Congressman Anthony Weiner urged YouTube to remove from its website videos of imam Anwar al-Awlaki.[296] YouTube pulled some of the videos in November 2010, stating they violated the site's guidelines.[297] In December 2010, YouTube added the ability to flag videos for containing terrorism content.[298]

In 2018, YouTube introduced a system that would automatically add information boxes to videos that its algorithms determined may present conspiracy theories and other fake news, filling the infobox with content from Encyclopedia Britannica and Wikipedia as a means to inform users to minimize misinformation propagation without impacting freedom of speech.[299] In the wake of the Notre-Dame de Paris fire on April 15, 2019, several user-uploaded videos of the landmark fire were flagged by YouTube' system automatically with an Encyclopedia Britannica article on the false conspiracy theories around the September 11 attacks. Several users complained to YouTube about this inappropriate connection. YouTube officials apologized for this, stating that their algorithms had misidentified the fire videos and added the information block automatically, and were taking steps to remedy this.[300]

Five leading content creators whose channels were based on LGBTQ+ materials filed a federal lawsuit against YouTube in August 2019, alleging that YouTube's algorithms divert discovery away from their channels, impacting their revenue. The plaintiffs claimed that the algorithms discourage content with words like "lesbian" or "gay", which would be predominant in their channels' content, and because of YouTube's near-monopolization of online video services, they are abusing that position.[301]

Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/YouTube
snaptube-pc

Snaptube for PC: With the revolution of the smartphones, the need for the innovative apps is increasing with each passing day. Snaptube is such a unique video downloading application which downloads videos from various websites with ease. Apart from downloading videos at lightning speed with just a button, Snaptube also allows its users to convert the videos into MP3 files and occupies a very little disk space.

Also Read - telecharger snaptube pc gratuit

Moreover, the application comes ad-free to enhance your video watching experiences, downloads videos of multiple resolutions, recommends contents by the user’s previous searching history and even allows to share the downloaded materials with your friends and family. But the only problem with this application it is exclusively designed for Android only, and thus officially not available on Windows PC. So if you want to download SnapTube for PC (Windows OS specifically), what should you do? Well, in this tutorial, we have illustrated the steps to download SnapTube for Windows. But before we talk about the technical nitty and gritty, let’s check out the minimum system requirement to run video downloader SnapTube for PC

Also Read - Snaptube Para PC

Snaptube for PC (Windows): Minimum System Requirements

Snaptube PC

Details

Processor 

Intel Pentium 1.6GHz CPU

RAM

2.0 GB DRAM

Internal Storage

500MB disk space

Operating System

Windows XP, Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10.

Snaptube PC FAQ's

Is SnapTube available for PC?

Yes, SnapTube is available for PC. You can easily download and run snaptube pc with the help of an android emulator. There are a lot of android emulator which you can install on your windows pc, but bluestacks android emulator is the best in the market. You can follow up on the guide mentioned above in the article to run the snaptube on your windows pc.

How do I download a YouTube clip onto my computer?

You can download a YouTube clip on your computer with the help of snaptube pc. You can run the snaptube pc with the help of an android emulator.

Snaptube for PC Without BlueStacks – Windows 10

snaptube for pc without bluestacks

If you are the one who doesn’t want to install bluestacks on your Windows PC then, we have mentioned all the methods below which can help you to download snaptube for pc without bluestacks.

From the methods below mentioned, you can easily download snaptube for pc windows 10 even without installing bluestacks PC emulator on your device. If you have low specs on your Windows 10 computer then, you can easily install any of the emulators mentioned below to download snaptube for Windows 10/8.1/8/7/XP.

Snaptube for PC Free Download – Easy Methods

As we have already Snaptube is an Android-based application it is not officially available for Windows. So to run this video downloading an app on a Windows-based device, we need an Android emulator first. An Android emulator is a software which mimics Android on your Windows desktop or laptop so that you can play any Android app without your device having Android, through the emulator’s online interface. Currently, AMIDuOS, Andy, Nox App Player, Remix OS, and YouWave are the five most popular, secure, and reliable Android emulators available on the internet. We have discussed the steps to download Snaptube for PC with all the three emulators. 

Also Read - Facetime for PC

Using AMIDuOS Android emulator

AMIDuOS Android Emulator

AMIDuOS Android Emulator

Step 1: Just like BlueStacks, download the Andy Android emulator first from the official website.

Step 2: Now start the installation of the emulator by clicking on the installer file you have just downloaded.

Step 3: Then, when you have successfully installed the Andy emulator on your Windows PC, download the snaptube apk file.

Step 4: Now, launch the Andy emulator on your Windows desktop/laptop.

Step 5: Next visit to the ‘Downloads’ directory of your PC where you have downloaded the Snaptube apk file.

Step 6: After that, right-click on the snaptube pro apk file and open it with the Andy Android emulator.

Step 7: The emulator will start automatically installing the video downloader.

Step 8: Finally, when the video downloading application gets installed on your device, you will find it in the ‘All Apps’ section. Double click on the app and start using Snaptube for Windows.

Using YouWave Android Emulator

Youwave Android Emulator

Youwave Android Emulator

Step 1: Just like the above mentioned two methods you have to again download the YouWave Android emulator from its official website at the first step. There are two versions available of this emulator, one comes with absolutely free of cost, and the other one is the premium version, which you have to buy. The free version contains ads, whereas the premium version comes ad-free.

Step 2: Now install the YouWave Android emulator on your Windows PC by clicking on the installer file you have just downloaded.

Step 3: When the YouWave emulator gets successfully installed on your Windows PC, download the Snaptube apk file from  the download button below.

Step 4: Next, launch the YouWave emulator on your Windows PC

Step 5: Now go to the ‘Downloads’ folder of your laptop/desktop where you have downloaded the Snaptube apk file.

Step 6: Then right-click on the Snaptube apk file and open the file with the YouWave emulator.

Step 7: YouWave will now automatically start installing the Snaptube video downloader.

Step 8: Last but not least, when SnapTube gets installed on your desktop/laptop, you will find it in the ‘All Apps’ section. Double click on the video downloading app and start using Snaptube for Windows PC.

Using Nox App Player Android Emulator

Nox Android Emulator

Nox Android Emulator

Step 1: Like on all other occasions, download the Nox App Player from its official website and install it on your PC.

Step 2: Done with the first step, now download Snaptube for PC.

Step 3: Now that you have downloaded the two files and even installed one of those, open the Android emulator, which is Nox App Player. Go to the Toolbar option.

Step 4: Find out the ‘Add APK’ option. Once you click on that, a new dialogue box will appear where you will have to click on ‘I Know.’

Step 5: In the final step, add the Snaptube for PC apk file to the Nox App Player, which will initiate the installation. And when the installation gets over, you can get access to the app.

Using Remix OS Android Emulator

RemixOs Android Emulator

RemixOs Android Emulator

Step 1: Get hold of the Remix OS Android emulator, which is available on the official website of the software.

Step 2: Download the Snaptube apk and store it in an easily accessible folder.

Step 3: Run Remix OS and visit the download folder. Now drag and drop the Snaptube apk on the home screen of the Android emulator.

Step 4: You are ready to launch the SnapTube for PC app via Remix OS.

Using KoPlayer Android Emulator

KoPlayer Android Emulator

KoPlayer Android Emulator

Another great Android emulator that you can install Snaptube for Windows PC with is KoPlayer, which, like all the other tools listed above, is a very secure means to download Android apps on the PC with. Here are the steps you need to follow for the same.

Step 1: Download KoPlayer Android emulator from their official website.

Step 2: Install the software using the installer file and let it run. If it requires you to sign in using your Google account, do it without hesitation.

Step 3: For the next step, you will be required to download the Snaptube Apk file from here. To do that, open this particular page on your PC browser and follow the link provided above.

Step 4: Now, open up KoPlayer and click on the Add Apk option.

Step 5: Add the Snaptube Apk file that you have downloaded from the Download folder.

Step 6: Wait until the application finishes installing.

Step 7: Restart your PC and download videos using Snaptube downloader for PC.

Источник: https://snaptubeappz.com/snaptube-for-pc

Unduh SnapTube pikeun Android pikeun ngaunduh pidéo tina média sosial: Unduh SnapTube pikeun Android, anu mangrupikeun program raksasa sareng anu pangsaéna diantara seueur pangguna dina ngaunduh pidéo, sabab éta ngabantuan pikeun ngaunduh jinis pidéo kalayan cara anu gampang sareng lancar sareng ngalangkungan akurasi sareng kualitas video anu béda.

Dina urutan pikeun nyocogkeun telepon sareng speed internét anjeun, SnapTube mangrupikeun program anu pangsaéna anu tiasa ngaaksés halaman wéb sareng sababaraha platform anu sanés.

Seueur program anu sami sareng anu mirip sareng program Red SnapTube anu bersaing, tapi éta dianggap anu paling kuat ti sadayana. Anjeun tiasa milarian dina pidéo naon waé anu aya dina saluran YouTube anu sanés atanapi dina platform naon waé platform jejaring sosial anu sanés anjeun ngan ukur tiasa nyerat nami pidéo éta sareng langsung muncul yén anjeun milarian anu aya hubunganana sareng alamat anu anjeun milari, teras anjeun bakal kéngingkeun pidéo anu anjeun hoyong unduh.

SnapTube Beureum pikeun Android ngamungkinkeun anjeun nonton sareng ogé ngamungkinkeun anjeun ngaunduh pidéo sareng anjeun ogé tiasa ngarobih file video tina mp4 kana file audio mp3 kalayan gampang ku ngan ukur mencét dina unduhan kecap teras anjeun bakal ningali sababaraha pilihan pikeun diunduh anu anjeun tiasa netepkeun. file anu anjeun unduh sateuacan diunduh sacara langsung.

Pedaran pondok ngeunaan SnapTube pikeun Android

Program Red SnapTube mangrupikeun vérsi lami, anu dikembangkeun ku cara anu diperhatoskeun, sareng éta mangrupikeun versi Yellow SnapTube anu kawéntar, anu parantos hasil kalayan suksés pisan diantara pangguna, sabab SnapTube dicirikeun ku ngaunduh video sareng musik audio kalayan gancang sareng gampang.

Program ieu ogé fitur fitur ngaunduh pidéo tina situs ageung sareng pamuter pidéo sapertos Vimeo sareng Facebook ogé Instagram salain Twitter, ogé video karesep dina YouTube.

Ogé, program dibédakeun yén éta cocog sareng seueur sistem, kalebet sistem Windows, anu tiasa dianggo dina sadaya komputer, sabab program na cocog sareng Windows 7, 8, 10.

Salaku tambahan kana Windows XP sareng Windows Vista ngalangkungan versi vérsi anu dijalankeun dina komputer ngalangkungan program BlueStack, program émulator Android anu munggaran, anu ngabantosan ngajalankeun aplikasi Android dina komputer ku cara anu saderhana sareng gampang.

Ogé, program éta mangrupikeun salah sahiji program gratis anu dicandak ngalangkungan Google Play Store, sabab program na ngandung sakedik ruang panyimpenan sareng henteu kedah ngosongkeun rohangan dibandingkeun sesa program sareng aplikasi anu sami sareng program anu dibédakeun ieu.

SnapTube ogé ngagaduhan program pikeun Android anu ngadukung seueur basa anu bénten-bénten, dimana anjeun tiasa ngarobih basa tina setélan program, sabab program na ngadukung Arab sareng Inggris, sajaba ti basa Perancis, Italia sareng seueur basa sanés di dunya.

Unduh aplikasi SnapTube asli kanggo Android kalayan tautan langsung

Program Red SnapTube matak ngamudahkeun pikeun anjeun ngaunduh seueur pidéo tina Internét ku cara anu saderhana supados video anu anjeun pikahoyong dimuat dina héndsét anjeun sareng anjeun tiasa ngaraosan nonton éta tanpa nyambung ka internét iraha waé sareng dimana waé, sabab éta ngabantosan anjeun pikeun kumpulkeun video karesep anjeun dina hiji file dina iPhone anjeun.

Sareng ngalangkungan program, anjeun tiasa ngungkulan masalah anu matak cilaka dina ngajaga pidéo tina situs sanés anu peryogi kapasitas panyimpenan tinggi atanapi ngaunduh program sanés pikeun kéngingkeun pidéo anu anjeun hoyong unduh.

Ogé, program SnapTube Beureum mangrupikeun perangkat lunak unduh pidéo anu pangsaéna, anu mangrupikeun salah sahiji anu paling saé pisan, sabab aplikasi éta meunang kagum ku seueur pangguna di panjuru dunya sareng ogé ngagaduhan popularitas anu hébat sabab janten langkung kawéntar tibatan seuneu di dunya. dina dunya aplikasi unduh pidéo.

Unduh SnapTube kanggo android

Jelaskeun panggunaan SnapTube pikeun sélulér

Program Red SnapTube ngagaduhan antar muka anu gampang sareng saderhana salaku bagian luhur halaman utama program ngandung kotak pamilarian anu ngagaduhan kecerdasan buatan anu ngabantosan anjeun milari naon waé anu anjeun pikahoyong, sareng ogé nawiskeun anjeun seueur pidéo ngalangkungan barang-barang milarian anu Hal anu paling caket kana pamilarian anjeun.

Anjeun tiasa milarian pidéo atanapi musik anu anjeun pikahoyong sareng ku ngaklik langsung dina video anu anjeun milari, anjeun bakal diarahkeun ka situs éta sahingga anjeun tiasa ngaunduh program tina sumber aslina, aplikasi bakal nyimpen file anu diunduh dumasar dina bentuk masing-masing na tiasa diaksés langsung dina disk drive.

Ku ngaklik video undeuran, anjeun tiasa milih tempat pidéo na disimpen dina telepon sélulér anjeun, sareng anjeun ogé tiasa ngaunduh kana daptar puter alat, sareng ngalangkungan fitur ieu anjeun henteu kedah mindahkeun file anu diunduh tina Red SnapTube program tina unduhan ka lokasi dimana anjeun nyimpenna. Ku milih nalika ngaunduh.

Fitur SnapTube kanggo Android vérsi pangénggalna

  • Aplikasi beureum SnapTube ngagaduhan daptar anu ngamungkinkeun pikeun nganapigasi kana seueur pidéo sareng ngajajah pidéo énggal anu ngagaduhan paningal anu luhur.
  • Anjeun tiasa ngaunduh pidéo kalayan gampang pisan tanpa aya halangan atanapi kasusah dina diunduh tina telepon Android atanapi iPhone.
  • Anjeun tiasa nungkulan sadaya pidéo anu anjeun resep sareng resep ningali éta sacara permanen, anu anjeun hésé pikeun kéngingkeun tina halaman wéb anu sanés.
  • Anjeun tiasa ngendalikeun format pidéo anu anjeun pikaresep upami dina format mp4 atanapi ngaunduh dina format mp3.
  • Program ieu ngandung unduhan pidéo anu gancang pisan anu bénten pisan sareng unduh pidéo anu sami ti tempat anu sanés tina program.
  • Ogé, program ieu henteu meryogikeun profesionalisme naon waé dina kaayaan atanapi pangalaman, ogé henteu peryogi katerangan naon waé nalika ngaunduh sareng ngagunakeunna pikeun anu munggaran.
Источник: https://www.tazkranet.com/su/download-snaptube-app-for-android/

YouTube

Online video platform owned by Google

Not to be confused with YouTube (channel).

The YouTube logo is made of a red round-rectangular box with a white "play" button inside and the word "YouTube" written in black.

Logo since 2017

Screenshot

YouTube homepage.png

YouTube's front page on November 14, 2021

Type of businessSubsidiary

Type of site

Online video platform
FoundedFebruary 14, 2005; 16 years ago (2005-02-14)
Headquarters901 Cherry Avenue
San Bruno, California,

United States

Area servedWorldwide (excluding blocked countries)
Founder(s)
Key peopleSusan Wojcicki (CEO)
Chad Hurley (advisor)
Industry
ProductsYouTube Premium
YouTube Music
YouTube TV
YouTube Kids
RevenueIncreaseUS$19.8 billion (2020)[1]
ParentGoogle LLC (2006–present)
URLYouTube.com
(see list of localized domain names)
AdvertisingGoogle AdSense
Registration

Optional

  • Not required to watch most videos; required for certain tasks such as uploading videos, viewing flagged (18+) videos, creating playlists, liking or disliking videos, and posting comments
UsersIncrease 2 billion (October 2020)[2]
LaunchedFebruary 14, 2005; 16 years ago (2005-02-14)
Current statusActive

Content license

Uploader holds copyright (standard license); Creative Commons can be selected.
Written inPython (core/API),[3]C (through CPython), C++, Java (through Guice platform),[4][5]Go,[6]JavaScript (UI)

YouTube is an American online video sharing and social media platform owned by Google. It was launched on February 14, 2005 by Steve Chen, Chad Hurley, and Jawed Karim. It is the second most visited website, with more than one billion monthly users[7] who collectively watch more than one billion hours of videos each day.[8] As of May 2019[update], videos were being uploaded at a rate of more than 500 hours of content per minute.[9]

In October 2006, YouTube was bought by Google for $1.65 billion.[10] Google's ownership of YouTube has also changed its business model; it no longer generates revenue from advertisements alone. YouTube now offers paid content such as movies and exclusive content. YouTube and approved creators participate in Google's AdSense program, which generates more revenue for both parties. It has since evolved from a small video streaming platform to a large service with reported revenues of $19.8 billion in 2020.[1]

Since its purchase by Google, YouTube has expanded beyond the website into mobile apps, network television, and the ability to link with other services. Video categories on YouTube include music videos, video clips, news, short films, feature films, documentaries, audio recordings, movie trailers, teasers, live streams, vlogs, and more. Most content is generated by individuals. This includes collaborations between YouTubers and company sponsors. Since around 2015, established media corporations such as Disney, ViacomCBS, and WarnerMedia have created and expanded their corporate YouTube channels to advertise to a larger audience.

YouTube has had a substantial social impact, influencing popular culture, internet trends, and creating multimillionaire celebrities. It has been criticized for facilitating the spread of misinformation, copyright issues, violating its users' privacy, enabling censorship, and endangering child safety and wellbeing.

History

Main article: History of YouTube

Founding and initial growth (2005–2006)

YouTube was founded by Steve Chen, Chad Hurley, and Jawed Karim. The trio were all early employees of PayPal, which left them enriched after the company was bought by eBay.[11] Hurley had studied design at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, and Chen and Karim studied computer science together at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.[12]

According to a story that has often been repeated in the media, Hurley and Chen developed the idea for YouTube during the early months of 2005, after they had experienced difficulty sharing videos that had been shot at a dinner party at Chen's apartment in San Francisco. Karim did not attend the party and denied that it had occurred, but Chen remarked that the idea that YouTube was founded after a dinner party "was probably very strengthened by marketing ideas around creating a story that was very digestible".[13]

Karim said the inspiration for YouTube first came from the Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime show controversy, when Janet Jackson's breast was briefly exposed by Justin Timberlake during the halftime show. Karim could not easily find video clips of the incident and 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami online, which led to the idea of a video sharing site.[14] Hurley and Chen said that the original idea for YouTube was a video version of an online dating service, and had been influenced by the website Hot or Not.[13][15] They created posts on Craigslist asking attractive women to upload videos of themselves to YouTube in exchange for a $100 reward.[16] Difficulty in finding enough dating videos led to a change of plans, with the site's founders deciding to accept uploads of any type of video.[17]

The YouTube logo was used from its launch until 2011. Another version of this logo without their "Broadcast Yourself"slogan was used until 2015.

YouTube began as a venture capital–funded technology startup. Between November 2005 and April 2006, the company raised money from a variety of investors with Sequoia Capital, $11.5 million, and Artis Capital Management, $8 million, being the largest two.[11][18] YouTube's early headquarters were situated above a pizzeria and Japanese restaurant in San Mateo, California.[19] In February 2005, the company activated .[20] The first video was uploaded April 23, 2005. Titled Me at the zoo, it shows co-founder Jawed Karim at the San Diego Zoo and can still be viewed on the site.[21][22] In May, the company launched a public beta and by November, a Nike ad featuring Ronaldinho became the first video to reach one million total views.[23][24] The site launched officially on December 15, 2005, by which time the site was receiving 8 million views a day.[25][26] Clips at the time were limited to 100 megabytes, as little as 30 seconds of footage.[27]

Contrary to popular belief, YouTube was not the first video-sharing site on the Internet; Vimeo was launched in November 2004, though that site remained a side project of its developers from CollegeHumor at the time and did not grow much, either.[28] The week of YouTube's launch, NBC-Universal's Saturday Night Live ran a skit "Lazy Sunday" by The Lonely Island. Besides helping to bolster ratings and long-term viewership for Saturday Night Live, "Lazy Sunday"'s status as an early viral video helped establish YouTube as an important website.[29] Unofficial uploads of the skit to YouTube drew in more than five million collective views by February 2006 before they were removed when NBCUniversal requested it two months later based on copyright concerns.[30] Despite eventually being taken down, these duplicate uploads of the skit helped popularize YouTube's reach and led to the upload of more third-party content.[31][32] The site grew rapidly and, in July 2006, the company announced that more than 65,000 new videos were being uploaded every day, and that the site was receiving 100 million video views per day.[33]

The choice of the name led to problems for a similarly named website. That site's owner, Universal Tube & Rollform Equipment, filed a lawsuit against YouTube in November 2006 after being regularly overloaded by people looking for YouTube. Universal Tube subsequently changed its website to.[34][35]

Broadcast Yourself era (2006–2013)

YouTube's headquarters in San Bruno, California

On October 9, 2006, Google announced that it had acquired YouTube for $1.65 billion in Google stock.[36][37] The deal was finalized on November 13, 2006.[38][39] Google's acquisition launched new newfound interest in video-sharing sites; IAC, which now owned Vimeo, focused on supporting the content creators to distinguish itself from YouTube.[28]

YouTube logo from 2015 until 2017

The company experienced rapid growth. The Daily Telegraph wrote that in 2007, YouTube consumed as much bandwidth as the entire Internet in 2000.[40] By 2010, the company had reached a market share of around 43% and more than 14 billion views of videos, according to comScore.[41] That year, the company simplified its interface in order to increase the time users would spend on the site.[42] In 2011, more than three billion videos were being watched each day with 48 hours of new videos uploaded every minute.[43][44][45] However, most of these views came from a relatively small number of videos; according to a software engineer at that time, 30% of videos accounted for 99% of views on the site.[46] That year, the company again changed its interface and at the same time, introduced a new logo with a darker shade of red.[47][48] A subsequent interface change, designed to unify the experience across desktop, TV, and mobile, was rolled out in 2013.[49] By that point, more than 100 hours were being uploaded every minute, a number that would increase to 300 hours by November 2014.[50][51]

During this time, the company also went through some organizational changes. In October 2006, YouTube moved to a new office in San Bruno, California.[52] Hurley announced that he would be stepping down as a chief executive officer of YouTube to take an advisory role and that Salar Kamangar would take over as head of the company in October 2010.[53]

YouTube's new CEO (2014–2018)

Susan Wojcicki was appointed CEO of YouTube in February 2014.[54] In January 2016, YouTube expanded its headquarters in San Bruno by purchasing an office park for $215 million. The complex has 51,468 square metres (554,000 square feet) of space and can house up to 2,800 employees.[55] YouTube officially launched the "polymer" redesign of its user interfaces based on Material Design language as its default, as well a redesigned logo that is built around the service's play button emblem in August 2017.[56]

Through this period, YouTube tried several new ways to generate revenue beyond advertisements. In 2013, YouTube launched a pilot program for content providers to offer premium, subscription-based channels within the platform.[57][58] This effort was discontinued in January 2018 and relaunched in June, with US$4.99 channel subscriptions.[59][60] These channel subscriptions complemented the existing Super Chat ability, launched in 2017, which allows viewers to donate between $1 and $500 to have their comment highlighted.[61] In 2014, YouTube announced a subscription service known as "Music Key," which bundled ad-free streaming of music content on YouTube with the existing Google Play Music service.[62] The service continued to evolve in 2015, when YouTube announced YouTube Red, a new premium service that would offer ad-free access to all content on the platform (succeeding the Music Key service released the previous year), premium original series, and films produced by YouTube personalities, as well as background playback of content on mobile devices. YouTube also released YouTube Music, a third app oriented towards streaming and discovering the music content hosted on the YouTube platform.[63][64][65]

The company also attempted to create products to appeal to specific kinds of viewers. YouTube released a mobile app known as YouTube Kids in 2015, designed to provide an experience optimized for children. It features a simplified user interface, curated selections of channels featuring age-appropriate content, and parental control features.[66] Also in 2015, YouTube launched YouTube Gaming—a video gaming-oriented vertical and app for videos and live streaming, intended to compete with the Amazon.com-owned Twitch.[67]

Consolidation and controversy (2018–present)

The company was attacked on April 3, 2018, when a shooting occurred at YouTube's headquarters in San Bruno, California, which wounded four and resulted in one death (the shooter).[68] By February 2017, one billion hours of YouTube were watched every day, and 400 hours of video were uploaded every minute.[8][69] Two years later, the uploads had risen to more than 500 hours per minute.[9] During the COVID-19 pandemic, when most of the world was under stay-at-home orders, usage of services such as YouTube greatly increased. One data firm estimated that YouTube was accounting for 15% of all internet traffic, twice its pre-pandemic level.[70] In response to EU officials requesting that such services reduce bandwidth as to make sure medical entities had sufficient bandwidth to share information, YouTube along with Netflix stated they would reduce streaming quality for at least thirty days as to cut bandwidth use of their services by 25% to comply with the EU's request.[71] YouTube later announced that they would continue with this move worldwide: "We continue to work closely with governments and network operators around the globe to do our part to minimize stress on the system during this unprecedented situation."[72]

Following a 2018 complaint alleging violations of the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA),[73] the company was fined $170 million by the FTC for collecting personal information from minors under the age of 13.[74] YouTube was also ordered to create systems to increase children's privacy.[75][76] Following criticisms of its implementation of those systems, YouTube started treating all videos designated as "made for kids" as liable under COPPA on January 6, 2020.[77][78] Joining the YouTube Kids app, the company created a supervised mode, designed more for tweens, in 2021.[79]

During this period, YouTube entered disputes with other tech companies. For over a year, in 2018 and 2019, there was no YouTube app available for Amazon Fire products. In 2020, Roku was forced to remove the YouTube TV app from its streaming store after the two companies were unable to reach an agreement.[80][81]

Features

Video technology

YouTube primarily uses the VP9 and H.264/MPEG-4 AVC video codecs, and the Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP protocol.[82]MPEG-4 Part 2 streams contained within 3GP containers are also provided for low bandwidth connections.[83] By January 2019, YouTube had begun rolling out videos in AV1 format.[84] In 2021 it was reported that the company was considering requiring AV1 in streaming hardware in order to decrease bandwidth and increase quality.[85] Video is usually streamed alongside the Opus and AAC audio codecs.[83]

At launch in 2005, viewing YouTube videos on a personal computer required the Adobe Flash Player plug-in to be installed in the browser.[86] In January 2010, YouTube launched an experimental version of the site that used the built-in multimedia capabilities of web browsers supporting the HTML5 standard.[87] This allowed videos to be viewed without requiring Adobe Flash Player or any other plug-in to be installed.[88] On January 27, 2015, YouTube announced that HTML5 would be the default playback method on supported browsers.[87] With the switch to HTML5 video streams using Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP (MPEG-DASH), an adaptive bit-rate HTTP-based streaming solution optimizing the bitrate and quality for the available network.[89]

The platform can serve videos at optionally lower resolution levels starting at 144p for smoothening playback in areas and countries with limited Internet speeds, improving compatibility, as well as for the preservation of limited cellular data plans. The resolution setting can be adjusted automatically based on detected connection speed, as well as be set manually.[90][91]

From 2008 to 2017, users could add "annotations" to their videos—such as pop-up text messages and hyperlinks and which allowed for interactive videos. By 2019 all annotations had been removed from videos, breaking some videos which depended on the feature. YouTube introduced standardized widgets intended to replace annotations in a cross-platform manner, including "end screens" (a customizable array of thumbnails for specified videos displayed near the end of the video).[92][93][94]

In 2018, YouTube became an ISNI registry, and announced its intention to begin creating ISNI identifiers to uniquely identify the avast antivirus crack download - Activators Patch whose videos it features.[95]

Uploading

All YouTube users can upload videos snaptube old version to 15 minutes each in duration. Users can verify their account, normally through a mobile phone, to gain the ability to upload videos up to 12 hours in length, as well as produce live streams.[96][97] When YouTube was launched in 2005, it was possible to upload longer videos, but a ten-minute limit was introduced in March 2006 after YouTube found that the majority of videos exceeding this length were unauthorized uploads of television shows and films.[98] The 10-minute limit was increased to 15 minutes in July 2010.[99] Videos can be at most 256 GB in size or 12 hours, whichever is less.[96]As of 2021[update], automatic closed captions using speech recognition technology when a video is uploaded is available in 13 languages. YouTube also offers manual closed captioning as part of its creator studio.[100] YouTube formerly offered a 'Community Captions' feature, where viewers could write and submit captions for public display upon approval by the video uploader, but this was deprecated in September 2020.

YouTube accepts the most common container formats, including MP4, Matroska, FLV, AVI, WebM, 3GP, MPEG-PS, and the QuickTime File Format. Some intermediate video formats (i.e., primarily used for professional video editing, not for final delivery or storage) are also accepted, such as ProRes.[102] YouTube provides recommended encoding settings.[103]

In 2018, YouTube added a feature called Premiere which displays a notification to the user mentioning when the video will be available for the first time, like for a live stream but with a prerecorded video.[104]

Quality and formats

YouTube originally offered videos at only one quality level, displayed at a resolution of 320×240 pixels using the Sorenson Spark codec (a variant of H.263),[105][106] with mono MP3 audio.[107] In June 2007, YouTube added an option to watch videos in 3GP format on mobile phones.[108] In March 2008, a high-quality mode was added, which increased the resolution to 480×360 pixels.[109] In December 2008, 720pHD support was added. At the time of the 720p launch, the YouTube player was changed from a 4:3aspect ratio to a widescreen16:9.[110] With this new feature, YouTube began a switchover to H.264/MPEG-4 AVC as its default video compression format. In November 2009, 1080p HD support was added. In July 2010, YouTube announced that it had launched a range of videos in 4K format, which allows a resolution of up to 4096×3072 pixels.[111][112] In March 2015, support for 4K resolution was added, with the videos playing at 3840 × 2160 pixels. In June 2015, support for 8K resolution was added, with the videos playing at 7680×4320 pixels.[113] In November 2016, support for HDR video was added which can be encoded with hybrid log–gamma (HLG) or perceptual quantizer (PQ).[114] HDR video can be encoded with the Rec. 2020 color space.[115]

In June 2014, YouTube began to deploy support for high-frame-rate videos up to 60 frames per second (as opposed to 30 before), becoming available for user uploads in October. YouTube stated that this would enhance "motion-intensive" videos, such as video game footage.[116][117][118][119]

YouTube videos are available in a range of quality levels. Viewers only indirectly influence the video quality. Users choose between "Auto", which adjusts resolution based on the internet connection, "High Picture Quality" which will prioritize playing high-quality video, "Data saver" which will sacrifice video quality in favor of low data usage, and "Advanced" which lets the user choose a stream resolution.[120] It is not possible for the viewer to directly choose a higher bitrate (quality) for any selected resolution.

Since 2009, viewers have had the ability watch 3D videos.[121] In 2015, the company began natively supporting 360-degree video and it has since allowed for live streaming of 360° video at up to 4K resolution.[122][123] Citing the limited number of users who watched more than 90-degrees, the company began supporting an alternative stereoscopic video format known as VR180 which it said was easier to produce.[124] The company now allows users to watch any video using virtual reality headsets.[125]

In response to increased viewership during the COVID-19 pandemic, the company temporarily downgraded the quality of its videos.[126][127] The company developed its own chip, called Argos, to help with encoding higher resolution videos Tenorshare UltData iOS For Windows 2021.[128]

Live streaming

YouTube carried out early experiments with live streaming, including a concert by U2 in 2009, and a question-and-answer session with US President Barack Obama in February 2010.[129] These tests had relied on technology microsoft office word 2007 free download full version - Crack Key For U 3rd-party partners, but in September 2010, YouTube began testing its own live streaming infrastructure.[130] In April 2011, YouTube announced the rollout of YouTube Live. The creation of live streams was initially limited to select partners.[131] It was used for real-time broadcasting of events such as the 2012 Olympics in London.[132] In October 2012, more than 8 million people watched Felix Baumgartner's jump from the edge of space as a live stream on YouTube.[133]

In May 2013, creation of live streams was opened to verified users with at least 1,000 subscribers; in August of that year the number was reduced to 100 subscribers,[134] and in December the limit was removed.[135] In February 2017, live streaming was introduced to the official YouTube mobile app. Live streaming via mobile was initially restricted to users with at least 10,000 subscribers,[136] but as of mid-2017 it has been reduced to 100 subscribers.[137] Live streams support HDR, can be up to 4K resolution at 60 fps, and also support 360° video.[123][138]

User features

On September 13, 2016, YouTube launched a public beta of Community, a social media-based feature that allows users to post text, images (including GIFs), live videos and others in a separate "Community" tab on their channel.[139] Prior to the release, several creators had been consulted to suggest tools Community could incorporate that they would find useful; these YouTubers included Vlogbrothers, AsapScience, Lilly Singh, The Game Theorists, Karmin, The Key of Awesome, The Kloons, Peter Hollens, Rosianna Halse Rojas, Sam Tsui, Threadbanger and Vsauce3.[140][non-primary source needed]

After the feature has been officially released, the community post feature gets activated automatically for every channel that passes a specific threshold of subscriber counts or already has more subscribers. This threshold was lowered over time[when?], from 10,000 subscribers to 1500 subscribers, to 1000 subscribers,[non-primary source needed] to 500 subscribers.[142]

Channels that the community tab becomes enabled for, get their channel discussions (the name before March 2013 "One channel layout" redesign finalization: "channel comments") permanently erased, instead of co-existing or migrating.[non-primary source needed]

See also: Criticism of Google § YouTube user comments

Most videos enable users to leave comments, and these have attracted attention for the negative aspects of both their form and content. In 2006, Time praised Web 2.0 for enabling "community and collaboration on a scale never seen before", and added that YouTube "harnesses the stupidity of crowds as well as its wisdom. Some of the comments on YouTube make you weep for the future of humanity just for the spelling alone, never mind the obscenity and the naked hatred".[144]The Guardian in 2009 described users' comments on YouTube as:[145]

Juvenile, aggressive, misspelt, sexist, homophobic, swinging from raging at the contents of a video to providing a pointlessly detailed description followed by a LOL, YouTube comments are a hotbed of infantile debate and unashamed ignorance—with the occasional burst of wit shining through.

The Daily Telegraph commented in September 2008, that YouTube was "notorious" for "some of the most confrontational and ill-formed comment exchanges on the internet", and reported on YouTube Comment Snob, "a new piece of software that blocks rude and illiterate posts".[146]The Huffington Post noted in April 2012 that finding comments on YouTube that appear "offensive, stupid and crass" to the "vast majority" of the people is hardly difficult.[147]

Google subsequently implemented a comment system oriented on Google+ on November 6, 2013, that required all YouTube users to use a Google+ account to comment on videos. The stated motivation for the change was giving creators more power to moderate and block comments, thereby addressing frequent criticisms of their quality and tone.[148] The new system restored the ability to include URLs in comments, which had previously been removed due to problems with abuse.[149][150] In response, YouTube co-founder Jawed Karim posted the question "why the fuck do I need a google+ account to comment on a video?" on his YouTube channel to express his negative opinion of the change.[151] The official YouTube announcement[152] received 20,097 "thumbs down" votes and generated more than 32,000 comments in two days.[153] Writing in the Newsday blog Silicon Island, Chase Melvin noted that "Google+ is nowhere near as popular a social media network like Facebook, but it's essentially being forced upon millions of YouTube users who don't want to lose their ability to comment on videos" and added that "Discussion forums across the Internet are already bursting with the outcry against the new comment system". In the same article Melvin goes on to say:[154]

Perhaps user complaints are justified, but the idea of revamping the old system isn't so bad. Think of the crude, misogynistic and racially-charged mudslinging that has transpired over the last eight years on YouTube without any discernible moderation. Isn't any attempt to curb unidentified libelers worth a shot? The system is far from perfect, but Google should be lauded for trying to alleviate some of the damage caused by irate YouTubers hiding behind animosity and anonymity.

Later, on July 27, 2015, Google announced in a blog post that it would be removing the requirement to sign up to a Google+ account to post comments to YouTube.[155] Then on November 3, 2016, YouTube announced a trial scheme which allows the creators of videos to decide whether to approve, snaptube old version or report the comments posted on videos based on an algorithm that detects potentially offensive comments.[156] Creators may also choose to keep or delete comments with links or hashtags in order to combat spam. They can also allow other users to moderate their comments.[157]

In December 2020, it was reported that YouTube would launch a new feature that will warn users who post a comment that "may be offensive to others."[158][159]

Content accessibility

YouTube offers users the ability to view its videos on web pages outside their website. Each YouTube video is accompanied by a piece of HTML that can be used to embed it on any page on the Web.[160] This functionality is often used to embed YouTube videos in social networking pages and blogs. Users wishing to post a video discussing, inspired by, or related to another user's video can make a "video response". The eleven character Youtube video identifier (64 possible characters used in each position), allows for a theoretical maximum of 6411 or around 73.8 quintillion (73.8 billion billion) unique ids.

YouTube announced that it would remove video responses for being an underused feature on August 27, 2013.[161] Embedding, rating, commenting and response posting can be disabled by the video owner.[162] YouTube does not usually offer a download link for its videos, and intends for them to be viewed through its website interface.[163] A small number of videos can be downloaded as MP4 files.[164] Numerous third-party web sites, applications and browser plug-ins allow users to download YouTube videos.[165]

In February 2009, YouTube announced a test service, allowing some partners to offer video downloads for free or for a fee paid through Google Checkout.[166] In June 2012, Google sent cease and desist letters threatening legal action against several websites offering online download and conversion of YouTube videos.[167] In response, Zamzar removed the ability to download YouTube videos from its site.[168] Users retain copyright of their own work under the default Standard YouTube License,[169] but have the option to grant certain usage rights under any public copyright license they choose.

Since July 2012, it has been possible to select a Creative Commons attribution license as the default, allowing other users to reuse and remix the material.[170]

Platforms

Most modern smartphones are capable of accessing YouTube videos, either within an application or through an optimized website. YouTube Mobile was launched in June 2007, using RTSP streaming for the video.[171] Not all of YouTube's videos are available on the mobile version of the site.[172]

Since June 2007, YouTube's videos have been available for viewing on a range of Apple products. This required YouTube's content to be transcoded into Apple's preferred video standard, H.264, a process that took several months. YouTube videos can be viewed on devices including Apple TV, iPod Touch and the iPhone.[173]

The mobile version of the site was relaunched based on HTML5 in July 2010, avoiding the need to use Adobe Flash Player and optimized for use with touch screen controls.[174] The mobile version is also available as an app for the Android platform.[175][176]

In September 2012, YouTube launched its first app for the iPhone, following the decision to drop YouTube as one of the preloaded apps in the iPhone 5 and iOS 6 operating system.[177] According to GlobalWebIndex, YouTube was used by 35% of smartphone users between XLStat 2020.3 Build 22.3.11 Crack + Serial Key Free Download 2020 and June 2013, making it the third-most used app.[178]

A TiVo service update in July 2008 allowed the system to search and play YouTube videos.[179]

In January 2009, YouTube launched "YouTube for TV", a version of the website tailored for set-top boxes and other TV-based media devices with web browsers, initially allowing its videos to be viewed on the PlayStation 3 and Wiivideo game consoles.[180][181]

During the month of June that same year, YouTube XL was introduced, which has a simplified interface designed for viewing on a standard television screen.[182] YouTube is also available as an app on Xbox Live.[183]

On November 15, 2012, Google launched an official app for the Wii, allowing users to watch YouTube videos from the Wii channel.[184] An app was available for Wii U and Nintendo 3DS, but was discontinued in August 2019.[185] Videos can also be viewed on the Wii U Internet Browser using HTML5.[186] Google made YouTube available on the Roku player on December 17, 2013,[187] and, in October 2014, the Sony PlayStation 4.[188]

YouTube launched as a downloadable app for the Nintendo Switch in November 2018.[189]

International and Localization

On June 19, 2007, Google CEO Eric Schmidt appeared in Paris to launch the new localization system.[190] The interface of the website is available with localized versions in 104 countries, one territory (Hong Kong) and a worldwide version.[191]

YouTube Localisation.svg
Country Language(s) Launch date
 United States (and worldwide launch) English, SpanishFebruary 14, 2005[190]
 BrazilPortugueseJune 19, 2007[190]
 FranceFrench, Catalan, BasqueJune 19, 2007[190]
 IrelandEnglish, IrishJune 19, 2007[190]
 ItalyItalian, German, CatalanJune 19, 2007[190]
 JapanJapaneseJune 19, 2007[190]
 NetherlandsDutchJune 19, 2007[190]
 PolandPolishJune 19, 2007[190]
 SpainSpanish, Galician, Catalan, BasqueJune 19, 2007[190]
 United KingdomEnglishJune 19, 2007[190]
 MexicoSpanishOctober 11, 2007[192]
 Hong KongChinese, EnglishOctober 17, 2007[193]
 TaiwanChineseOctober 18, 2007
 AustraliaEnglishOctober 22, 2007[194]
 New ZealandEnglishOctober 22, 2007[194]
 CanadaEnglish, FrenchNovember 6, 2007[195]
 GermanyGermanNovember 8, 2007[196]
 RussiaRussianNovember 13, 2007[197]
 South KoreaKoreanJanuary 23, 2008[198]
 IndiaHindi, Bengali, Punjabi, English, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, UrduMay 7, 2008[199]
 IsraelHebrew, ArabicSeptember 16, 2008
 Czech RepublicCzechOctober 9, 2008[200]
 SwedenSwedishOctober 22, 2008[201]
 South AfricaEnglish, Afrikaans, ZuluMay 17, 2010[190]
 ArgentinaSpanishSeptember 8, 2010[202]
 AlgeriaArabic, FrenchMarch 9, 2011[203]
 EgyptArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 JordanArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 MoroccoFrench, ArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 Saudi ArabiaArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 TunisiaArabic, FrenchMarch 9, 2011[203]
 YemenArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 KenyaEnglish, SwahiliSeptember 1, 2011[204]
 PhilippinesFilipino, EnglishOctober 13, 2011[205]
 SingaporeEnglish, Malay, Chinese, TamilOctober 20, 2011[206]
 BelgiumFrench, Dutch, GermanNovember 16, 2011[190]
 ColombiaSpanishNovember 30, 2011[207]
 UgandaEnglish, SwahiliDecember 2, 2011[208]
 NigeriaEnglishDecember 7, 2011[209]
 ChileSpanishJanuary 20, 2012[210]
 HungaryHungarianFebruary 29, 2012[211]
 MalaysiaMalay, EnglishMarch 22, 2012[212]
 PeruSpanishMarch 25, 2012[213]
 United Arab EmiratesArabic, EnglishApril 1, 2012[214]
 GreeceGreekMay 1, 2012
 IndonesiaIndonesian, EnglishMay 17, 2012[215]
 GhanaEnglishJune 5, 2012[216]
 SenegalFrench, EnglishJuly 4, 2012[217]
 TurkeyTurkishOctober 1, 2012[218]
 UkraineUkrainianDecember 13, 2012[219]
 DenmarkDanishFebruary 1, 2013[220]
 FinlandFinnish, SwedishFebruary 1, 2013[221]
 NorwayNorwegianFebruary 1, 2013[222]
  SwitzerlandGerman, French, ItalianMarch 29, 2013[223]
 AustriaGermanMarch 29, 2013[224]
 RomaniaRomanianApril 18, 2013[225]
 PortugalPortugueseApril 25, 2013[226]
 SlovakiaSlovakApril 25, 2013[227]
 BahrainArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 KuwaitArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 OmanArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 QatarArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnian, Croatian, SerbianMarch 17, 2014
 BulgariaBulgarianMarch 17, 2014[229]
 CroatiaCroatianMarch 17, 2014[230]
 EstoniaEstonianMarch 17, 2014[231]
 LatviaLatvianMarch 17, 2014[232]
 LithuaniaLithuanianMarch 17, 2014
 North MacedoniaMacedonian, Serbian, TurkishMarch 17, 2014
 MontenegroSerbian, CroatianMarch 17, 2014
 SerbiaSerbianMarch 17, 2014
 SloveniaSlovenianMarch 17, 2014[233]
 ThailandThaiApril 1, 2014[234]
 LebanonArabicMay 1, 2014[228]
 Puerto RicoSpanish, EnglishAugust 23, 2014
 IcelandIcelandic2014
 LuxembourgFrench, German2014
 VietnamVietnameseOctober 1, 2014
 LibyaArabicFebruary 1, 2015
 TanzaniaEnglish, SwahiliJune 2, 2015
 ZimbabweEnglishJune 2, 2015
 AzerbaijanAzerbaijaniOctober 12, 2015[235]
 BelarusBelarusian, RussianOctober 12, 2015[235]
 GeorgiaGeorgianOctober 12, 2015[235]
 KazakhstanKazakh, RussianOctober 12, 2015[235]
 IraqArabicNovember 9, 2015[citation needed]
   NepalNepaliJanuary 12, 2016[236]
 PakistanUrdu, EnglishJanuary 12, 2016[237]
 Sri LankaSinhala, Tamil, EnglishJanuary 12, 2016[236]
 JamaicaEnglishAugust 4, 2016[citation needed]
 MaltaEnglishJune 24, 2018
 BoliviaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 Costa RicaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 EcuadorSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 El SalvadorSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 GuatemalaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 HondurasSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 NicaraguaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 PanamaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 UruguaySpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 ParaguaySpanish, GuaraniFebruary 21, 2019
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The YouTube interface suggests which local version should be chosen based on the IP address of the user. In some cases, the message "This video is not available in your country" may appear because of copyright restrictions or inappropriate content.[238] The interface of the YouTube website is available in 76 language versions, including Amharic, Albanian, Armenian, Burmese, Khmer, Kyrgyz, Laotian, Mongolian, Persian and Uzbek, which do not have local channel versions. Access to YouTube was blocked in Turkey between 2008 and 2010, following controversy over the posting of videos deemed insulting to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and some material offensive to Muslims.[239][240] In October Tenorshare UltData iOS For Windows, a local version of YouTube was launched in Turkey, with the domain. The local version is subject to the content regulations found in Turkish law.[241] In March 2009, a dispute between YouTube and the British royalty collection agency PRS for Music led to premium music videos being blocked for YouTube users in the United Kingdom. The removal of videos posted by the major record companies occurred after failure to reach an agreement on a licensing deal. The dispute was resolved in September 2009.[242] In April 2009, a similar dispute led to the removal of premium music videos for users in Germany.[243]

Videos

In January 2012, it was estimated that visitors to YouTube spent an average of 15 minutes a day on the site, in contrast to the four or five hours a day spent by a typical US citizen watching television.[244] In 2017, viewers on average watched YouTube on mobile devices for more than an hour every day.[245]

In December 2012, two billion views were removed from the view counts of Universal and Sony music videos on YouTube, prompting a claim by The Daily Dot that the views had been deleted due to a violation of the site's terms of service, which ban the use of automated processes to inflate view counts. This was disputed by Billboard, which said that the two billion views had been moved to Vevo, since the videos were no longer active on YouTube.[246][247] On August 5, 2015, YouTube patched the formerly notorious behaviour which caused a video's view count to freeze at "301" (later "301+") until the actual count was verified to prevent view count fraud.[248] YouTube view counts once again updated in real time.[249]

Since September 2019, subscriber counts are abbreviated. Only three leading digits of channels' subscriber counts are indicated publicly, compromising the function of third-party real-time indicators such as that of Social Blade. Exact counts remain available to channel operators inside YouTube Studio.[250] On November 11, 2021, after testing out this change on March 2021, YouTube announced it would start hiding dislike counts on videos, making them invisible to viewers. YouTube creators will still be able to see the number of likes and dislikes in the YouTube Studio dashboard tool, according to YouTube.[251][252][253]The announcement was panned by the YouTube community and prompted a negative response from YouTube co-founder Jawed Karim, who referred to the update as "a stupid idea".[254][255]

Copyright issues

Main article: YouTube copyright issues

Further information: § Revenue to copyright holders

YouTube has faced numerous challenges and criticisms in its attempts to deal with copyright, including the site's first viral video, Lazy Sunday, which had to be taken down, due to copyright concerns.[29] At the time of uploading a video, YouTube users are shown a message asking them not to violate copyright laws.[256] Despite this advice, many unauthorized clips of copyrighted material remain on YouTube. YouTube does not view videos before they are posted online, and it is left to copyright holders to issue a DMCAtakedown notice pursuant to the terms of the Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act. Any successful complaint about copyright infringement results in a YouTube copyright strike. Three successful complaints for copyright infringement against a user account will result in the account and all of its uploaded videos being deleted.[257][258] From 2007 to 2009 organizations including Viacom, Mediaset, and the English Premier League have filed lawsuits against YouTube, claiming that it has done too little to prevent the uploading of copyrighted material.[259][260][261]

In August 2008, a US court ruled in Lenz v. Universal Music Corp. that copyright holders cannot order the removal of an online file without first determining whether the posting reflected fair use of the material.[262] YouTube's owner Google announced in November 2015 that they would help cover the legal cost in select cases where they believe fair use defenses apply.[263]

In the 2011 case of Smith v. Summit Entertainment LLC, professional singer Matt Smith sued Summit Entertainment for the wrongful use of copyright takedown notices on YouTube.[264] He asserted seven causes of action, and four were ruled in Smith's favor.[265] In April 2012, a court in Hamburg ruled that YouTube could be held responsible for copyrighted material posted by its users.[266] On November 1, 2016, the dispute with GEMA was resolved, with Google content ID being used to allow advertisements to be added to videos with content protected by GEMA.[267]

In April 2013, it was reported that Universal Music Group and YouTube have a contractual agreement that prevents content blocked on YouTube by a request from UMG from being restored, even if the uploader of the video files a DMCA counter-notice.[268][269] As part of YouTube Music, Universal and YouTube signed an agreement in 2017, which was followed by separate agreements other major labels, which gave the company the right to advertising revenue when its music was played on YouTube.[270] By 2019, creators were having videos taken down or demonetized when Content ID identified even short segments of copyrighted music within a much longer video, with different levels of enforcement depending on the record label.[271] Experts noted that some of these clips said qualified for fair use.[271]

Content ID

Main article: Content ID (system)

In June 2007, YouTube began trials of a system for automatic detection of uploaded videos that infringe copyright. Google CEO Eric Schmidt regarded this system as necessary for resolving lawsuits such as the one from Viacom, which alleged that YouTube profited from content that it did not have the right to distribute.[272] The system, which was initially called "Video Identification"[273][274] and later became known as Content ID,[275] creates an ID File for copyrighted audio and video material, and stores it in a database. When a video is uploaded, it is checked against the database, and flags the video as a copyright violation if a match is found.[276] When this occurs, the content owner has the choice of blocking the video to make it unviewable, tracking the viewing statistics of the video, or adding advertisements to the video.

By 2010, YouTube had "already invested tens of millions of dollars in this technology".[274]

In 2011, YouTube described Content ID as "very accurate in finding uploads that look similar to reference files that are of sufficient length and quality to generate an effective ID File".[276]

By 2012, Content ID accounted for over a third of the monetized views on YouTube.[277]

An independent test in 2009 uploaded multiple versions of the same song to YouTube and concluded that while the system was "surprisingly resilient" in finding copyright violations in the audio tracks of videos, it was not infallible.[278] The use of Content ID to remove material automatically has led to controversy in some cases, as the videos have not been checked by a human for fair use.[279] If a YouTube user disagrees with a decision by Content ID, it is possible to fill in a form disputing the decision.[280]

Before 2016, videos were not monetized until the dispute was resolved. Since April 2016, videos continue to be monetized while the dispute is in progress, and the money goes to whoever won the dispute.[281] Should the uploader want to monetize the video again, they may remove the disputed audio in the "Video Manager".[282] YouTube has cited the effectiveness of Content ID as one of the reasons why the site's rules were modified in December 2010 to allow some users to upload videos of unlimited length.[283]

Moderation and offensive content

See also: Criticism of Google § YouTube, and Censorship by Google § YouTube

YouTube has a set of community guidelines aimed to reduce abuse of the site's features. The uploading of videos containing defamation, pornography, and material encouraging criminal conduct is forbidden by YouTube's "Community Guidelines".[284] Generally prohibited material includes sexually explicit content, videos of animal abuse, shock videos, content uploaded without the copyright holder's consent, hate speech, spam, and predatory behavior.[284] YouTube relies on its users to flag the content of videos as inappropriate, and a YouTube employee will view a flagged video to determine whether it violates the site's guidelines.[284] Despite the guidelines, YouTube has faced criticism over aspects of its operations,[285] its recommendation algorithms perpetuating videos that promote conspiracy theories and falsehoods,[286] hosting videos ostensibly targeting children but containing violent or sexually suggestive content involving popular characters,[287] videos of minors attracting pedophilic activities in their comment sections,[288] and fluctuating policies on the types of content that is eligible to be monetized with advertising.[285]

YouTube contracts companies to hire content moderators, who view content flagged as potentially violating YouTube's content policies and determines if they should be removed. In September 2020, a class-action suit was filed by a former content moderator who reported developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after an 18-month period on the job. The former content moderator said that she was regularly made to exceed YouTube's stated limited of four hours per day of viewing graphic content. The lawsuit alleges that YouTube's contractors gave little snaptube old version no training or support for its moderator's mental health, made prospective employees sign NDAs before showing them any examples of content they would see while reviewing, and censored all mention of trauma from its internal forums. It also purports that requests for extremely graphic content to be blurred, reduced in size or made monochrome, per recommendations from the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, were rejected by YouTube as not a high priority for the company.[289][290][291]

To limit the spread of misinformation and fake news via YouTube, it has rolled out a comprehensive policy regarding how to planned to deal with technically manipulated videos.[292]

Controversial content has included material relating to Holocaust denial and the Hillsborough disaster, in which 96 football fans from Liverpool were crushed to death in 1989.[293][294] In July 2008, the Culture and Media Committee of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom stated that it was "unimpressed" with YouTube's system for policing its videos, and argued that "proactive review of content should be standard practice for sites hosting user-generated content". YouTube responded by stating:

We have strict rules on what's allowed, and a system that enables anyone who sees inappropriate content to report it to our 24/7 review team and have it dealt with promptly. We educate our community on the rules and include a direct link from every YouTube page to make this process as easy as possible for our users. Given the volume of content uploaded on our site, we think this is by far the most effective way to make sure that the tiny minority of videos that break the rules come down quickly.[295] (July 2008)

In October 2010, U.S. Congressman Anthony Weiner urged YouTube to remove from its website videos of imam Anwar al-Awlaki.[296] YouTube pulled some of the videos in November 2010, stating they violated the site's guidelines.[297] In December 2010, YouTube added the ability to flag videos for containing terrorism content.[298]

In 2018, YouTube introduced a system that would automatically add information boxes to videos that its algorithms determined may present conspiracy theories and other fake news, filling the infobox with content from Encyclopedia Britannica and Wikipedia as a means to inform users to minimize misinformation propagation without impacting freedom of speech.[299] In the wake of the Notre-Dame de Paris fire on April 15, 2019, several user-uploaded videos of the landmark fire were flagged by YouTube' system automatically with an Encyclopedia Britannica article on the false conspiracy theories around the September 11 attacks. Several users complained to YouTube about this inappropriate connection. YouTube officials apologized for this, stating that their algorithms had misidentified the fire videos and added the information block automatically, and were taking steps to remedy this.[300]

Five leading content creators whose channels were based on LGBTQ+ materials filed a federal lawsuit against YouTube in August 2019, alleging that YouTube's algorithms divert discovery away from their channels, impacting their revenue. The plaintiffs claimed that the algorithms discourage content with words like "lesbian" or "gay", which would be predominant in their channels' content, and because of YouTube's near-monopolization of online video services, they are abusing that position.[301]

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Snaptube for PC: With the revolution of the smartphones, the need for the innovative apps is increasing with each passing day. Snaptube is such a unique video downloading application which downloads videos from various websites with ease. Apart from downloading videos at lightning speed with just a button, Snaptube also allows its users to convert the videos into MP3 files and occupies a very little disk space.

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Moreover, the application comes ad-free to enhance your video watching experiences, downloads videos of multiple resolutions, recommends contents by the user’s previous searching history and even allows to share the downloaded materials with your friends and family. But the only problem with this application it is exclusively designed for Android only, and thus officially not available on Windows PC. So if you want to download SnapTube for PC (Windows OS specifically), what should you do? Well, in this tutorial, we have illustrated the steps to download SnapTube for Windows. But before we talk about the technical nitty and gritty, let’s check out the minimum system requirement to run video downloader SnapTube for PC

Also Read - Snaptube Para PC

Snaptube for PC (Windows): Minimum System Requirements

Snaptube PC

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Snaptube PC FAQ's

Is SnapTube available for PC?

Yes, SnapTube is available for PC. You can easily download and run snaptube pc with snaptube old version help of an android emulator. There are a lot of android emulator which you can install on your windows pc, but bluestacks android emulator is the best in the market. You can follow up on the guide mentioned above in the article to run the snaptube on your windows pc.

How do I download a YouTube clip onto my computer?

You can download a YouTube clip on your computer with the help of snaptube pc. You can run the snaptube pc with the help of an android emulator.

Snaptube for PC Without BlueStacks – Windows 10

snaptube for pc without bluestacks

If you are the one who doesn’t want to install bluestacks on your Windows PC then, we have mentioned all the methods below which can help you to download snaptube for pc without bluestacks.

From the methods below mentioned, you can easily download snaptube for pc windows 10 even without installing bluestacks PC emulator on your device. If you have low specs on your Windows 10 computer then, you can easily install any of the emulators mentioned below to download snaptube for Windows 10/8.1/8/7/XP.

Snaptube for PC Free Download – Easy Methods

As we have already Snaptube is an Android-based application it is not officially available for Windows. So to run this video downloading an app on a Windows-based device, we need an Android emulator first. An Android emulator is a software which mimics Android on your Windows desktop or laptop so that you can play any Android app without your device having Android, through the emulator’s online interface. Currently, AMIDuOS, Andy, Nox App Player, Remix OS, and YouWave are the five most popular, secure, and reliable Android emulators available on the internet. We have discussed the steps to download Snaptube for PC with all the three emulators. 

Also Read - Facetime for PC

Using AMIDuOS Android emulator

AMIDuOS Android Emulator

AMIDuOS Android Emulator

Step 1: Just like BlueStacks, download the Andy Android emulator first from the official website.

Step 2: Now start the installation of the emulator by clicking on the installer file you have just downloaded.

Step 3: Then, when you have successfully installed the Andy emulator on your Windows PC, download the snaptube apk file.

Step 4: Now, launch the Andy emulator on your Windows desktop/laptop.

Step 5: Next visit to the ‘Downloads’ directory of your PC where you have downloaded the Snaptube apk file.

Step 6: After that, right-click on the snaptube pro apk file and open it with the Andy Android emulator.

Step 7: The emulator will start automatically installing the video downloader.

Step 8: Finally, when the video downloading application gets installed on your device, you will find it in the ‘All Apps’ section. Double click on the app and start using Snaptube for Windows.

Using YouWave Android Emulator

Youwave Android Emulator

Youwave Android Emulator

Step 1: Just like the above mentioned two methods you have to again download the YouWave Android emulator from its official website at the first step. There are two versions available of this emulator, one comes with absolutely free of cost, and the other one is the premium version, which you have to buy. The free version contains ads, whereas the premium version comes ad-free.

Step 2: Now install the YouWave Android emulator on your Windows PC by clicking on the installer file you have just downloaded.

Step 3: When the YouWave emulator gets successfully installed on your Windows PC, download the Snaptube apk file from  the download button below.

Step 4: Next, launch the YouWave emulator on your Windows PC

Step 5: Now go to the ‘Downloads’ folder of your laptop/desktop where you have downloaded the Snaptube apk file.

Step 6: Then right-click on the Snaptube apk file and open the file with the YouWave emulator.

Step 7: YouWave will now automatically start installing the Snaptube video downloader.

Step 8: Last but not least, when SnapTube gets installed on your desktop/laptop, you will find it in the snaptube old version Apps’ section. Double click on the video downloading app and start using Snaptube for Windows PC.

Using Nox App Player Android Emulator

Nox Android Emulator

Nox Android Emulator

Step 1: Like on all other occasions, download the Nox App Player from its official website and install it on your PC.

Step 2: Done with the first step, now download Snaptube for PC.

Step 3: Now that you have downloaded the two files and even installed one of those, open the Android emulator, which is Nox App Player. Go to the Toolbar option.

Step 4: Find out the ‘Add APK’ option. Once you click on that, a new dialogue box will appear where you will have to click on ‘I Know.’

Step 5: In the final step, add the Snaptube for PC apk file to the Nox App Player, which will initiate the installation. And when the installation gets over, you can get access to the app.

Using Remix OS Android Emulator

RemixOs Android Emulator

RemixOs Android Emulator

Step 1: Get hold of the Remix OS Android emulator, which is available on the official website of the software.

Step 2: Download the Snaptube apk and store it in an easily accessible folder.

Step 3: Run Remix OS and visit the download folder. Now drag and drop the Snaptube apk on the home screen of the Android emulator.

Step 4: You are ready to launch the SnapTube for PC app via Remix OS.

Using KoPlayer Android Emulator

KoPlayer Android Emulator

KoPlayer Android Emulator

Another great Android emulator that you can install Snaptube for Windows PC with is KoPlayer, which, like all the other tools listed above, is a very secure means to download Android apps on the PC with. Here are the steps you need to follow for the same.

Step 1: Download KoPlayer Android emulator from their official website.

Step 2: Install the software using the installer file and let it run. If it requires you to sign in using your Google account, do it without hesitation.

Step 3: For the next step, you will be required to download the Snaptube Apk file from here. To do that, open this particular page on your PC browser and follow the link provided above.

Step 4: Now, open up KoPlayer and click on the Add Apk option.

Step 5: Add the Snaptube Apk file that you have downloaded from the Download folder.

Step 6: Wait until the application finishes installing.

Step 7: Restart your PC and download videos using Snaptube downloader for PC.

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Vungle privacy

Last Updated: December 17, 2019

Vungle, Inc. and its group companies (“Vungle“, “we” or “us“) respect your privacy. This privacy notice (“Notice”) explains who we are, how we collect, use and share personal information about you, and how you can exercise your privacy rights.
This Notice covers personal information we collect:

  1. when providing the Vungle Ad Services (see Section 2); and
  2. when you visit one of our Websites, and in the usual course of our business, such as in connection with our events, sales and marketing activities (see Section 3).

QUICK LINKS

We recommend that you read this Notice in full to ensure you are fully informed. However, to make it easier for you to review those parts of this Notice which apply to you, we have divided up the document into the following sections:

We participate in and comply with the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Framework to cover data we process from the European Union (“EU”). For further information, please review our EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Notice

1. WHO WE ARE

Vungle is an ad network providing a technology platform (“Platform”) for Clients that want to advertise and/or monetize their applications, games, and other products. Our “Clients” include “Advertisers” that wish to distribute ad content through the Vungle Platform, and “Publishers” of applications that want to display relevant ads to end users (“End Users“) of third party applications (“apps“) that use our SDKs, APIs, hosted video advertising platform and/or any of our related advertising tools (collectively, the “Vungle Ad Services“).

Advertising revenue helps keep many games and apps free, and Vungle works hard to ensure that our ads are interesting, relevant, and safe for End Users.

2. VUNGLE AD SERVICES

This Section describes how Vungle collects and uses information we receive from End Users (“you“) of apps that use the Vungle Ad Services.

2.1 What information do we collect?

When you use an app supported by Vungle technology (see Section 2.3, below, our services can collect certain information about your mobile device. Some of this information (including for example, your IP address and certain unique snaptube old version, may identify a particular computer or device and may be “personal information” or “personal data” as defined under law in some jurisdictions (including in California and the EU, respectively) (hereinafter, collectively referred to as “personal information”). We collect this information the first time Vungle’s SDK is initialized on a Publisher Client’s app. Note, however, that Vungle’s Ad Services do not collect any information that that enables us to identify End Users personally (such as your name, address, or email address).

LEARN MORE

The information we collect includes:

  • Information about your device, such snaptube old version the type and model, manufacturer, operating system (e.g. iOS, Android, etc.), carrier name, time zone, network connection type (e.g., Wi-Fi, cellular), IP address, Vungle SDK version, information about the Publisher Client’s app currently active on your device (but not any other apps), and identifiers assigned to your device, such as its iOS Identifier for Advertising (IDFA), Android Advertising ID (AAID or GAID), or other unique device identifier (a number uniquely allocated to your device by your device manufacturer or Publisher Client’s app).
  • Information about your behavior on our Publisher Client’s app, such as information about the activities or actions on those apps, and session start/stop time. Historic versions of Vungle technology may also collect geolocation information (e.g., latitude and longitude co-ordinates), but only (i) if the Publisher Client’s app has enabled location services on your device and (ii) you have granted the Publisher permission to collect this information). However, versions that are current as of the date of this Notice no longer collect geolocation information.
  • Information about ads served, viewed, or clicked on, such as the type of ad, where the ad was served, whether you clicked on it, the number of times you have seen the ad, the number of Vungle ads viewed per session, and whether you visited the Advertiser’s website or relevant app store and/or purchased or installed the product or service advertised.

 

We may also combine and/or enhance the information we collect about your device, including the personal information, with information we may collect about your interactions with other ads served through Vungle’s Platform that you may view on other Publisher Client’s Apps, or with information collected from our Clients and third parties (such as data providers). This may include, for example, mobile device IDs, demographic or interest data, and content viewed or actions taken on an app to help make the ads served to you more relevant while limiting your exposure to less relevant ads. We (or our third party partners) may also use this additional information to undertake “user matching,” which means that in addition to the ID an End User has been assigned in our system, we may also receive a list of unique IDs our external partners or Clients have assigned to an End User.

2.2 How do we use your information?

We use the information, including the personal information, we collect (sometimes in combination with information provided and sourced by independent validation partners) for a variety of business purposes, including the following:

  • Serving Ads: To allow Publishers to offer advertising inventory in their apps, and Advertisers to bid on and display ads in that inventory.
  • Ad Reporting and Conversions: : To allow Vungle to confirm with Advertisers information about when and how End Users phonerescue 3.7 license code - Activators Patch been exposed to their ads, clicked on their ads, or visited their website and to ensure accurate billing for advertising services rendered.
  • Frequency Capping: Preventing End Users from seeing the same ad too many times.
  • Customizing Ads: To customize and more effectively tailor the ads we display to you and to optimize the display of ads (including limiting your exposure to less relevant ads).
  • Performance Analytics and Optimization: To analyze and optimize ad performance, such as tracking views of ads, implementing end user “whitelists” or “blacklists” (to ensure, in some cases, that certain ads are being viewed by appropriate audiences), as well as click-through rates to websites or app stores and/or installs of apps that have been advertised.
  • Fraud Detection and Prevention: Identifying invalid clicks, installs, or ad queries, and protecting us and our Clients from fraudulent behavior.
  • Providing and Improving the Vungle Ad Services: Auditing, researching, and analyzing data in order to provide, protect, and improve the Vungle Ad Services and to ensure that our technologies function properly.

2.3 How does Vungle use its technology to collect information?

We use our technology (in some jurisdictions, such as the EU, these may be referred to as “tracking technologies”) to collect information automatically from your device to perform many of the functions described in “How do we use your information?” above. To opt out of our use of such technologies, please follow the instructions for opting out in the apps, as described in “Opt-Out Choices” below.

LEARN MORE

The standard tracking technologies we use include:

  1. Mobile “SDKs” or “Software Development Kits” (including our own SDKs): These are blocks of code that are embedded into an app allowing Vungle to collect certain information (as described in “ 2.1 What information do we collect?” above relating to your use of apps using our technology. The embedded code from Vungle’s SDK allows the app to “speak” with Vungle’s Platform for purposes of delivering ads.
  2. Mobile device identifiers: We also use standard device identifiers, for example the IDFA advertising identifier used on Apple’s iOS devices and the GAID advertising identifier used on Android devices, to monitor and improve the performance of the ads we show you.
  3. Third-Party Ad Measurement URLs/Links: Additionally, in providing the Vungle Ad Services to our Advertiser Clients, the Vungle ads may include URLs or links from the Advertiser Client’s chosen third-party measurement partner to collect information about your interaction with those ads. The information collected is used for ad delivery, reporting, and billing purposes and may also be used for performance optimization.
  4. “Tags and Pixels”: These are blocks of code that we and our Clients may use to monitor your interaction with apps using our technology. We may use these to synchronize information that we have collected with information independently collected by our Clients and other third party advertising platforms and advertisers that are interested in providing you with ads.

2.4 Your Opt-Out Choices.

You can opt out of having your information being used by Vungle for performance-based advertising by accessing your mobile device settings and following the most recent published instructions. If you limit ad tracking, you will still see advertisements (even ones sourced from Vungle’s network), but Vungle will no longer be able to use the personal information described above in Section 2.1 to serve you with more relevant ads. In addition, the advertising identifier (along with any information collected about that identifier) that was previously assigned to you will also be disassociated. This means that if at a later stage, you decide to opt back in, we will not be able to use any of your past information for advertising purposes, and you will (for all practical purposes) be a new user to our system. For apps using older versions of the Vungle SDK, you may also stop the collection of location information by particular apps that may allow collection of location of this information by changing the preferences on your mobile device.

2.5 How Do We Share Information?

Please see Section 4.1, below for information concerning how Vungle shares the information collected.

2.6 Privacy Practices of Vungle Clients.

Vungle is not responsible for the information practices of our Clients or their agents. We require our Clients to comply with all applicable laws and regulations and to provide End Users with notice of the collection of data for advertising purposes as outlined in this Notice. We encourage you to review the privacy policies of apps you visit for information about those apps’ data collection and use practices.

2.7 Minors and Children.

Our Clients are responsible for ensuring that their mobile apps comply with data privacy protection legislation applicable to minors and children, such as the United States’ Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (“COPPA“), including where relevant by obtaining parental consent prior to the collection of personal information. With respect to COPPA Internet Download Manager 6.36 Build 3 Crack+Serial Key Free 2020, we rely upon our Publisher Clients to confirm whether or not their app is subject to COPPA. As required by COPPA, Vungle will enable a flag in our system when a Client indicates their app is subject to COPPA such that the End User’s device history is disassociated, and the only End User personal information used by the Vungle Ad Services would be persistent identifiers (e.g., IP address and device identifiers) to provide “support for internal operations” of the Vungle Ad Services (as permitted by COPPA).

3. VUNGLE WEBSITES

This Section describes how we collect and use Information in the usual course of business, including through our websites (such as “http://vungle.com” or any other website on which this Notice is posted) and other corporate services, web portals, and dashboards we make available to our Clients and End Users (collectively “Websites“), as well as in connection with our events, sales and marketing activities. This section does not apply to information collection through apps that use the Vungle Ad Services.

3.1 What information do we collect?

  • Information that you provide voluntarily: Certain parts of our Websites may ask you to provide personal information voluntarily. For example, when Clients are registering for a Vungle account, expressing an interest in obtaining additional information about Vungle or our products and services, subscribing to marketing or otherwise contacting us, Vungle collects required personal information from you. The personal information that you are asked to provide (and the reasons why you are asked to provide it) will be made clear to you at the point we ask you to provide your personal information. We will also let you know prior to collection whether the provision of personal information we are collecting is compulsory or may be provided on a voluntary basis, and the consequences (if any) of not providing the information. We also collect personal information you otherwise submit to us, such as when you send Vungle an email. LEARN MORE
  • The personal information we collect may include contact information (such as your name, address, telephone number or email address) and contact preferences. It may also include professional information, such as your job title, department or job role, as well as the nature of your request or communication. We also collect information you choose to provide to us when completing any ‘free text’ boxes in our forms (for example, for event sign-up, product feedback or survey requests).
  • Information we collect automatically: When using our Websites, we may automatically collect certain information from your device or computer. In some countries, including countries in the EU, this information may be considered personal information under data protection laws.Specifically, the information we collect automatically may include your IP address, your operating system, your browser ID, your browsing activity, and other information about your system and connection, and how you interact with our Websites and other websites. We may collect this information as a part of log files as well as through the use of cookies or other tracking technologies, as explained further under the heading “Cookies and similar tracking technology.”
  • Information we collect from third party sources: We may obtain information about you from other sources, such as public databases, joint marketing partners, data providers, and social media platforms. Examples of the information we could receive from other sources include account information, page-views, and browsing information.

3.2 How do we use your information?

We use the information we collect or receive to:

  • Send you marketing and promotional communications. For example, we and/or our third party marketing partners may use the personal information you send to us for our marketing purposes, if this is in accordance with your marketing preferences. However, you will always be able to opt-out of our marketing at any time (see the “Your Choices” section above).
  • Send administrative information to you. For example, to send you product, service, and new feature information and/or information about changes to our terms, conditions, and policies.
  • Engage in and process transactions. For example, we may use your personal information along with financial, credit card, and/or payment information that you provide to us to process your transactions and for billing purposes. Note that Vungle uses third-party vendors to collect and/or process any financial or payment information, and does not itself collect, receive, or process financial or payment information on its own.
  • Respond to your requests. For example, we may use your personal information to fulfill your request for a quote or customer support, or to provide you with information you have requested about the Websites or Vungle Ad Services.
  • Post testimonials. We post testimonials on the Websites that may contain personal information. Prior to posting a testimonial, we will obtain our consent to use your name and testimonial. If you wish to update, or delete your testimonial, please contact us at [email protected] and be sure to include your name, testimonial location, and contact information.
  • Manage your account and provide support or other services. For example, for the creation or administration of your Vungle account, to communicate with you, and to provide you with customer support or other services you have ordered, such as product updates, product patches and fixes and other similar operational communications.
  • Select content and improve quality. We may use your information to help improve the Website, Vungle Ad Services, and to ensure that content on the Websites is presented in the most effective manner for your device (for example, by presenting products and offers tailored to you).
  • Protect the Vungle Websites. We may use your information as part of our efforts to keep the Websites safe and secure (for example, for fraud monitoring and prevention).
  • For our business purposes. We may use your information for our business purposes, such as data analysis, audits, identifying usage trends, determining the effectiveness of our promotional campaigns, and to evaluate and improve our snaptube old version, services, marketing, and client relationships.

3.3 Cookies and Similar Technologies.

We may use cookies and similar technology (collectively “cookies”) on our Websites to collect and process personal information about you. At any time, you may use your browser settings to change your cookie preferences or control use of cookies.  By continuing to browse, you agree to our use of cookies.  We also use Google Analytics to learn more about usage of our Websites. You can learn more about Google Analytics, including how to opt-out, by visiting here.

3.4 How Do We Share Information?

Please see Section 4.1, below for information concerning how Vungle shares the information collected.

4. GENERAL INFORMATION

4.1 How do we share your information?

We may disclose your personal information to the following categories of recipients:

  • Advertiser Clients.If you are an End User, we may exchange information with our Advertiser Clients in connection with the Vungle Ad Services for purposes relevant to our business relationships with them, such as for billing purposes, dispute resolution, or fraud prevention, and to help them identify and/or buy our Publisher Client’s advertising inventory. Our Advertiser Clients are obligated to use the information they receive in compliance with applicable laws and regulations.
  • Attribution Partners and Mobile Measurement Partners. Acting on behalf of and as third-party agents for our Advertiser Clients, if you are an End User, we may exchange information (such as your mobile device ID) with our Advertiser Clients’ attribution and mobile measurement partners to validate and measure the success of ads delivered via the Platform for billing purposes.
  • Vendors, consultants and other service providers. We may share your information with third party vendors, service providers, contractors or agents who perform functions required for the operation of our business. Examples include to provide data storage and processing services, fraud prevention, technical support for our Platform, analyzing data and performing analysis related to the Website, Platform and related services, and delivering content.
  • Compliance with laws. We may disclose information where we are legally required to do so in order to comply with applicable law, governmental requests, a judicial proceeding, court order, or other legal process, such as in response to a court order or a subpoena (including in response to public authorities to meet national security or law enforcement requirements).
  • Disclosures for national security or law enforcement. Under certain circumstances, we may be required to disclose your personal information in response to lawful requests by public authorities, including to meet national security or law enforcement requirements.
  • Vital interests and legal rights. We may disclose information where we believe it is necessary to investigate, prevent, or take action regarding illegal activities, suspected fraud, situations involving potential threats to the safety of any person, violations of our Terms of Use or this Notice, or as evidence in litigation in which Vungle may be involved.
  • Vungle affiliates. Vungle is headquartered Sony Vegas Pro 16 Download - Crack Key For U San Francisco, CA, but we have subsidiary and affiliate offices in London, UK; Berlin, Germany; Tokyo, Japan; Seoul, Korea; Beijing, China; and Singapore, Singapore. A list of our group companies is available here https://vungle.com/contact-us. We may share information with our parent companies, subsidiaries and/or affiliates for use and processing purposes described in this Notice.
  • Business transfers. We may share or transfer information in connection with, or during negotiations of, any merger, sale of company assets, financing, or acquisition of all or a portion of our business to another company, provided that we inform the buyer it must use your personal information only for the purposes disclosed in this Notice.
  • Consent. We may share your information with any other person with your consent to the disclosure.

4.2 Your data protection rights.

  • Promotional Emails: You can opt out of receiving promotional emails from us by clicking the “unsubscribe” link in the email, by emailing [email protected] If you choose to no longer receive marketing information, we may still communicate with you regarding such things as your security updates, product functionality, responses to service requests, or other transactional, non-marketing/administrative related purposes.
  • Other Rights (applicable to California and EEA residents only): If you are a resident of California or the European Economic Area (“EEA”), legislation in your jurisdiction – such as the California Consumer Protection Act (“CCPA”) and the General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”), respectively – affords you certain specific data protection rights, as noted below. If you make a request, to protect your privacy and security, we will take steps to verify your identity and requests before granting the rights set forth in this Notice.

 

CCPA rights (California residents)

  • You can request access to or ask that we delete your personal information at any time. Please note that, under certain circumstances, we have the right to impose a small fee for access and disclosure of your personal information where permitted under applicable law, which will be communicated to you. Certain information may be exempt from such requests under California law.  For example, we may retain certain information for legal compliance and to secure our Services.
  • Vungle does not “sell” personal information within the meaning of the CCPA. Nevertheless, Vungle will honor any “opt-out of sale” requests we may receive from our Clients, and accordingly take reasonable measures to prevent any further downstream sales. Vungle does share personal information as described in this Notice.
  • If you are a California resident seeking to exercise your CCPA rights, please (i) email us at [email protected], or (ii) visit our website and complete the webform to exercise your rights under the CCPA.

 

GDPR rights (EEA residents)

  • You can request access to or that we change, update or delete your personal information at any time by contacting us at [email protected] Please note that we may impose a small fee for access and disclosure of your personal information where permitted under applicable law, which will be communicated to you. Certain information may be exempt from such requests under applicable law. For example, we may retain certain information for legal compliance and to secure our Services.
  • You can object to processing of your personal information, ask us to restrict processing of your personal information or request portability of your personal information. To exercise these rights email [email protected]
  • If we have collected and processed your personal information with your consent, then you can withdraw your consent at any time. Withdrawing your consent will not affect the lawfulness of any processing we conducted prior to your withdrawal, nor will it affect processing of your personal information conducted in reliance on lawful processing grounds other than consent.
  • You have the right to complain to a data protection authority about our collection and use of your personal information. For more information, please contact your local data protection authority. Contact details for data protection authorities in the European Economic Area (“EEA“) are available here.
  • Please note that because most of the information we store can only identify a particular browser or device, and cannot identify you individually, you will need to provide us with some additional information to enable us to identify the personal information we hold about you and ensure that we accurately fulfil your request.

4.3 Additional information for California Residents.

California law requires us to provide California residents with some additional information regarding how we collect, use, and share your “personal information” (as defined in the CCPA). Throughout this Notice, we discuss in detail the specific pieces of information we collect from you or your device and discuss how we use and share such information.

As described in detail in Section 2.1 above, we may collect the following categories of information about you through the Vungle Ad Services: device identifiers (such as IP address); internet or other network or device activity (such as browsing history or app usage); geolocation information; and other information that identifies or can be reasonably associated with your device.

As described in detail in Section 3.1 above, we may collect the following categories of information about you through your use of the Websites: identifiers (such as name and contact information); commercial information (such as transaction data); financial data (such as credit card information through our payment processors); device identifiers (such as IP address); internet or other network or device activity (such as browsing history or app usage); geolocation information; and other information that identifies or can be reasonably associated with you.

We disclose the following categories of personal information for business purposes: identifiers; commercial information; financial data (via our payment processors); device identifiers; internet or other network or device activity; geolocation information; and other information that identifies or can be reasonably associated with you.

As described in detail in Section 2.2 and Section 3.3 above, we use and disclose the information we collect for the business purposes described in this Notice, including: to provide and improve the Vungle Ad Services and the Websites, for our operational purposes, for the operational purposes of our service providers, for audit purposes, to detect security incidents and prevent fraud, for debugging and repairing errors, to communicate with you, to provide customer service, to market Vungle services, and for other uses that we notify you about.

We may disclose your personal information to the categories of recipients described in detail in Section 4.1, above.

4.4 Legal basis for processing personal information (EEA residents only).

If you are an individual from the EEA, our legal basis for collecting and using personal information described above will depend on the personal information concerned and the specific context in which we collect it. However, we normally rely on our legitimate interest to collect personal information from you, except where such interests are overridden by your data protection interests or fundamental rights and freedoms. Where we rely on our legitimate interests to process your personal information, they include the interests described in the sections headed “How do we use your information?” above (Section 2.2 and Section 3.2.

In some cases, we may rely on our consent or have a legal obligation to collect personal information from you, or may otherwise need the personal information to protect your vital interests or those of another person. If we rely on consent to collect and/or process your personal information, we will obtain such consent in compliance with applicable laws.

If you have questions about or need further information concerning the legal basis on which we collect and use your personal information, please contact us using the details provided under the heading “Contact Us” below.

4.5 Third-Party Websites and Apps.

This Notice only applies to the Vungle Websites and Vungle Ad Services. We are not responsible for the privacy practices or disclosures of websites, developers, or apps that use or access the Vungle Services or Vungle Ad Services. In addition, ads within the Vungle Platform may contain links to third-party websites and apps. Any access to and use of such linked websites or apps is not governed by this Notice, but instead is governed by the privacy policies of those third parties. We are not responsible for the information practices of such third parties.

4.6 How do we keep your personal information secure?

We use appropriate administrative, organizational, technical, and physical safeguards to protect the personal information we collect and process about you. The measures we use are designed to provide a level of security appropriate to the risk of processing your personal information and to help ensure that your data is safe, secure, and only available to you and to those you provided authorized access. Specific measures we will use include hashing and pseudonymization of data prior to storage. However, no electronic transmission over the Internet or information storage technology can be guaranteed to be 100% secure, so you should take care in deciding what information you send us in this way.

4.7 Data Retention.

We retain personal information we collect from you where we have an ongoing legitimate business need to do so (for example, to comply with applicable legal, tax or accounting requirements, to enforce our agreements or comply with our legal obligations). When we have no ongoing legitimate business need to process your personal information, we will either delete or anonymize such data or, if this is not possible (for example, because your personal information has been stored in backup archives), then we will securely store your personal information and isolate it from any further processing until deletion is possible.

If you are an End User, we typically store the personal information we collect about you, such as your IP address and other information described above, for 13 months from the date of last collection before we delete, overwrite, or anonymize that data, unless we are required to keep it to comply with a legal or audit obligation.

Please contact us at [email protected] if you have any questions about the information we collect and/or how we use the information we collect.

4.8 International Data Transfers.

The Vungle Ad Services and Vungle Websites are provided, supported, and hosted in the United States. If you are using the Vungle Ad Services and Vungle Websites from outside the United States, be aware that your information may be transferred to, stored, and processed by Vungle in our facilities and by those third parties with whom we may share your personal information, in the United States and other locations including London, Berlin, Tokyo, Seoul, Beijing and Singapore, where we have offices. These countries may have data protection laws that are different to the laws of your country.

However, we have taken appropriate safeguards to require that your personal information will remain protected in accordance with this Notice. These include implementing the European Commission’s Standard Contractual Clauses for transfers of personal information between our group companies, which require all group companies to protect personal information they process from the EEA in accordance with European Union data protection law. Our Standard Contractual Clauses can be provided upon request. We have implemented similar appropriate safeguards with our third party service providers and partners and further details can be provided upon request. .

4.9 EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Notice.

Vungle, Inc. is located in the United States and participates in and complies with the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield Framework as set forth by the US Department of Commerce regarding the collection, use, and retention of personal information from EU member countries in the United States.

Vungle adheres to and will abide by the Privacy Shield Principles of Notice, Choice, Accountability for Onward Transfer, Security, Data Integrity and Purpose Limitation, Access, and Recourse, Enforcement, and Liability when processing such personal information.

Vungle is responsible for the processing of personal information it receives under each Privacy Shield Framework and subsequently transfers to a third party acting as an agent on its behalf. We comply with the Privacy Shield Principles for all onward transfers of personal information from the EU, including the onward transfer liability provisions.

With respect to personal information received or transferred pursuant to the Privacy Shield Frameworks, we are microsoft office 2019 - Activators Patch to the regulatory enforcement powers of the U.S. Federal Trade Commission. In certain situations, we may be required to disclose personal information in response to lawful requests by public authorities, including to meet national security or law enforcement requirements.

For more information about the Privacy Shield, see the US Department of Commerce’s Privacy Shield website located at: https://www.privacyshield.gov. To review our certification on the Privacy Shield list, see the US Department of Commerce’s Privacy Shield self-certification list located at: https://www.privacyshield.gov/list.

4.10 Questions or complaints.

You can direct any questions or complaints about the use or disclosure of your personal information to us at [email protected] We will investigate and attempt to resolve any complaints or disputes regarding the use or disclosure of personal information within 45 days of receiving your complaint.

JAMS (EEA residents only)

If you are an EEA resident and you have an unresolved privacy or data use concern that we have not addressed satisfactorily, please contact our U.S.-based third party dispute resolution provider, JAMS, free of charge at  https://www.jamsadr.com/eu-us-privacy-shield.

Binding arbitration (EEA residents only)

You may have the option to select binding arbitration for the resolution of your complaint under certain circumstances, provided you have taken the following steps: (1) raised your complaint directly with us and provided us the opportunity to resolve the issue; (2) made use of the independent dispute resolution mechanism identified above; and (3) raised the issue through the relevant data protection authority and allowed the US Department of Commerce an opportunity to resolve the complaint at no cost to you. To find out more about the Privacy Shield’s binding arbitration scheme please see https://www.privacyshield.gov/article?id=My-Rights-under-Privacy-Shield.

4.11 Changes to this Notice.

Vungle will review and update this Notice periodically and will note the date of its most recent revision above. If we make material changes to this Notice, we will notify you either by prominently posting a notice of such changes prior to implementing the changes or by directly sending you a notification. We encourage you to review this Notice frequently to be informed of how Vungle is protecting your information.

4.12 Contact Us.

If you have questions about our privacy practices, or would like to make a complaint, please contact Vungle’s Data Protection Officer by email at [email protected] or by post using the details provided below:

Residents outside of the European Economic Area (EEA)

Vungle, Inc.

Attn: Legal

1255 Battery Street, Suite 500, San Francisco, CA, 94111, United States

European Economic Area (EEA) residents

Vungle Limited

Attn: Data Protection Officer

4th Floor, Farringdon Point, 33 Farringdon Road, London, England, EC1M 3JF

Important note: If you are resident in the EEA, the “data controller” of your personal information is Vungle, Inc.

Источник: https://vungle.com/privacy/

Snaptube Old Version Availability: How to Download Snaptube Old Version

“How can I download Snaptube old version? Where can I get the Snaptube old version APK?” These days, we get a lot of queries like this from people who would like to get the Snaptube old version. Since Snaptube is such a popular Android app to download videos, it is already used by millions of people worldwide. Although it is recommended to get the latest version of the app, some people would like to install the Snaptube APK of old version as well. So without much ado, let’s get to know more about the Snaptube old version in detail.

Snaptube: The Best Video Downloader for Android

If you own an Android device, then you should consider downloading Snaptube to meet your entertainment needs. Using the Snaptube old version (or the new one), you can download videos from multiple sources in different formats.
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  • Snaptube has integrated 100+ platforms in one place, like YouTube, Dailymotion, Facebook, Instagram, etc.
  • You can easily switch between these platforms without leaving Snaptube or add any other platform of your choice to its existing list.
  • There is an option to look for videos in the Snaptube old version APK by entering keywords or providing the source URL of the video.
  • The application will provide different video and audio formats as well as resolution options. You can even use it to download a video as an MP3 file.
  • Some other features that you can enjoy in Snaptube are picture-in-picture mode, dark mode, YouTube integration, and more.

How to Install and Download Snaptube Old Version?

There is no need to root your Android device or go through any technical hassle to perform Snaptube old version download. To get the Snaptube old version APK (or its latest version), follow these steps:

  1. Beforehand, go to your Android phone’s Settings > Security and make sure the feature to download products key for microsoft office 2007 from “Unknown Sources” is enabled. You can later turn this feature off after you install Snaptube old version.
  2. Now, launch any web browser like Chrome and go to the official website of Snaptube. Here, you will get an option to download the app on your phone. It is recommended to get the latest version of Snaptube as it has better features and is more secure.
  3. Once the Snaptube old version APK is downloaded, you can tap on it, and let your browser install the app on your device.
  4. That’s it! Now you can just launch Snaptube and look for any video to download. You can search for a video by entering keywords or a video URL.
  5. Once the video is loaded on its media player, you can tap on the download icon (from the bottom panel). In the end, just select a preferred format and resolution to save the media file on your device storage.

There you go! Now when you know how to perform Snaptube APK download old version, you can easily use this remarkable app. Since the Snaptube old or new version has so many features, the app will certainly meet your entertainment needs. Use it whenever you want and download all kinds of movies, shows, and other videos on your phone like a pro!

updated by Chief Editor on Jul 21, 2020

Источник: https://www.snaptubeapp.com/how-to/videos/snaptube-old-version.html

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