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Security alerts - a reference guide

  • 112 minutes to read

This article lists the security alerts you might get from Microsoft Defender for Cloud and any Microsoft Defender plans you've enabled. The alerts shown in your environment depend on the resources and services you're protecting, as well as your customized configuration.

At the bottom of this page, there's a table describing the Microsoft Defender for Cloud kill chain aligned with version 7 of the MITRE ATT&CK matrix.

Learn how to respond to these alerts.

Learn how to export alerts.

Note

Alerts from different sources might take different amounts of time to appear. For example, alerts that require analysis of network traffic might take longer to appear than alerts related to suspicious processes running on virtual machines.

Alerts for Windows machines

Further details and notes

Alert (alert type)DescriptionMITRE tactics
(Learn rapid php dark theme - Free Activators logon from a malicious IP has been detected. [seen multiple times]
A successful remote authentication for the account [account] and process [process] occurred, however the logon IP address (x.x.x.x) has previously been reported as malicious or highly unusual. A successful attack has probably occurred. Files with the .scr extensions are screen saver files and are normally reside and execute from the Windows system directory.-High
A logon from a malicious IP has been detected
(VM_ThreatIntelSuspectLogon)
A successful remote authentication for the account [account] and process [process] occurred, however the logon IP address (x.x.x.x) has previously been reported as malicious or highly unusual. A successful attack has probably occurred.Initial accessHigh
Addition of Guest account to Local Administrators groupAnalysis of host data has detected the addition of the built-in Guest account to the Local Administrators group on %{Compromised Host}, which is strongly associated with attacker activity.-Medium
An event log was clearedMachine logs indicate a suspicious event log clearing operation by user: '%{user name}' in Machine: '%{CompromisedEntity}'. The %{log channel} log was cleared.-Informational
Antimalware Action FailedMicrosoft Antimalware has encountered an error when taking an action on malware or other potentially unwanted software.-Medium
Antimalware Action TakenMicrosoft Antimalware for Azure has taken an action to protect this machine from malware or other potentially unwanted software.-Medium
Antimalware broad files exclusion in your virtual machine
(VM_AmBroadFilesExclusion)
Files exclusion from antimalware extension with broad exclusion rule was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription. Such exclusion practically disabling the Antimalware protection.
Attackers might exclude files from the antimalware scan on your virtual machine to prevent detection while running arbitrary code or infecting the machine with malware.
-Medium
Antimalware disabled and code execution in your virtual machine
(VM_AmDisablementAndCodeExecution)
Antimalware disabled at the same time as code execution on your virtual machine. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers disable antimalware scanners to prevent detection while running unauthorized tools or infecting the machine with malware.
-High
Antimalware disabled in your virtual machine
(VM_AmDisablement)
Antimalware disabled in your virtual machine. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers might disable the antimalware on your virtual machine to prevent detection.
Defense EvasionMedium
Antimalware file exclusion and code execution in your virtual machine
(VM_AmFileExclusionAndCodeExecution)
File excluded from your antimalware scanner at the same time as code was executed via a custom script extension on your virtual machine. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers might exclude files from the antimalware scan on your virtual machine to prevent detection while running unauthorized tools or infecting the machine with malware.
Defense Evasion, ExecutionHigh
Antimalware file exclusion and code execution in your virtual machine
(VM_AmTempFileExclusionAndCodeExecution)
Temporary file exclusion from antimalware extension in parallel to execution of code via custom script extension was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers might exclude files from the antimalware scan on your virtual machine to prevent detection while running arbitrary code or infecting the machine with malware.
Defense Evasion, ExecutionHigh
Antimalware file exclusion in your virtual machine
(VM_AmTempFileExclusion)
File excluded from your antimalware scanner on your virtual machine. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers might exclude files from the antimalware scan on your virtual machine to prevent detection while running unauthorized tools or infecting the machine with malware.
Defense EvasionMedium
Antimalware real-time protection was disabled in your virtual machine
(VM_AmRealtimeProtectionDisabled)
Real-time protection disablement of the antimalware extension was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers might disable real-time protection from the antimalware scan on your virtual machine to avoid detection while running arbitrary code or infecting the machine with malware.
Defense EvasionMedium
Antimalware real-time protection was disabled temporarily in your virtual machine
(VM_AmTempRealtimeProtectionDisablement)
Real-time protection temporary disablement of the antimalware extension was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers might disable real-time protection from the antimalware scan on your virtual machine to avoid detection while running arbitrary code or infecting the machine with malware.
Defense EvasionMedium
Antimalware real-time protection was disabled temporarily while code was executed in your virtual machine
(VM_AmRealtimeProtectionDisablementAndCodeExec)
Real-time protection temporary disablement of the antimalware extension in parallel to code execution Download assistants - Crack Key For U custom script extension was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers might disable real-time protection from the antimalware scan on your virtual machine to avoid detection while running arbitrary code or infecting the machine with malware.
-High
Antimalware scans blocked for files potentially related to malware campaigns on your virtual machine (Preview)
(VM_AmMalwareCampaignRelatedExclusion)
An exclusion rule was detected in your virtual machine to prevent your antimalware extension scanning certain files that are suspected of being related to a malware campaign. The rule was detected by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription. Attackers might exclude files from antimalware scans to prevent detection while running arbitrary code or infecting the machine with malware.Defense EvasionMedium
Antimalware temporarily disabled in your virtual machine
(VM_AmTemporarilyDisablement)
Antimalware temporarily disabled in your virtual machine. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers might disable the antimalware on your virtual machine to prevent detection.
-Medium
Antimalware unusual file exclusion in your virtual machine
(VM_UnusualAmFileExclusion)
Unusual file exclusion from antimalware extension was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers might exclude files from the antimalware scan on your virtual machine to prevent detection while running arbitrary code or infecting the machine with malware.
Defense EvasionMedium
Custom script extension with suspicious command in your virtual machine
(VM_CustomScriptExtensionSuspiciousCmd)
Custom script extension with suspicious command was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers may use custom script extension to execute a malicious code on your virtual machine via the Azure Resource Manager.
ExecutionMedium
Custom script extension with suspicious entry-point in your virtual machine
(VM_CustomScriptExtensionSuspiciousEntryPoint)
Custom script extension with a suspicious entry-point was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription. The entry-point refers to a suspicious GitHub repository.
Attackers may use custom script extensions to execute malicious code on your virtual machines via the Azure Resource Manager.
ExecutionMedium
Custom script extension with suspicious payload in your virtual machine
(VM_CustomScriptExtensionSuspiciousPayload)
Custom script extension with a payload from a suspicious GitHub repository was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers may use custom script extensions to execute malicious code on your virtual machines via the Azure Resource Manager.
ExecutionMedium
Detected actions indicative of disabling and deleting IIS log filesAnalysis of host data detected actions that show IIS log files being disabled and/or deleted.-Medium
Detected anomalous mix of upper and lower case characters in command-lineAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a command line with anomalous mix of upper and lower case characters. This kind of pattern, while possibly benign, is also typical of attackers trying to hide from case-sensitive or hash-based rule matching when performing administrative tasks on a compromised host.-Medium
Detected change to a registry key that can be abused to bypass UACAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected that a registry key that can be abused to bypass UAC (User Account Control) was changed. This kind of configuration, while possibly benign, is also typical of attacker activity when trying to move from unprivileged (standard user) to privileged (for example administrator) access on a compromised host.-Medium
Detected decoding of an executable using built-in certutil.exe toolAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected that certutil.exe, a built-in administrator utility, was being used to decode an executable instead of its mainstream purpose that relates to manipulating certificates and certificate data. Attackers are known to abuse functionality of legitimate administrator tools to perform malicious actions, for example using a tool such as certutil.exe to decode a malicious executable that will then be subsequently executed.-High
Detected enabling of the WDigest UseLogonCredential registry keyAnalysis of host data detected a change in the registry key HKLM\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SecurityProviders\WDigest\ "UseLogonCredential". Specifically this key has been updated to allow logon credentials to be stored in clear text in LSA memory. Once enabled an attacker can dump clear text passwords from LSA memory with credential harvesting tools such as Mimikatz.-Medium
Detected encoded executable in command line dataAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a base-64 encoded executable. This has previously been associated with attackers attempting to construct executables on-the-fly through a sequence of commands, and attempting to evade intrusion detection systems by ensuring that no individual command would trigger an alert. This could be legitimate activity, or an indication of a compromised host.-High
Detected obfuscated command lineAttackers use increasingly complex obfuscation techniques to evade detections that run against the underlying data. Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected suspicious indicators of obfuscation on the commandline.-Informational
Detected Petya ransomware indicatorsAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected indicators associated with Petya ransomware. See https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/mmpc/2017/06/27/new-ransomware-old-techniques-petya-adds-worm-capabilities/ for more information. Review the command line associated in this alert and escalate this alert to your security team.-High
Detected possible execution of keygen executableAnalysis of download manycam full crack - Free Activators data on %{Compromised Host} detected execution of a process whose name is indicative of a keygen tool; such tools are typically used to defeat software licensing mechanisms but their download is often bundled with other malicious software. Activity group GOLD has been known to make use of such keygens to covertly gain back door access to hosts that they compromise.-Medium
Detected possible execution of malware dropperAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a filename that has previously been associated with one of activity group GOLD's methods of installing malware on a victim host.-High
Detected possible local reconnaissance activityAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a combination of systeminfo commands that has previously been associated with one of activity group GOLD's methods of performing reconnaissance activity. While 'systeminfo.exe' is a legitimate Windows tool, executing it twice in succession in the way that has occurred here is rare.-
Detected potentially suspicious use of Telegram toolAnalysis of host data shows installation of Telegram, a free cloud-based instant messaging service that exists both for mobile and desktop system. Attackers are known to abuse this service to transfer malicious binaries to any other computer, phone, or tablet.-Medium
Detected suppression of legal notice displayed to users at logonAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected changes to the registry key that controls whether a legal notice is displayed to users when they log on. Microsoft security analysis has determined that this is a common activity undertaken by attackers after having compromised a host.-Low
Detected suspicious combination of HTA and PowerShellmshta.exe (Microsoft HTML Application Host) which is a signed Microsoft binary is being used by the attackers to launch malicious PowerShell commands. Attackers often resort to having an HTA file with inline VBScript. When a victim browses to the HTA file and chooses to run it, the PowerShell commands and scripts that it contains are executed. Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected mshta.exe launching PowerShell commands.-Medium
Detected suspicious commandline argumentsAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected suspicious commandline arguments that have been used in conjunction with a reverse shell used by activity group HYDROGEN.-High
Detected suspicious commandline used to start all executables in a directoryAnalysis of host data has detected a suspicious process running on %{Compromised Host}. The commandline indicates an attempt to start all executables (*.exe) that may reside in a directory. This could be an indication of a compromised host.-Medium
Detected suspicious credentials in commandlineAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a suspicious password being used to execute a file by activity group BORON. This activity group has been known to use this password to execute Pirpi malware on a victim host.-High
Detected suspicious document credentialsAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a suspicious, common precomputed password hash used by malware being smartdraw 2019 key generator - Free Activators to execute a file. Activity group HYDROGEN has been known to use this password to execute malware on a victim host.-High
Detected suspicious execution of VBScript.Encode commandAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the execution of VBScript.Encode command. This encodes the scripts into unreadable text, making it more difficult for users to examine the code. Microsoft threat research shows that attackers often use encoded VBscript files as part of their attack to evade detection systems. This could be legitimate activity, or an indication of a compromised host.-Medium
Detected suspicious execution via rundll32.exeAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected rundll32.exe being used to execute a process with an uncommon name, consistent with the process naming scheme previously seen used by activity group GOLD when installing their first stage implant on a compromised host.-High
Detected suspicious file cleanup commandsAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a combination of systeminfo commands that has previously been associated with one of activity group GOLD's methods of performing post-compromise self-cleanup activity. While 'systeminfo.exe' is a legitimate Windows tool, executing it twice in succession, followed by a delete command in the way that has occurred here is rare.-High
Detected suspicious file creationAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected creation or execution of a process which has previously indicated post-compromise action taken on a victim host by activity group BARIUM. This activity group has been known to use this technique to download additional malware to a compromised host after an attachment in a phishing doc has been opened.-High
Detected suspicious named pipe communicationsAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected data being written to a local named pipe from a Windows console command. Named pipes are known to be a channel used by attackers to task and communicate with a malicious implant. This could be legitimate activity, or an indication of a compromised host.-High
Detected suspicious network activityAnalysis of network traffic from %{Compromised Host} detected suspicious network activity. Such traffic, while possibly benign, is typically used by an attacker to communicate with malicious servers for downloading of tools, command-and-control and exfiltration of data. Typical related attacker activity includes copying remote administration tools to a compromised host and exfiltrating user data from it.-Low
Detected suspicious new firewall ruleAnalysis of host data detected a new firewall rule has been added via netsh.exe diskdigger photo recovery app allow traffic from an executable in a suspicious location.-Medium
Detected suspicious use of Cacls to lower the security state of the systemAttackers use myriad ways like brute force, spear phishing etc. to achieve initial compromise and get a foothold on the network. Once initial compromise is achieved they often take steps to lower the security settings of a system. Cacls—short for change access control list is Microsoft Windows native command-line utility often used for modifying the security permission on folders and files. A lot of time the binary is used by the attackers to lower the security settings of a system. This is done by giving Everyone full access to some of the system binaries like ftp.exe, net.exe, wscript.exe etc. Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected suspicious use of Cacls to lower the security of a system.-Medium
Detected suspicious use of FTP -s SwitchAnalysis of process creation data from the %{Compromised Host} detected the use of the FTP "-s:filename" switch. This switch is used to specify an FTP script file for the client to run. Malware or malicious processes are known to use this FTP switch (-s:filename) to point to a script file which is configured to connect to a remote FTP server and download additional malicious binaries.-Medium
Detected suspicious use of Pcalua.exe to launch executable codeAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the use of pcalua.exe to launch executable code. Pcalua.exe is component of the Microsoft Windows "Program Compatibility Assistant" which detects compatibility issues during the installation or execution of a program. Attackers are known to abuse functionality of legitimate Windows system tools to perform malicious actions, for example using pcalua.exe with the -a switch to launch malicious executables either locally or from remote shares.-Medium
Detected the disabling of critical servicesThe analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected execution of "net.exe stop" command being used to stop critical services like SharedAccess or the Windows Security app. The stopping of either of these services can be indication of a malicious behavior.-Medium
Digital currency mining related behavior detectedAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the execution of a process or command normally associated with digital currency mining.-High
Dynamic PS script constructionAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a PowerShell script being constructed dynamically. Attackers sometimes use this approach of progressively building up a script in order to evade IDS systems. This could be legitimate activity, or an indication that one of your machines has been compromised.-Medium
Executable found running from a suspicious locationAnalysis of host data detected an executable file on %{Compromised Host} that is running from a location in common with known suspicious files. This executable could either be legitimate activity, or an indication of a compromised host.-High
Fileless attack behavior detected
(VM_FilelessAttackBehavior.Windows)
The memory of the process specified contains behaviors commonly used by fileless attacks. Specific behaviors include:
1) Shellcode, which is a small piece of code typically used as the payload in the exploitation of a software vulnerability.
2) Active network connections. See NetworkConnections below for details.
3) Function calls to security sensitive operating system interfaces. See Capabilities below for referenced OS capabilities.
4) Contains a thread that was started in a dynamically allocated code segment. This is a common pattern for process injection attacks.
Defense EvasionLow
Fileless attack technique detected
(VM_FilelessAttackTechnique.Windows)
The memory of the process specified below contains evidence of a fileless attack technique. Fileless attacks are used by attackers to execute code while evading detection by security software. Specific behaviors include:
1) Shellcode, which is a small piece of code typically used as the payload in the exploitation of a software vulnerability.
2) Executable image injected into the process, such as in a code injection attack.
3) Active network connections. See NetworkConnections below for details.
4) Function calls to security sensitive operating system interfaces. See Capabilities below for referenced OS capabilities.
5) Process hollowing, which is a technique used by malware in which a legitimate process is loaded on the system to act as a container for hostile code.
6) Contains a thread that was started in a dynamically allocated code segment. This is a common pattern for process injection attacks.
Defense Evasion, ExecutionHigh
Fileless attack toolkit detected
(VM_FilelessAttackToolkit.Windows)
The memory of the process specified contains a fileless attack toolkit: [toolkit name]. Fileless attack toolkits use techniques that minimize or eliminate traces of malware on disk, and greatly reduce the chances of detection by disk-based malware scanning solutions. Specific behaviors include:
1) Well-known toolkits and crypto mining software.
2) Shellcode, which is a small piece of code typically used as the payload in the exploitation of a software vulnerability.
3) Injected malicious executable in process memory.
Defense Evasion, ExecutionMedium
High risk software detectedAnalysis of host data from %{Compromised Host} detected the usage of software that has been associated with the installation of malware in the past. A common technique utilized in the distribution of malicious software is to package it within otherwise benign tools such as the one seen in this alert. Upon using these tools, the malware can be silently installed in the background.-Medium
Local Administrators group members were enumeratedMachine logs indicate a successful enumeration on group %{Enumerated Group Domain Name}%{Enumerated Group Name}. Specifically, %{Enumerating User Domain Name}%{Enumerating User Name} remotely enumerated the members of the %{Enumerated Group Domain Name}%{Enumerated Group Name} group. This activity could either be legitimate activity, or an indication that a machine in your organization has been compromised and used to reconnaissance %{vmname}.-Informational
Malicious firewall rule created by ZINC server implant [seen multiple times]A firewall rule was created using techniques that match a known actor, ZINC. The rule was possibly used to open a port on %{Compromised Host} to allow for Command & Control communications. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-High
Malicious SQL activityMachine logs indicate that '%{process name}' was executed by account: %{user name}. This activity is considered malicious.-High
Multiple Domain Accounts QueriedAnalysis of host data has determined that an unusual number of distinct domain accounts are being queried within a short time period from %{Compromised Host}. This kind of activity could be legitimate, but can also be an indication of compromise.-Medium
Possible credential dumping detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data has detected use of native windows tool (e.g. sqldumper.exe) being used in a way that allows to extract credentials from memory. Attackers often use these techniques to extract credentials that they then further use for lateral movement and privilege escalation. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Potential attempt to bypass AppLocker detectedAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a potential attempt to bypass AppLocker restrictions. AppLocker can be configured to implement a policy that limits what executables are allowed to run on a Windows system. The command-line pattern similar to that identified in this alert has been previously associated with attacker attempts to circumvent AppLocker policy by using trusted executables (allowed by AppLocker policy) to execute untrusted code. This could be legitimate activity, or an indication of a compromised host.-High
PsExec execution detected
(VM_RunByPsExec)
Analysis of host data indicates that the process %{Process Name} was executed by PsExec utility. PsExec can be used for running processes remotely. This technique might be used for malicious purposes.Lateral Movement, ExecutionInformational
Ransomware indicators detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data indicates suspicious activity traditionally associated with lock-screen and encryption ransomware. Lock screen ransomware displays a full-screen message preventing interactive use of the host and access to its files. Encryption ransomware prevents access by encrypting data files. In both cases a ransom message is typically displayed, requesting payment in order to restore file access. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-High
Ransomware indicators detectedAnalysis of host data indicates suspicious activity traditionally associated with lock-screen and encryption ransomware. Lock screen ransomware displays a full-screen message preventing interactive use of the host and access to its files. Encryption ransomware prevents access by encrypting data files. In both cases a ransom message is typically displayed, requesting payment in order to Shadow Defender 1.5.0.726 Crack With Serial Key Downlaod Free file access.-High
Rare SVCHOST service group executed
(VM_SvcHostRunInRareServiceGroup)
The system process SVCHOST was observed running a rare service group. Malware often uses SVCHOST to masquerade its malicious activity.Defense Evasion, ExecutionInformational
Sticky keys attack detectedAnalysis of host data indicates that an attacker may be subverting an accessibility binary (for example sticky keys, onscreen keyboard, narrator) in order to provide backdoor access to the host %{Compromised Host}.-Medium
Successful brute force attack
(VM_LoginBruteForceSuccess)
Several sign in attempts were detected from the same source. Some successfully authenticated to the host.
This resembles a burst attack, in which an attacker performs numerous authentication attempts to find valid account credentials.
ExploitationMedium/High
Suspect integrity level indicative of RDP hijackingAnalysis of host data has detected the tscon.exe running with SYSTEM privileges - this can be indicative of an attacker abusing this binary in order to switch context to any other logged on user on this host; it is a known attacker technique to compromise additional user accounts and move laterally across a network.-Medium
Suspect service installationAnalysis of host data has detected the installation of tscon.exe as a service: this binary being started as a service potentially allows an attacker to trivially switch to any other logged on user on this host by hijacking RDP connections; it is a known attacker technique to compromise additional user accounts and move laterally across a network.-Medium
Suspected Kerberos Golden Ticket attack parameters observedAnalysis of host data detected commandline parameters consistent with a Kerberos Golden Ticket attack.-Medium
Suspicious Account Creation DetectedAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected creation or use of a local account %{Suspicious account name} : this account name closely resembles a standard Windows account or group name '%{Similar To Account Name}'. This is potentially a rogue account created by an attacker, so named in order to avoid being noticed by a human administrator.-Medium
Suspicious Activity Panda Dome Essential Crack Download - Crack Key For U of host data has detected a sequence of one or more processes running on %{machine name} that have historically been associated with malicious activity. While individual commands may appear benign the alert is scored based on an aggregation of these commands. This could either be legitimate activity, or an indication of a compromised host.ExecutionMedium
Suspicious authentication activity
(VM_LoginBruteForceValidUserFailed)
Although none of them succeeded, some of them used accounts were recognized by the host. This resembles a dictionary attack, in which an attacker performs numerous authentication attempts using a dictionary of predefined account names and passwords in order to find valid credentials to access the host. This indicates that some of your host account names might exist in a well-known account name dictionary.ProbingMedium
Suspicious code segment detectedIndicates that a code segment has been allocated by using non-standard methods, such as reflective injection and process hollowing. The alert provides additional characteristics of the code segment that have been processed to provide context for the capabilities and behaviors of the reported code segment.-Medium
Suspicious command execution
(VM_SuspiciousCommandLineExecution)
Machine logs indicate a suspicious command-line execution by user %{user name}.ExecutionHigh
Suspicious double extension file executedAnalysis of host data indicates an execution of a process with a suspicious double extension. This extension may trick users into thinking files are safe to be opened and might indicate the presence of malware on the system.-High
Suspicious download using Certutil detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the use of certutil.exe, a built-in administrator utility, for the download of a binary instead of its mainstream purpose that relates to manipulating certificates and certificate data. HD Tune Pro 5.60 Crack + Portable Full Version Download Free are known to abuse functionality of legitimate administrator tools to perform malicious actions, for example using certutil.exe to download and decode a malicious executable that will then be subsequently executed. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Suspicious download using Certutil detectedAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the use of certutil.exe, a built-in administrator utility, for the download of a binary instead of its mainstream purpose that relates to manipulating certificates and certificate data. Attackers are known to abuse functionality of legitimate administrator tools to perform malicious actions, for example using certutil.exe to download and decode a malicious executable that will then be subsequently executed.-Medium
Suspicious failed execution of custom script extension in your virtual machine
(VM_CustomScriptExtensionSuspiciousFailure)
Suspicious failure of a custom script extension was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Such failures may be associated with malicious scripts run by this extension.
ExecutionMedium
Suspicious PowerShell Activity DetectedAnalysis of host data detected a PowerShell script running on %{Compromised Host} that has features in common with known suspicious scripts. This script could either be legitimate activity, or an indication of a compromised host.-High
Suspicious PowerShell cmdlets executedAnalysis of host data indicates execution of known malicious PowerShell PowerSploit cmdlets.-Medium
Suspicious process executed [seen multiple times]Machine logs indicate that the suspicious process: '%{Suspicious Process}' was running on the machine, often associated with attacker attempts to access credentials. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-High
Suspicious process executedMachine logs indicate that the suspicious process: '%{Suspicious Process}' was running on the machine, often associated with attacker attempts to access credentials.-High
Suspicious process name detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a process whose name is suspicious, for example corresponding to a known attacker tool or named in a way that is suggestive of attacker tools that try to hide in plain sight. This process could be legitimate activity, or an indication that one of your machines has been compromised. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Suspicious process name detectedAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a process whose name is suspicious, for example corresponding to a known attacker tool or named in a way that is suggestive of attacker tools that try to hide in plain sight. This process could be legitimate activity, or an indication that one of your machines has been compromised.-Medium
Suspicious process termination burst
(VM_TaskkillBurst)
Analysis of host data indicates a suspicious process termination burst in %{Machine Name}. Specifically, %{NumberOfCommands} processes were killed between %{Begin} and %{Ending}.Defense EvasionLow
Suspicious Screensaver process executed
(VM_SuspiciousScreenSaverExecution)
The process '%{process name}' was observed executing from an uncommon location. Files with the .scr extensions are screen saver files and are normally reside and execute from the Windows system directory.Defense Evasion, ExecutionMedium
Suspicious SQL activityMachine logs indicate that '%{process name}' was executed by account: %{user name}. This activity is uncommon with this account.-Medium
Suspicious SVCHOST process executedThe system process SVCHOST was observed running in an abnormal context. Malware often uses SVCHOST to masquerade its malicious activity.-High
Suspicious system process executed
(VM_SystemProcessInAbnormalContext)
The system process %{process name} was observed running in an abnormal context. Malware often uses this process name to masquerade its malicious activity.Defense Evasion, ExecutionHigh
Suspicious Volume Shadow Copy ActivityAnalysis of host data has detected a shadow copy deletion activity on the resource. Volume Shadow Copy (VSC) is an important artifact that stores data snapshots. Some malware and specifically Ransomware, targets VSC to sabotage backup strategies.-High
Suspicious WindowPosition registry value detectedAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected an attempted WindowPosition registry configuration change that could be indicative of hiding application windows in non-visible sections of the desktop. This could be legitimate activity, or an indication of a compromised machine: this type of activity has been previously associated with known adware (or unwanted software) such as Win32/OneSystemCare and Win32/SystemHealer and malware such as Win32/Creprote. When the WindowPosition value is set to 201329664, (Hex: 0x0c00 0c00, corresponding to X-axis=0c00 and the Y-axis=0c00) this places the console app's window in a non-visible section of the user's screen in an area that is hidden from view below the visible start menu/taskbar. Known suspect Hex value includes, but not limited to c000c000-Low
Suspiciously named process detectedAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a process whose name is very similar to but different from a very commonly run process (%{Similar To Process Name}). While this process could be benign attackers are known to sometimes hide in plain sight by naming their malicious tools to resemble legitimate process names.-Medium
Unusual config reset in your virtual machine
(VM_VMAccessUnusualConfigReset)
An unusual config reset was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
While this action may be legitimate, attackers can try utilizing VM Access extension to reset the configuration in your virtual machine and compromise it.
Credential AccessMedium
Unusual deletion of custom script extension in your virtual machine
(VM_CustomScriptExtensionUnusualDeletion)
Unusual deletion of a custom script extension was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers may use custom script extensions to execute malicious code on your virtual machines via the Azure Resource Manager.
ExecutionMedium
Unusual execution of custom script extension in your virtual machine
(VM_CustomScriptExtensionUnusualExecution)
Unusual execution of a custom script extension was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers may use custom script extensions to execute malicious code on your virtual machines via the Azure Resource Manager.
ExecutionMedium
Unusual process execution detectedAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the execution of a process by %{User Name} that was unusual. Accounts such as %{User Name} tend to perform a limited set of operations, this execution was determined to be out of character and may be suspicious.-High
Unusual user password reset in your virtual machine
(VM_VMAccessUnusualPasswordReset)
An unusual user password reset was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
While this action may be legitimate, attackers can try utilizing the VM Access extension to reset the credentials of a local user in your virtual machine and compromise it.
Credential AccessMedium
Unusual user SSH key reset in your virtual machine
(VM_VMAccessUnusualSSHReset)
An unusual user SSH key reset was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
While this action may be legitimate, attackers can try utilizing VM Access extension to reset SSH key of a user account in your virtual machine and compromise it.
Credential AccessMedium
VBScript HTTP object allocation detectedCreation of a VBScript file using Command Prompt has been detected. The following script contains HTTP object allocation command. This action can be used to download malicious files.-High
Windows registry persistence method detected
(VM_RegistryPersistencyKey)
Analysis of host data has detected an attempt to persist an executable in the Windows registry. Malware often uses such a technique to survive a boot.PersistenceLow

Alerts for Linux machines

Further details and notes

Alert (alert type)DescriptionMITRE tactics
(Learn more)
Severity
Access of htaccess file detected
(VM_SuspectHtaccessFileAccess)
Analysis of host adobe acrobat pro dc 2019.010 20099 crack - Free Activators on %{Compromised Host} detected possible manipulation of a htaccess file. Htaccess is a powerful configuration file that allows you to make multiple changes to a web server running the Apache Web software including basic redirect functionality, or for more advanced functions such as basic password protection. Attackers will often modify htaccess files on machines they have compromised to gain persistence.Persistence, Defense Evasion, ExecutionMedium
a history file has been clearedAnalysis of host data indicates that the command history log file has been cleared. Attackers may do this to cover their traces. The operation was performed by user: '%{user name}'.-Medium
Antimalware broad files exclusion in your virtual machine
(VM_AmBroadFilesExclusion)
Files exclusion from antimalware extension with broad exclusion rule was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription. Such exclusion practically disabling the Antimalware protection.
Attackers might exclude files from the antimalware scan on your virtual machine to prevent detection while running arbitrary code or infecting the machine with malware.
-Medium
Antimalware disabled and code execution in your virtual machine
(VM_AmDisablementAndCodeExecution)
Antimalware disabled at the same time as code execution on your virtual machine. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers disable antimalware scanners to prevent detection while running unauthorized tools or infecting the machine with malware.
-High
Antimalware disabled in your virtual machine
(VM_AmDisablement)
Antimalware disabled in your virtual machine. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers might disable the antimalware on your virtual machine to prevent detection.
Defense EvasionMedium
Antimalware file exclusion and code execution in your virtual machine
(VM_AmFileExclusionAndCodeExecution)
File excluded from your antimalware scanner at the same time as code was executed via a custom script extension on your virtual machine. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers might exclude files from the antimalware scan on your virtual machine to prevent screenhunter 5.1 pro free download while running unauthorized tools or infecting the machine with malware.
Defense Evasion, ExecutionHigh
Antimalware file exclusion and code execution in your virtual machine
(VM_AmTempFileExclusionAndCodeExecution)
Temporary file exclusion from antimalware extension in parallel to execution of code via custom script extension was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your rapid php dark theme - Free Activators might exclude files from the antimalware scan on your virtual machine to prevent detection while running arbitrary code or infecting the machine with malware.Defense Evasion, ExecutionHigh
Antimalware file exclusion in your virtual machine
(VM_AmTempFileExclusion)
File excluded from your antimalware scanner on your virtual machine. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers might exclude files from the antimalware scan on your virtual machine to prevent detection while running unauthorized tools or infecting the machine with malware.
Defense EvasionMedium
Antimalware real-time protection was disabled in your virtual machine
(VM_AmRealtimeProtectionDisabled)
Real-time protection disablement of the antimalware extension was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers might disable real-time protection from the antimalware scan on your virtual machine to avoid detection while running arbitrary code or infecting the machine with malware.
Defense EvasionMedium
Antimalware real-time protection was disabled temporarily in your virtual machine
(VM_AmTempRealtimeProtectionDisablement)
Real-time protection temporary disablement of the antimalware extension was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers might disable real-time protection from the antimalware scan on your virtual machine to avoid detection while running arbitrary code or infecting the machine with malware.
Defense EvasionMedium
Antimalware real-time protection was disabled temporarily while code was executed in your virtual machine
(VM_AmRealtimeProtectionDisablementAndCodeExec)
Real-time protection temporary disablement of the antimalware extension in parallel to code execution via custom script extension was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers might disable real-time protection from the antimalware scan on your virtual machine to avoid detection while running arbitrary code or infecting the machine with malware.
-High
Antimalware scans blocked for files potentially related to malware campaigns on your virtual machine (Preview)
(VM_AmMalwareCampaignRelatedExclusion)
An exclusion rule was detected in your virtual machine to prevent your antimalware extension scanning certain files that are suspected of being related to a malware campaign. The rule was detected by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription. Attackers might exclude files from antimalware scans to prevent detection while running arbitrary code or infecting the machine with malware.Defense EvasionMedium
Antimalware temporarily disabled in your virtual machine
(VM_AmTemporarilyDisablement)
Antimalware temporarily disabled in your virtual machine. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers might disable the antimalware on your virtual machine to prevent detection.
-Medium
Antimalware unusual file exclusion in your virtual machine
(VM_UnusualAmFileExclusion)
Unusual file exclusion from antimalware extension was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers might exclude files from the antimalware scan on your virtual machine AVG Antivirus 20.3.6164.0 Crack+ Keygen Code 2021 - Free Activators prevent detection while running arbitrary code or infecting the machine with malware.
Defense EvasionMedium
Attempt to stop apt-daily-upgrade.timer service detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected an attempt to stop apt-daily-upgrade.timer service. In some recent attacks, attackers have been observed stopping this service, to download malicious files and granting execution privileges for their attack. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Low
Attempt to stop apt-daily-upgrade.timer service detected
(VM_TimerServiceDisabled)
Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected an attempt to stop apt-daily-upgrade.timer service. In some recent attacks, attackers have been observed stopping this service, to download malicious files and granting execution privileges for their attack.Defense EvasionLow
Behavior similar to common Linux bots detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the execution of a process normally associated with common Linux botnets. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Behavior similar to common Linux bots detected
(VM_CommonBot)
Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the execution of a process normally associated with common Linux botnets.Execution, Collection, Command and Bitdefender Total Security 2021 Crack + Activation Code Free Download similar to Fairware ransomware detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the execution of rm -rf commands applied to suspicious locations. As rm -rf will recursively delete files, it is normally used on discrete folders. In this case, it is being used in a location that could remove a lot of data. Fairware ransomware is known to execute rm -rf commands in this folder. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Behavior similar to Fairware ransomware detected
(VM_FairwareMalware)
Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the execution of rm -rf commands applied to suspicious locations. As rm -rf will recursively delete files, it is normally used vsdc license key 2019 - Crack Key For U discrete folders. In this case, it is being used in a location that could remove a lot of data. Fairware ransomware is known to execute rm -rf commands in this folder.ExecutionMedium
Behavior similar to ransomware detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the execution of files that have resemblance of known ransomware that can prevent users from accessing their system or personal files, and demands ransom payment in order to regain access. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-High
Container with a miner image detectedMachine logs indicate execution of a Docker container that runs an image associated with a digital currency mining. This behavior can possibly indicate that your resources are abused by an attacker.-High
Custom script extension with suspicious command in your virtual machine
(VM_CustomScriptExtensionSuspiciousCmd)
Custom script extension with suspicious command was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers may use custom script extension to execute a malicious code on your virtual machine via the Azure Resource Manager.
ExecutionMedium
Custom script extension with suspicious entry-point in your virtual machine
(VM_CustomScriptExtensionSuspiciousEntryPoint)
Custom script extension with a suspicious entry-point was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription. The entry-point refers to a suspicious GitHub repository.
Attackers may use custom script extensions to execute malicious code on your virtual machines via the Azure Resource Manager.
ExecutionMedium
Custom script extension with suspicious payload in your virtual machine
(VM_CustomScriptExtensionSuspiciousPayload)
Custom script extension with a payload from a suspicious GitHub repository was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers may use custom script extensions to execute malicious code on your virtual machines via the Azure Resource Manager.
ExecutionMedium
Detected anomalous mix of upper and lower case characters in command lineAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a command line with anomalous mix of upper and lower case characters. This kind of pattern, while possibly benign, is IDM Crack 6.39 Build 2 Full Patch + Serial Key Download typical of attackers trying to hide from case-sensitive or hash-based rule matching when performing administrative tasks on a compromised host.-Medium
Detected file download from a known malicious source [seen multiple times]
(VM_SuspectDownload)
Analysis of host data has detected the download of a file from a known malware source on %{Compromised Host}. This behavior was seen over [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]Privilege Escalation, Execution, Exfiltration, Command and ControlMedium
Detected file download from a known malicious sourceAnalysis of host data has detected the download of a file from a known malware source on %{Compromised Host}.-Medium
Detected persistence attempt [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} has detected installation of a startup script for single-user mode. It is extremely rare that any legitimate process needs to execute in that mode, so this may indicate that an attacker has added a malicious process to every run-level to guarantee persistence. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Detected persistence attempt
(VM_NewSingleUserModeStartupScript)
Host data analysis has detected that a startup script for single-user mode has been installed.
Because it's rare that any legitimate process would be required to run in that mode, this might indicate that an attacker has added a malicious process to every run-level to guarantee persistence.
PersistenceMedium
Detected suspicious file download [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data has detected suspicious download of remote file on %{Compromised Host}. This behavior was seen 10 times today on the following machines: [Machine name]-Low
Detected suspicious file download
(VM_SuspectDownloadArtifacts)
Analysis of host data has detected suspicious download of remote file on %{Compromised Host}.PersistenceLow
Detected suspicious network activityAnalysis of network traffic from %{Compromised Host} detected suspicious network activity. Such traffic, while possibly benign, is typically used by an attacker to communicate with malicious servers for downloading of tools, command-and-control and exfiltration of data. Typical related attacker activity includes copying remote administration tools to a compromised host and exfiltrating user data from it.-Low
Detected suspicious use of the useradd command [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data has detected suspicious use of the useradd command on %{Compromised Host}. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Detected suspicious use of the useradd command
(VM_SuspectUserAddition)
Analysis of host data has detected suspicious use of the useradd command on %{Compromised Host}.PersistenceMedium
Digital currency mining related behavior detectedAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the execution of a process or command normally associated with digital currency mining.-High
Disabling of auditd logging [seen multiple times]The Linux Audit system provides a way to track security-relevant information on the system. It records as much information about the events that are happening on your system as possible. Disabling auditd logging could hamper discovering violations of security policies used on the system. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Low
Executable found running from a suspicious location
(VM_SuspectExecutablePath)
Analysis of host data detected an executable file on %{Compromised Host} that is running from a location in common with known suspicious files. This executable could either be legitimate activity, or an indication of a compromised host.ExecutionHigh
Exploitation of Xorg vulnerability [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the user of Xorg with suspicious arguments. Attackers may use this technique in privilege escalation attempts. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Exposed Docker daemon on TCP socket
(VM_ExposedDocker)
Machine logs indicate that your Docker daemon (dockerd) exposes a TCP socket. By default, Docker configuration, does not use encryption or authentication when a TCP socket is enabled. This enables full access to the Docker daemon, by anyone with access to the relevant port.Execution, ExploitationMedium
Failed SSH brute force attack
(VM_SshBruteForceFailed)
Failed brute force attacks were detected from the following attackers: %{Attackers}. Attackers were trying to access the host with the following user names: %{Accounts used on failed sign in to host attempts}.ProbingMedium
Fileless Attack Behavior Detected
(AppServices_FilelessAttackBehaviorDetection)
The memory of the process specified below contains behaviors commonly used by fileless attacks.
Specific behaviors include: {list of observed behaviors}
ExecutionMedium
Fileless Attack Technique Detected
(VM_FilelessAttackTechnique.Linux)
The memory of the process specified below contains evidence of a fileless attack technique. Fileless attacks are used by attackers to execute code while evading detection by security software.
Specific behaviors include: {list of observed behaviors}
ExecutionHigh
Fileless Attack Toolkit Detected
(VM_FilelessAttackToolkit.Linux)
The memory of the process specified below contains a fileless attack toolkit: {ToolKitName}. Fileless attack toolkits typically do not have a presence on the filesystem, making detection by traditional anti-virus software difficult.
Specific behaviors include: {list of observed behaviors}
Defense Evasion, ExecutionHigh
Hidden file execution detectedAnalysis of host data indicates that a hidden file was executed by %{user name}. This activity could either be legitimate activity, or an indication of a compromised host.-Informational
Indicators associated with DDOS toolkit detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected file names that are part of a toolkit associated with malware capable of launching DDoS attacks, opening ports and services and taking full control over the infected system. This could also possibly be legitimate activity. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Indicators associated with DDOS toolkit detected
(VM_KnownLinuxDDoSToolkit)
Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected file names that are part of a toolkit associated with malware capable of launching DDoS attacks, opening ports and services and taking full control over the infected system. This could also possibly be legitimate activity.Persistence, Lateral Movement, Execution, ExploitationMedium
Local host reconnaissance detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the execution of a command normally associated with common Linux bot reconnaissance. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Local host reconnaissance detected
(VM_LinuxReconnaissance)
Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the execution of a command normally associated with common Linux bot reconnaissance.DiscoveryMedium
Manipulation of host firewall detected [seen multiple times]
(VM_FirewallDisabled)
Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected possible manipulation of the on-host firewall. Attackers will often disable this to exfiltrate data. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]Defense Evasion, ExfiltrationMedium
Manipulation of host firewall detectedAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected possible manipulation of the on-host firewall. Attackers will often disable this to exfiltrate data.-Medium
MITRE Caldera agent detected
(VM_MitreCalderaTools)
Machine logs indicate that the suspicious process: '%{Suspicious Process}' was running on %{Compromised Host}. This is often associated with the MITRE 54ndc47 agent which could be used maliciously to attack other machines in some way.AllMedium
New SSH key added [seen multiple times]
(VM_SshKeyAddition)
A new SSH key was added to the authorized keys file. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine rekordbox 5.5.0 Download - Crack Key For U SSH key addedA new SSH key was added to the authorized keys file-Low
Possible attack tool detected [seen multiple times]Machine logs indicate that the suspicious process: '%{Suspicious Process}' was running on %{Compromised Host}. This tool is often associated with malicious users attacking other machines in some way. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Possible attack tool detected
(VM_KnownLinuxAttackTool)
Machine logs indicate that the suspicious process: '%{Suspicious Process}' was running on %{Compromised Host}. This tool is often associated with malicious users attacking other machines in some way.Execution, Collection, Command and Control, ProbingMedium
Possible backdoor detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data has detected a suspicious file being downloaded then run on %{Compromised Host} in your subscription. This activity has previously been associated with installation of a backdoor. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Possible credential access tool detected [seen multiple times]Machine logs indicate a possible known credential access tool was running on %{Compromised Host} launched by process: '%{Suspicious Process}'. This tool is often associated with attacker attempts to access credentials. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Possible credential access tool detected
(VM_KnownLinuxCredentialAccessTool)
Machine logs indicate a possible known credential access tool was running on %{Compromised Host} launched by process: '%{Suspicious Process}'. This tool is proshow producer 9 serial key - Crack Key For U associated with attacker attempts to access credentials.Credential AccessMedium
Possible exploitation of Hadoop Yarn
(VM_HadoopYarnExploit)
Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the possible exploitation of the Hadoop Yarn service.ExploitationMedium
Possible exploitation of the mailserver detected
(VM_MailserverExploitation )
Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected an unusual execution under the mail server accountExploitationMedium
Possible Log Tampering Activity Detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected possible removal of files that tracks user's activity during the course of its operation. Attackers often try to evade detection and leave no trace of malicious activities by deleting such log files. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Possible Log Tampering Activity Detected
(VM_SystemLogRemoval)
Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected possible removal of files that tracks user's activity during the course of its operation. Attackers often try to evade detection and leave no trace of malicious activities by deleting such log files.Defense EvasionMedium
Possible loss of data detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a possible data egress condition. Attackers will often egress data from machines they have compromised. This behavior was seen [x]] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Possible loss of data detected
(VM_DataEgressArtifacts)
Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a possible data egress condition. Attackers will often egress data from machines they have compromised.Collection, ExfiltrationMedium
Possible malicious web shell detected [seen multiple times]
(VM_Webshell)
Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a possible web shell. Attackers will often upload a web shell to a machine they have compromised to gain persistence or for further exploitation. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]Persistence, ExploitationMedium
Possible malicious web shell detectedAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a possible web shell. Attackers will often upload a web shell to a machine they have compromised to gain persistence or for further exploitation.-Medium
Possible password change using crypt-method detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected password change using crypt method. Attackers can make this change to continue access and gaining persistence after compromise. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Potential overriding of common files [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data has detected common executables being overwritten on %{Compromised Host}. Attackers will overwrite common files as a way to obfuscate their actions or for persistence. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Potential overriding of common files
(VM_OverridingCommonFiles)
Analysis of host data has detected common executables being overwritten on %{Compromised Host}. Attackers will overwrite common files as a way to obfuscate their actions or for persistence.PersistenceMedium
Potential port forwarding to external IP address [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the initiation of port forwarding to an external IP address. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Potential port forwarding to external IP address
(VM_SuspectPortForwarding)
Host data analysis detected the initiation of port forwarding to an external IP address.Exfiltration, Command and ControlMedium
Potential reverse shell detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a potential reverse shell. These are used to get a compromised machine to call back into a machine an attacker owns. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Potential reverse shell detected
(VM_ReverseShell)
Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a potential reverse shell. These are used to get a compromised machine to call back into a machine an attacker owns.Exfiltration, ExploitationMedium
Privileged command run in containerMachine logs indicate that a privileged command was run in a Docker container. A privileged command has extended privileges on the host machine.-Low
Privileged Container DetectedMachine logs indicate that a privileged Docker container is running. A privileged container has a full access to the host's resources. If compromised, an attacker can use the privileged container to gain access to the host machine.-Low
Process associated with digital currency mining detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the execution of a process normally associated with digital currency mining. This behavior was seen over 100 times today on the following machines: [Machine name]-Medium
Process associated with digital currency mining detectedHost data analysis detected the execution of a process that is normally associated with digital currency mining.Exploitation, ExecutionMedium
Process seen accessing the SSH authorized keys file in an unusual way
(VM_SshKeyAccess)
An SSH authorized keys file has been accessed in a method similar to known malware campaigns. This access can indicate that an attacker is attempting to gain persistent access to a machine.-Low
Python encoded downloader detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the execution of encoded Python that downloads and runs code from a remote location. This may be an indication of malicious activity. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Low
Screenshot taken on host [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected the user of a screen capture tool. Attackers may use these tools to access private data. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Low
Script extension mismatch detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a mismatch between the script interpreter and the extension of the script file provided as input. This has frequently been associated with attacker script executions. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Script extension mismatch detected
(VM_MismatchedScriptFeatures)
Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a mismatch between the script interpreter and the extension of the script file provided as input. This has frequently been associated with attacker script executions.Defense EvasionMedium
Shellcode detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected shellcode being generated from the command line. This process could be legitimate activity, or an indication that one of your machines has been compromised. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
SSH server is running inside a container
(VM_ContainerSSH)
Machine logs indicate that an SSH server is running inside a Docker container. While this behavior can be intentional, it frequently indicates that a container is misconfigured or breached.ExecutionMedium
Successful SSH brute force attack
(VM_SshBruteForceSuccess)
Analysis of host data has detected a successful brute force attack. The IP %{Attacker source IP} was seen making multiple login attempts. Successful logins were made from that IP with the following user(s): %{Accounts used to successfully sign in to host}. This means that the host may be compromised and controlled by a malicious actor.ExploitationHigh
Suspicious Account Creation DetectedAnalysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected creation or use of a local account %{Suspicious account name} : this account name closely resembles a standard Windows account or group name '%{Similar To Account Name}'. This is potentially a rogue account created by an attacker, so named in order to avoid being noticed by a human administrator.-Medium
Suspicious compilation detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected suspicious compilation. Attackers will often compile exploits on a machine they have compromised to escalate privileges. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Suspicious compilation detected
(VM_SuspectCompilation)
Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected suspicious compilation. Attackers will often compile exploits on a machine they have compromised to escalate privileges.Privilege Escalation, ExploitationMedium
Suspicious failed execution of custom script extension in your virtual machine
(VM_CustomScriptExtensionSuspiciousFailure)
Suspicious failure of a custom script extension was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Such failures may be associated with malicious scripts run by this extension.
ExecutionMedium
Suspicious kernel module detected [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data on %{Compromised Host} detected a shared object file being loaded as a kernel module. This could be legitimate activity, or an indication that one of your machines has been compromised. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Medium
Suspicious password access [seen multiple times]Analysis of host data has detected suspicious access to encrypted user passwords on %{Compromised Host}. This behavior was seen [x] times today on the following machines: [Machine names]-Informational
Suspicious password accessAnalysis of host data has detected suspicious access to encrypted user passwords on %{Compromised Host}.-Informational
Suspicious PHP execution detected
(VM_SuspectPhp)
Machine logs indicate that a suspicious PHP process is running. The action included an attempt to run OS commands or PHP code from the command line using the PHP process. While this behavior can be legitimate, in web applications this behavior is also observed in malicious activities such as attempts to infect websites with web shells.ExecutionMedium
Suspicious request to Kubernetes API
(VM_KubernetesAPI)
Machine logs indicate that a suspicious request was made to the Kubernetes API. The request was sent from a Kubernetes node, possibly from one of the containers running in the node. Although this behavior can be intentional, it might indicate that the node is running a compromised container.ExecutionMedium
Unusual config reset in your virtual machine
(VM_VMAccessUnusualConfigReset)
An unusual config reset was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
While this action may be legitimate, attackers can try utilizing VM Access extension to reset the configuration in your virtual machine and compromise it.
Credential AccessMedium
Unusual deletion of custom script extension in your virtual machine
(VM_CustomScriptExtensionUnusualDeletion)
Unusual deletion of a custom script extension was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers may use custom script extensions to execute malicious code on your virtual machines via the Azure Resource Manager.
ExecutionMedium
Unusual execution of custom script extension in your virtual machine
(VM_CustomScriptExtensionUnusualExecution)
Unusual execution of a custom script extension was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
Attackers may use custom script extensions to execute malicious code on your virtual machines via the Azure Resource Manager.
ExecutionMedium
Unusual user password reset in your virtual machine
(VM_VMAccessUnusualPasswordReset)
An unusual user password reset was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
While this action may be legitimate, attackers can try utilizing the VM Access extension to reset the credentials of a local user in your virtual machine and compromise it.
Credential AccessMedium
Unusual user SSH key reset in your virtual machine
(VM_VMAccessUnusualSSHReset)
An unusual user SSH key reset was detected in your virtual machine by analyzing the Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.
While this action may be legitimate, attackers can try utilizing VM Access extension to reset SSH key of a user account in your virtual machine and compromise it.
Credential AccessMedium

Alerts for Azure App Service

Further details and notes

Alert (alert type)DescriptionMITRE tactics
(Learn more)
Severity
An attempt to run Linux commands on a Windows App Service
(AppServices_LinuxCommandOnWindows)
Analysis of App Service processes detected an attempt to run a Linux command on a Windows App Service. This action was running by the web application. This behavior is often seen during campaigns that exploit a vulnerability in a common web application.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows)
-Medium
An IP that connected to your Azure App Service FTP Interface was found in Threat Intelligence
(AppServices_IncomingTiClientIpFtp)
Azure App Service FTP log indicates a connection from a source address that was found in the threat intelligence feed. During this connection, a user accessed the pages listed.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
Initial AccessMedium
Attempt to run high privilege command detected
(AppServices_HighPrivilegeCommand)
Analysis of App Service processes detected an attempt to run a command that requires high privileges.
The command ran in the web application context. While this behavior can be legitimate, in web applications this behavior is also observed in malicious activities.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows)
-Medium
Microsoft Defender for Cloud test alert for App Service (not a threat)
(AppServices_EICAR)
This is a test alert generated by Microsoft Defender for Cloud. No further action is needed.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
-High
Connection to web page from anomalous IP address detected
(AppServices_AnomalousPageAccess)
Azure App Service activity log indicates an anomalous connection to a sensitive web page from the listed source IP address. This might indicate that someone is attempting a brute force attack into your web app administration pages. It might also be the result of a new IP address being used by a legitimate user. If the source IP address is trusted, you can safely suppress this alert for this resource. To learn how to suppress security alerts, see Suppress alerts from Microsoft Defender for Cloud.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
Initial AccessMedium
Dangling DNS record for an App Service resource detected
(AppServices_DanglingDomain)
A DNS record that points to a recently deleted App Service resource (also known as "dangling DNS" entry) has been detected. This leaves you susceptible to a subdomain takeover. Subdomain takeovers enable malicious actors to redirect traffic intended for an organization’s domain to a site performing malicious activity.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
-High
Detected encoded executable in command line data
(AppServices_Base64EncodedExecutableInCommandLineParams)
Analysis of host data on {Compromised host} detected a base-64 encoded executable. This has previously been associated with attackers attempting to construct executables on-the-fly through a sequence of commands, and attempting to evade intrusion detection systems by ensuring that no individual command would trigger an alert. This could be legitimate activity, or an indication of a compromised host.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows)
Defense Evasion, ExecutionHigh
Detected file download from a known malicious source
(AppServices_SuspectDownload)
Analysis of host data has detected the download of a file from a known malware source on your host.
(Applies to: App Service on Linux)
Privilege Escalation, Execution, Exfiltration, Command and ControlMedium
Digital currency mining related behavior detected
(AppServices_DigitalCurrencyMining)
Analysis of host data on Inn-Flow-WebJobs detected the execution of a process or command normally associated with digital currency mining.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
ExecutionHigh
Executable decoded using certutil
(AppServices_ExecutableDecodedUsingCertutil)
Analysis of host data on [Compromised entity] detected that certutil.exe, a built-in administrator utility, was being used to decode an executable instead of its mainstream purpose that relates to manipulating certificates and certificate data. Attackers are known to abuse functionality of legitimate administrator tools to perform malicious actions, for example using a tool such as certutil.exe to decode a malicious executable that will then be subsequently executed.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows)
Defense Evasion, ExecutionHigh
Fileless Attack Behavior Detected
(AppServices_FilelessAttackBehaviorDetection)
The memory of the process specified below contains behaviors commonly used by fileless attacks.
Specific behaviors include: {list of observed behaviors}
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
ExecutionMedium
Fileless Attack Technique Detected
(AppServices_FilelessAttackTechniqueDetection)
The memory of the process specified below contains evidence of a fileless attack technique. Fileless attacks are used by attackers to execute code while evading detection by security software.
Specific behaviors include: {list of observed behaviors}
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
ExecutionHigh
Fileless Attack Toolkit Detected
(AppServices_FilelessAttackToolkitDetection)
The memory of the process specified below contains a fileless attack toolkit: {ToolKitName}. Fileless attack toolkits typically do not have a presence on the filesystem, making detection by traditional anti-virus software difficult.
Specific behaviors include: {list of observed behaviors}
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
Defense Evasion, ExecutionHigh
NMap scanning detected
(AppServices_Nmap)
Azure App Service activity log indicates a possible web fingerprinting activity on your App Service resource.
The suspicious activity detected is associated with NMAP. Attackers often use this tool for probing the web application to find vulnerabilities.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
PreAttackMedium
Phishing content hosted on Azure Webapps
(AppServices_PhishingContent)
URL used for phishing attack found on the Azure AppServices website. This URL was part of a phishing attack sent to Microsoft 365 customers. The content typically lures visitors into entering their corporate credentials or financial information into a legitimate looking website.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
CollectionHigh
PHP file in upload folder
(AppServices_PhpInUploadFolder)
Azure App Service activity log indicates an access to a suspicious PHP page located in the upload folder.
This type of folder does not usually contain PHP files. The existence of this type of file might indicate an exploitation taking advantage of arbitrary file upload vulnerabilities.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
ExecutionMedium
Possible Cryptocoinminer download detected
(AppServices_CryptoCoinMinerDownload)
Analysis of host data has detected the download of a file normally associated with digital currency mining.
(Applies to: App Service on Linux)
Defense Evasion, Command and Control, ExploitationMedium
Potential dangling DNS record for an App Service resource detected
(AppServices_PotentialDanglingDomain)
A DNS record that points to a recently deleted App Service resource (also known as "dangling DNS" entry) has been detected. This might leave you susceptible to a subdomain takeover. Subdomain takeovers enable malicious actors to redirect traffic intended for an organization’s domain to a site performing malicious activity. In this case, a text record with the Domain Verification ID was found. Such text records prevent subdomain takeover but we still recommend removing the dangling domain. If you leave the DNS record pointing at the subdomain you’re at risk if anyone in your organization deletes the TXT file or record in the future.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
-Low
Potential reverse shell detected
(AppServices_ReverseShell)
Analysis of host data detected a potential reverse shell. These are used to get a compromised machine to call back into a machine an attacker owns.
(Applies to: App Service on Linux)
Exfiltration, ExploitationMedium
Raw data download detected
(AppServices_DownloadCodeFromWebsite)
Analysis of App Service processes detected an attempt to download code from raw-data websites such as Pastebin. This action was run by a PHP process. This behavior is associated with attempts to download web shells or other malicious components to the App Service.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows)
ExecutionMedium
Saving curl output to disk detected
(AppServices_CurlToDisk)
Analysis of App Service processes detected the running of a curl command in which the output was saved to the disk. While this behavior can be legitimate, in web applications this behavior is also observed in malicious activities such as attempts to infect websites with web shells.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows)
-Low
Spam folder referrer detected
(AppServices_SpamReferrer)
Azure App Service activity log indicates web activity that was identified as originating from a web site associated with spam activity. This can occur if your website is compromised and used for spam activity.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
-Low
Suspicious access to possibly vulnerable web page detected
(AppServices_ScanSensitivePage)
Azure App Service activity log indicates a web page that seems to be sensitive was accessed. This suspicious activity originated from a source IP address whose access pattern resembles that of a web scanner.
This activity is often associated with an attempt by an attacker to scan your network to try and gain access to sensitive or vulnerable web pages.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
-Low
Suspicious domain name reference
(AppServices_CommandlineSuspectDomain)
Analysis of host data detected reference to suspicious domain name. Such activity, while possibly legitimate user behavior, is frequently an indication of the download or execution of malicious software. Typical related attacker activity is likely to include the download and execution of further malicious software or remote administration tools.
(Applies to: App Service on Linux)
ExfiltrationLow
Suspicious autocad 2019 download - Crack Key For U using Certutil detected
(AppServices_DownloadUsingCertutil)
Analysis of host data on {NAME} detected the use of certutil.exe, a built-in administrator utility, for the download of a binary instead of its mainstream purpose that relates to manipulating certificates and certificate data. Attackers are known to abuse functionality of legitimate administrator tools to perform malicious actions, for example using certutil.exe to download and decode a malicious executable that will then be subsequently executed.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows)
ExecutionMedium
Suspicious PHP execution detected
(AppServices_SuspectPhp)
Machine logs indicate that a suspicious PHP process is running. The action included an attempt to run operating system commands or PHP code from the command line, by using the PHP process. While this behavior can be legitimate, in web applications this behavior might indicate malicious activities, such as attempts to infect websites with web shells.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
ExecutionMedium
Suspicious PowerShell cmdlets executed
(AppServices_PowerShellPowerSploitScriptExecution)
Analysis of host data indicates execution of known malicious PowerShell PowerSploit cmdlets.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows)
ExecutionMedium
Suspicious process executed
(AppServices_KnownCredential AccessTools)
Machine logs indicate that the suspicious process: '%{process path}' was running on the machine, often associated with attacker attempts to access credentials.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows)
Credential AccessHigh
Suspicious process name detected
(AppServices_ProcessWithKnownSuspiciousExtension)
Analysis of host data on {NAME} detected a process whose name is suspicious, for example corresponding to a known attacker tool or named in a way that is suggestive of attacker tools that try to hide in plain sight. This process could be legitimate activity, or an indication that one of your machines has been compromised.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows)
Persistence, Defense EvasionMedium
Suspicious SVCHOST process executed
(AppServices_SVCHostFromInvalidPath)
The system process SVCHOST was observed running in an abnormal context. Malware often use SVCHOST to mask its malicious activity.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows)
Defense Evasion, ExecutionHigh
Suspicious User Agent detected
(AppServices_UserAgentInjection)
Azure App Service activity log indicates requests with suspicious user agent. This behavior can indicate on attempts to exploit a vulnerability in your App Service application.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
Initial AccessMedium
Suspicious WordPress theme invocation detected
(AppServices_WpThemeInjection)
Azure App Service activity log indicates a possible code injection activity on your App Service resource.
The suspicious activity detected resembles that of a manipulation of WordPress theme to support server side execution of code, followed by a direct web request to invoke the manipulated theme file.
This type of activity was seen in the past as part of an attack campaign over WordPress.
If your App Service resource isn’t hosting a WordPress site, it isn’t vulnerable to this specific code injection exploit and you can safely suppress this alert for the resource. To learn how to suppress security alerts, see Suppress alerts from Microsoft Defender for Cloud.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
ExecutionHigh
Vulnerability scanner detected
(AppServices_DrupalScanner)
Azure App Service activity log indicates that a possible vulnerability scanner was used on your App Service resource.
The suspicious activity detected resembles that of tools targeting a content management system (CMS).
If your Rapid php dark theme - Free Activators Service resource isn’t hosting a Drupal site, it isn’t vulnerable to this specific code injection exploit and you can safely suppress this alert for the resource. To learn how to suppress security alerts, see Suppress alerts from Microsoft Defender for Cloud.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows)
PreAttackMedium
Vulnerability scanner detected
(AppServices_JoomlaScanner)
Azure App Service activity log indicates that a possible vulnerability scanner was used on your App Service resource.
The suspicious activity detected resembles that of tools targeting Joomla applications.
If your App Service resource isn’t hosting a Joomla site, it isn’t vulnerable to this specific code injection exploit and you can safely suppress this alert for the resource. To learn how to suppress security alerts, see Suppress alerts from Microsoft Defender for Cloud.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
PreAttackMedium
Vulnerability scanner detected
(AppServices_WpScanner)
Azure App Service activity log indicates that a possible vulnerability scanner was used on your App Service resource.
The suspicious activity detected resembles that of tools targeting WordPress applications.
If your App Service resource isn’t hosting a WordPress site, it isn’t vulnerable to this specific code injection exploit and you can safely suppress this alert for the resource. To learn how to suppress security alerts, see Suppress alerts from Microsoft Defender for Cloud.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
PreAttackMedium
Web fingerprinting detected
(AppServices_WebFingerprinting)
Azure App Service activity log indicates a possible web fingerprinting activity on your App Service resource.
The suspicious activity google earth pro serial is associated with a tool called Blind Elephant. The tool fingerprint web servers and tries to detect the installed applications and version.
Attackers often use this tool for probing the web application to find vulnerabilities.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
PreAttackMedium
Website is tagged as malicious in threat intelligence feed
(AppServices_SmartScreen)
Your website as described below is marked as a malicious site by Windows SmartScreen. If you think this is a false positive, contact Windows SmartScreen via report feedback link provided.
(Applies to: App Service on Windows and App Service on Linux)
CollectionMedium
Possible loss of data detected
(AppServices_DataEgressArtifacts)
Analysis of host/device data detected a possible data egress condition. Attackers will often egress data from machines they have compromised.
(Applies to: App Service on Linux)
Collection, ExfiltrationMedium
Detected suspicious file download
(AppServices_SuspectDownloadArtifacts)
Analysis of host data has detected suspicious download of remote file.
(Applies to: App Service on Linux)
PersistenceMedium

Alerts for containers - Kubernetes clusters

Further details and notes

Alert (alert type)DescriptionMITRE tactics
(Learn more)
Severity
K8S API requests from proxy IP address detected
(K8S_TI_Proxy)
Kubernetes audit log analysis detected API requests to your cluster from an IP address that is associated with proxy services, such as TOR. While this behavior can be legitimate, it's often seen in malicious activities, when attackers try to hide their source IP.ExecutionLow
Container with a sensitive volume mount detected
(K8S_SensitiveMount)
Kubernetes audit log analysis detected a new container with a sensitive volume mount. The volume that was detected is a hostPath type which mounts a sensitive file or folder from the node to the container. If the container gets compromised, the attacker can use this mount for gaining access to the node.Privilege EscalationMedium
CoreDNS modification in Kubernetes detected
(K8S_CoreDnsModification)
Kubernetes audit log analysis detected a modification of the CoreDNS configuration. The configuration of CoreDNS can be modified by overriding its configmap. While this activity can be legitimate, if attackers have permissions to modify the imposition wizard price, they can change the behavior of the cluster’s DNS server and poison it.Lateral MovementLow
Creation of admission webhook configuration detected
(K8S_AdmissionController)
Kubernetes audit log analysis detected a new admission webhook configuration. Kubernetes has two built-in generic admission controllers: MutatingAdmissionWebhook and ValidatingAdmissionWebhook. The behavior of these admission controllers is determined by an admission webhook that the user deploys to the cluster. The usage of such admission controllers can be legitimate, however attackers can use such webhooks for modifying the requests (in case of MutatingAdmissionWebhook) or inspecting the requests and gain sensitive information (in case of ValidatingAdmissionWebhook).Credential Access, PersistenceLow
Digital currency mining container detected
(K8S_MaliciousContainerImage)
Kubernetes audit log analysis detected a container that has an image associated with a digital currency mining tool.ExecutionHigh
Exposed Kubeflow dashboard detected
(K8S_ExposedKubeflow)
The Kubernetes audit log analysis detected exposure of the Istio Ingress by a load balancer in a cluster that runs Kubeflow. This action might expose the Kubeflow dashboard to the internet. If the dashboard is exposed to the internet, attackers can access it and run malicious containers or code on the cluster. Find more details in the following article: https://www.microsoft.com/security/blog/2020/06/10/misconfigured-kubeflow-workloads-are-a-security-riskInitial AccessMedium
Exposed Kubernetes dashboard detected
(K8S_ExposedDashboard)
Kubernetes audit log analysis detected exposure of the Kubernetes Dashboard by a LoadBalancer service. Exposed dashboard allows an unauthenticated access to the cluster management and poses a security threat.Initial AccessHigh
Exposed Kubernetes service detected
(K8S_ExposedService)
The Kubernetes audit log analysis detected exposure of a service by a load balancer. This service is related to a sensitive application that allows high impact operations in the cluster such as running processes on the node or creating new containers. In some cases, this service doesn't require authentication. If the service doesn't require authentication, exposing it to the internet poses a security risk.Initial AccessMedium
Exposed Redis service in AKS detected
(K8S_ExposedRedis)
The Kubernetes audit log analysis detected exposure of a Redis service by a load balancer. If the service doesn't require authentication, exposing it to the internet poses a security risk.Initial AccessLow
Kubernetes events deleted
(K8S_DeleteEvents)
Defender for Cloud detected that some Kubernetes events have been deleted. Kubernetes events are objects in Kubernetes which contain information about changes in the cluster. Attackers might delete those events for hiding their operations in the cluster.Defense EvasionMedium
Kubernetes penetration testing tool detected
(K8S_PenTestToolsKubeHunter)
Kubernetes audit log analysis detected usage of Kubernetes penetration testing tool in the AKS cluster. While this behavior can be legitimate, attackers might use such public tools for malicious purposes.ExecutionLow
New container in the kube-system namespace detected
(K8S_KubeSystemContainer)
Kubernetes audit log analysis detected a new container in the kube-system namespace that isn’t among the containers that normally run in this namespace. The kube-system namespaces should not contain user resources. Attackers can use this namespace for hiding malicious components.PersistenceLow
New high privileges role detected
(K8S_HighPrivilegesRole)
Kubernetes audit log analysis detected a new role with high privileges. A binding to a role with high privileges gives the user\group high privileges in the cluster. Unnecessary privileges might cause privilege escalation in the cluster.PersistenceLow
Privileged container detected
(K8S_PrivilegedContainer)
Kubernetes audit log analysis detected a new privileged container. A privileged container has access to the node’s resources and breaks the isolation between containers. If compromised, an attacker can use the privileged container to gain access to the node.Privilege EscalationLow
Role binding to the cluster-admin role detected
(K8S_ClusterAdminBinding)
Kubernetes audit log analysis detected a new binding to the cluster-admin role which gives administrator privileges. Unnecessary administrator privileges might cause privilege escalation in the cluster.PersistenceLow
Anomalous pod deployment (Preview)
(K8S_AnomalousPodDeployment)
Kubernetes audit log analysis detected pod deployment which is anomalous based on previous pod deployment activity. This activity is considered an anomaly when taking into account how the different features seen in the deployment operation are in relations to one another. The features monitored by this analytics include the container image registry used, the account performing the deployment, day of the week, how often does this account performs pod deployments, user agent used in the operation, is this a namespace which is pod deployment occur to often, or other feature. Top contributing reasons for raising this alert as anomalous activity are detailed under the alert extended properties.ExecutionMedium
Excessive role permissions assigned in Kubernetes cluster (Preview)
(K8S_ServiceAcountPermissionAnomaly)
Analysis of the Kubernetes audit logs detected an excessive permissions role assignment to your cluster. From examining role assignments, the listed permissions are uncommon to the specific service account. This detection considers previous role assignments to the same service account across clusters monitored by Azure, volume per permission, and the impact of the specific permission. The anomaly detection model used for this alert takes into account how this permission is used across all clusters monitored by Microsoft Defender for Cloud.Privilege EscalationLow

Alerts for containers - host level

Security alerts for container hosts aren't limited to the alerts below. Many of the alerts listed in the alerts for Azure network layer, alerts smadav crack onhax - Activators Patch Windows machines, and alerts for Linux machines tables may also may be triggered on your container hosts. Microsoft's global threat Steganos Privacy Suite 2021 Crack:Serial - Free Activators team continuously measures and tunes many types of alerts against Kubernetes clusters to optimize detection and reduce false positives.

Further details and notes

Alert (alert type)DescriptionMITRE tactics
(Learn more)
Severity
Container with a miner image detected
(VM_MinerInContainerImage)
Machine logs indicate execution of a Docker container that run an image associated with a digital currency mining.ExecutionHigh
Docker build operation detected on a Kubernetes node
(VM_ImageBuildOnNode)
Machine logs indicate a build operation of a container image on a Kubernetes node. While this behavior might be legitimate, attackers might build their malicious images locally to avoid detection.Defense EvasionLow
Exposed Docker daemon detected
(VM_ExposedDocker)
Machine logs indicate that your Docker daemon (dockerd) exposes a TCP socket. By default, Docker configuration, does not use encryption or authentication when a TCP socket is enabled. This enables full access to the Docker daemon, by anyone with access to the relevant port.Execution, ExploitationMedium
Privileged command run in container
(VM_PrivilegedExecutionInContainer)
Machine logs indicate that a privileged command was run in a Docker container. A privileged command has extended privileges on the host machine.Privilege EscalationLow
Privileged Container Detected
(VM_PrivilegedContainerArtifacts)
Machine logs indicate that a privileged Docker container is running. A privileged container has a full access to the host's resources. If compromised, an attacker can use the privileged container to gain access to the host machine.Privilege Escalation, ExecutionLow
SSH server is running inside a container
(VM_ContainerSSH)
Machine logs indicate that an SSH server is running inside a Docker container. While this behavior can be intentional, it frequently indicates that a container is misconfigured or breached.ExecutionMedium
Suspicious request to Kubernetes API
(VM_KubernetesAPI)
Machine logs indicate that a suspicious request was made to the Kubernetes API. The request was sent from a Kubernetes node, possibly from one of the containers running in the node. Although this behavior can be intentional, it might indicate that the node is running a compromised container.ExecutionMedium
Suspicious request to the Kubernetes Dashboard
(VM_KubernetesDashboard)
Machine logs indicate that a suspicious request was made to the Kubernetes Dashboard. The request was sent from a Kubernetes node, possibly from one of the containers running in the node. Although this behavior can be intentional, it might indicate that the node is running a compromised container.Lateral movementMedium

Alerts for SQL Database and Azure Synapse Analytics

Further details and notes

AlertDescriptionMITRE tactics
(Learn more)
Severity
A possible vulnerability to SQL Injection
(SQL.VM_VulnerabilityToSqlInjection
SQL.DB_VulnerabilityToSqlInjection
SQL.MI_VulnerabilityToSqlInjection
SQL.DW_VulnerabilityToSqlInjection)
An application has generated a faulty SQL statement in the database. This can indicate a possible vulnerability to SQL injection attacks. There are two possible reasons for a faulty statement. A defect in application code might have constructed the faulty SQL statement. Or, application code or stored procedures didn't sanitize user input when constructing the faulty SQL statement, which can be exploited for SQL injection.PreAttackMedium
Attempted logon by a potentially harmful application
(SQL.DB_HarmfulApplication
SQL.VM_HarmfulApplication
SQL.MI_HarmfulApplication
SQL.DW_HarmfulApplication)
A potentially harmful application attempted to access SQL server '{name}'.PreAttackHigh
Log on from an unusual Azure Data Center
(SQL.DB_DataCenterAnomaly
SQL.VM_DataCenterAnomaly
SQL.DW_DataCenterAnomaly
SQL.MI_DataCenterAnomaly)
There has been a change in the access pattern to an SQL Server, where someone has signed in to the server from an unusual Azure Data Center. In some cases, the alert detects a legitimate action (a new application or Azure service). In other cases, the alert detects a malicious action (attacker operating from breached resource in Azure).ProbingLow
Log on from an unusual location
(SQL.DB_GeoAnomaly
SQL.VM_GeoAnomaly
SQL.DW_GeoAnomaly
SQL.MI_GeoAnomaly)
There has been a change in the access pattern to SQL Server, where someone has signed in to the server from an unusual geographical location. In some cases, the alert detects a legitimate action (a new application or developer maintenance). In other cases, the alert detects a malicious action (a former employee or external attacker).ExploitationMedium
Login from a principal user not seen in 60 days
(SQL.DB_PrincipalAnomaly
SQL.VM_PrincipalAnomaly
SQL.DW_PrincipalAnomaly
SQL.MI_PrincipalAnomaly)
A principal user not seen in the last 60 days has logged into your database. If this database is new or this is expected behavior caused by recent changes in the users accessing the database, Defender for Cloud will identify significant changes to the access patterns and attempt to prevent future false positives.ExploitationMedium
Login from a suspicious IP
(SQL.VM_SuspiciousIpAnomaly)
Your resource has been accessed successfully from an IP address that Microsoft Threat Intelligence has associated with suspicious activity.PreAttackMedium
Potential SQL Brute Force attemptAn abnormally high number of failed sign in attempts with different credentials have occurred. In some cases, the alert detects penetration testing in action. In other cases, the alert detects a brute force attack.ProbingHigh
Potential SQL injection
(SQL.DB_PotentialSqlInjection
SQL.VM_PotentialSqlInjection
SQL.MI_PotentialSqlInjection
SQL.DW_PotentialSqlInjection
Synapse.SQLPool_PotentialSqlInjection)
An active exploit has occurred against an identified application vulnerable to SQL injection. This means an attacker is trying to inject malicious SQL statements by using the vulnerable application code or stored procedures.PreAttackHigh
Potentially Unsafe Action
(SQL.DB_UnsafeCommands
SQL.MI_UnsafeCommands
SQL.DW_UnsafeCommands)
A potentially unsafe action was attempted on your database '{name}' on server '{name}'.-High
Suspected brute force attack using a valid userA potential brute force attack has been detected on your resource. The attacker is using the valid user sa, which has permissions to login.PreAttackHigh
Suspected brute force attackA potential brute force attack has been detected on your SQL server '{name}'.PreAttackHigh
Suspected successful brute force attack
(SQL.DB_BruteForce
SQL.VM_BruteForce
SQL.DW_BruteForce
SQL.MI_BruteForce)
A successful login occurred after an apparent brute force attack on your resourcePreAttackHigh
Unusual export locationSomeone has extracted a massive amount of data from your SQL Server '{name}' to an unusual location.ExfiltrationHigh

Alerts for open-source relational databases

Further details and notes

Alert (alert type)DescriptionMITRE tactics
(Learn more)
Severity
Suspected brute force attack using a valid user
(SQL.PostgreSQL_BruteForce
SQL.MariaDB_BruteForce
SQL.MySQL_BruteForce)
A potential brute force attack has been detected on your resource. The attacker is winutilities professional edition 15 serial key - Crack Key For U the valid user (username), which has permissions to login.PreAttackHigh
Suspected successful brute force attack
(SQL.PostgreSQL_BruteForce
SQL.MySQL_BruteForce
SQL.MariaDB_BruteForce)
A successful login occurred after an apparent brute force attack on your resource.PreAttackHigh
Suspected brute force attack
("SQL.MySQL_BruteForce")
A potential brute force attack has been detected on your SQL server '{name}'.PreAttackHigh
Attempted logon by a potentially harmful application
(SQL.PostgreSQL_HarmfulApplication
SQL.MariaDB_HarmfulApplication
SQL.MySQL_HarmfulApplication)
A potentially harmful application attempted to access your resource.PreAttackHigh
Login from a principal user not seen in 60 days
(SQL.PostgreSQL_PrincipalAnomaly
SQL.MariaDB_PrincipalAnomaly
SQL.MySQL_PrincipalAnomaly)
A principal user not seen in the last 60 days has logged into your database. If this database is new or this is expected behavior caused by recent changes in the users accessing the database, Defender for Cloud will identify significant changes to the access patterns and attempt to prevent future false positives.ExploitationMedium
Login from a domain not seen in 60 days
(SQL.MariaDB_DomainAnomaly
SQL.PostgreSQL_DomainAnomaly
SQL.MySQL_DomainAnomaly)
A user has logged in to your resource from a domain no other users have connected from in the last 60 days. If this resource is new or this is expected behavior caused by recent changes in the users accessing the resource, Defender for Cloud will identify significant changes to the access patterns and attempt to prevent future false positives.ExploitationMedium
Log on from an unusual Azure Data Center
(SQL.PostgreSQL_DataCenterAnomaly
SQL.MariaDB_DataCenterAnomaly
SQL.MySQL_DataCenterAnomaly)
Someone logged on to your resource from an unusual Azure Data Center.ProbingLow
Logon from an unusual cloud provider
(SQL.PostgreSQL_CloudProviderAnomaly
SQL.MariaDB_CloudProviderAnomaly
SQL.MySQL_CloudProviderAnomaly)
Someone logged on to your resource from a cloud provider not seen in the last 60 days. It's quick and easy for threat actors to obtain disposable compute power for use in their campaigns. If this is expected behavior caused by the recent adoption of a new cloud provider, Defender for Cloud will learn over time and attempt to prevent future false positives.ExploitationMedium
Log on from an unusual location
(SQL.MariaDB_GeoAnomaly
SQL.PostgreSQL_GeoAnomaly
SQL.MySQL_GeoAnomaly)
Someone logged on to your resource from an unusual Azure Data Center.ExploitationMedium
Login from a suspicious IP
(SQL.PostgreSQL_SuspiciousIpAnomaly
SQL.MariaDB_SuspiciousIpAnomaly
SQL.MySQL_SuspiciousIpAnomaly)
Your resource has been accessed successfully from an IP address that Microsoft Threat Intelligence has associated with suspicious activity.PreAttackMedium

Alerts for Resource Manager

Further details and notes

Alert (alert type)DescriptionMITRE tactics
(Learn more)
Severity
Azure Resource Manager operation from suspicious IP address (Preview)
(ARM_OperationFromSuspiciousIP)
Microsoft Defender for Resource Manager detected an operation from an IP address that has been marked as suspicious in threat intelligence feeds.ExecutionMedium
Azure Resource Manager operation from suspicious proxy IP address (Preview)
(ARM_OperationFromSuspiciousProxyIP)
Microsoft Defender for Resource Manager detected a resource management operation from an IP address that is associated with proxy services, such as TOR. While this behavior can be legitimate, it's often seen in malicious activities, when threat actors try to hide their source IP.Defense EvasionMedium
MicroBurst exploitation toolkit used to enumerate resources in your subscriptions
(ARM_MicroBurst.AzDomainInfo)
MicroBurst's Information Gathering module was run on your subscription. This tool can be used to discover resources, permissions and network structures. This was detected by analyzing the Azure Activity logs and resource management operations in your subscription-High
MicroBurst exploitation toolkit used to enumerate resources in your subscriptions
(ARM_MicroBurst.AzureDomainInfo)
MicroBurst's Information Gathering module was run on your subscription. This tool can be used to discover resources, permissions and network structures. This was detected by analyzing the Azure Activity logs and resource management operations in your subscription-High
MicroBurst exploitation toolkit used to execute code on your virtual machine
(ARM_MicroBurst.AzVMBulkCMD)
MicroBurst's exploitation toolkit was used to execute code on your virtual machines. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.ExecutionHigh
MicroBurst exploitation toolkit used to execute code on your virtual machine
(RM_MicroBurst.AzureRmVMBulkCMD)
MicroBurst's exploitation toolkit was used to execute code on your virtual machines. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.-High
MicroBurst exploitation toolkit used to extract keys from your Azure key vaults
(ARM_MicroBurst.AzKeyVaultKeysREST)
MicroBurst's exploitation toolkit was used to extract keys from your Azure key vaults. This was detected by analyzing Azure Activity logs and resource management operations in your subscription.-High
MicroBurst exploitation toolkit used to extract keys to your storage accounts
(ARM_MicroBurst.AZStorageKeysREST)
MicroBurst's exploitation toolkit was used to extract keys to your storage accounts. This was detected by analyzing Azure Activity logs and resource management operations in your subscription.CollectionHigh
MicroBurst exploitation toolkit used to extract secrets from your Azure key vaults
(ARM_MicroBurst.AzKeyVaultSecretsREST)
MicroBurst's exploitation toolkit was used to extract secrets from your Azure key vaults. This was detected by analyzing Azure Activity logs and resource management operations in your subscription.-High
Permissions granted for an RBAC role in an unusual way for your Azure environment (Preview)
(ARM_AnomalousRBACRoleAssignment)
Microsoft Defender for Resource Manager detected an RBAC role assignment that's unusual when compared with other assignments performed by the same assigner / performed for the same assignee / in your tenant due to the following anomalies: assignment time, assigner location, assigner, authentication method, assigned entities, client software used, assignment extent. This operation might have been performed by a legitimate user in your organization. Alternatively, it might indicate that an account in your organization was breached, and that the threat actor is trying to grant permissions to an additional user account they own.Lateral Movement, Defense EvasionMedium
PowerZure exploitation toolkit used to elevate access from Azure AD to Azure
(ARM_PowerZure.AzureElevatedPrivileges)
PowerZure exploitation toolkit was used to elevate access from Movie database software - Free Activators to Azure. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your tenant.-High
PowerZure exploitation toolkit used to enumerate resources
(ARM_PowerZure.GetAzureTargets)
PowerZure exploitation toolkit was used to enumerate resources on behalf of a legitimate user account in your organization. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.CollectionHigh
PowerZure exploitation toolkit used to enumerate storage containers, shares, and tables
(ARM_PowerZure.ShowStorageContent)
PowerZure exploitation toolkit was used to enumerate storage shares, tables, and containers. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.-High
PowerZure exploitation toolkit used to execute a Runbook in your subscription
(ARM_PowerZure.StartRunbook)
PowerZure exploitation toolkit was used to execute a Runbook. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.-High
PowerZure exploitation toolkit used to extract Runbooks content
(ARM_PowerZure.AzureRunbookContent)
PowerZure exploitation toolkit was used to extract Runbook content. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.CollectionHigh
PREVIEW - Activity from a risky IP address
(ARM.MCAS_ActivityFromAnonymousIPAddresses)
Users activity from an IP address that has been identified as an anonymous proxy IP address has been detected.
These proxies are used by people who want to hide their device's IP address, and can be used for malicious intent. This detection uses a machine learning algorithm that reduces false positives, such as mis-tagged IP addresses that are widely used by users in the organization.
Requires an active Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps license.
-Medium
PREVIEW - Activity from infrequent country
(ARM.MCAS_ActivityFromInfrequentCountry)
Activity from a location that wasn't recently or ever visited by any user in the organization has occurred.
This detection considers past activity locations to determine new Activate Windows 7 Professional infrequent locations. The anomaly detection engine stores information about previous locations used by users in the organization.
Requires an active Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps license.
-Medium
PREVIEW - Azurite toolkit run detected
(ARM_Azurite)
A known cloud-environment reconnaissance toolkit run has been detected in your environment. The tool Azurite can be used by an attacker (or penetration tester) to map your subscriptions' resources and identify insecure configurations.CollectionHigh
PREVIEW - Impossible travel activity
(ARM.MCAS_ImpossibleTravelActivity)
Two user activities (in a single or multiple sessions) have occurred, originating from geographically distant locations. This occurs within a time period shorter than the time it would have taken the user to travel from the first location to the second. This indicates that a different user is using the rapid php dark theme - Free Activators credentials.
This detection uses a machine learning algorithm that ignores obvious false positives contributing to the impossible travel conditions, such as VPNs and locations regularly used by other users in the organization. The detection has an initial learning period of seven days, during which it learns a new user's activity pattern.
Requires an active Microsoft Defender for Cloud Apps license.
-Medium
PREVIEW - Suspicious management session using an inactive account detected
(ARM_UnusedAccountPersistence)
Subscription activity logs analysis has detected suspicious behavior. A principal not in use for a long period of time is now performing actions that can secure persistence for an attacker.PersistenceMedium
PREVIEW - Suspicious management session using PowerShell detected
(ARM_UnusedAppPowershellPersistence)
Subscription activity logs analysis has detected suspicious behavior. A principal that doesn't regularly use PowerShell to manage the subscription environment is now using PowerShell, and performing actions that can secure persistence for an attacker.PersistenceMedium
PREVIEW – Suspicious management session using Azure portal detected
(ARM_UnusedAppIbizaPersistence)
Analysis of your subscription activity logs has detected a suspicious behavior. A principal that doesn't regularly use the Azure portal (Ibiza) to manage the subscription environment (hasn't used Azure portal to manage for the last 45 days, or a subscription that it is actively managing), is now using the Azure portal and performing actions that can secure persistence for an attacker.PersistenceMedium
Privileged custom role created for your subscription in a suspicious way (Preview)
(ARM_PrivilegedRoleDefinitionCreation)
Microsoft Defender for Resource Manager detected a suspicious creation of privileged custom role definition in your subscription. This operation might have been performed by a legitimate user in your organization. Alternatively, it might indicate that an account in your organization was breached, and that the threat actor is trying to create a privileged role to use in the future to evade detection.Privilege Escalation, Defense EvasionLow
Usage of MicroBurst exploitation toolkit to run an arbitrary code or exfiltrate Azure Automation account credentials
(ARM_MicroBurst.RunCodeOnBehalf)
Usage of MicroBurst exploitation toolkit to run an arbitrary code or exfiltrate Azure Automation account credentials. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.Persistence, Credential AccessHigh
Usage of NetSPI techniques to maintain persistence rapid php dark theme - Free Activators your Azure environment
(ARM_NetSPI.MaintainPersistence)
Usage of NetSPI persistence technique to create a webhook backdoor and maintain persistence in your Azure environment. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.-High
Usage of PowerZure exploitation toolkit to run an arbitrary code or exfiltrate Azure Automation account credentials
(ARM_PowerZure.RunCodeOnBehalf)
PowerZure exploitation toolkit detected attempting to run code or exfiltrate Azure Automation account credentials. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.-High
Usage of PowerZure function to maintain persistence in your Azure environment
(ARM_PowerZure.MaintainPersistence)
PowerZure exploitation toolkit detected creating a webhook backdoor to maintain persistence in your Azure environment. This was detected by analyzing Azure Resource Manager operations in your subscription.-High

Alerts for DNS

Further details and notes

Alert (alert type)DescriptionMITRE tactics
(Learn more)
Severity
Anomalous network protocol usage
(AzureDNS_ProtocolAnomaly)
Analysis of DNS transactions from %{CompromisedEntity} detected anomalous protocol usage. Such traffic, while possibly benign, may indicate abuse of this common protocol to bypass network traffic filtering. Typical related attacker activity includes copying remote administration tools to a compromised host and exfiltrating user data from it.Exfiltration-
Anonymity network activity
(AzureDNS_DarkWeb)
Analysis of DNS transactions from %{CompromisedEntity} detected anonymity network activity. Such activity, while possibly legitimate user behavior, is frequently employed by attackers to evade tracking and fingerprinting of network communications. Typical related attacker activity is likely to include the download and execution of malicious software or remote administration tools.Exfiltration-
Anonymity network activity using web proxy
(AzureDNS_DarkWebProxy)
Analysis of DNS transactions from %{CompromisedEntity} detected anonymity network activity. Such activity, while possibly legitimate user behavior, is frequently employed by attackers to evade tracking and fingerprinting of network communications. Typical related attacker activity is likely to include the download and execution of malicious software or remote administration tools.Exfiltration-
Attempted communication with suspicious sinkholed domain
(AzureDNS_SinkholedDomain)
Analysis of DNS transactions from %{CompromisedEntity} detected request for sinkholed domain. Such activity, while possibly legitimate user behavior, is frequently an indication of the download or execution of malicious software. Typical related attacker activity is likely to include the download and execution of further malicious software or remote administration tools.Exfiltration-
Communication with possible phishing domain
(AzureDNS_PhishingDomain)
Analysis of DNS transactions from %{CompromisedEntity} detected a request for a possible phishing domain. Such activity, while possibly benign, is frequently performed by attackers to harvest credentials to remote services. Typical related attacker activity is likely to include the exploitation of any credentials on the legitimate service.Exfiltration-
Communication with suspicious algorithmically generated domain
(AzureDNS_DomainGenerationAlgorithm)
Analysis of DNS transactions from %{CompromisedEntity} detected possible usage of a domain generation algorithm. Such activity, while possibly benign, is frequently performed by attackers to evade network monitoring and filtering. Typical related attacker activity is likely to include the download and execution of malicious software or remote administration tools.Exfiltration-
Communication with suspicious domain identified by threat intelligence
(AzureDNS_ThreatIntelSuspectDomain)
Communication with suspicious domain was detected by analyzing DNS transactions from your resource and comparing against known malicious domains identified by threat intelligence feeds. Communication to malicious domains is frequently performed by attackers and could imply that your resource is compromised."Initial AccessMedium
Communication with suspicious random domain name
(AzureDNS_RandomizedDomain)
Analysis of DNS transactions from %{CompromisedEntity} detected usage of a suspicious randomly generated domain name. Such activity, while possibly benign, is frequently performed by attackers to evade network monitoring and filtering. Typical related attacker activity is likely to include the download and execution of malicious software or remote administration tools.Exfiltration-
Digital currency mining activity
(AzureDNS_CurrencyMining)
Analysis of DNS transactions from %{CompromisedEntity} detected digital currency mining activity. Such activity, while possibly legitimate user behavior, is frequently performed by attackers following compromise of resources. Typical related attacker activity is likely to include the download and execution of common mining tools.Exfiltration-
Network intrusion detection signature activation
(AzureDNS_SuspiciousDomain)
Analysis of DNS transactions from %{CompromisedEntity} detected a known malicious network signature. Such activity, while possibly legitimate user behavior, is frequently an indication of the download or execution of malicious software. Typical related attacker activity is likely to include the download and execution of further malicious software or remote administration tools.Exfiltration-
Possible data download via DNS tunnel
(AzureDNS_DataInfiltration)
Analysis of DNS transactions from %{CompromisedEntity} detected a possible DNS tunnel. Such activity, while possibly legitimate user behavior, is frequently performed by attackers to evade network monitoring and filtering. Typical related attacker activity is likely to include the download and execution of malicious software or remote administration tools.Exfiltration-
Possible data exfiltration via DNS tunnel
(AzureDNS_DataExfiltration)
Analysis of DNS transactions from %{CompromisedEntity} detected a possible DNS tunnel. Such activity, while possibly legitimate user behavior, is frequently performed by attackers to evade network monitoring and filtering. Typical related attacker activity is likely to include the download and execution of malicious software or remote administration tools.Exfiltration-
Possible data transfer via DNS tunnel
(AzureDNS_DataObfuscation)
Analysis of DNS transactions from %{CompromisedEntity} detected a possible DNS tunnel. Such activity, while possibly legitimate user behavior, is frequently performed by attackers to evade network monitoring and filtering. Typical related attacker activity is likely to include the download and execution of malicious software or remote administration tools.Exfiltration-

Alerts for Azure Storage

Further details and notes

Alert (alert type)DescriptionMITRE tactics
(Learn more)
Severity
Access from a suspicious IP address
(Storage.Blob_SuspiciousIp
Storage.Files_SuspiciousIp)
Indicates that this storage account has been successfully accessed from an IP address that is considered suspicious. This alert is powered by Microsoft Threat Intelligence.
Learn more about Microsoft's threat intelligence capabilities.
Applies to: Azure Blob Storage, Azure Files, Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2
Initial AccessMedium
PREVIEW - Anonymous scan of public storage containers
(Storage.Blob_ContainerAnonymousScan)
A series of attempts were made to anonymously identify public containers in your storage account. This might indicate a reconnaissance attack, where the attacker scans your storage account to identify publicly accessible containers and then tries to find sensitive data inside them.
Applies to: Azure Blob Storage
PreAttack, CollectionMedium / High
PREVIEW – Phishing content hosted on a storage account
(Storage.Blob_PhishingContent
Storage.Files_PhishingContent)
A URL used in a phishing attack points to your Azure Storage account. This URL was part of a phishing attack affecting users imyfone lockwiper licensed email and registration code free - Activators Patch Microsoft 365.
Typically, content hosted on such pages is designed to trick visitors into entering their corporate credentials or financial information into a web form that looks legitimate.
This alert is powered by Microsoft Threat Intelligence.
Learn more about Microsoft's threat intelligence capabilities.
Applies to: Azure Blob Storage, Azure Files
CollectionHigh
PREVIEW - Storage account identified as source for distribution of malware
(Storage.Files_WidespreadeAm)
Antimalware alerts indicate that an infected file(s) is stored in an Azure file share that is mounted to multiple VMs. If attackers gain access to a VM with a mounted Azure file share, they can use it to spread malware to other VMs that mount the same share.
Applies to: Azure Files
Lateral Movement, ExecutionHigh
PREVIEW - Storage account with potentially sensitive data has been detected with a publicly exposed container
(Storage.Blob_OpenACL)
The access policy of a container in your storage account was modified to allow anonymous access. This might lead to a data breach if the container holds any sensitive data. This alert is based on analysis of Azure activity log.
Applies to: Azure Blob Storage, Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2
Privilege EscalationMedium
Access from a Tor exit node to a storage account
(Storage.Blob_TorAnomaly
Storage.Files_TorAnomaly)
Indicates that this account has been accessed successfully from an IP address that is known as an active exit node of Tor (an anonymizing proxy). The severity of this alert considers the authentication type used (if any), and whether this is the first case of such access. Potential causes can be an attacker who has accessed your storage account by using Tor, or a legitimate user who has accessed your storage account by using Tor.
Applies to: Azure Blob Storage, Azure Files, Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2
Probing, ExploitationHigh
Access from an unusual location to a storage account
(Storage.Blob_GeoAnomaly
Storage.Files_GeoAnomaly)
Indicates that there was a change in the access pattern to an Azure Storage account. Someone has accessed this account from an IP address considered unfamiliar when compared with recent activity. Either an attacker has gained access to the account, or a legitimate user has connected from a new or unusual geographic location. An example of the latter is remote maintenance from a new application or developer.
Applies to: Azure Blob Storage, Azure Files, Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2
ExploitationLow
Anonymous access to a storage account
(Storage.Blob_AnonymousAccessAnomaly)
Indicates that there was a change in the access pattern to an Azure Storage account. Someone accessed a container in this storage account without authenticating. Access to this container is typically authenticated by SAS token, storage account key, or AAD. This might indicate that an attacker has exploited public read access to the storage account.
Applies to: Azure Blob Storage
ExploitationHigh
Potential malware uploaded to a storage account
(Storage.Blob_MalwareHashReputation
Storage.Files_MalwareHashReputation)
Indicates that a blob containing potential malware has been uploaded to a blob container or a file share in a storage account. This alert is based on hash reputation analysis leveraging the power of Microsoft threat intelligence, which includes hashes for viruses, trojans, spyware and ransomware. Potential causes may include an intentional malware upload by an attacker, or an unintentional upload of a potentially malicious blob by a legitimate user.
Applies to: Azure Blob Storage, Azure Files (Only for transactions over REST API)
Learn more about Azure's hash reputation analysis for malware.
Learn more about Microsoft's threat intelligence capabilities.
Lateral MovementHigh
Unusual access inspection in a storage account
(Storage.Blob_AccessInspectionAnomaly
Storage.Files_AccessInspectionAnomaly)
Indicates that the access permissions of a storage account have been inspected in an unusual way, compared to recent activity on this account. A potential cause is that an attacker has performed reconnaissance for a future attack.
Applies to: Azure Blob Storage, Azure Files
CollectionMedium
Unusual amount of data extracted from a storage account
(Storage.Blob_DataExfiltration.AmountOfDataAnomaly
Storage.Blob_DataExfiltration.NumberOfBlobsAnomaly
Storage.Files_DataExfiltration.AmountOfDataAnomaly
Storage.Files_DataExfiltration.NumberOfFilesAnomaly)
Indicates that an unusually large amount of data has been extracted compared to recent activity on this storage container. A potential cause is that an attacker has extracted a large amount of final cut pro 10.4 kickass - Free Activators from a container that holds blob storage.
Applies to: Azure Blob Storage, Azure Files, Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2
ExfiltrationMedium
Unusual application accessed a storage account
(Storage.Blob_ApplicationAnomaly
Storage.Files_ApplicationAnomaly)
Indicates that an unusual application has accessed this storage account. A potential cause is that an attacker has accessed your storage account by using a new application.
Applies to: Azure Blob Storage, Azure Files
ExploitationMedium
Unusual change of access permissions in a storage account
(Storage.Blob_PermissionsChangeAnomaly
Storage.Files_PermissionsChangeAnomaly)
Indicates that the access permissions of this storage container have been changed in an unusual way. A potential cause is that an attacker has changed container permissions to weaken its security posture or to gain persistence.
Applies to: Azure Blob Storage, Azure Files, Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2
PersistenceMedium
Unusual data exploration in a storage account
(Storage.Blob_DataExplorationAnomaly
Storage.Files_DataExplorationAnomaly)
Indicates that blobs or containers in a storage account have been enumerated in an abnormal way, compared to recent activity on this account. A potential cause is that an attacker has performed reconnaissance for a future attack.
Applies to: Azure Blob Storage, Azure Files
CollectionMedium
Unusual deletion in a storage account
(Storage.Blob_DeletionAnomaly
Storage.Files_DeletionAnomaly)
Indicates that one or more unexpected delete operations has occurred in a storage account, compared to recent activity on this account. A potential cause is that an attacker has deleted data from your storage account.
Applies to: Azure Blob Storage, Azure Files, Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2
ExfiltrationMedium
Unusual upload of .cspkg to a storage account
(Storage.Blob_CspkgUploadAnomaly)
Indicates that an Azure Cloud Services package (.cspkg file) has been uploaded to a storage account in an unusual way, compared to recent activity on this account. A potential cause is that an attacker has been preparing to deploy malicious code from your storage account to an Azure cloud service.
Applies to: Azure Blob Storage, Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2
Lateral Movement, ExecutionMedium
Unusual upload of .exe to a storage account
(Storage.Blob_ExeUploadAnomaly
Storage.Files_ExeUploadAnomaly)
Indicates that an .exe file has been uploaded to a storage account in an unusual way, compared to recent activity on this account. A potential cause is that an attacker has uploaded a malicious executable file to your storage account, or that a legitimate user has uploaded an executable file.
Applies to: Azure Blob Storage, Azure Files, Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2
Lateral Movement, ExecutionMedium

Alerts for Azure Cosmos DB (Preview)

Further details and notes

AlertDescriptionMITRE tactics
(Learn more)
Severity
PREVIEW - Access from an unusual location to a Cosmos DB accountIndicates that there was a change in the access pattern to an Azure Cosmos DB account. Someone has accessed this account from an unfamiliar IP address, compared to recent activity. Either an attacker has accessed the account, Ableton Live 10.1.18 Crack a legitimate user has accessed it from a new and unusual geographical location. An example of the latter is remote maintenance from a new application or developer.ExploitationMedium
PREVIEW - Unusual amount of data extracted from a Cosmos DB accountIndicates that there was a change in the data extraction pattern from an Azure Cosmos DB account. Someone has extracted an unusual amount of data compared to recent activity. An attacker might have extracted a large amount of data from an Azure Cosmos DB database (for example, data exfiltration or leakage, or an unauthorized transfer of data). Or, a legitimate user or application might have extracted an unusual amount of data from a container (for example, for maintenance backup activity).ExfiltrationMedium

Alerts for Azure network layer

Further details and notes

AlertDescriptionMITRE tactics
(Learn more)
Severity
Network communication with a malicious machine detected
(Network_CommunicationWithC2)
Network traffic analysis indicates that your machine (IP %{Victim IP}) has communicated with what is possibly a Command and Control center. When the compromised resource is a load balancer or an application gateway, the suspected activity might indicate that one or more of the resources in the backend pool (of the load balancer or application gateway) has communicated with what is possibly a Command and Control center.Command and ControlMedium
Possible compromised machine detected
(Network_ResourceIpIndicatedAsMalicious)
Threat intelligence indicates that your machine (at IP %{Machine IP}) may have been compromised by a malware of type Conficker. Conficker was a computer worm that targets the Microsoft Windows operating system and was first detected in November 2008. Conficker infected millions of computers including government, business and home computers in over 200 countries/regions, making it the largest known computer worm infection since the 2003 Welchia worm.Command and ControlMedium
Possible incoming %{Service Name} brute force attempts detected
(Generic_Incoming_BF_OneToOne)
Network traffic analysis detected incoming %{Service Name} communication to %{Victim IP}, associated with your resource %{Compromised Host} from %{Attacker IP}. When the compromised resource is a load balancer or an application gateway, the suspected incoming traffic has been forwarded to one or more of the resources in the backend pool (of the load balancer or application gateway). Specifically, sampled network data shows suspicious activity between %{Start Time} and %{End Time} on port %{Victim Port}. This activity is consistent with brute force attempts against %{Service Name} servers.PreAttackMedium
Possible incoming SQL brute force attempts detected
(SQL_Incoming_BF_OneToOne)
Network traffic analysis detected incoming SQL communication to %{Victim IP}, associated with your resource %{Compromised Host}, from %{Attacker IP}. When the compromised resource is a load balancer or an application gateway, the suspected incoming traffic has been forwarded to one or more of the resources in the backend pool (of the load balancer or application gateway). Specifically, sampled network data shows suspicious activity between %{Start Time} and %{End Time} on port %{Port Number} (%{SQL Service Type}). This activity is consistent with brute force attempts against SQL servers.PreAttackMedium
Possible outgoing denial-of-service attack detected
(DDOS)
Network traffic analysis detected anomalous outgoing activity originating from %{Compromised Host}, a resource in your deployment. This activity may indicate that your resource was compromised and is now engaged in denial-of-service attacks against external endpoints. When the compromised resource is a load balancer or an application gateway, the suspected activity might indicate that one or more of the resources in the backend pool (of the load balancer or application gateway) was compromised. Based on the volume of connections, we believe that the following IPs are possibly the targets of the DOS attack: %{Possible Victims}. Note that it is possible that the communication to some of these IPs is legitimate.ImpactMedium
Possible outgoing port scanning activity detected
(PortSweeping)
Network traffic analysis detected suspicious outgoing traffic from %{Compromised Host}. This traffic may be a result of a port scanning activity. When the compromised resource is a load balancer or an application gateway, the suspected outgoing traffic has been originated from to one or more of the resources in the backend pool (of the load balancer or application gateway). If this behavior is intentional, please note that performing port scanning is against Azure Terms of service. If this behavior is unintentional, it may mean your resource has been compromised.DiscoveryMedium
Suspicious incoming RDP network activity from multiple sources
(RDP_Incoming_BF_ManyToOne)
Network traffic netflix movies crack - Free Activators detected anomalous incoming Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) communication to %{Victim IP}, associated with your resource %{Compromised Host}, from multiple sources. When the compromised resource is a load balancer or an application gateway, the suspected incoming traffic has been forwarded to one or more of the resources in the backend pool (of the load balancer or application gateway). Specifically, sampled network data shows %{Number of Attacking IPs} unique IPs connecting to your resource, which is considered abnormal for this environment. This activity may indicate an attempt to brute force your RDP end point from multiple hosts (Botnet)PreAttackMedium
Suspicious incoming RDP network activity
(RDP_Incoming_BF_OneToOne)
Network traffic analysis detected anomalous incoming Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) communication to %{Victim IP}, associated with your resource %{Compromised Host}, from %{Attacker IP}. When the compromised resource is a load balancer or an application gateway, the suspected incoming traffic has been forwarded to one or more of the resources in the backend pool (of the load balancer or application gateway). Specifically, sampled network data shows %{Number of Connections} incoming connections to your resource, which is considered abnormal for this environment. This activity may indicate an attempt to brute force your RDP end pointPreAttackMedium
Suspicious incoming SSH network activity from multiple sources
(SSH_Incoming_BF_ManyToOne)
Network traffic analysis detected anomalous incoming SSH communication to %{Victim IP}, associated with your resource %{Compromised Host}, from multiple sources. When the compromised resource is a load balancer or an application gateway, the suspected incoming traffic has been forwarded to one or more of the resources in the backend pool (of the load balancer or application gateway). Specifically, sampled network data shows %{Number of Attacking IPs} unique IPs connecting to your resource, which is considered abnormal for this environment. This activity may indicate an attempt to brute force your SSH end point from multiple hosts (Botnet)PreAttackMedium
Suspicious incoming SSH network activity
(SSH_Incoming_BF_OneToOne)
Network traffic analysis detected anomalous incoming SSH communication to %{Victim IP}, associated with your resource %{Compromised Host}, from free malwarebytes download IP}. When the compromised resource is a load balancer or an application gateway, the suspected incoming traffic has been forwarded to one or more of the resources in the backend pool (of the load balancer or application gateway). Specifically, sampled network data shows %{Number of Connections} incoming connections to your resource, which is considered abnormal for this environment. This activity may indicate an attempt to brute force your SSH end pointPreAttackMedium
Suspicious outgoing %{Attacked Protocol} traffic detected
(PortScanning)
Network traffic analysis detected suspicious outgoing traffic from %{Compromised Host} to destination port %{Most Common Port}. When the compromised resource is a load balancer or an application gateway, the suspected outgoing traffic has been originated from to one or more of the resources in the backend pool (of the load balancer or application gateway). This behavior may indicate that your resource is taking part in %{Attacked Protocol} brute force attempts or port sweeping attacks.DiscoveryMedium
Suspicious outgoing RDP network activity to multiple destinations
(RDP_Outgoing_BF_OneToMany)
Network traffic analysis detected anomalous outgoing Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) communication to multiple destinations originating from %{Compromised Host} (%{Attacker IP}), a resource in your deployment. When the compromised resource is a load balancer or an application gateway, the suspected outgoing traffic has been originated from to one or more of the resources in the backend pool (of the load balancer or application gateway). Specifically, sampled network data shows your machine connecting to %{Number of Attacked IPs} unique IPs, which is considered abnormal for this environment. This activity may indicate that your resource was compromised and is now used to brute force external RDP end points. Note that this type of activity could possibly cause your IP to be flagged as malicious by external entities.DiscoveryHigh
Suspicious outgoing RDP network activity
(RDP_Outgoing_BF_OneToOne)
Network traffic analysis detected anomalous outgoing Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) communication to %{Victim IP} originating from %{Compromised Host} (%{Attacker IP}), a resource in your deployment. When the compromised resource is a load balancer or an application gateway, the suspected outgoing traffic has been originated from to one or more of the resources in the backend pool (of the load balancer or application gateway). Specifically, sampled network data shows %{Number of Connections} outgoing connections from your resource, which is considered abnormal for this environment. This activity may indicate that your machine was compromised and is now used to brute force external RDP end points. Note that this type of activity could possibly cause your IP to be flagged as malicious by external entities.Lateral MovementHigh
Suspicious outgoing SSH network activity to multiple destinations
(SSH_Outgoing_BF_OneToMany)
Network traffic analysis detected anomalous outgoing SSH communication to multiple destinations originating from %{Compromised Host} (%{Attacker IP}), a resource in your deployment. When the compromised resource is a load balancer or an application gateway, the suspected outgoing traffic has been originated from to one or more of the resources in the backend pool (of the load balancer or application gateway). Specifically, sampled network data shows your resource connecting to %{Number of Attacked IPs} unique IPs, which is considered abnormal for this environment. This activity may indicate that your resource was compromised and is now used to brute force external SSH end points. Note that this type of activity could possibly cause your IP to be flagged as malicious by external entities.DiscoveryMedium
Suspicious outgoing SSH network activity
(SSH_Outgoing_BF_OneToOne)
Network traffic analysis detected anomalous outgoing SSH communication to %{Victim IP} originating from %{Compromised Host} (%{Attacker IP}), a resource in your deployment. When the compromised resource is a load balancer or an application gateway, the suspected outgoing traffic has been originated from to one or more of the resources in the backend pool (of the load balancer or application gateway). Specifically, sampled network data shows %{Number of Connections} outgoing connections from your resource, which is considered abnormal for this environment. This activity may indicate that your resource was compromised and is now used to brute force external SSH end points. Note that this type of activity could possibly cause your IP to be flagged as malicious by external entities.Lateral MovementMedium
Traffic detected from IP addresses recommended for blockingMicrosoft Defender for Cloud detected inbound traffic from IP addresses that are recommended to be blocked. This typically occurs when this IP address doesn't communicate regularly with this resource. Alternatively, the IP address has been flagged as malicious by Defender for Cloud's threat intelligence sources.ProbingLow

Alerts for Azure Key Vault

Further details and notes

Alert (alert type)DescriptionMITRE tactics
(Learn more)
Severity
Access from a suspicious IP address to a key vault
(KV_SuspiciousIPAccess)
A key vault has been successfully accessed by an IP that has been identified by Microsoft Threat Intelligence as a suspicious IP address. This may indicate that your infrastructure has been compromised. We recommend further investigation. Learn more about Microsoft's threat intelligence capabilities.Credential AccessMedium
Access from a TOR exit node to a key vault
(KV_TORAccess)
A key vault has been accessed from a known TOR exit node. This could be an indication that a threat actor has accessed the key vault and is using the TOR network to hide their source location. We recommend further investigations.Credential AccessMedium
High volume of operations in a key vault
(KV_OperationVolumeAnomaly)
An anomalous number of key vault operations were performed by a user, service principal, and/or a specific key vault. This anomalous activity pattern may be legitimate, but it could be an indication that a threat actor has gained access to the key vault and the secrets contained within it. We recommend further investigations.Credential AccessMedium
Suspicious policy change and secret query in a key vault
(KV_PutGetAnomaly)
A user or service principal has performed an anomalous Vault Put policy change operation followed by one or more Secret Get operations. This pattern is not normally performed by the specified user or service principal. This may be legitimate activity, but it could be an indication that a threat actor has updated the key vault policy to access previously inaccessible secrets. We recommend further investigations.
Источник: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/defender-for-cloud/alerts-reference
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  • End-of-life 22.0.x product lineon August 6, 2013.

    23.0 August 6, 2013 Official Firefox 23.0 release.[110]

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    • Social share functionality.
    • Added unprefixed requestAnimationFrame.
    • Implemented a global browser console.
    • Dropped blink effect from text-decoration: blink; and completely removed element.
    • New feature in toolbox: Network Monitor.
    23.0.1 August 16, 2013 Off-cycle stability update.[128]

    End-of-life 23.0.x product lineon September 17, 2013.

    Firefox 24 through 30

    Firefox 29 with Australis interface, running on Windows 8.1

    Firefox 24 and Firefox 24 ESR were released on September 17, 2013. The release includes support for the new scrollbar style in Mac OS X 10.7 (and newer), closing tabs to the right, an improved browser console for debugging, and improved SVG rendering, among other things.[129] It is the first version of the browser that uses SpiderMonkey 24.[130]

    Firefox 25 was released on October 29, 2013. Firefox 25 Nightly was at one point slated to include the Australis theme, but Australis did not actually land on Nightly until Firefox 28,[131] did not make it to Firefox 28 Aurora channel, and was finally available with Firefox 29.[132] This release added support for attribute, in CSS, along with Web audio API support, a separate find bar for each tab and many other bug fixes.[133][134][135]

    Firefox 26 was released on December 10, 2013. Firefox 26 changed the behavior of Java plugins to "click-to-play" mode instead of automatically running them. It also added support for H.264 on Linux, password manager support for script-generated fields, and the ability for Windows users without advanced write permissions to update Firefox, as well as many bug fixes and developer-related changes.[136]

    Firefox 27 was released on February 4, 2014. It adds improved Social API and SPDY 3.1 support, as well as enabling of TLS 1.1 and 1.2 by default after having been tested through a toggle in since version 24, released on September 17th, 2013.[137] Also, it brings many bug fixes, security improvements, and developer-related changes.[138]

    Firefox 28 was released on March 18, 2014. It added support for VP9 video product key on windows 7 and support for Opus in WebM.[139] For Android, features such as predictive lookup from the address bar, quick share buttons and support for OpenSearch were added.[140]

    Firefox 29 was released on April 29, 2014 and includes the Australis interface, it also removes the add-on bar and moves its content to the navigation bar.[141] Additionally, it introduced automatic correction of protocol typos to the address bar, meaning that, for example, is automatically corrected to .[142]

    Firefox 30 was released on June 10, 2014. It adds support for GStreamer 1.0 and a EF Commander 19.05 License Key - Crack Key For U sidebar button, and most plugins are not activated by default.[143][144]

    Release history of Firefox 24–30
    Version Release date[23]Release type and highlights[t 1]
    24.0 September 17, 2013 Official Firefox 24.0 release.[129]
    • Support for new scrollbar style in Mac OS X 10.7 and newer.
    • Implemented Close tabs to the right.
    • Social: Ability to tear-off chat windows to view separately by simply dragging them out.
    • Accessibility related improvements on using pinned tabs.
    • Removed support for Revocation Lists feature.
    • Performance improvements on New Tab Page loads.
    • Major SVG rendering improvements around Image tiling and scaling.
    • Improved and unified Browser console for enhanced debugging experience, replacing existing Error console.
    • Removed support for sherlock files that are loaded from application or profile directory.
    • Replaced fixed-ratio audio resampler in webrtc.org capture code with Speex resampler and eliminated pseudo-44,000  rate.

    End-of-life 24.0.x product lineon October 29, 2013.

    24.0esr September 17, 2013 Official Firefox 24.0 Extended Support Release (ESR).[129]
    24.1.0esr October 29, 2013 Regular security update.[145]
    24.1.1esr November 15, 2013 Off-cycle stability update.[146]
    • Updated branches that use 4.10 RTM to 4.10.2 RTM.
    • Updated Mozilla to NSS 3.15.3 (new alternative NSS branch) to pick up a few fixes.
    • Fixed an issue where some UI strings in Firefox 24.1.0 ESR l10n builds are in English.
    24.2.0esr December 10, 2013 Regular security update.[147]
    24.3.0esr February 4, 2014 Regular security update.[148]
    24.4.0esr March 18, 2014 Regular security update.[149]
    24.5.0esr April 29, 2014 Regular security update.[150]
    24.6.0esr June 10, 2014 Regular security update.[151]
    24.7.0esr July 22, 2014 Regular security update.[152]
    24.8.0esr September 2, 2014 Regular security update.[153]
    24.8.1esr September 24, 2014 Off-cycle security update.[154]End-of-life 24.x.x ESR product lineon October 14, 2014.
    25.0 October 29, 2013 Official Firefox 25.0 release.[133]
    • Web Audio support.
    • The find bar is no longer shared between tabs.
    • If away from Firefox for months, you now will be offered the option to migrate another rapid php dark theme - Free Activators history and settings.
    • Resetting Firefox no longer clears your browsing session.
    • CSS3 background-attachment:local support to control background scrolling.
    • Many new ES6 functions implemented.
    • document content can now be specified inline.
    • Fixed blank or missing page thumbnails when opening a new tab.
    25.0.1 November 15, 2013 Off-cycle security and stability update.[155]
    • Fixed pages that sometimes wouldn't load without first moving the cursor.

    End-of-life 25.0.x product lineon December 10, 2013.

    26.0 December 10, 2013 Official Firefox 26.0 release.[136]
    • All Java plug-ins are defaulted to 'click to play'.
    • Password manager now supports script-generated password fields.
    • Updates can now be performed by Windows users without write permissions to Firefox install directory (requires Mozilla Maintenance Service).
    • Support for H.264 on Linux if the appropriate gstreamer plug-ins are installed.
    • Support for MP3 decoding on Windows XP, completing MP3 support across Windows OS versions.
    • CSP implementation now supports multiple policies, including the case of both an enforced and Report-Only policy, per the specification.
    • Social API now supports Social Bookmarking for multiple providers through its SocialMarks functionality.
    • Math.ToFloat32 takes a JavaScript value and converts it to a Float32, whenever possible.
    • There is no longer a prompt when websites use appcache.
    • Support for the CSS image orientation property.
    • New App Manager allows you to deploy and debug HTML5 webapps on Firefox OS phones and the Firefox OS Simulator.
    • IndexedDB can now be used as a "optimistic" storage area so it doesn't require any prompts and data is stored in a pool with LRU eviction policy, in short temporary storage.
    • Fixed: When displaying a standalone image, Firefox matches the Exif orientation information contained within the JPEG image.
    • Fixed: Text Rendering Issues on Windows 7 with Platform Update KB2670838 (MSIE 10 Prerequisite) or on Windows 8.1.
    • Improved page load times due to no longer decoding images that are not visible.
    • Fixed: AudioToolbox MP3 backend for Mac OS X.
    26.0.1 December 20, 2013 Off-cycle stability mobile release.[156]
    • Fixed the screen that distorts on some devices after tapping on search suggestion.
    • Fixed: About:home is missing translations in some locales. Most affected are: ca, ga-IE, hu, ko, pt-BR, pt-PT, ro, and uk.
    • Fixed: In some cases, the clip set on the page doesn't update when the addressbar hides.
    • Fixed: Invalid position:fixed rendering.

    End-of-life 26.0.x product lineon February 4, 2014.

    27.0 February 4, 2014 Official Firefox 27.0 release.[138]
    • You can now run more than one service at a time with Firefox SocialAPI, allowing you to receive notifications, chat and more from multiple integrated services.
    • Enabled TLS 1.1 (RFC 4346) and TLS 1.2 (RFC 5246) by default.
    • Added support for SPDY 3.1 protocol.
    • Ability to reset style sheets using .
    • You can now choose to deobfuscate javascript in the debugger.
    • Added support for scrolled fieldsets.
    • Implemented allow-popups directive for iframe sandbox, enabling increased security.
    • CSS cursor keywords -moz-grab and -moz-grabbing have been unprefixed.
    • Added support for ES6 generators in SpiderMonkey.
    • Implemented support for mathematical function in ES6.
    • Dashed line support on Canvas.
    • Had Azure/Skia content rendering working on Linux.
    27.0.1 February 13, 2014 Off-cycle stability release.[157]
    • Fixed stability issues with Greasemonkey and other JavaScript that used ClearTimeoutOrInterval.
    • Fixed: JavaScript math correctness issue.

    End-of-life 27.0.x product lineon March 18, 2014.

    28.0 March 18, 2014 Official Firefox 28.0 release.[139]
    • VP9 video decoding implemented.
    • Mac OS X: Notification Center support for web notifications.
    • Volume control for HTML5 audio/video.
    • Support for Opus in WebM.
    • Now that SPDY/3 is implemented support for SPDY/2 has been removed and servers without SPDY/3 will negotiate to HTTP/1 without any penalty.
    • Support for MathML 2.0 'mathvariant' attribute.
    • Background thread hang reporting.
    • Support for multi-line flexbox in layout.
    28.0.1 March 24, 2014 Android

    Off-cycle stability mobile update.[158]

    • Fixed H.264 video playback issues on several Galaxy devices.
    • Fixed mobile-only security fix for .

    End-of-life 28.0.x product lineon April 29, 2014.

    29.0 April 29, 2014 Official Firefox 29.0 release.[141]
    • Significant new customization mode.
    • A new menu sits in the right hand corner of Firefox and includes popular browser controls.
    • New tabs provide an overall smoother look and fade into the background when not active.
    • An interactive onboarding tour to guide users through the new Firefox changes.
    • Added the ability to set up Firefox Sync by creating a Firefox account.
    • Gamepad API finalized and enabled.
    • Malay [ma] locale added.
    • Clicking on a W3C Web Notification will switch to the originating tab.
    • 'box-sizing' (dropping the -moz- prefix) implemented.
    • Console object available in web workers.
    • Promises enabled by default.
    • SharedWorker enabled by default.
    • implemented and enabled.
    • implemented and enabled.
    • Enabled ECMAScript Internationalization API.
    • Add-on bar has been removed, content moved to navigation bar.
    • No longer possible to move tabs from the top of the browser without an add-on.
    29.0.1 May 9, 2014 Off-cycle stability update.[159]
    • Fixed: An issue with pdf.js printing white pages.
    • Fixed: Tabs not visible with dark themes under Windows 8.1.
    • Fixed: Session Restore failed with a corrupted file.
    • Fixed: Seer disabled by default.

    End-of-life 29.0.x product lineon June 10, 2014.

    30.0 June 10, 2014 Official Firefox 30.0 release.[143]
    • Sidebars button in browser chrome enables faster access to social, bookmark, & history sidebars.
    • Mac OS X command-E sets find term to selected text.
    • Support for GStreamer 1.0.
    • Disallowed calling WebIDL constructors as functions on the web.
    • With the exception of those bundled inside an extension or ones that are whitelisted, plugins will no longer be activated by default.
    • Fixes to box-shadow and other visual overflow.
    • Mute and volume available per window when using WebAudio.
    • Background-blend-mode enabled by default.
    • Use of line-height allowed for .
    • ES6 array and generator comprehensions implemented.
    • Error stack now contains column number.
    • Support for alpha option in canvas context options.
    • Fixed: Ignored autocomplete="off" when offering to save passwords via the password manager.
    • Fixed TypedArrays that don't support new named properties.

    End-of-life 30.0.x product lineon July 22, 2014.

    Firefox 31 through 37

    Firefox 31 and Firefox 31 ESR were released on July 22, 2014. Both versions added search field on the new tab page and were improved to block malware from downloaded files, along with other new features.[160] Firefox 31 ESR is the first ESR to include the Australis interface, unifying the user experience across different Firefox versions. Firefox 24.x.x ESR versions would be automatically updated to ESR version 31 after October 14, 2014.[161]

    Firefox 32 was released on September 2, 2014. It shows off HTTP caching improvements, adds HiDPI/Retina support in the Developer Tools UI and widens HTML5 support, among other things.[162][163]

    Firefox 33 was released on October 14, 2014. It now has off-main-thread compositing (OMTC) enabled by default on Windows (which brings responsiveness improvements),[164]OpenH264 support, search suggestions on about:home and about:newtab, address bar search improvements, session restore reliability improvements, and other changes.[165]

    Firefox 33.1 was released on November 10, 2014, celebrating Firefox's 10-year anniversary.[166][167] Firefox 33.1.1 was released for desktop only on November 14, 2014, fixing a startup crash.[168]

    The logo of Firefox Hello.

    Firefox 34 was released on December 1, 2014. It brings Firefox Hello (a WebRTC client for voice and video chat), an improved search bar, and the implementation of HTTP/2 (draft14) and ALPN, together with other features. It also disables SSLv3, and enables the ability to recover from a locked Firefox process and to switch themes and personas directly in the customization mode.[169]

    Firefox 35 was released on January 13, 2015. It brings support for a room-based conversations model to the Firefox Hello chat service, and other functions, it also includes security fixes.[170]

    Firefox 36 was released for desktop on February 24, 2015, bringing full HTTP/2 support and other smaller improvements and fixes.[171] It was also released for Android three days later on February 27, 2015, adding support for the tablet user interface.[172]

    Firefox 37 was released on March 31, 2015, bringing a heartbeat user rating system, which provides user feedback about the Firefox, and improved protection against website impersonation via OneCRL centralized certificate revocation. Also, Bing search is changed to use HTTPS for secure searching, and added is support for opportunistic encryption of the HTTP traffic where the server supports HTTP/2's AltSvc feature.[173][174]

    Release history of Firefox 31–37
    Version Release date[23]Release type and highlights[t 1]
    31.0 July 22, 2014 Official Firefox 31.0 release.[160]
    • Adds the search field to the new tab page.
    • as default certificate verifier.
    • Blocks malware from downloaded files.
    • Partial implementation of the OpenType MATH table.
    • Support of Prefer:Safe http header for parental control.
    • audio/video .ogg and .pdf files handled by Firefox if no application specified (Windows only).
    • Upper Sorbian [hsb] locale added.
    • Removal of the CAPS infrastructure for specifying site-specific permissions (via preferences). Most notably, attempts to use this functionality to grant access to the clipboard will no longer work. The sole exception is the checkloaduri permission, which may still be used as before to allow sites to load URIs.
    • WebVTT implemented and enabled.
    • CSS3 variables implemented.
    • Developer Tools: Add-on Debugger.
    • Developer Tools: Canvas Debugger.
    • New Array built-in: .
    • New Object built-in: .
    • CSP 1.1 nonce-source and hash-source enabled by default.
    • Developer Tools: Eyedropper tool added to the color picker.
    • Developer Tools: Editable Box Model.
    • Developer Tools: Code Editor improvements.
    • Developer Tools: Console stack traces.
    • Developer Tools: Copy as cURL.
    • Developer Tools: Styled console logs.
    • navigator.sendBeacon enabled by default.
    • Dialogs spawned from the onbeforeunload event no longer block access to the rest of the browser.
    • Fixed: Search for partially selected link text from context menu.
    • Last release for Android 2.2 for ARMv7 devices.

    End-of-life 31.0.x product lineon September 2, 2014.

    31.0esr July 22, 2014 Official Firefox 31.0 Extended Support Release (ESR).[160]
    31.1.0esr September 2, 2014 Regular security update.[175]
    31.1.1esr September 24, 2014 Off-cycle security update.[176]
    31.2.0esr October 14, 2014 Regular security and stability update.[177]
    • Fixed: Invalid certificate issue with .
    • Fixed: Importing an RSA private key fails if p < q.
    31.3.0esr December 1, 2014 Regular security and stability update.[178]
    • Fixed: startup crash.
    • Fixed: Intermittent failures in add-ons manager mochitest-browser tests.
    • Fixed: Bad CPU type in executable running mochitests on Mac OS X Yosemite.
    • Fixed: Error building on Mac OS X Yosemite.
    • Fixed: Build error on Mac OS X Yosemite.
    • Fixed: Wrong CPU features detection on some x86 CPUs.
    • Fixed: should not throw.
    • Last release for Android for ARMv6 devices.
    31.4.0esr January 13, 2015 Regular security update.[179]
    31.5.0esr February 24, 2015 Regular security update.[180]
    31.5.2esr March 20, 2015 Off-cycle security update.[181]
    31.5.3esr March 21, 2015 Off-cycle security update.[182]
    31.6.0esr March 31, 2015 Regular security update.[183]
    31.7.0esr May 12, 2015 Regular security update.[184]
    31.8.0esr July 2, 2015 Regular security update.[185]End-of-life 31.x.x ESR product lineon August 11, 2015.
    32.0 September 2, 2014 Official Firefox 32.0 release.[163]
    • New HTTP cache provides improved performance including crash recovery.
    • Integration of generational garbage collection.
    • Public key pinning support enabled.
    • Displays the number of found items in the find toolbar.
    • Easier back, forward, reload, and bookmarking through the context menu.
    • Views historical use information for logins stored in password manager.
    • Lower Sorbian [dsb] locale added.
    • Removed and turned off trust bit for some 1024-bit root certificates.
    • Performance improvements to Password Manager and Add-on Manager.
    • drawFocusIfNeeded enabled by default.
    • CSS position:sticky enabled by default.
    • mix-blend-mode enabled by default.
    • Vibration API updated to latest W3C spec.
    • box-decoration-break enabled by default.
    • ECMAScript 6 built-in method Array#copyWithin implemented.
    • New Array built-in:
    • navigator.languages property and languagechange event implemented.
    • CSS box-decoration-break replaces -moz-background-inline-policy.
    • HiDPI support in Developer Tools UI.
    • Inspector button moved to the top left.
    • Hidden nodes displayed differently in the markup-view.
    • New Web Audio Editor.
    • Code completion and inline documentation added to Scratchpad.
    • Fixed: Mac OS X: cmd-L does not open a new window when no window is available.
    • Fixed Text Rendering Issues on Windows 7 with Platform Update KB2670838 (MSIE 10 Prerequisite) or on Windows 8.1.
    32.0.1 September 10, 2014 (Android)
    September 12, 2014 (desktop)
    Off-cycle stability update.[186]

    Desktop[187]

    • Fixed stability issues for computers with multiple graphics cards.
    • Fixed mixed content icon that may be incorrectly displayed instead of lock icon for SSL sites.
    • Fixed: WebRTC: setRemoteDescription() silently fails if no success callback is specified.

    Android[188]

    • Fixed link tap selection that was offset on some Android devices.
    32.0.2 September 18, 2014 Desktop

    Off-cycle stability update.[189]

    • Fixed corrupt installations causing Firefox to crash on update.
    32.0.3 September 24, 2014 Off-cycle security update.[190][191]

    End-of-life 32.0.x product lineon October 14, 2014.

    33.0 October 14, 2014 Official Firefox 33.0 release.[165]
    • Windows: OMTC enabled by default.
    • OpenH264 support (sandboxed).
    • Improved search experience through the location bar.
    • Slimmer and faster JavaScript strings.
    • Search suggestions on the Firefox Start (about:home) and new tab (about:newtab) pages.
    • New CSP (Content Security Policy) backend.
    • Support for connecting to HTTP proxy over HTTPS.
    • Improved reliability of the session restoration.
    • Azerbaijani [az] locale added.
    • Proprietary window.crypto properties/functions removed.
    • JSD (JavaScript Debugger Service) removed in favor of the Debugger interface.
    • @counter-style rule from CSS3 Counter Styles specification implemented.
    • DOMMatrix interface implemented.
    • Cubic-bezier curves editor.
    • Displayed which elements have listeners attached.
    • New sidebar which displays a list of shortcuts to every @media rule in the current stylesheet.
    • Paint flashing for browser content repaints.
    • Editable @keyframes rules in the Rules section of the Inspector.
    • CSS transform highlighter in the style-inspector.
    • Fixed incomplete downloads being marked as complete by detecting broken HTTP1.1 transfers.
    33.0.1 October 24, 2014 Desktop

    Off-cycle stability update.[192]

    • Fixed displaying of a black screen at startup with certain graphics drivers.
    33.0.2 October 28, 2014 Desktop

    Off-cycle stability update.[193]

    • Fixed a startup crash with some combination of hardware and drivers.
    33.0.3 November 6, 2014 Desktop

    Off-cycle stability update.[194]

    33.1 November 10, 2014 Firefox's 10-year anniversary.[166][195]
    • Forget button added.
    • Enhanced tiles.
    • Privacy tour introduced.
    • Adding DuckDuckGo as a search option.
    33.1.1 November 14, 2014 Desktop

    Off-cycle stability update.[196]

    End-of-life 33.x product lineon December 1, 2014.

    34.0 December 1, 2014 Official Firefox 34.0 release.[169]
    • Default search engine changed to Yandex for Belarusian, Kazakh, and Russian locales.
    • Improved search bar (en-US only).
    • Firefox Hello real-time communication client.
    • Easily switch themes/personas directly in the Customizing mode.
    • Wikipedia search now uses HTTPS for secure searching (en-US only).
    • Implementation of HTTP/2 (draft14) and ALPN.
    • Recover from a locked Firefox process in the "Firefox is already running" dialog on Windows.
    • Disabled SSLv3.
    • Proprietary properties/functions re-enabled (to be removed in Firefox 35).
    • Firefox signed by Apple OS X version 2 signature.
    • ECMAScript 6 WeakSet Implemented.
    • JavaScript Template Strings Implemented.
    • CSS3 Font variants and features control (e.g. kerning) implemented.
    • WebCrypto:
      • RSA-OAEP, PBKDF2, ECDH, and AES-KW support.
      • and implemented.
      • Import/export of JWK-formatted keys.
    • matches() DOM API implemented (formerly mozMatchesSelector()).
    • for workers implemented.
    • WebIDE: Create, edit, and test a new Web application from your browser.
    • Highlight all nodes that match a given selector in the Style Editor and the Inspector's Rules panel.
    • Improved User Interface of the Profiler.
    • function added to rapid php dark theme - Free Activators console.
    • Fixed: CSS transitions start correctly when started at the same time as changes to display, position, overflow, and similar properties.
    34.0.5 December 1, 2014 Desktop

    Official Firefox 34.0.5 release.[197]

    • Default search engine changed to Yahoo! for North America.

    End-of-life 34.0.x product lineon January 13, 2015.

    35.0 January 13, 2015 Official Firefox 35.0 release.[170]
    • Firefox Hello with new rooms-based conversations model.
    • New search UI improved and enabled for more locales.
    • Access the Firefox Marketplace from the Tools menu and optional toolbar button.
    • Built-in support for H264 (MP4) on Mac OS X Snow Leopard (10.6) and newer through native APIs.
    • Use of tiled rendering on Mac OS X.
    • Improved high quality image resizing performance.
    • Improved handling of dynamic styling changes to increase responsiveness.
    • Implemented HTTP Public Key Pinning Extension (for enhanced authentication of encrypted connections).
    • Added support for the CSS Font Loading API.
    • Resource Timing API implemented.
    • CSS filters enabled by default.
    • Changed JavaScript 'let' semantics to match the ES6 specification.
    • Support for inspecting ::before and ::after pseudo elements.
    • Computed view: Nodes matching the hovered selector are now highlighted.
    • Network Monitor: New request/response headers view.
    • Added support for the EXT_blend_minmax WebGL extension.
    • Fixed: Show DOM Properties context menu item in inspector.
    • Reduced resource usage for scaled images.
    • PDF.js updated to version 1.0.907.
    • Non-HTTP(S) XHR now returns correct status code.

    Changes during Developer Edition releases

    35.0.1 January 26, 2015 (desktop)
    February 5, 2015 (Android)
    Off-cycle stability update.[200][201]
    • Fixed a crash with the Enhanced Steam extension.
    • Fixed a potential startup crash.
    • Fixed Kerberos authentication failure with alias.
    • Fixed SVG / CSS animation regression causing rendering issues on websites like openstreetmap.org.
    • Fixed a crash on Godaddy webmail.
    • Fixed an update failure of document.baseURI to document.location after base tag was removed from DOM for site with a CSP.
    • Fixed a text selection broken with a Right-to-left (RTL) version of Firefox.
    • CSP had a change in behavior with regard to case sensitivity resources loading.

    Android

    • Fixed crash with video playback on Asus MeMO Pad 10 and 8, Tesco Hudl, Lenovo Lifetab E models, and several other devices running the Rockchip SoC.

    End-of-life 35.0.x product lineon February 24, 2015.

    36.0 February 24, 2015 (desktop)
    February 27, 2015 (Android)
    Official Firefox 36.0 release.[171][172]
    • Pinned tiles on the new tab page can be synced.
    • Added full support for HTTP/2.
    • Locale added: Uzbek (UZ).
    • Remote option removed.
    • No longer accepting insecure RC4 ciphers whenever possible.
    • Phasing out Certificates with 1024-bit RSA Keys.
    • Shut down hangs will now show the crash reporter before exiting the program.
    • Add-on compatibility changed.
    • Support for the ECMAScript 6 Symbol data type added.
    • Unicode-range CSS descriptor implemented.
    • CSSOM-View scroll behavior implemented allowing smooth scrolling of content without custom libraries.
    • Object-fit and object-position implemented.
    • Isolation CSS property implemented.
    • CSS3 will-change property implemented.
    • Changed JavaScript 'const' semantics to conform better to the ES6 specification.
    • Improved ES6 generators for better performance.
    • Eval sources now appear in the Debugger.
    • DOM Promises inspection.
    • Inspector: More paste options in markup view.
    • CSS gradients work on premultiplied colors.
    • Fixed some unexpected logout from Facebook or Google after restart.
    36.0.1 March 5, 2015 (desktop)
    March 6, 2015 (Android)
    Off-cycle stability update.[202]
    • Disabled the usage of the ANY DNS query type.
    • Fixed a startup crash with EMET.
    • Fixed the Hello contact that may become inactive until restart.
    • Fixed print preferences that may not be preserved.
    • Fixed Hello contact tabs that may not be visible.
    • Accepted hostnames that include an underscore character .
    • Fixed the WebGL that may use significant memory with Canvas2d.
    • Option -remote has been restored.
    • Fixed a top crash.
    36.0.2 March 16, 2015 Android

    Off-cycle stability mobile update.[203]

    • Fixed a startup crash on HTC One M8 devices (Verizon) with Android 5.0.1.
    • Fixed some potential crashes with Flash videos.
    36.0.3 March 20, 2015 Off-cycle security update.[204][citation needed]
    • Security fix for an issue disclosed at HP Zero Day Initiative's Pwn2Own contest.
    36.0.4 March 21, 2015 Off-cycle security update.[205][206]
    • Security fix for an issue disclosed at HP Zero Day Initiative's Pwn2Own contest.

    End-of-life 36.0.x product lineon March 31, 2015.

    37.0 March 31, 2015 Official Firefox 37.0 release.[173][174]
    • Heartbeat user rating system – your feedback about Firefox.
    • Yandex set as default search provider for the Turkish locale.
    • Bing search now uses HTTPS for secure searching.
    • Improved protection against site impersonation via OneCRL centralized certificate revocation.
    • Opportunistically encrypts HTTP traffic where the server supports HTTP/2 AltSvc.
    • Disabled insecure TLS version fallback for site security.
    • Extended SSL error reporting for reporting non-certificate errors.
    • TLS False Start optimization now requires a cipher suite using AEAD construction.
    • Improved certificate and TLS communication security by removing support for DSA.
    • Improved performance of WebGL rendering on Windows.
    • Implemented a subset of the Media Source Extensions (MSE) API to allow native HTML5 playback on YouTube.
    • Added support for CSS display:contents.
    • IndexedDB now accessible from worker threads.
    • New SDP/JSEP implementation in WebRTC.
    • Debug tabs opened in Chrome Desktop, Chrome for Android, and Safari for iOS.
    • New Inspector animations panel to control element animations.
    • New Security Panel included in Network Panel.
    • Debugger panel support for and URIs.
    • Added logging of weak ciphers to the web console.
    37.0.1 April 3, 2015 Off-cycle stability and security update.[207]
    • Disabled HTTP/2 AltSvc introduced in 37.0 due to security issues.

    Desktop

    • Fixed start-up crash due to graphics hardware and third-party software.

    Android

    • Fixed crash due to WebRTC usage on certain web sites.
    37.0.2 April 14, 2015 (Android)
    April 20, 2015 (desktop)
    Off-cycle stability and security update.[208][209]

    Desktop

    • Fixed an issue with Google Maps rendering incorrectly in some cases.
    • Fixed stability issues for some graphics hardware and feature sets.
    • Security fixes.

    Android

    • Fixed an issue related to the "request desktop site" feature.

    End-of-life 37.0.x product lineon May 12, 2015.

    Firefox 38 through 44

    Both Firefox 38 and Firefox 38 ESR were released on May 12, 2015, with new tab-based preferences, Ruby annotation support and availability of WebSockets in web workers, along with the implementation of the BroadcastChannel API and other features and security fixes.[210]

    Firefox 39 was released on July 2, 2015 for desktop and Android, disabling insecure SSLv3 and RC4, improving performance for IPv6 fallback to IPv4 and including various security fixes.[211][212] Firefox 39.0.3 was released on August 6, 2015, to fix a zero-day exploit.[213]

    Firefox 40 was released on August 11, 2015 for desktop and Android. On Windows 10, the Australis theme was updated to reflect the overall appearance of Windows 10, and the interface is adapted for usability on touchscreens when used in the operating system's "Tablet mode". Firefox 40 includes additional security features, including the filtering of pages that offer potentially unwanted programs, and warnings during the installation of unsigned extensions; in future versions, signing of extensions will become mandatory, and the browser will refuse to install extensions that have not been signed. Firefox 40 also includes performance improvements, such as off-main-thread compositing on Linux.[214][215][216]

    Firefox 41 was released on September 22, 2015 for desktop and Android. Among many additions are the ability to set a profile picture for a Firefox account, enhanced IME support using Text Services Framework, and instant messaging on Firefox Hello.[217][218]

    Firefox 42 was released on November 3, 2015 for desktop and Android. Among many additions are private browsing with tracking protection, IPv6 support in WebRTC, and the ability to view HTML source in a tab.[219][220]

    Firefox 43 was released on December 15, 2015 for desktop and Android. Among many additions are the availability of the 64-bit version for Windows 7 and above, a new strict blocklist, and audio indicators on Android.[221][222]

    Firefox 44 was released on January 26, 2016 for desktop and Android. Among many additions are the improvement of warning pages for certificate errors and untrusted connections, enabling of H.264 and WebM/VP9 video support on systems that don't support MP4/H.264, support for the brotli compression format via HTTPS content-encoding, and the use of Android print service to enable cloud printing.[223][224] "Ask me every time" cookies option was removed without any notifications.[225]

    Release history of Firefox 38–44
    Version Release date[23]Release type and highlights[t 1]
    38.0 May 12, 2015 Official Firefox 38.0 release.[210]
    • New tab-based preferences.
    • Ruby annotation support.
    • Base for the next ESR release.
    • autocomplete=off is no longer supported for username/password fields.
    • URL parser avoids doing percent encoding when setting the Fragment part of the URL, and percent decoding when getting the Fragment in line with the URL spec.
    • RegExp.prototype.source now returns "(?:)" instead of the empty string for empty regular expressions.
    • Improved page load times via speculative connection warmup.
    • WebSocket now available in web workers.
    • BroadcastChannel API implemented.
    • Implemented srcset attribute and <picture> element for responsive images.
    • Implemented DOM3 Events KeyboardEvent.code.
    • Mac OS X: Implemented a subset of the Media Source Extensions (MSE) API to allow native HTML5 playback on YouTube.
    • Implemented Encrypted Media Extensions (EME) API to support encrypted HTML5 video/audio playback (Windows Vista or later only).
    • Automatically downloaded Adobe Primetime Content Decryption Module (CDM) for DRM playback through EME (Windows Vista or later only).
    • Optimized-out variables are now visible in Debugger UI.
    • XMLHttpRequest logs in the web console are now visually labelled and can be filtered separately from regular network requests.
    • WebRTC now has multistream and renegotiation support.
    • copy command added to console.
    38.0esr May 12, 2015 Official Firefox 38.0 Extended Support Release (ESR).[210]
    38.0.1 May 14, 2015 (desktop)
    May 15, 2015 (Android)
    Off-cycle stability update.[226][citation needed][227]

    Desktop

    • Fixed a crash on start-up with first generation NVidia Optimus graphics cards.
    • Fixed a problem in which users who import cookies from Google Chrome can end up with broken websites.
    • Fixed a problem that large animated images may fail to play and may stop other images from loading.
    • Fixed a problem that WebRTC H264 video streams from CiscoSpark native clients are not decoded correctly (Fixed in Firefox ESR 38.0.1; was already fixed in Firefox 38.0).

    Android

    • Fixed a crash on start-up on devices for which Firefox does not support Android hardware acceleration.
    • Fixed a problem that large animated images may fail to play and may stop other images from loading.
    • Fixed a problem that Mozilla Location Service (MLS) stumbler may not submit all data.
    38.0.1esr May 14, 2015 Off-cycle stability update.[226]
    38.0.5 June 2, 2015 Official Firefox 38.0.5 release.[228][citation needed][229]

    Desktop

    • Integration of Pocket.
    • Implementation of Reader View.
    • Share the active tab or window in a Hello conversation.
    • Fixed a problem that would cause Firefox to stop painting when switching tabs.
    • Fixed graphics performance when using the built-in VGA driver on Windows 7.

    Android

    • Integrated Adjust SDK to measure aggregate installs.
    • Fixed various stability fixes.

    End-of-life 38.0.x product lineon July 2, 2015.

    38.0.6 June 9, 2015 Desktop

    Off-cycle update.

    • Fixes bugs in Firefox 38.0.5 funnelcake builds.

    Note: This release is only available from the Mozilla archives.

    End-of-life 38.0.x product lineon July 2, 2015.

    38.1.0esr July 2, 2015 Regular security update.[230]
    38.1.1esr August 6, 2015 Off-cycle security update.[citation needed]
    38.2.0esr August 11, 2015 Regular security and stability update.[232]
    • Fixed: Firefox may become unresponsive after right-clicking Flash content on Windows 8.
    • Fixed: Firefox may crash during mp4 video playback.
    • Fixed branded Firefox application that does not open URLs in system default browser.
    • Fixed significant memory leak with GreaseMonkey add-on.
    • Fixed crash on browser shutdown.
    • Fixed browser UI that becomes unresponsive state when using Unity Web Player Plugin.
    • Fixed ESRs that would not build on hppa platform.
    • Fixed .
    38.2.1esr August 27, 2015 Off-cycle security update.[233]
    38.3.0esr September 22, 2015 Regular security update.[234]
    38.4.0esr November 3, 2015 Regular security update.[235]
    38.5.0esr December 15, 2015 Regular security update.[236]
    • Improved stability with Java.
    38.5.1esr December 21, 2015 Off-cycle stability update.[237]
    • Preparing to use SHA-256 signing certificate for Windows builds, to meet new signing requirement.
    38.5.2esr December 22, 2015 Off-cycle security and stability update.[238]
    • Use of a SHA-256 signing certificate for Windows builds, to meet new signing requirements.
    38.6.0esr January 26, 2016 Regular security update.[239]
    38.6.1esr February 11, 2016 Off-cycle graphite2 library update.[240]
    • Updated graphite2 library to latest release.
    38.7.0esr March 8, 2016 Regular security update.[241]
    38.7.1esr March 16, 2016 Off-cycle stability update.[242]
    • Fixed an issue in which loading from history can show the wrong url in the location bar.
    • Disabled Graphite font shaping library.
    38.8.0esr April 26, 2016 Regular security update.[243]End-of-life 38.x.x ESR product lineon June 7, 2016.
    39.0 July 2, 2015 Official Firefox 39.0 release.[212][211]
    • Share Hello URLs with social networks.
    • Project Silk for Mac OS X: Smoother animation and scrolling.
    • Support for 'switch' role in ARIA 1.1 (web accessibility).
    • SafeBrowsing malware detection lookups enabled for downloads on Mac OS X and Linux.
    • Support for new Unicode 8.0 skin tone emoji.
    • Removed support for insecure SSLv3 for network communications.
    • Disable use of RC4 except for temporarily whitelisted hosts.
    • The malware detection service for downloads now covers common Mac file types.
    • Performance of displaying dashed lines is improved on Mac OS X.
    • List-style-type now accepts a string value.
    • Enable the Fetch API for network requests from dedicated, shared and service workers.
    • Cascading of CSS transitions and animations now matches the current spec.
    • Implement <link rel="preconnect">allowing anticipation of a future connection without revealing any information.
    • Added support for CSS Scroll Snap Points.
    • Drag and drop enabled for nodes in Inspector markup view.
    • Webconsole input history persists even after closing the toolbox.
    • Cubic bezier tooltip now shows a gallery of timing-function presets for use with CSS animations.
    • localhost is now available offline for WebSocket connections.
    • Improve performance for IPv6 fallback to IPv4.
    • Fixed incomplete downloads being marked as complete by detecting broken HTTP1.1 transfers.
    • Fixed the security state indicator on a page now correctly ignores loads caused by previous pages.
    • Fixed an issue where a Hello conversation window would sometimes fail to open.
    • Fixed a regression that could lead to Flash not displaying has been fixed.
    • Update to NSS 3.19.2.
    39.0.3 August 6, 2015 Off-cycle security update.[213]

    End-of-life 39.0.x product lineon August 11, 2015.

    40.0 August 11, 2015 Official Firefox 40.0 release.[215][216]
    • Support for Windows 10.
    • Added protection against unwanted software downloads.
    • User can receive suggested tiles in the new tab page based on categories Firefox matches to browsing history (en-US only).
    • Hello allows adding a link to conversations to provide context on what the conversation will be about.
    • New style for add-on manager based on the in-content preferences style.
    • Improved scrolling, graphics, and video playback performance with off-main-thread compositing (Linux only).
    • Graphic blocklist mechanism improved: Firefox version ranges can be specified, limiting the number of devices blocked.
    • Add-on extensions that are not signed by Mozilla will display a warning.
    • NPAPI Plug-in performance improved via asynchronous initialization.
    • Smoother animation and scrolling with hardware vsync (Windows only).
    • JPEG images use less memory when scaled and can be painted faster.
    • Sub-resources can no longer request HTTP authentication, thus protecting users from inadvertently disclosing login data.
    • IndexedDB transactions are now non-durable by default.
    • Implemented AudioBufferSourceNode.detune to modulate playback rate in cents, a logarithmic unit of measure used for musical intervals.
    • Improved Performance tools in the developer tools: Waterfall view, Call Tree view and a Flame Chart view.
    • New rules view tooltip in the Inspector to tweak CSS Filter values.
    • Console API messages from SharedWorker and ServiceWorker are now displayed in web console.
    • New page ruler highlighting tool that displays lightweight horizontal and vertical rules on a page.
    • Inspector now searches across all content frames in a page.
    • Fixed Kannada text that does not display properly in built-in pdf viewer.
    40.0.2 August 13, 2015 Desktop

    Off-cycle stability update.[244]

    • Enabled API allowing Windows 10 users to open settings dialog.
    • Fixed mozalloc.lib that was missing from the xulrunner package.
    • Fixed a startup crash with some combination of hardware and drivers.
    40.0.3 August 27, 2015 Off-cycle stability and security update.[245][246]
    • Disabled the asynchronous plugin initialization.
    • Fixed a segmentation fault in the GStreamer support (Linux only).
    • Fixed a startup crash when using DisplayLink (Windows only).
    • Fixed a regression with some Japanese fonts used in the <input> field.
    • Fixed an issue that the selection in a select combox box using the mouse could be broken on some sites.
    • Fixed an issue that some search partner codes were missing.

    End-of-life 40.0.x product lineon September 22, 2015.

    41.0 September 22, 2015 Official Firefox 41.0 release.[219][220]
    • Enhanced IME support on Windows (Vista +) using TSF (Text Services Framework).
    • Ability to set a profile picture for your Firefox Account.
    • Firefox Hello now includes instant messaging.
    • SVG images can be used as favicons.
    • Improved box-shadow rendering performance.
    • WebRTC now requires perfect forward secrecy.
    • WARP is disabled on Windows 7.
    • Updates to image decoding process.
    • Support for running animations of 'transform' and 'opacity' on the compositor thread.
    • MessageChannel and MessagePort API enabled by default.
    • Added support for the transform-origin property on SVG elements.
    • CSS Font Loading API enabled by default.
    • now varies with actual internet connectivity (Windows and Mac OS X only).
    • Copy/Cut Web content from JavaScript to the OS clipboard with .
    • Implemented Cache API drive snapshot crack - Free Activators querying named caches that are accessible Window, Worker, and ServiceWorker.
    • Removed support for binary XPCOM components in extensions, use addon SDK "system/child_process" pipe mechanism for native binaries instead.
    • Network requests can be exported in HAR format.
    • Quickly adds new CSS rule with New Rule button in the Inspector.
    • Screenshots a node or element from markup view with the Screenshot Node context menu item.
    • Copies element CSS rule declarations with the Copy Rule Declaration context menu item in the Inspector.
    • Pseudo-Class panel in the Inspector.
    • Fixed an issue where picture element does not react to resize/viewport changes.
    41.0.1 September 30, 2015 Desktop

    Off-cycle stability update.[247]

    • Fixed a startup crash related to Yandex toolbar and Adblock Plus.
    • Fixed potential hangs with Flash plugins.
    • Fixed a regression in the bookmark creation.
    • Fixed a startup crash with some Intel Media Accelerator 3150 graphic cards.
    • Fixed a graphic crash, occurring occasionally on Facebook.
    41.0.2 October 15, 2015 Off-cycle security update.[248]End-of-life 41.0.x product lineon November 3, 2015.
    42.0 November 3, 2015 Official Firefox 42.0 release.[219][220]
    • Private Browsing with Tracking Protection that blocks certain Web elements that could be used to record your behavior across sites.
    • Control Center that contains site security and privacy controls.
    • Indicator added to tabs that play audio with one-click muting.
    • WebRTC improvements:
      • IPV6 support.
      • Preferences for controlling ICE candidate generation and IP exposure.
      • Hooks for extensions to allow/deny createOffer/Answer.
      • Improved ability for applications to monitor and control which devices are used in getUserMedia.
    • Login Manager antiplagiarism demo version - Free Activators
      • Improved heuristics to save usernames and passwords.
      • Editing and showing all logins in line, Copy/Paste usernames/passwords from the Context menu.
      • Migration imports your passwords to Firefox from Google Chrome for Windows and Internet Explorer; import anytime from the Login Manager.
    • Improved performance on interactive websites that trigger a lot of restyles.
    • Implemented ES6 Reflect.
    • Support for ImageBitmap and .
    • Media Source Extension for HTML5 video available for all sites.
    • Viewing HTML source in a tab.
    • Remote website debugging over WiFi (no USB cable or ADB needed).
    • Asynchronous call stacks now allow web developers to follow the code flow through setTimeout, DOM event handlers, and Promise handlers.
    • Configurable Firefox OS Simulator in WebIDE, to simulate reference devices like phones, tablets, even TVs.
    • CSS filter presets in the Inspector.
    • Ability to save filter presets inside CSS Filter Tooltip.

    End-of-life 42.0.x product lineon December 15, 2015.

    43.0 December 15, 2015 Official Firefox 43.0 release.[221][222]
    • Private Browsing with Tracking Protection offers choice of blocking additional trackers.
    • Improved API support for m4v video playback.
    • Firefox 64-bit for Windows is now available via the Firefox download page.
    • Users can choose search suggestions from the Awesome Bar.
    • On-screen keyboard displayed on selecting input field on devices running Windows 8 or greater.
    • Firefox Health Report has switched to use the same data collection mechanism as telemetry.
    • Markup view shows indicators for pseudo-classes locked for elements.
    • Binding F1 key to open the settings when the toolbox is focused.
    • New 'Use in Console' context menu item in Inspector to store selected element in a temporary variable.
    • Search button next to overridden CSS properties to find similar properties in the rules view.
    • Ability to filter styles from their property names in the rules view.
    • Stack traces are now shown for exceptions inside the console.
    • Added ability to display server-side logs in the console.
    • Ability to choose resolution for the GCLI screenshot command.
    • Subresource integrity allows developers to make their sites more secure.
    • Network requests in Console now link to Network panel instead of opening in a popup.
    • Unprefixed 'hyphens' property is now supported.
    • WebIDE now has a sidebar-based UI.
    • The 'transform-origin' property is now supported on SVG elements.
    • Animation inspector now displays animations in a timeline.
    • Single-process mode is no longer supported for NPAPI plugins.
    • Fixed an issue in which the Eyedropper tool does not work as expected when page is zoomed.
    • Various security fixes.
    43.0.1 December 18, 2015 Desktop

    Off-cycle stability update.[249]

    • Preparing to use SHA-256 signing certificate for Windows builds, to meet new signing requirement.
    43.0.2 December Janus GridEX Crack Free Activate License, 2015 Desktop

    Off-cycle security and stability update.[250]

    • Use of a SHA-256 signing certificate for Windows builds, to meet new signing requirements.
    43.0.3 December 28, 2015 Desktop

    Off-cycle stability update.[251]

    • Fixed network issue when using Nvidia's Network Access Manager.
    • Improved the decoding of some videos on YouTube on some Windows configurations.
    43.0.4 January 6, 2016 Desktop

    Off-cycle stability update.[252]

    • Fix for startup crash for users of a third party antivirus tool.
    • Multi-user Linux download folders can be created.
    • Re-enabled SHA-1 certificates.
    • The last version to support HTTP cookie prompts.

    End-of-life 43.0.x product lineon January 26, 2016.

    44.0 January 26, 2016 Official Firefox 44.0 release.[223][224]
    • Improved warning pages for certificate errors and untrusted connections.
    • Enabled H.264 if system decoder is available.
    • Enabled WebM/VP9 video support on systems that don't support MP4/H.264.
    • In the animation-inspector timeline, lightning bolt icon next to animations running on the compositor thread.
    • Support for the brotli compression format via HTTPS content-encoding.
    • Screenshot commands allow user choice of pixel ratio in Developer Tools.
    • Fixed an issue where Windows XP and Vista screensaver doesn't disable when watching videos.
    • Various security fixes.
    • To support unicode-range descriptor for webfonts, font matching under Linux now uses the same font matching code as other platforms.
    • Use of a SHA-256 signing certificate for Windows builds, to meet new signing requirements.
    • Firefox has removed support for the RC4 decipher.
    • Firefox will no longer trust the Equifax Secure Certificate Authority 1024-bit root certificate or the UTN – DATACorp SGC to validate secure website certificates.
    • Stricter validation of web fonts.
    • On-screen keyboard support temporarily turned off for Windows 8 and Windows 8.1.
    • Right-clicking on a logged object in the console to store it as a global variable on the page.
    • Visual tools for Animation:.
      • View/Edit CSS animation keyframe rules directly in the inspector.
      • Visually modify the cubic-bezier curve that drives the way animations progress through time.
      • Discover and scrub through all CSS animations and transitions playing on the page.
      • Learn more: .
    • Visual tools for Layout and Styles:
      • Display rulers along the viewport to verify size and position and use the measurement tool to easily detect spacing and alignment problems.
      • Use CSS filters to preview and create real-time effects like drop-shadows, sepia, etc.
      • Learn more: .
    • New memory tool for inspecting the memory heap.
    • Service Workers API.
    • Built-in JSON reader to intuitively view, search, copy and save data without extensions.
    • A jump to function definitions in the debugger with Cmd-Click.
    • WebSocket Debugging API and add-on.
    • The rule view now displays styles using their authored text, and edits in the rule view are now linked to the style editor.

    Changes during Nightly releases

    • This and newer versions erase the cookie permissions database of any previous Firefox version.
    44.0.1 February 8, 2016 Desktop

    Off-cycle stability update.[253]

    • Fixed an issue which could lead to the removal of stored passwords under certain circumstances.
    • Allows spaces in cookie names.
    • Requires NSS 3.21.
    • Fixed a crash in cache networking.
    • Fix for using WebSockets in service worker controlled pages.
    • Disabled opus/vorbis audio with H.264.
    • Shipment for the Gecko SDK.
    • Fix for graphics startup crash on Linux.
    44.0.2 February 11, 2016 Off-cycle security and stability update.[254][255]
    • Fixed an issue where Firefox hangs or crashes on startup.

    End-of-life 44.0.x product lineon March 8, 2016.

    Firefox 45 through 51

    Firefox 45 and Firefox 45 ESR were released on March 8, 2016 for desktop (both) and Android (no ESR). Among many additions were Instant Browser sharing through Hello, the addition of Guarani locale, the ability to filter snapshot output in malwarebytes premium lifetime crack - Free Activators tool, and the removal of the Tab Groups (panorama) feature.[256][257]

    Firefox 46 was released on April 26, 2016 for both desktop and Android. Among the many additions were improved security of the JavaScript Just In Time (JIT) Compiler, the GTK3 integration (Linux only), HKDF support for Web Crypto API, and removal of support for Android 3.0 (Android only).[258][259]

    Firefox 47 was released on June 7, 2016 for both desktop and Android. Among the many additions were support for Google's Widevine CDM on Windows and Mac OS X so streaming services like Amazon Video can switch from Silverlight to encrypted HTML5 video; enabling VP9 video codec for users with fast machines; the ability of embedded YouTube videos to play with HTML5 video if Flash is not installed; and the addition of the Latgalian language. It is also the last Firefox version to support Android 2.3.x.[260][261]

    Firefox 48 was released on August 2, 2016 for both desktop and Android. Among the many additions were enhanced download protection and the removal of the Windows Remote Access Service modem Autodial. It was also the first official release with "Electrolysis" (multi-process Firefox, meaning that the interface and web pages are running in separate processes in the computer) was enabled.

    Firefox 48 is the last Firefox version to support Mac OS X Snow Leopard, Mac OS X Lion, and OS X Mountain Lion.[262] Additionally, support for old processors without SSE2 extensions such as the AMD Athlon XP and Pentium III was dropped.[262]

    Firefox 49 was released on September 20, 2016 for both desktop and Android. Among the many additions were an updated Firefox Login Manager, improved video performance for users on systems that support SSE3 without hardware acceleration, added context menu controls to HTML5 audio and video that let users loop files or play files at 1.25x speed, improvements in about:memory reports for tracking font memory usage, and the removal of Firefox Hello.[263][264] The macOS version now requires at least OS X Mavericks, and the Microsoft Windows version requires a CPU which supports SSE2.[262]

    Firefox 50 was released on November 15, 2016 for both desktop and Android. Among the many additions were playback video on more sites without plugins with WebM EME Support for Widevine on Windows and Mac, improved performance for SDK extensions or extensions using the SDK module loader; download protection for a large number of executable file types on Windows, Mac OS, and Linux, increased availability of WebGL to more than 98 percent of users on Windows 7 and newer (desktop), and support for HLS videos via player overlay (Android).[265][266]

    Firefox 51 was released on January 24, 2017 for both desktop and Android. Among the many additions were added support for FLAC (Free Lossless Audio Codec) playback, better Tab Switching, support for WebGL 2, and a warning that is displayed when a login page does not have a secure connection.[267][268]

    Release history of Firefox 45–51
    Version Release date[23]Release type and highlights[t 1]
    45.0 March 8, 2016 Official Firefox 45.0 release.[256][257]
    • Instant browser tab sharing through Hello.
    • Tabs synced via Firefox Accounts from other devices are now shown in dropdown area of Awesome Bar when searching.
    • Synced Tabs button in button bar.
    • Introduces a new preference to allow blocking at the DNS level.
    • Guarani [gn] locale added.
    • URLs containing a Unicode-format Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) are now properly redirected.
    • Various security fixes.
    • Tab Groups (Panorama) feature removed.
    • Ability to filter snapshot output in memory tool.
    • Fine-tuning animations by changing the playback rate of animations in the animation-inspector's timeline.
    • DOMContentLoaded and load events shown in the network monitor timeline.
    • Added Negative url filtering for the network monitor.
    • Support for diffing heap snapshots added to the memory tool.
    • Inspector search now matches results from all content in the page, including subframes.
    • List of animated properties and keyframes is now displayed when clicking on an animation in the animation-inspector's timeline.
    • Push API support, part of Progressive Web Applications.
    • Support for delivery of a Content Security Policy (CSP) via a meta tag.
    • Web Speech synthesis API.
    • ES6 Classes.
    45.0.1 March 16, 2016 Off-cycle stability update.[269][270]
    • Fix for a potential performance regression (YouTube for example).
    • Fix for a regression causing search engine settings to be lost in some context.
    • Brings back non-standard jar: URIs to fix a regression in IBM iNotes.
    • Fixed an issue in which was failing when was used.
    • Fix for an issue which could cause the list of search provider to be empty.
    • Fix for a regression when using the location bar.
    • Fix for some loading issues when Accept third-party cookies: was set to Never.
    • Disabled Graphite font shaping library.
    45.0.2 April 11, 2016 Off-cycle stability update.[271][272]
    • Fix for an issue impacting the cookie header when third-party cookies are blocked.
    • Fix for a web compatibility regression impacting the srcset attribute of the image tag.
    • Fix for a crash impacting the video playback with Media Source Extension.
    • Fix for a regression impacting some specific uploads.

    Desktop

    • Fix for a regression with the copy and paste with some old versions of some Gecko applications like Thunderbird.

    Android

    • Last release for Android 3.x

    End-of-life 45.0.x product lineon April 26, 2016.

    45.0esr March 8, 2016 Official Firefox 45.0 Extended Support Release (ESR).
    45.0.1esr March 16, 2016 Off-cycle stability update.[273]

    Same changelog of 45.0.1

    45.0.2esr April 11, 2016 Off-cycle stability update.[273]

    Same changelog of 45.0.2

    45.1.0esr April 26, 2016 Regular security and stability update.[274]
    45.1.1esr May 3, 2016 Off-cycle stability update.[275]
    • Fixed a build issue when jit is disabled.
    • Fixed add-on signing certificate expiration.
    • Fixed a graphics-related shutdown crash.
    45.2.0esr June 7, 2016 Regular security and stability update.[276]
    • Fixed graphics-related crashes.
    • Fixed unicode support for AutoConfig API.
    • Web compatibility fix for addEventListener API.
    45.3.0esr August 2, 2016 Regular security and stability update.[277]
    45.4.0esr September 20, 2016 Regular security update.[278]
    45.5.0esr November 15, 2016 Regular security update.[279]
    45.5.1esr November 30, 2016 Off-cycle security update.[280]
    45.6.0esr December 13, 2016 Regular security update.[281]
    45.7.0esr January 24, 2017 Regular security update.[282]
    45.8.0esr March 7, 2017 Regular security update.[283]
    45.9.0esr April 19, 2017 Regular security update.[284]End-of-life 45.x.x ESR product lineon June 13, 2017.
    46.0 April 26, 2016 Official Firefox 46.0 release.[258][259]
    • Improved security of the JavaScript Just In Time (JIT) Compiler
    • GTK3 integration (Linux only)
    • Screen reader behavior with blank spaces in Google Docs corrected
    • Corrected rendering for scaled SVGs that use a clip and a mask
    • WebRTC fixes to improve performance and stability
    • Display of dominator trees in Memory tool
    • Allocation and garbage collection pause profiling in the performance panel
    • Launch of responsive mode from the Style Editor sidebar
    • Added support for
    • Added HKDF support for Web Crypto API[citation needed]
    46.0.1 May 3, 2016 Off-cycle stability update.[285][286]
    • Fixed add-on signing certificate expiration.
    • Fixed service worker update issue.
    • Fixed a build issue when jit is disabled.
    • Fixed a page loading issue related to antivirus software.
    • Searched a plugin issue for various locales.
    • Limited Sync registration updates.

    End-of-life 46.0.x product lineon June 7, 2016.

    47.0 June 7, 2016 Official Firefox 47.0 release.[260][261]
    • Support for Google's Widevine CDM on Windows and Mac OS X so streaming services like Amazon Video can switch from Silverlight to encrypted HTML5 video.
    • Enabled VP9 video codec for users with fast machines
    • Embedded YouTube videos now play with HTML5 video if Flash is not installed.
    • Ability to view and search open tabs from your smartphone or another computer in a sidebar
    • Allowed no-cache on back/forward navigations for https resources
    • Latgalu [ltg] locale added.
    • Various security fixes
    • FUEL (Firefox User Extension Library) has been removed. Add-ons relying on it will stop working.
    • The preference has been reset to its default value (true) to avoid e10s performance problems.
    • The Firefox click-to-activate plugin whitelist has been removed.
    • Web platform changes
    • Ability to view, start, and debug registered Service Workers in the Service Workers developer tool
    • Ability to simulate Push messages in the Service Workers developer tool
    • 'Start' button for service workers in about:debugging to start registered Service Workers
    • Changes that can affect add-on compatibility
    • Added support for ChaCha20/Poly1305 cipher suites
    • Custom user agents supported in Responsive Design Mode
    • Smart multi-line input in the Web Console
    • cuechange events are now available on TextTrack objects
    • WebCrypto: PBKDF2 supports SHA-2 hash algorithms
    • WebCrypto: RSA-PSS signature support

    Android

    • Last release to support Android 2.3.x (Gingerbread)
    47.0.1 June 28, 2016 Desktop

    Off-cycle stability update.[287]

    • Fixed an issue in which Selenium WebDriver may cause Firefox to crash at startup.
    47.0.2 November 1, 2016 Off-cycle stability update.[288]
    • Detect SSE hardware version.
    • Detect Websense to protect users from a startup crash.

    End-of-life 47.0.x product lineon November 1, 2016.

    48.0 August 2, 2016 Official Firefox 48.0 release.[262]
    • Roar for moar protection against harmful downloads! We've got your back.
    • Process separation (e10s) is enabled for some of you. Like it? Let us know and we'll roll it out to more.
    • Add-ons that have not been verified and signed by Mozilla will not load.
    • Linux fans: Get better Canvas performance with speedy Skia support. Try saying that three times fast.
    • WebRTC embetterments:
      • Delay-agnostic AEC enabled.
      • Full duplex for Linux enabled.
      • ICE Restart & Update is supported.
      • Cloning of MediaStream and MediaStreamTrack is now supported.
    • Searching for something already in your bookmarks or open tabs? We added super smart icons to let you know.
    • Tab (move buttons) and Shift+F10 (pop-up menus) now behave as they should in Firefox customization mode (Windows only).
    • The media parser has been redeveloped using the Rust programming language.
    • Heyo, Jabra & Logitech C920 webcam users. Fixed WebRTC bugs causing frequency distortions.
    • Improved step debugging on last line of functions.
    • After version 48, SSE2 CPU extensions are going to be required on Windows.
    • Au revoir to Windows Remote Access Service modem Autodial.
    • WebExtensions support is now considered as stable.
    • Want to move absolute & fixed positioned elements? Now you can with our geometry editor.
    • The memory adobe acrobat dc download - Crack Key For U now has a tree map view for your debugging pleasure.
    • We're putting the spotlight on the background. Now you can debug WebExtensions background content scripts and background pages.
    • Content Security Policy (CSP) is now enforced for WebExtensions.
    • Old and busted: Error Console. New hotness: Browser Console for your debugging pleasure.
    • Add-on development just got easier because you can reload them from about:debugging – because we're all about debugging.
    • This theme is hot, hot, hot! Say hi to the Firebug theme for Developer Tools.
    • Expanded network requests from the console panel to view request details in line, so you can see things in context.
    • Workers can now use the Web Crypto API.
    48.0.1 August 18, 2016 Desktop

    Off-cycle stability update.[289]

    • Fix for an audio regression impacting some major websites.
    • Fix for a top crash in the JavaScript engine.
    • Fix for a startup crash issue caused by Websense.
    • Fix for a different behavior with e10s / non-e10s on <select> and mouse events.
    • Fix for a top crash caused by plugin issues.
    • Fix for an unsigned add-ons issue on Windows.
    • Fix for a shutdown issue.
    • Fix for a crash in WebRTC.
    48.0.2 August 24, 2016 Desktop

    Off-cycle stability update.[290]

    • Fix for a startup crash issue caused by Websense (Windows only).
    • Last release for Mac OS X 10.6-10.8.

    End-of-life 48.0.x product lineon September 20, 2016.

    49.0 September 20, 2016 Official Firefox 49.0 release.[263][264]
    • Updated Firefox Login Manager to allow HTTPS pages to use saved HTTP logins. It's one more way Firefox is supporting Let's Encrypt and helping users transition to a more secure web.
    • Added features to Reader Mode that make it easier on the eyes and the ears.
      • Controls that allow users to adjust the width and line spacing of text.
      • Narrate, which reads the content of a page out loud.
    • Improved video performance for users on systems that support SSSE3 without hardware acceleration.
    • Added context menu controls to HTML5 audio and video that let users loops files or play files at 1.25x speed.
    • Improved performance on OS X systems without hardware acceleration.
    • Improved appearance of anti-aliased OS X fonts.
    • Improvements in about:memory reports for tracking font memory usage.
    • Improved performance on Windows systems without hardware acceleration.
    • Fixed an issue that prevented users from updating Firefox for Mac unless they originally installed Firefox. Now, those users as well as any user with administrative credentials can update Firefox.
    • Ended Firefox for Mac support for OS X 10.6, 10.7, and 10.8.
    • Ended Firefox for Windows support for SSE processors.
    • Removed Firefox Hello.
    • Re-enabled the default for Graphite2 font shaping.
    • Added a Cause column to the Network Monitor to show what caused each network request.
    • Introduced web speech synthesis API.
    49.0.1 September 23, 2016 Desktop

    Off-cycle stability update.[291]

    • Mitigated a startup crash issue caused by Websense (Windows only).
    49.0.2 October 20, 2016 Off-cycle security and stability update.[292][293]
    • Asynchronous rendering of the Flash plugins for desktop is now enabled by default. This should improve performance and reduce crashes for sites that use the Flash plugin.
    • Changed D3D9 default fallback preference to prevent graphical artifacts.
    • Fixed a network issue that prevents some users from seeing the Firefox UI on startup.
    • Fixed a web compatibility issue with
    • Fixed a web compatibility issue with file uploads on Android.
    • Diagnostic information on timing for tab switching.
    • Fix for a Canvas filters graphics issue affecting HTML5 apps.

    End-of-life 49.0.x product lineon November 15, 2016.

    50.0 November 15, 2016 Official Firefox 50.0 release.[265][266]
    • Playback video on more sites without plugins with WebM EME Support for Widevine on Windows and Mac.
    • Improved performance for SDK extensions or extensions using the SDK module loader.
    • Added download protection for a large number of executable file types on Windows, Mac and Linux.
    • Increased availability of WebGL to more than 98 percent of users on Windows 7 and KMSAuto Net Windows Guarani (gn) locale.
    • Added option to Find in page that allows users to limit search to whole words only.
    • Updates to keyboard shortcuts.
      • Set for a preference to have Ctrl+Tab cycle through tabs in recently used order.
      • View for a page in Reader Mode by using Ctrl+Alt+R (Command+Alt+R on Mac).
    • Various security fixes.
    • Blocked versions of libavcodec older than 54.35.1.
    • Added a built-in Emoji set for operating systems without native Emoji fonts (Windows 8.0 and lower and Linux).
    • Changes for VueScan 9.6.44 Crack product key - Crack Key For U developers.

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    • Added support for HLS videos via player overlay.
    • Simplified the user interface by combining the Recent Tabs and History panels.
    50.0.1 November 28, 2016 Desktop

    Off-cycle security and stability update.[294]

    • Fixed an issue where Firefox crashes with 3rd party Chinese IME when using IME text.
    50.0.2 November 30, 2016 Off-cycle security update.[295][296]
    • Fixed a zero-day exploit in the wild among other exploits.
    50.1.0 December 13, 2016 Regular security update.[297][298]

    End-of-life 50.x.x product lineon January 24, 2017.

    51.0 January 24, 2017 Official Firefox 51.0 release.[267][268]
    • Added support for FLAC (Free Lossless Audio Codec) playback.
    • Improved reliability of browser data sync.
    • An even faster E10s! Tab Switching is better!
    • Added Georgian (ka) and Kabyle (kab) locales.
    • A warning is displayed when a login page does not have a secure connection.
    • Added support for WebGL 2, with advanced graphics rendering features like transform feedback, improved texturing capabilities, and a new sophisticated shading language.
    • Firefox will save passwords even in forms that do not have "submit" events.
    • Improved video performance for users without GPU acceleration for less CPU usage and a better full screen experience.
    • Added a zoom button in the URL bar:
      • Displays percent above or below 100 percent when a user has changed the page zoom setting from the default.
      • Lets users return to the default setting by clicking on the button.
    • Users can view passwords in the save password prompt before saving them.
    • Removed Belarusian (be) locale.
    • Various security fixes.
    • Updated to NSS 3.28.1.
    • Re-enabled E10s support for Russian (ru) locale.
    • Use of 2D graphics library (Skia) for content rendering on Linux.

    Android

    • Added Nepali (ne-NP), Bulgarian (bg) and Kabyle (kab) locales.
    51.0.1 January 26, 2017 Desktop

    Off-cycle security and stability update.[299]

    • Fixed an issue in which multiprocess incompatibility did not correctly register with some add-ons.
    • Fixed an issue in which geolocation was not working on Windows.
    51.0.2 February 6, 2017 Android

    Off-cycle stability update.[300]

    51.0.3 February 9, 2017 Android

    Off-cycle stability update.[301]

    • Fix for a build issue which was causing some crashes on some x86 architectures.

    End-of-life 51.0.x product lineon March 7, 2017.

    Firefox 52 through 59

    Logo used from Firefox 57 to Firefox 69

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    Firefox 52 and Firefox 52 ESR were released on March 7, 2017 for desktop (both) and Android (no ESR). An important aspect of Firefox ESR 52.0 is that it is the first ESR version based on Firefox Electrolysis (Firefox 48) code base. Firefox 52 added support for WebAssembly

    Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Firefox_version_history

    Push Notifications on the Open Web

    Matt Gaunt

    ByMattGaunt

    Matt is a contributor to WebFundamentals

    Warning: This blog post is getting a bit old. If you are looking to learn more about implementing push, check out our Web Push Notifications documentation.

    If you ask a room of developers what mobile device features are missing from the web, push notifications are always high on the list.

    Push notifications allow your users to opt-in to timely updates from sites they love and allow you to effectively re-engage them with customized, engaging content.

    As of Chrome version 42, the Push API and Notification API are available to developers.

    The Push API in Chrome relies on a few different pieces of technology, including Web App Manifests and Service Workers. In this post we'll look at each of these technologies, but only the bare minimum to get push messaging up and running. To get a better understanding of some of the other features of manifests and the offline capabilities of service workers, please check out the links above.

    We will also look at what will be added to the API in future versions of Chrome, and finally we'll have an FAQ.

    Implementing Push Messaging for Chrome

    This section describes each step you need to complete in order to support push messaging in your web app.

    Register a Service Worker

    There is a dependency of having a service worker to implement push messages for the web. The reason for this is that when a push message is received, the browser can start up a service worker, which runs in the background without a page being open, and dispatch an event so that you can decide how to handle that push message.

    Below is an example of how you register a service worker in your web app. When the registration has completed successfully we call initialiseState(), which we'll cover shortly.

    The button click handler subscribes or unsubscribes the user to push messages. isPushEnabled is a global variable which simply tracks whether push messaging is currently subscribed SpyHunter 5 Crack + (100% Working) Serial Keygen Free {2021-22} not. These will be referenced throughout the code snippets.

    We then check that service workers are supported before registering the file which has the logic for handling a push message. Here we are simply telling the browser that this JavaScript file is the service worker for our site.

    Set Up the Initial State

    Example of enabled and disabled push messaging UX in Chrome

    Once the service worker is registered, we need to set up our UI's state.

    Users will expect a simple UI to enable or disable push messages for your site, and they'll expect it to keep up to date with any changes that occur. In other words, if they enable push messages for your site, leave and come back a week later, your UI should highlight that push messages are already enabled.

    You can find some UX guidelines in this doc, in this article we'll be focusing on the technical aspects.

    At this point you may be thinking there are only two states to deal with, enabled or disabled. There are however some other states surrounding notifications which you need to take into account.

    A diagram highlighting the different considerations and state of push in Chrome

    There are a number of APIs we need to check before we enable our button, and if everything is supported, we can enable our UI and set the initial state to indicate whether push messaging is subscribed or not.

    Since the majority of these checks result in our UI being disabled, you should set the initial state to disabled. This also avoids any confusion should there be an issue with your page's JavaScript, for example the JS file can't be downloaded or the user has disabled JavaScript.

    With this initial state, we can perform the checks outlined above in the initialiseState() method, i.e. after our service worker is registered.

    A brief overview of these steps:

    • We check that showNotification is available in the ServiceWorkerRegistration prototype. Without it we won't be able to show a notification from our service worker when a push message is received.
    • We check what the current Notification.permission is to ensure it's not "denied". A denied permission means that you can't show notifications until the user manually changes the permission in the browser.
    • To check if push messaging is supported we check that PushManager is available in the window object.
    • Finally, we used pushManager.getSubscription() to check whether we already have a subscription or not. If we do, we send the subscription details to our server to ensure we have the right information and set our UI to indicate that push messaging is already enabled or not. We'll look at what details exist in the subscription object later in this article.

    We wait until is resolved to check for a subscription and to enable the push button because it's only after the service worker is active that you can actually subscribe to push messages.

    The next step is to handle when the user wants to enable push messages, but before we can do this, we need to set up a Google Developer Console project and add some parameters to our manifest to use Firebase Cloud Messaging (FCM), formerly known as Google Cloud Messaging (GCM).

    Make a Project on the Firebase Developer Console

    Chrome uses FCM to handle the sending and delivery of push messages; however, to use the FCM API, you need to set up a project on the Firebase Developer Console.

    The following steps are specific to Chrome, Opera for Android and Samsung Browser they use FCM. We'll discuss how this would work in other browsers later on in the article.

    Create a new Firebase Developer Project

    To start off with you need to create a new project on https://console.firebase.google.com/ by clicking on the 'Create New Rapid php dark theme - Free Activators src="https://developers.google.com/web/updates/images/2015/03/push/new-project.png" alt="New Firebase Project Screenshot">

    Add a project name, create the project and you'll be taken to the project dashboard:

    Firebase Project Home

    From this dashboard, click the cog next to your project name in the top left corner and click 'Project Settings'.

    Firebase Project Settings Menu

    In the settings page, click the 'Cloud Messaging' tab.

    Firebase Project Cloud Messaging Menu

    This page contains the API key for push messaging, which we'll use later on, and the sender ID which we need to put in the web app manifest in the next section.

    Add a Web App Manifest

    For push, we need to add a manifest file with a gcm_sender_id field, to get the push subscription to succeed. This parameter is only required by Chrome, Opera for Android and Samsung Browser so that they can use FCM / GCM.

    The gcm_sender_id is used by these browsers when it subscribes a users device with FCM. This means that FCM can identify the user's device and make sure your sender ID matches the corresponding API key and that the user has permitted your server to send them push messages.

    Below is a super-simple manifest file:

    You'll need to set the gcm_sender_id value to the sender ID from your Firebase Project.

    Once you have saved your manifest file in your project (manifest.json is a good name), reference it from your HTML with the following tag in the head of your page.

    If you don't add a web manifest with these parameters you'll get an exception when you attempt to subscribe the user to push messages, with the error or .

    Subscribe to Push Messaging

    Now that you've got a manifest set up you can go back into your sites JavaScript.

    To subscribe, you have to call the subscribe() method on the PushManager object, which you access through the ServiceWorkerRegistration.

    This will ask the user to give your origin permission to send push notifications. Without this permission, you will not be able to successfully subscribe.

    If the promise returned by the subscribe() method resolves, you'll be given a PushSubscription object which will contain an endpoint.

    The endpoint should be saved on your server for each user, since you'll need them to send push messages at a later date.

    The following code subscribes the user for push messaging:

    At this point your web app is ready to receive a push message, although nothing will happen until we add a push event listener to our service worker file.

    Service Worker Push Event Listener

    When a push message is received (we'll talk about how to actually send a push message in the next section), a push event will be dispatched in your service worker, at which point you'll need to display a notification.

    This code registers a push event listener and displays a notification with a predefined title, body text, icon and a notification tag. One subtlety to highlight with this example is the event.waitUntil() method. This method takes in a promise and extends the lifetime of an event handler (or can be thought of as keeping the service worker alive), until the promise is settled; In this case, the promise passed to is the returned Promise from showNotification().

    The notification tag acts as an identifier for unique notifications. If we sent two push messages to the same endpoint, with a short delay between them, and display notifications with the same tag, the browser will display the first notification and replace it with the second notification when the push message is received.

    If you want to show multiple notifications at once then use a different tag, or no tag at all. We'll look at a more complete example of showing a notification later on in this post. For now, let's keep things simple and see if sending a push message shows this notification.

    Sending a Push Message

    We've subscribed to push messages and our service worker is ready to show a notification, so it's time to send a push message through FCM.

    This is only applicable to the browsers using FCM.

    When you send the variable to your server, the endpoint for FCM is special. It has a parameter on the end of the URL which is a .

    An example endpoint would be:

    The FCM URL is:

    The would be:

    This is specific to browsers using FCM. In a normal browser you would simply get an endpoint and you would call that endpoint in a standard way and it would work regardless of the URL.

    What this means is that on your server you'll need to check if the endpoint is for FCM and if it is, extract the registration_id. To do this in Python you could do something like:

    Once you've got the registration ID, you can make a call to the FCM API. You can find reference docs on the FCM API here.

    The key aspects to remember when calling FCM are:

    • An Authorization header with a value of key=<YOUR_API_KEY> must be set when you call the API, where <YOUR_API_KEY> is the API key from Firebase project.
      • The API key is used by FCM to find the appropriate sender ID, ensure the user has given permission for your project and finally ensuring that the server's IP address is allowlisted for that project.
    • An appropriate Content-Type header of application/json or application/x-www-form-urlencoded;charset=UTF-8 depending on whether you send the data as JSON or form data.
    • An array of registration_ids - these are the registration ID's you'd extract from the endpoints from your users.

    Please do check out the docs about how to send push messages from your server, but for a quick check of your service worker you can use cURL to send a push message to your browser.

    Swap out the <YOUR_API_KEY> and <YOUR_REGISTRATION_ID> in this cURL command with your own and run it from a terminal.

    You should see a glorious notification:

    Example of a push message from Chrome for Android

    When developing your backend logic, remember that the Authorization header and format of the POST body are specific to the FCM endpoint, so detect when the endpoint is for FCM and conditionally add the header and format the POST body. For other browsers (and hopefully Chrome in the future) you'll need to implement the Web Push Protocol.

    A downside to the current implementation of the Push API in Chrome is that you can't send any data with a push message. Nope, nothing. The reason for this is that in a future implementation, payload data will have to be encrypted on your server Free YouTube Download it's sent to a push messaging endpoint. This way the endpoint, whatever push provider it is, will not be able to easily view the content of the push message. This also protects against other vulnerabilities like poor validation of HTTPS certificates and man-in-the-middle attacks between your server and the push provider. However, this encryption isn't supported yet, so in the meantime you'll need to perform a fetch to get information needed to populate a mailbird alternative for mac - Crack Key For U More Complete Push Event Example

    The notification we've seen so far is pretty basic and as far as samples go, it's pretty poor at covering a real world use case.

    Источник: https://developers.google.com/web/updates/2015/03/push-notifications-on-the-open-web
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